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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 4, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, charles schwab and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed that commercial banks owe their clients strength, stability, security. so we believe in keeping lending standards high, capital ratios high, credit ratings high. ompanies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right -- it's just good business. union bank.
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>> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. i'm katty kay. on the eve of elections in afghanistan, one foreign journalist is killed and another wounded after an afghan policeman opened fire on their car. four weeks after malaysia flight 370 went missing, the search for the plane now goes underwater, but the clock is ticking on finding those black boxes. and from president to painter, george w bush shows off his brush strokes with portraits of world leaders. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. in just a few hours, the people of afghanistan will go to the polls for the first democratic
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transfer of power in the country's history. these elections have been marked by a surge in violence. today two foreign journalists were shot, one fatally by an afghan policeman. from afghanistan, the bbc's karen allen has this report. >> the chilling aftermath of a targeted attack on the eve of historic elections in afternoon. this was part -- afghanistan, this was a convoy escorting election workers to safety. two female journalists were sitting in the back. a policeman stepped up, drew his gun and opened fire. anja niedringhaus, an award winning photographer died instantly. her colleague, veteran reporter kathy goneon was badly wounded. two seasoned journalists from the "associated press" who knew afghanistan so well. >> anja niedringhaus and kathy gannon were the two journalists in the world that spent more time than any others covering afghanistan. for years they have gone in and out of the country telling the
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story of the people and the heartbreak and the combat of that country, so it is with bitter irony that we learn they were attacked there. >> friends and colleagues remember anja's love, but it's her photographs that broad her claim. this was a german photographer exhibiting her work in berlin. >> sometimes i feel bad because i have the chance to get back to my family where there is no war. it already happened to me when i was in sayer yarrow. after four weeks, i was sent home. after a week at home, i had to go back because i promised the eople that i would return. >> used to reporting from combat zones from around the world, her interest went far beyond afghanistan. she had photographed conflicts in iraq, bosnia, and libya, going the extra mile to capture
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real stories and real lives. anja niedringhaus is the third journalist working in foreign news to be killed in afghanistan in recent weeks. it's getting harder for journalists to report from here, but it's afghans who continue to face the biggest risk from violent attacks and with elections, security has been dramatically stepped up. hundreds of thousands of extra troops are on the streets, many of them in the capital kabul. the taliban has vowed to disrupt voting, intimidating voters. they are determined to open up a new chapter in their history when the polls open and they elect a new leader. attacks on foreign journalists and afghans alike are a reminder that others want to remain rooted in the past. karen allen, bbc news, afghanistan. >> a dangerous time for foreigners and even more so for afghans at the time moment. the latest from kabul, i spoke
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to our chief international correspondent a short time ago. i started asking about the mood of the afghan people ahead of this election. >> absolutely extraordinary to see here with every taliban attack, the afghan determination to make sure the taliban do not succeed in stopping the polls is a reality. therefore, we're expecting a very large turnout tomorrow. we're also expecting violence. we're also expecting exceptionally tight security. one leading afghan journalist said to me, this is not just a very historic election to replace a president who has been in power since the fall of the taliban, it is also a referendum on the taliban. in voters, just in hours time for a new president, they will be voting against violence and hoping very much, it won't be a perfect election and it will be not be a peaceful election. afghans hope against hope that it can be an election that somehow moves this country forward. >> once more what's at stake in this campaign, i spoke to a
