tv BBC World News America PBS April 3, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the day after a soldier killed three people and committed suicide at ft. hood military base in texas, we are learning more about him. he's been identified as 34-year-old specialist ivan lopez. army officials say there's strong evidence that he suffered from unstable mental health. and there are indications he was involved in an argument shortly before the shooting. the bbc's nick bryant has this report from ft. hood. >> in the community surrounding ft. hood, foxboro, rituals of mourning people hope they would never have to repeat. >> we have an active shooter on ft. hood. >> now another multiple shooting in which a soldier fired on his comrades. it took place at two building on the sprawling base over the course of a terrifying 20 minutes. the gunman walked into one building and opened fire with a
semifinal pistol and then drove to another and started shooting again. when confronted by female military police officers, he turned his gun on himself. he's been identified as 34-year-old specialist ivan lopez, who served in iraq and was being assessed for posttraumatic stress disorder. >> we have very strong evidence he had a medical history that indicates unstable psychiatric or psychological condition. going through all of the records to ensure that, that is in fact correct. we believe that to be a fundamental underlying causal factor. >> it's less than five years since a gun rampage at ft. hood left 13 soldiers dead. major nadal hasan was sentenced to death for the attack saying he opened fire to protect the taliban from american troops about to be deployed to afghanistan. to absorb what happened yesterday is to revisit that awful past. >> i can't talk about it.
it brings back bad memories. >> ft. hood is the largest military base in the free world. they have people from all over the world right here, so somebody better start looking at it and looking at it right. >> for america's commander in chief, it's the fact the shooting happened at a suppose safe haven from conflict that's particularly troubling. >> we join that entire community in honoring those who lost their lives, every single one was an american patriot. we stand with their families and their loved ones as they grieve. we are thinking about those who are wounded. we're there to support them. and as we learn more about what happened and why, we will make sure we're doing everything in our power to keep our troops safe and keep our troops strong and not just on the battlefield but also when they come home. >> what's happened here phat hood is a reminder in a place that doesn't need one of the ongoing costs of 13 years of
continuous war. and it's not just measured in the blood that's been spilt but the minds that have been altered. it's estimated up to 20% of those who served in iraq and afghanistan have suffered from posttraumatic stress. the post 911 era has created a troubled generation of veterans. >> tragedy that has shown a spotlight on a much bigger problem here in the united states. ukraine's interim government says that the ousted president victorian covitch and his circle ordered riot police to shoot demonstrators back in february. the government is carrying out an official inquirey into the deaths of 100 people who died during protests in kiev. daniel craig reports. >> it was the bloodiest day of the kiev revolutions, the massacre on thursday, february 0th.
more than 50 men, armed mostly with sticks and shields, were hot down in the city center. today after six weeks of investigation, the first official conclusions from the interim government. >> it's crystal clear that president january covitch and his close allies are personally spom -- responsible for these killings. >> the investigation into the shootings produced no great surprises given it is being run by the new government. there are fresh details. the acting minister identified this group of riot police called the black unit which he said were responsible for a large number of deaths that day. that unit, which was operating on this embankment in the early stages of the shootings are the
20th of february are accused of killing 17 protesters on the street below. eight of them were killed with ust one gun. many protesters were shot by hidden gunmen who have not yet been identified. in the heart of the massacre was this 67-year-old man crouching behind a wall he too was ventually hit. they took him down to the santorum, where he's recovering. it wasn't clear where the shooting was coming from, he told me. i peered out several times but i couldn't see. it was coming from the building. but there are clues still left on the street. most bullets came from the same direction and this video shows heavily armed officers preparing at the nearby security service headquarters that morning.
today kiev alleged russia had sent intelligence officers and five tons of munitions to president yanukovych during the crackdown, which even now has left this ancient city in shock. daniel frankfort, bbc, kiev. >> images that remind us of the dark days in february. today the syrian conflict hit another bleak milestone when the refugee agency in lebanon registered its 1 millionth syrian refugee. in total more than 2.5 million have fled fighting and taken refuge in turkey, jordan, iraq and other countries but lebanon, a tiny country, is burying the biggest burden. from beirut, paul wood reports. >> beirut's notorious referee mp or slum was built -- camp or slum was built for palestinians. now syrians squeeze in here too. refugees hosted by refugees.
here two families are forced to live. ten people to a single room. >> it's a hardship. i used to find myself wishing i would die. it would 0 have been easier. >> many of the people living here are invisible. they are not even registered for aid. that means getting papers and they fear the long reach for yrian authorities. translator: i can't pay the rent. nobody helps me. i'm exhausted. if hi any money, i would live
anywhere but here. >> hundreds of thousands of syrians now measure their time as refugees not in months but years and with the war grinding on, they have little hope of going home. like the palestinians who built this place, syrians in lebanon are becoming a permanent refugee population. and today the u.n. registered the 1 millionth syrian refugee in lebanon, which means an unwanted celebrity for 18-year-old yatchia from holmes. 2.5 thousand more syrians arrive every day. translator: we have this message for the international community. help lebanon carry the burden of these refugees before lebanon becomes a burden to you. >> that's a warning about stability in this country. troops have been deployed in the north because of sectarian fighting.
