tv BBC World News America PBS April 17, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT
>> this is bbc bbc bbc. -- this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, nd union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions in capital
to help meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. hat can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. in geneva diplomats agree on steps to ease the tension in ukraine. but at the white house president obama says, we can't be sure they'll actually work. bad weather hampers the search for hundreds of people who are still missing after that ferry sank off the coast of south korea. why did it take so long to evacuate the children? and gabrielle garcia marquez dies at the age of 87. from "100 years of solitude" to
"love in the time of cholera" we look back on his amazing life. >> welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and also around the globe. in geneva today there were signs of a diplomatic breakthrough to ease the tension in ukraine. russia, the u.s. and the e.u. have agreed to immediate steps requiring all sides to refrain from violence and intimidation. but here in washington, president obama sounded decidedly skeptical about the odds that russia would actually comply. our europe editor is in geneva and starts our coverage. >> lake geneva. the outlook for these talks have been stormy, low expectations. but in this swiss city, the ukrainian crisis achieved a breakthrough. for the first time americans,
the russians, the ukrainians and the europeans met together. the russian foreign minister said he wasn't in an expecting situation. but the key was that all parties wanted to diffuse the crisis. >> all of this we are convinced represents a good day's work. but on the other hand, this day's work has produced principles and it has produced commitments and it has produced words on paper. >> over seven hours the russians and ukrainians agreed to an immediate halt to the violence. in particular in eastern ukraine where pro-russian militias have taken over public buildings. >> all illegally armed groups must be disarmed. all illegally seized buildings must be returned to their legitimate owners. all streets, squares and other public spaces in all ukrainian cities must be vacated.
and amnesty must be granted to all protesters except those found guilty of serious crimes. >> these are seen as first steps. a road map that is intended to be the start of a national dialogue between the government in kiev and pro-russian areas. but the deal was in sharp contrast to the warning from president putin earlier in the day. >> i can remind you that russia's federation council granted the president the right to use armed forces in ukraine. i very much hope that i will not have to use that right and that we will be able to solve all current issues in ukraine by political and diplomatic means. >> in geneva secretary of state john kerry said words have to be turned into action. otherwise he would have no choice but to impose tougher sanctions. the leaders are leaving geneva believing they have pulled
ukraine back from descending into civil conflict. there will be monitors on the ground to ensure that the measures agreed here will be implemented. but in the end everything will depend on those activists in ukraine being willing to back national dialogue. john kerry spoke to president obama who said the talks offered the prospect that diplomacy can be he is can -- can de-escalate the crisis in ukraine. >> despite progress there in geneva, there's some resistance on the ground still in eastern ukraine. tonight pro-russian separatists said they would not leave occupied buildings or disarm unless supporters in kiev did just the same. >> tonight at the headquarters of the self-declared people's republic of donyesk, news of the geneva deal was slowly filtering
through. the first reaction was that they would give up no buildings until protesters in kiev had given up their buildings. but later this was all a spokesman would say. >> please understand, you can hear tomorrow from our leaders. please come tomorrow and you will see. >> many in the crowd said they didn't want to give up until they'd been given a referendum on their desire for much greater rights to run their own affairs in the east. and above all, there was a huge sense of distrust. >> we didn't believe nobody. we are very unhappy people. nobody -- [inaudible] >> for the geneva deal to work, thousands of angry people who have invested weeks of their lives in this struggle are going to have to agree to give up the buildings that they've taken and the weapons which they now see as their main form of power.
