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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 21, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed that commercial banks owe their clients strength, stability, security. so we believe in keeping lending standards high, capital ratios high, credit ratings high.
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companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right -- it's just good business. union bank. >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. putin completes the russian annexation of crimea. two weeks after the malaysian airliner went missing, the hunt continues in australia. >> the stretch of ocean i have to cover is so vast, it is only a matter of luck whether they find any of the missing airliner.
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>> turkish tweeters protest after attempts to block the social media site. >> it was two signatures which defined the crisis in ukraine today. first came russian president vladimir putin, who approved the law officially air mixing crimea. in brussels, the eu shot back with a document of their own. they condemned the annexation of ukraine. >> a day of signings. two worlds, east versus west. different leaders with different pens. in moscow, president putin signed legal documents air
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mixing crimea. the russian president saluted what he called a serious, momentous event. the russian anthem played. 1400 miles away in brussels, a very different signing. the eu took the symbolic first step of signing a political agreement with ukraine, bringing the nation of 46 million people closer to the heart of europe. no anthem here. just a ripple of applause. at the signing in brussels, europe's leaders adopted new sanctions against 12 russian officials, including the deputy prime minister. met, illegalast referendum has taken place at the barrel of a gun. russia's annexation is a flagrant violation of
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international law. >> after the summit, 33 crimea in's and russians now face travel restrictions and a freeze on their assets. most significantly, if the they will moves, to some form of economic sanctions. the commission has been tasked with exploring possible targets. conversationors, about russian intentions. >> what is happening in the world today? russia decided to actually order a new post-cold war and to revise the results of the second world war. this is the truth. lithuania,ident of once part of the soviet union. securityace larger
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threats then since the second world war. >> european leaders agreed to accelerate reducing their dependence on russian energy. >> we are joined by the director of the russia program at the center of strategic studies. asking,d the ukrainians what has happened to the world? >> if you look at the sanctions the obama administration announced yesterday, the ones the eu announced today, neither of those sets of sanctions right now are particularly biting force -- biting or sore. everyone, with perhaps the exception of mr. putin -- he has decided this is simply enough. washington's rate response this crisis. >> pretty critical from day one.
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they were totally unprepared for this kind of move from mr. putin. there was not a set of policy responses on the shelf they were ready to implement. was any sense crimea would have gone the way it has, we would have responded virtually immediately after february 28. >> are the eu and u.s. moving closer together on this question of sanctions? they said they would look into sanctions if the crisis escalates. >> the key thing is what mr. putin does now. it seems like the eu and united states are on the same page now. they are not prepared to go further with strong sanctions, that ifd have to face there were actions outside of crimea. crack could there be another flashpoint?
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>> i think we have to be prepared for a flashpoint in ukraine or meld over, -- or mold over, or virtually -- ukraine or moldova, or virtually any place. i do not think he expected to lose the west of ukraine. i think we will see further actions to destabilize ukraine. they will raise the prices on gas. maybe stop gas deliveries. stop anyone expected to be a russian speaker. there is a whole bag of tricks mr. putin has to probe and prod and try to find a weak point. what he would like this to have a government in kiev which is not anti-russian.
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>> that is not happening. how worried you think they are in moscow since the crisis began? do the sanctions hurt? >> some people are worried about that. i am not sure how much mr. putin is worried about that. it has been suggested he will be worried about the oligarchs taking hard hits. that plays pretty well for russian domestic politics. >> maybe not such a big deal. thank you so much for joining us. what happened next in ukraine? ago, a malaysia airlines flight went missing. still, the search continues. a search of the southern indian ocean after possible debris was spotted.
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>> after 10 hours scanning the sea, a surveillance aircraft comes home to its base in western australia. it is one of five to make the long journey out to the search site in the southern indian ocean. daylightery hour of sends planes from this base, sometimes going into the night. but the stretch of ocean they have to cover is so vast, they know it is only a matter of luck as to whether they find any of the missing airliner. many kinds of vessels. are overwhelmed by the size of the task. crowd around the young pilot, looking for any news of the missing airliner. >> we had good weather. the visibility was great.