the refugee process make it's more likely that serious war will become lebanon's too. paul wood, bbc news. >> a sad day in the syria conflict t has also been a dfl week for the middle east peace process. and today secretary of state john kerry expressed frustration with both reerlly and palestinian leaders for taking moves that could derail negotiations. one man who watches this process very closely is former american president jimmy carter, who famously brokerred the 1978 camp david accords. he has a new book out, "a call to action" that highlights violence against women around the world. he came into the studio to talk to me about that book but we began by talking about the news of the day. president carter, i want to start by asking you about middle east peace process. i wonder whether you think this president has been engaged enough at a personal level in the peace process. secretary kerry today accepted there are limits to what he can
do. he suggested you can take a horse to water, you can't force it to drink. if the president was more personally engaged, do you think we can get more progress? >> i do. not only this president but all previous presidents. i was deeply engaged as i could possibly get. maybe excessively so. but president clinton made a noble effort but he only started about last i think six months of his administration when he was on the way out. president obama made a good start in cairo when he announced no more settlements in palestinian territory, and 1967 borders would prevail. that was a wonderful start but he backed down away from that then for the next three years or so until john kerry came along. >> you had one of the few bright spots with the camp david accords. in the last few decades of the middle east peace process. back then in 1978, would you ever have thought we would have made so little progress?
35 years later. >> no, i thought it was a foregone conclusion we would have peace between israel and egypt permanently. he no a single word of peace treaty has ever been violated. i thought we would have palestine rights guaranteed as well. because the international community agreed with that. >> has it been a failure of american policy? >> well, i wouldn't say -- try to allege other presidents have failed. i know president reagan didn't take much interest in it. he dealt with it spasmodically and other things were more important to him. and most of the other presidents ince then have only paid brief attention to that crucial issue. so i would say in general but not singling out anyone, all of the presidents could have done more to bring peace to israel. which means you have to bring peace to the immediate neighbors as well. >> a year after the camp david
accords, 1979, soviet union invades afghanistan. >> yes. >> again, during your presidency. there has been a lot of discussion in the last few months whether we're returning to the colet war with russia's annexation of crimea. how is this similar and how is this different? >> well, i think that the taking of crimea by russia was a foregone conclusion. there's nothing the western nations could have done to prevent putin from moving his military forces into crimea. because russians have always considered the crimea was part of russia. when i was president and even before that. and i think three-fourths of the crimea people consider themselves part of russia. but i think now we have the same situation i faced when i was in the white house and christmas week, as a matter of fact, 1979 when the soviets invaded
afghanistan, i took very strong action. i withdrew my ambassador, iplomat relations with russia. i declared an embargo against russia as well. i began to arm the freedom fighters in afghanistan so they could repel the russian invaders. and i announced to brezhnev that if he went any further than he had already gone, i would respond militarily with all the weapons we had at our disposal. and that was the end of the soviet invasion. >> i want to ask about your book "a call to action: women, religion, violence and power." it's a thesis on how women are mistreated by religions in many instances. and i think a lot of people would immediately think of islam. but you write in the book it's not confined to islam, women are subjugated in many religions
around the world. >> it's not just religions because there are a lot of abuses of women that have nothing to do with religion. for instance, in the united states we pay women 23% less than men for same work. and fortune 500 countries, only 21 have women c.e.o. end zone and they get about 40% less than men. and sexual abuse on university campuses is rampant. and it's very seldom reported by girls who are raped or rapist punished and the same thing happens in the u.s. military. so it's not just religion but i think that sometimes the misinterpretation of religious scriptures do give some men the assurance -- the belief -- >> across religions. >> across religions, yeah. >> president carter, you also write and you have said you think most important book you have written. >> don't think it. i know it. it's the most important subject that's not addressed adequately
on earth. the horrendous abuse of girls and women in every country on earth is a worse crime that's being committed against humanitarian. and it's always ignored or not addressed adequately. my hope is that this book will at least bring attention to that subject. i just addressed this morning, as a matter of fact, a letter to all of the heads of nations in the world to send all of them a copy of the book. i hope within their own countries they will see we can do something about this problem. >> president carter, thank you very much for joining me. >> it's a pleasure. i have enjoyed it, as you can tell. >> former president jimmy carter there at 89 still going very strong indeed. if i had half his energy, even now, i would be thrilled. queen elizabeth has met pope francis for the first time during a one-day visit to the italian capital rome. the meeting in the vatican was
described as private one and pomp and protocol kept to a minimum. it's the queen's first foreign trip since a visit to australia back in 2011. still to come on tonight's program -- was the u.s. government behind a version of cuban twitter to stir unrest? we will speak to the journalist behind that story. it's been three months since marijuana has become legal in the state of colorado and other states seem poised to follow suit. how do americans feel about legalizing pot? the bbc has been looking at a study from the pugh research sent tore find out. >> legalized marijuana is here to stay and it will eventually happen nationwide. that's what three-quarters of americans believe and they believe it whether they agree with legalization or not. this is according to a new survey by the pugh research center, which says america
