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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 2, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." i'm katty kay. a massive earthquake strikes off the coast of chile, six people dead and residents have escaped. could get even more expensive after the supreme court removes limits on campaign contributions. camp david accords tried to forge a roadmap. welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and also around the globe. chile is still trying to assess
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the damage after a massive earthquake last night. the 8.2 magnitude tremor hit off of the country's coastline. six people are reported to have been killed and tens of thousands evacuated from their homes. emily buchanan has the story. >> last-minute shopping before dinner and then suddenly, the terrifying tremors. the ground shook and people ran out of the supermarket. the shelves taking -- shaking so violently that they are thrown to the floor. nearby, the moment of the quake, one woman could only pray as her house shook precariously.
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the pitch dark in this district was broken only by a huge fire. people were desperate to flee the area. the police have told us to leave. about 300 inmates escaped from a women's prison. the president promised she would continue to work to confront the emergency and protect people and their families. july has escaped relatively
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lightly. a large tsunami did not materialize the dangerous ways could hit countries across the pacific. scientists warn of more big quakes to come. >> i spoke a short time ago with fs or of geosciences at penn state university. it's not as huge as it might have been. >> they knew how to handle them and build buildings in safe places. the ground shaking on them were less than right underneath.
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>> they have a smart phone app warning people when they need to evacuate. not everybody has it, but the fact that people have access to that, can it help diminish any future quakes? >> certainly. about two weeks ago, this sequence started with a magnitude 6.7. a lot of people are evacuated then and i heard numbers of up to one million people are more evacuated than this. chile or in california. white is the science so imprecise.
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>> the process that builds up to the quake is a very slow process and it is essentially instantaneous. we do not know the exact breaking point. although we can monitor the buildup, you don't know exactly .hen it's going to break, >> what do you look at? what are you looking for the gives you some indication of when a quake might strike? at the way the earth is deforming. the reason for the earthquake is that the fault is locked and the two sides are moving past each other. we look at that deformation and we can measure it with gps, satellite tom a and we monitor
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how much it is deforming each year. the other thing that happened is that even though it is pretty much locked, we still have smaller earthquakes happening. we monitor the earthquakes before and we have a whole sequence of earthquakes that let us be concerned. we will keep our fingers crossed and we will download the smart phone app. and you very much. they still don't know when the next big earthquake might strike. russia's annexation of crimea, a tragedy during an interview today. nato is concerned that the kremlin is interested in seizing even more ukrainian territory. securityow reinforcing
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in some former soviet and communist states which neighbor russia. >> every moment of everyday, nato warplanes are on alert. this is an exercise, but in lithuania, it really matters. the baltic states are increasingly nervous as their big neighbor, russia. >> [indiscernible] iey concentrate forces and think we should be ready to defend our city. >> they can be scrambled in minutes. it's not just about reassuring he baltic state.
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>> they don't have much of an air force so they go to the trolling their skies. havemonth, the americans sent 10. >> it has a great responsibility across its entire spectrum of space. it is very important to any nation. our sovereign airspace is where it all begins. seend have you gotten to russian planes up close echo >> i can't comment on operational things. seen increasing military activity. at this base, they contract every out craft from norway and practically every week, russian warplanes are appear without warning.
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>> the air force has received more money. >> they are playing down talk of a new cold war. bbc news, lithuania. >> these are anxious times. around thether news world. the brigadier general was killed when a bomb and off near cairo university. the first two bombs went off within minutes of each other and a third coming about two hours later.
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egypt has witnessed several attacks. the new french prime minister has unveiled his new government, the former partner of president fran├žois hollande. she will be the new environment minister. cabinet eight of the 16 are now women. police chief has ruled out all passengers a suspect in the disappearance of flight and 370 that has been missing for three weeks now. they said none of the 227 passengers on board the missing jet had been involved in hijacking, sabotage, or personal or psychological problems. one of the most striking things about american elections is just how much they cost.
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america has the most expensive elections in the world. after a supreme court ruling, they are set to get even costlier. the totale the cap on amount that they can give to political campaigns. for more on the impact of this decision, i spoke with a reporter for politico. ken, when you look at elections around the world, are they going to spend even more money? what has the supreme court just done? spend more every cycle. it is sort of an inflationary thing. has taken acourt very deregulatory approach of campaign-finance. the amount of money has just exploded exponentially. what the supreme court did today is remove kind of a minor contribution limit that was an aggregate contribution on how much individuals can give to any
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member of the campaign. it did not change the total amount that an individual can give to a single campaign, but rather changed the number of campaigns that a single individual could give the maximum amount of money to. someone wanting to give millions of dollars to that single political candidate, it means i can give lots of money to different campaigns? probably change the means through which the money comes in and not necessarily the amount. individuals to support a single candidate can already do that from the 2010 supreme court decision called citizens united. they created the unlimited money outside spending groups called cs.er pa that has really exploded the money that has been spent in politics. >> people argue this is a right
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to free speech. against thatto set politics free from influence. how do those things balance out? of making these decisions was free speech set against the concerns of corruption. and quid pro quo corruption. in this particular case, they don't believe that giving as much money as possible under the limit to a wide range affects --onately >> what do americans think of it? >> they are sick of it. if they ask americans approve or disapprove, they very much disapprove. but it is low on the list of priority concerns. even foreign policy. reallynd politics is not
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-- what democrats are trying to do, going after wealthy candidates. to picknistan is about a new president. it with days to go, we look at some of the candidates. imagine having two paintings worthy of the world's finest museum hanging in your kitchen and not even knowing about it. happened to an italian factory worker. >> for the first time in four
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decades, the still life is thought to be worth anywhere -- this along with woman with two chairs was stolen from a private address in london in 1970. according to italian police, they were left on a train and auctioned off in 1975. they hung on the wall of the kitchen for years until he thought they might be genuine artworks. rewards can be staggering. pieces by monet, van gogh, said to value over 80 million pounds. one of the most famous deaths in recent years. it suffered damage but was still able to be put on display.