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former american ambassador to afghanistan. a lot has been made of the critical nature of these elections. how important are they to the country? >> well, it's very important, the elections. it is a key transition, the first time in afghan history that an elected president is leaving office, turning over power to a new elected leader. some doubted whether president karzai would actually comply with the constitution requirements, but he has demonstrated so far that he will. the elections have been quite interesting. the reaction of the people has been fantastic. every time -- >> high levels of enthusiasm? >> the indication being the voter registration on getting voters i.d.ed to vote, every time there has been an attack in kabul, i'm told by my
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friends in kabul that the number of people in line to get voters i.d. has increased more than 3 million and new people, meaning new people who have come of age or didn't register before have registered. i think the number of participants will likely be much higher than the previous election. >> there is a lot of enthusiasm despite theup tick in violence that we have talked about in the country. what do the afghans think this election is going to do for them? >> they believe this is going to be a new chapter. i think president karzai has achieved a lot during his term, afghanistan is fundamentally a different and a better place than it was. most afghans have benefited a lot from the change, although there are some who have suffered, particularly in the south and the east because of the security problem. afghans live longer than they did before the west went in. millions, over 10 millions
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afghans go school, 900,000 did under the taliban and the income per capita was only $180, now it's close to $700. still a poor country, but a much better country than it was. they nevertheless want some reform, the people. they want some changes. therefore, this election is very important because of that. >> of course, under afghan restrictions, we aren't going to talk about individual candidates this close to the polls opening, but do you think that whoever is elected out of this election process, afghans will feel that their demands, the ones you have just laid out, and their hopes and their aspirations for their country will be satisfied? >> that will be the expectation, of course, but there will be challenges. i'm sure there will be security challenges in the coming days and continuing beyond and there
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is the issue of the relationship with the west, will there be -- it will be important, the leading candidate said they will sign it. with a successful election, with the b.s.a., with the trips being tested nevertheless they manage it, although some attacks obviously will take place, then that's a more self-reliant afghanistan will deal with the issue that remains of the taliban peace negotiations or continuing conflict, hardening afghanistan further to be able to resist on its own and then working on that relationship between afghanistan and its neighbor pakistan which remains problematic. >> speaking earlier, the former american ambassador to afghanistan. the turkish court has overturned a ban on youtube that was imposed after it was used to spread leaked audio
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files from a state security meeting. a court ruling says a blanket ban of the social media website violated human rights. it comes a day after the government was forced to comply with a court ruling to unblock twitter in turkey. any day the little pings sent out by the black box on flight 370 will stop because the batteries will run out. ships with underwater sound locators have now arrived in the search area and are hunting for those boxes. who knows what they'll find if anything. the malaysian airliner disappeared four weeks agoton and so far nothing has been recovered. our correspondent has this report. >> after a fruitless month looking for the missing airliner, searchers have begun listening for it, too. beneath the waves two ships are using special kits to try to hear distress signals from the plane's black boxes. they got their work cut out. the sea bed in that part of the
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world is like an underwater alps, 4 1/2 kilometers deep and with 2 1/2 kilometer high mountains. that is the kind of terrain that hides its secrets. this is what investigators are really after, the black boxes should solve this puzzle. they'll tell us what the aircraft was doing and what the crew was saying onboard. how to find them, well, this piece of american kit shaped like a stingray will lead the search. it's called a pinger locator. think of it as an underwater microphone tuned to hear signals from the black box locator beacon. a royal navy nuclear submarine is also combing the area listening to the same tell tale pings. they might get lucky, but it's a long shot. the batteries run out in a few days. they are listening across an area the size of britain. another kit is on standby. this underwater vehicle swimming up and down mapping the sea bed.