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there was no rain in the area. we had an opportunity to see anything out there. hope.lot of if the conditions are main as they are, hopefully we will find something. >> the faintest outline of something large near the surface of the sea. that directed the air search here. at the photos are five days old. with no sighting yet, they are expanding the search to where the powerful currents might have carried it. it is a big area we are looking at, trying to see something. we may have to do this a few times to be confident about the coverage of that search area. >> it is exhausting, repetitive work. but they have to keep going.
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without any sign of where the airliner went down, the likelihood of finding it is more remote. airbase, western australia. goldfarb, to michael who formerly served as chief of staff at the federal aviation administration. the airliner vanished. closer to finding it? >> i do not think we are. we have the tragedy of the accident itself, and the tragedy of the investigation. they were caught offguard. we are in a situation we did not need to be in. the worst ocn area in the world. high waves. debris spotted five days ago, not likely to be in the same place. finded assets to try to
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things, and difficult. -- do you have any questions in your mind whether it is from a plane? >> the boeing triple seven is still a composite aircraft. that flight path and ran out of fuel, the wing would be filled with air. it would float and give us some clues. but it could be anything out there. i tell you, we have to be prepared for a really long search. >> is there any technology malaysia airlines could've had on board that would've made it easier to locate the plane once it went down? >> this is the sad thing about this. and cap on a cell phone -- an app on a cell phone would have allowed the 777 to stream data about aircraft performance. they chose not to have that app.
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it is as cheap as $10 a flight. it may have added some weight to the plane, but every plane that flies between the u.s. and europe has that built into their carpet. we do not have that -- into their cockpit. we do not have that information. see changesing to in aviation safety after this? >> i think this is a game changing incident on several levels. remain unlocked on malaysia air. upgrades willata be standard requirements. do not have satellite navigation and satellite communication. >> what is at stake if this plane is never found? >> it is a double tragedy for the families.
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not knowing probable cause is your worst result. we do not know if something happened on that particular otherft that will affect 777. >> you are watching bbc world news america. hope for a new hospital in burkina faso. allow itnment will not to open. we will tell you why. it may have been a century ago that world war i started. in northern france, many babies are kept away from tap water because of high levels of chemicals which come from ammunition that was left behind. more about the wars toxic legacy. >> a tribute to the dead. gather att, crowds
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the gate in belgium. for british schoolchildren, this is history. for those living in the areas where battles once raged, the war's legacy is part of daily life. pollutedwater is still by what the conflict left behind. others and hundreds of nurseries in northern france, babies drink only bottled water. advised women are also not to drink out of the tap. more than a billion shells were fired during the war. many as aaces, as quarter did not explode. springtime on what was the front line. no flowers will grow in this clearing. levels of arsenic are 3000 times higher than they should be.
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hereing into the subsoil to check how polluted the water still is. you can see almost nothing grows here. that is because the site was 200,000 chemical bombs at the end of the first world war. they were burned in the open. a terrible war which leaves a toxic legacy even today. crawford, bbc news, southern france. >> for years now, a number of american charities have been trying to end the practice of female genital mutilation in africa, but often meet fierce resistance from local authorities. in burkina faso, one surety started a hospital to help women thehad suffered fgm, but government will not allow it to
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open. the government says it is keeping it closed. >> the village in western burkina faso does not have electricity or running water. yet a sexual revolution is taking place here. up until recently, every girl was gently mutilated. >> i was five when i was cut. we are taken to an old lady, and she used the same knife on all of us. ago, healthw years workers came to explain that the reason some girls died after the cutting or had problems with sex and childbirth was not to do with witchcraft, as they all believed, but the cutting. she tells the village women about the new hospital, which is offering genital restoration.
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26 of them say they want to go with her. meanwhile, a surgeon arrived from chicago. brought five american volunteer medics with her to help launch the hospital. >> it is a crime against humanity. it should be banned. no one liked it. the women do not like it. the men do not like it. people do not like it. i think it's time is coming to an end. >> after five hours, the village women arrive to their destination. to their surprise, it is closed. womenxt morning, the speak to their organizer. outsides them to wait while she shows me the hospital, with all its new facilities, which she says the government has just announced they are not allowed to use. is raelian.