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retain theartworks multimillion dollar price tags, they are coveted by criminal gangs. >> one of the world most famous football clubs has been banned from all transfers of players after breaking the rules on signing young footballers. $500,000 after it goes to appeal. three days ahead of the national election, afghanistan is a country now on high alert. the taliban claimed responsibility for an explosion that killed at least six policemen outside the interior ministry right in the heart of kabul. on what may be the country's most crucial election since the overthrow the taliban.
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we report on different candidates vying to replace hamid karzai. >> afghans are determined to take part even in kandahar. they have threatened to disrupt the process. they have not succeeded. this time, it's a big rally. minister.finance stronghold, he is emphasizing his tribal credentials. he is the man that can bring peace to an area that has seen some of the worst fighting. but why would the taliban want to talk?
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>> the forces are not threatened. and the kind of numbers that make them doubtful that they would ever leave. we have succeeded. we have brought about massive participation of the public in this election. the democratic process is gaining ground. >> we drive north for a rally to a candidate that will ease the best people are the men that fought its wars. scholar, one of the most notorious warlords. but in the past decade, he has been useful to the west. he is even talking about women's rights. >> how is the campaign going? thank you. >> he fought against the taliban
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and in this area and is still at the top of the hit list. >> the crowds have gathered here. symbolizes --that the number of guns still matters in afghanistan. it emphasizes that it is no longer an option. out the man that fought against soviet troops. this isn't a gathering of voters, they are devotees. they claim big enough for the government but it is not enough to be in the army. >> it is a very bad situation in the days of the war.
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then to guide it into smooth , it is sometimes easier than that. >> these stand guard. behind them, in the shadows, the unemployed. no matter what kind of leader emerges, they will face the toughest of tasks. news there on the election campaign trail in afghanistan. the election will be held on saturday and we will bring you full coverage. serious questions have been raised on the future of middle east peace talks. thetions that have plagued
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program for decades. a 1978 treaty brokered by jimmy carter at camp david between israel and egypt. event has been dramatized by pulitzer prize winning author lawrence wright in a new play called "cap david." camp david." >> [yelling] >> please. >> it hardly needs dramatizing, but this is one of the many moments on stage when peace between israel and egypt seemed doomed. >> they are liberated territories! re-creates the negotiations brokered by jimmy --ter and menachem begin and
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>> it was a time when it was also very difficult. one of the lessons of camp david is there is no perfect time and no perfect people. peace is always available if you really want it. >> i don't want it to be a history lesson. i wanted to be an emotional experience for people. >> veteran actor richard thomas takes on the role of president carter that plans to be in the audience on opening night. >> i've always wanted to be the most powerful man in the world. the most challenging thing for me right now is to try to gesture in his direction. you're watching people go through this drama.
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at camp david, the person that is aneace -- carter engineer by training and by mentality. he was able to fill in the emotional calibration that he needed. dialectic,n just the you have this other relationship that is intimate and loving. >> president carter kept extensive diaries. >> he wants the world to know why he did it and what happened. he hopes and i hope that it
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might be a lesson for leaders today that if you really want to do something significant, you gamble everything. you don't worry about your political future. you have to take chances and you have to believe in what you're doing. >> a lesson worth learning. tomorrow, we will be speaking with jimmy carter. please join us for that. we want to congratulate our colleagues that picked up the prestigious peabody award. a consistent and up close journalistsey said from bbc had no equal in 2013. we remember all the civilians caught up in that terrible war. thank you so much for watching.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union bank, and charles schwab. >> there's a saying around here. you stand behind what you say. around here, you don't make excuses. you make commitments. and when you can't live up to it right.up, and make some people think the kind of accountability that thrives on so many streets in this country has gone missing in places where it is needed most. but i know you can still find it when you know where to look. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their
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expertise in global finance to guide you through the opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the u.s. supreme court today struck down overall limits on political contributions in it's biggest decision on campaign finance since the 2010 "citizens united" case. good evening, i'm judy woodruff, gwen ifill is away. also ahead, our conversation with the head of the international monetary fund, christine lagarde. she weighs in on western sanctions against russia and says the ukrainian economy needs tough reforms. >> the economy of ukraine was heading for disaster. it's an economy that needed profound transformation of its

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