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they won't start using it until they find a piece of the actual plane. so they got the best tools available to find this airliner, but that doesn't mean it will work. they have the same state-of-the-art technology five years ago to find the black boxes from a french airliner that crashed into the atlantic. for a month, they trolled the area listening for signals without realizing they even went over the wreckage, yet they heard nothing. the company that eventually helped find that plane told me why. >> in hindsight after the wreckage was discovered, it was revealed that both pingers had failed and so it's very similar to the situation faced now with malaysian air 370 where you have no information really on where the wreckage could be on the ocean bottom and in malaysian air 370, it's an area 20 times the size of the area we were dealing with air france 447. >> so the seven enters a new phase, but the reality is, if they don't find a clue soon,
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they may never find the aircraft. >> well, for more on this underwater mystery seven, i spoke to the man you just saw in that report, retired u.s. navy captain van gurley, he commanded the navy's oceangraphy operations. thanks for coming into join me. your company found the black box from the air france flight. why haven't you been called in earlier than this? >> i wish i would answer that question. we would welcome the opportunity to assist. we have got a lot of experience with very difficult searches like this. air france 447 is just one case of things that we have been able to go in and assist the teams at finding something on the ocean bottom that is very difficult to find. >> i appreciate that the seven area is so much bigger than it was when you were looking for that air france black box. even so, we have had all of these planes going out. we had the ships going out. wouldn't it have made sense to have people doing the
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underwater search at the same time while we still have life on that battery box ? >> there is nothing unusual about this particular situation. the normal way that the search would progress is exactly what they have been doing, but this is not a normal case. we have never really seen a case like this, at least that i'm aware of, where a plane ceases transmission so long while it's still flying. so it opened up a large area. the second thing is that normally you would see a debris pattern. we have been searching many areas of the ocean with nothing there yet. so at this point they're doing the next thing they have to do, which is although these machines, the equipment they're putting down, the type of kit has a very limited footprint, they have to put it in the water to have any hope of finding it before the batteries expire. >> we learned in that report. you went over the black box in the air france case before you actually found it. you realized that you had gone over it. >> that's right. >> i suppose it's some consolidation that after two years, even after the ping had long worn out, you had found
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the black box. presumably in this case, even though the search area is bigger, we still could find it. that's exactly true. the technology is here to do this and it could lead the team to the right place to look. it's going to take a very long time. >> because of the size of the area. >> because of the size. area. air france was a two-year effort. it was hampered because the pingers never worked in that case. >> how long were you involved looking in the air france case? >> three periods of time about two months, but the logistics of getting ships out that far and getting them fitted correctly and waiting for the right weather is what takes these long things. that is exactly what is going to happen here. the issue is, you know, how can we take the air france experience and sort of look ahead. in the air france case, it was two years in a smaller. this area is about 20 times the size of the area of air france. i'm not saying to do the math
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exactly. the type of techniques that we specialize in stack the odds in your favor. it's like counting the cards in the casino. take everything you know about it, even all of the bits and pieces of information that seems to conflict, we can put it together in a systemic way and use that to guide the effort rather than sort of just mowing the yard, the law through the ocean. >> presumably, the sooner you get there, the better. >> absolutely. >> thank you, fascinating stuff, thank you. >> we don't know why that plane crashed, we do know one thing, this is going to take a long time to solve this history. you are watching bbc news. coming up, we bring you the story of one united nations peace keep other who deified orders to save as many people as he could. now there is good luck and outrageous fortune. a scrap metal dealer in the american midwest bought an egg for around 8,000 pounds
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thinking he could melt it down for gold. he later discovered that it was in fact an imperial faberge easter egg, one of only 50 made for the russian royal family. our correspondent has the story. >> alexander the third had money and palaces in abundance. when he wanted to give something truly unique to his express, he turned to the most south after jeweler of the day, carl faberge. and here it is, a lost treasure, remarkably rediscovered, set with diamonds and sapphires, the rarest artwork in the world. the russian revolution of 1917 saw imperial treasures seized by the new government. later many were sold to the west. the egg was last seen in public in 1902 as an exhibition of faberge treasures in st. petersburg.
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it was auctions in new york in 1964. it was not identified as fab share at the time. it reappeared last year when the egg was bought by a scrap metal dealer at a flea market in america's midwest. he paid 8,000 pounds for it and kept it in his kitchen. it was only when the new owner opened up the egg and saw the insticks, it's the name of the watchmaker that he looked it up online. he found an article about the hunt for a missing faberge egg and discovered that this lump of gold was worth 20 million pounds. the man who discovered the ultimate golden egg wants to remain anonymous. it will soon disappear into the vaults of a private collector and this historic jewel may never be seen again. >> 20 years ago this month,