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they believe in promoting the pursuit of pleasure. she believes the government intervened because of the raelian connection. all is not lost. clinics whereve the operations can take place. procedure,ple lasting about 45 minutes. the team have operated on some 29 women. they believe the most important purpose of their visit is to train local doctors to take over. therergeons are told permission to operate has been withdrawn and the operations must stop. what is happening at the hospital is like a metaphor for the campaign against fgm in africa and worldwide, constantly
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thwarted by tradition, prejudice, religion, and mistrust. at the party planned for their last night at the hospital, there are mixed emotions. village have the been treated and are looking forward to their new lives. to woman who did so much bring the women here is among get theo did not surgery. she has no idea if she ever will. fasoe fight in burkina over what is nicknamed "the pleasure hospital." turkish users of twitter flouting a government ban. it was bought shortly after the prime minister threatened to eradicate the platform. there were political tweets about a major corruption scandal. i spoke with a digital diplomacy adviser at the new america foundation. emily, has this attempt by turkey's government to block ownter then -- been an
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goal? >> it seems to have backfired. after the twitter ban, there was a huge influx of twitter usage from all the people in turkey. people found ways to get around the block, which they do all over the world. it will use virtual private networks, which is one way to get around a blocked site. i have heard they were using tour. or twitter was sending messages to people to instruct them how to use twitter by their mobile phones. >> even turkeys president is using twitter, despite his own government banned. does in show how ineffective it is? fax absolutely. -- >> absolutely. thee was evidence in government of people using twitter, and it is a farce. >> the white house criticized the infringement on free speech today. do you think turkey cares at all? >> i do not think they care and
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i do not think they have been strategic, or they would not have done this in the first place. other democratic governments have found this does not work. people are flocking to twitter and getting angrier. when you block social media, it makes people even more inclined to come to the streets, which is exactly what the turkish government does not want. >> has a government ever successfully managed twitter? >> not completely. they have definitely blocked it, but not completely. it has not been successful. in china, for example, twitter is blocked. yet people tweet from china all the time. i am always seeing chinese tweets come onto my feet. the use virtual private networks, proxy servers. usually, where there is a will, there is a way. >> our governments a bit slow? >> i do not want to downplay how progressive governments can be in censoring the internet.
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they can be effective, but not completely. often, when government's crackdown on twitter, it makes people very angry. turkey is different from china, because there are 10 million twitter users in turkey. the government is trying to take away what people once enjoyed, and that is a dangerous thing to do. thend hasn't it meant allegations of corruption have been spread far more widely, as we are talking about it now? >> exactly. when information is forbidden, it is all the more attractive. >> emilie parker, thank you for joining us from new york. firstna now, the u.s. lady, michelle obama, is on a weeklong tour. beijing,een touring where she even picked up a paddle to try her hands at a favorite if a medic sport. -- a favorite diplomatic sport. guess which? >> diplomacy in action.
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a feel-good moment. no talk of controversial issues. chinas. first lady is in to foster trust between the nations in what is being described as clearly friendly interactions. with a visit to a high school in beijing, accompanied by her teenage daughters and her mother. she can to promote education and cultural exchanges between the two countries. a relationship between the united states and china could not be more important. you have the opportunity to travel here, to listen, to learn more about the education , andatives in this country the ability to speak about it to students in the united states is very unique. it is one i will never forget. wearing what she is that seems to be interesting the chinese. she is being compared to china's first lady, who accompanied
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michelle obama throughout much of friday. president xi jinping met with her and the girls after their tour. topics like expanding cultural exchange between the countries, avoiding the issue of china's human rights, at the top of her husband's foreign-policy agenda. forward toking meeting president obama when we attend a summit together in the hague next week. i am also looking forward to his visit to china in november, the apex are met -- the apec summit. see china'sd landmarks, which should provide plenty of photo opportunities. a famous panda preserve. girls arer if the good at table tennis like there -- their mum?
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you can continue watching our 24-hour news network. check your local listings for our channel number. for all of us here, thank you for watching, and please tune in next week. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce.
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we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the hunt for debris from that missing malaysian jetliner came up empty-handed again today, almost two weeks after it vanished from radar. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. as rescue teams keep scouring the indian ocean by air and by sea for the plane, miles o'brien looks into the effort to get literally millions of people to join in the search. >> this search for the malaysian airliner is just the latest manifestation of a powerful mix of space, computer and mobile technology coupled with social networking and a plain old human desire to help others in need.

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