appeared ready for a truce in the war on drugs. if we start with 1969, we can see how support for legalization has increased until now. healthwise, most even say a swig of booze is more harmful than a puff of pot. but even many legalization supporters remain wary of what it could lead to. a majority believe more underage americans would take a turn at toking and even more say they don't want to see that stuff used in public. maybe it's just out of sight, out of mind? the u.s. government says 7% of americans use marijuana. that's almost 19 million people. but if we look at the use of all illegal drugs, pugh research found there's still a strong feeling this is a big problem. still, opinions are changing on what to do about this. almost 7-10 americans think people caught using drugs should
receive treatment, not just get thrown in jail. since 2009, 40 states have taken some action to ease drug laws, according to pugh research. in fact, pugh research says it is the u.s. states, not so much the federal government, that have helped reshape the war on drugs. >> the chief executive of the search engine mow zillia has stepped down amid-a controversy over his use on gay marriage. brendan ike was appointed just last month as head of mozilla, the company known for its firefox browser. but he came in criticism in support of gay marriage ban in california. three board members resigned in the weekend following the appointment but mozilla said the events were not linked. the obama administration
acknowledged today it was behind a program called cuban twitter. an attempt to undermine the country's communist government through messaging network. the project, which lasted two years and ended in 2012, used shell companies and financing through foreign banks to get around the country's grip on the internet. it was uncovered in a story published today by associated press reporter jack gilliam and i spoke to him earlier. >> did they ever get to the stage where they did organize political unrest through this cuban twitter? >> it never got to that point. and it's unclear how the project really stopped. so it gained at one point more than 40,000 subscribers and launched publicly in early 2010 after u.s. contractor alan gross was arrested. ended in late 2012 because funding was dried up and we spoke to people that said the government was trying to block the service. >> the white house said has responded kind of hedgely, i guess, saying no, it wasn't a covert operation but it was
discreet. was this a spying program? >> so that is the question that members on capitol hill will have to address. i know senator pat leahy, who's in charge of the appropriations in congress, as least in the senate for foreign operations budgets, has said this is a, quote, dumb program. he was not made aware of it and he has serious concerns about it and probably wouldn't have approved it to begin with. >> right. but the white house is saying that it's kind of normal in our democracy programs. we try and-to-have communications, tools and this was just kind of par for the course. but you think it was something, your report suggests it was something different? >> i think there is an effort to bring out thee sore is and figure out what word to describe it. let's look at the basics based in our reporting. this was setup overseas using company that's did not have ties to the united states. >> fishy. >> cayman island bank accounts to hide, obfuscate the money
back to the united states. >> also fishy. >> the point of having these servers in ireland was so if the cuban governments were ever to ping an i.p. address, it wouldn't look like it came back to the united states. so you have this whole entity, this whole setup of this program which frank line the c.e.o.'s we interviewed we were not even aware it was backed by the u.s. government. i think the question is, is it secret? the government said there's a specific definition of covert but leahy said no, they were kept in the dark about it. >> jack gilliam reporting, thank you very much. >> thank you. >> extraterrestrial life in our solar system, the idea fostered countless movies and airport novels. now nasa made a discovery suggesting it could be possible. i know it sounds crazy but scientists have found an ocean under the surface of one of saturn's moons which could actually suggest life source. they're planning to send a spacecraft now to investigate further. our science correspondent has more. >> hidden away among one of saturn's glistening rings is a
place that might be home to alien life. these are real pictures taken by a nasa spacecraft. a tiny world just 300 miles across. the cracks, which scientists call tiger stripes, appear like scratches. and these are jets of water spraying out from its south pole. we now know that these features on the icy surface are caused by a deep ocean underneath. >> i'm very excited to find there's a water ocean under the surface. so in water you have one of the ingredients for life. also organic molecules coming out in the plumes and source of heat which keeps it molten. so it really transcends to the top of the list on where there could be life elsewhere in the solar system. >> the focus for finding life shifted to the moons of the planets of the alta solar
system, jupiter, saturn and neptune. the discovery published today suggests the moon which orbits saturn is a likely place to be life outside of earth. another strong candidate is ue ropia, one of the jupet's moons, which also has an ocean under its surface and there's even the possibility of life on tritan, a moon orbiting the ice giant neptune. >> i would be surprised if there wasn't life of some kinds in the moons in the outer solar system. i doubt it's the advanced type of life we have on earth now but bacteria might be able to form in the deep oceans on the moons. >> there's now a new search for life, with nasa and the european space agency planning missions to explore the moons of jupiter. >> so not science infection, after all, science fact it looks like. that brings the program to a
close. carry on and watch "bbc world news" on our 24-hour news channel. thank you so much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international ews at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, nd union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
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