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rwanda became hell oneth. in the space of three short months, 800,000 people were killed. the government tried to wipe out the minority and the genocide still stands as a shocking mark of western failure to intervene. amid the horror, an untold tale of bravey of a united nations peacekeeper took place. mark has returned to bring us this story. >> rwanda, 1994. two wars at the same time. a civil war between the ethnic government army and rebels and the genocide war. amid the horror, a story of bravery and courage. this map saved hundreds of lives. he is a captain from the west
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african state of senegal. his job was as an u.n. military observer. he bent orders not to get deeply involved. he made it his personal mission to rescue as many people as he could. on one occasion, he made his way to this house. the rwandan prime minister's children were hiding inside. the prime minister had just been murdered next door. outside soldiers were now hunting down the children. he knew there was no time to lose. >> he decided to load the kids up, hide them under tarp and so on and just drive. >> the prime minister's daughter, just 15 at the time has never spoken before about how he drove her to safety. >> along the road, there were military checkpoints, we were not allowed to talk. had to pretend we weren't
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rwandan. i owe him my life. if he hadn't been there, would i be here now? i don't know. >> the gutsyness of that was there are no limits to try to describe how gutsy he was. that is the victoria cross type of action. >> the captain never got his cross. he did get an official citation for bravery from the state department in washington saying he personally saved 600 lives. there was no no one to save him. two months after the genocide started, he was hit by a mortar round. >> there was shrapnel that had gone through the passenger door and we know that some of that shrapnel hit the captain's head. there was blood on the seats. there was blood that had gathered in the footwell as
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well. that's how he died. 800,000 people were killed in the genocide. saving 600 doesn't change that, but the captain saved those lives because simply he thought it was the right thing to do. mark doyle, bbc news, rwanda. >> one man who did the right thing when so many were not. now to an exhibition whose artist needs no introduction. after eight years in the white house, former president george w. bush has taken up oil painting and his portraits of 24 world leaders are about to go under display at his presidential library in dallas, texas. our own nick bryant has gone to give us a preview. >> george w. bush told his art teacher to unleash his inner rembrandt. this is the result, a deeply personal gallery of world leaders focusing on the art of
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personal diplomacy. his portrait of tony blair was intended to portray compassion, strength, reliability. angela merkel, a more cheery side then her sometimes grumpy persona suggests. maybe his dalai lama is more of the former president himself as he enters a more reflective side of his life. >> congratulations, daddy. >> who have thought it? >> not me. >> not me. >> on the eve of the exception's opening, he gave his daughter jenna an exclusive preview and spoke of his reinveppings as a different kind of texas oil man. >> i think, wow, george bush is a painter. i am sure when they heard i was painting them, well, i look forward to the stick figure you made of me. look, i fully understand that it creates a lot of amazement. george bush painter? >> when he first met vladmir putin, bush appeared to suggest
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he could read him like a book. >> i looked the man in the eye. i was able to get a sense of his soul. >> but his rendering of the russian president shows a poker faced putin, more enigmatic, harder perhaps to predict. his hobby is an improbable departure for a texas guantanamo that brought such macho swagger to the presidency. he paints every day, gets a lesson every week and says his inspiration came from his great hero, sir winston churchill. >> i paint a lot. as you know, i'm a driven person. i want to get better. i want to learn as much as i possibly can so long as i'm able to paint. so i have studied art for the first time in my life and a whole new world has opened up. >> this is his presidential selvie. when asked for his favorite work, it's his father, george herbert walker bush, a man he calls a gentle soul and who taught him the value of friendship and diplomacy.
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george w. bush says he can only paint these portraits because he got to know the leaders so intimately. it's tempting to read this whole exhibit as a criticism of the man who succeeded him, president obama who hasn't invested the same amount of time in personal diplomacy and who tends to be more aloof. from the first moment his paintings came to light, the bush artwork has certainly revealed an unexpected side. for a president long criticized for seeing things only in black and white, each new brush stroke seems to soften his personal image. >> improbable indeed. well, that brings today's program to a closing. watch bbc news for constant updates on our 24 hours news network. check out your listings, you'll find our channel number there. you can reach us on twitter. for all of us here on "bbc
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world news america," have a safe weekend. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. > at union bank, our -- >> there is a saying around here, you stand by what you say. around here, you don't make excuses. you make commitments. and when you can't live up to them, you own up and make it right. some people think the kind of accountability that thrives on so many streets in this country has gone missing in the places where it's needed most. i know you'll still find it when you know where to look. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: today's u.s. employment report pointed to solid job gains in march. the private sector finally regained positions lost during the great recession. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, author michael lewis's latest deep dive into the financial world; this time, exploring the financial markets' embrace of high-frequency trading. >> woodruff: and it's friday-- mark shields and david brooks are here to analyze the week's

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