this week eastern ukraine had teatered on the brink as pro-russian protesters smashed their way into government buildings and police stations with the new governments in kiev seemingly powerless to stop them. when the response eventually came from kiev, it was in the form of heavy armor. which was then confronted by villagers and angry young men. as helicopters and fighter jets roared overhead. reducing the tension is going to take a huge amount of arm twisting from the kremlin in moscow and the white house in washington. but it's not clear if they'll be able to control the angry passions that have been unleashed. this leaflet calling on all jewish people to register was held up as an example by the u.s. secretary of state john kerry of how bad things have got. though in fact protest leaders say it's a fake designed to
discredit them. this evening a pro-kiev rally being held here in the east was a reminder that politics in ukraine are complicated. amidst all the talk of a new cold war, washington, moscow and brussels will need to remain focused on ukraine to avoid this deal falling apart. >> so given those complications and the tensions, what are the chances that diplomacy can succeed? i spoke a short time ago with the former u.s. state department spokesman. he joined me from new york. jamie, secretary kerry said today that this latest agreement on ukraine can't just be words on paper. do you think it is more than that? >> well, i hope so. i hope it's a lot more than words on paper. because at various times in the last crisis, that crimea crisis, the russian foreign minister said things and they had no
relationship to what was going on on the ground, by what even vladimir putin now agrees were russian forces all along. so it's not been a question of what will russia agree at the diplomatic table, it's about what vladimir putin will do on the ground in ukraine. and it's pretty frightening. he's talking about the fact that he now has the authority to go to war in eastern ukraine. all the words in the agreement are the right words and they're the right sentiments and the right objectives. i just hope it has some relationship to what putin and his people are doing on the ground. >> you mentioned crimea there. are you -- now we see the same thing in eastern ukraine, similar. are you concerned that russia is playing games here, push the west as far as it can and then stepping back at the brink of sanctions that would hurt? >> well, it would be great in
russia really did step back now at the brink, before sanctions hurt. that would be good news. that would mean that the russian special forces and russian operatives now in eastern ukraine would really stand down and the russian-led propaganda would stop in eastern ukraine. >> right, but -- >> i'm worried this agreement won't happen. >> we're seeing a pattern here, aren't we? of russia doing one thing, placating the west just a little bit, and then stepping back into this fight again. >> right. i think vladimir putin, for example, for weeks and weeks denied that they were russian forces inside crimea the last time around. today he just admitted they were russians all along. so there's no real issue about what the dialogue is with moscow and washington. that's had no relationship to what's gone on on the ground. what i'm worried about, what the world should be worried about, is that we have a russian leader
who is uninterested in diplomacy, uninterested in words and only interested in reviving what was once a russian empire, including territory in other countries. >> has the white house done enough? >> well, i certainly think that senator kerry has got the right result from the agreement today in geneva. i see the y about is entire west, the people of the united states, the congress of the united states, the president of the united states, and all of the governments of the western european countries that are our friends and allies, none of them seem to realize that what's at stake here is the very fabric of international affairs. america's gone to war twice in the last 100 years because one large country took over smaller countries. that's what vladimir putin is doing. nobody is doing enough in the west or around the world to
stand up to this blatant aggression. >> thanks very much. >> thank you. >> today the painful weight -- wait continued for hundreds of parents whose children are still unaccounted for after the ferry they were traveling on cap sized off the coast of south korea. the captain managed to get off. he says he's deeply ashamed. the ship sank off the coast and we now report, you may find some of the images distressing. >> divers are waiting to search south korea's stricken ferry. but they can't get in. strong currents kept them out of the water and balanced on the hull, looking for any signs of life. and in case there was anyone to hear them, they brought in oxygen to pump inside. south korea's president took to
the stormy seas herself to see the operation. parents here believe their children may be clinging on to life in air pockets inside the sunken ship. with so little progress, rescue workers and government officials are a target for their rage. this is a disaster that no one can get to. perhaps hundreds of people, most of them children, trapped inside a sunken ship. surrounded by rescue boats but cut off from them by these terrible conditions. most of the teenagers onboard the ferry were pupils at this high school outside sule. on their annual school trip -- seoul. on their annual school trip. li was one of them. his mother called upon to identify his body could never have imagined it would end like this. video emerged today apparently shot inside the ferry.
the loud speaker tells passengers not to move. as the ship tilts over. the captain hit his face -- hid his face at the police station, accused of abandoning his ship. >> i am really sorry. i am deeply ashamed. cannot put it into words. >> kim came last night to find his 67-year-old mother. on her way to a cycling holiday with friends. >> everyone wishes their relatives will survive this accident. but right now i don't have the energy to get angry. i want to cry but i can't. i have no one to talk to. i don't want to worry other relatives so i have decided to face this alone with my brother. >> and then there are sorry -- stories like this one. 6 years old and pulled from the wreckage yesterday. her parents and brother are
still missing. there haven't been any more rescues like that today but the hundreds of families waiting here are still hoping. >> such a heartbreaking story and so many questions about why those children were not evacuated sooner as the ship began to sink. now, here in the united states we have supertuesday. in india it is superthursday. that's the day that most of the voting's been taken place in the country's marathon general election. 121 parliamentary seats are up for grabs in 12 states. so, what will decide how residents decide to cast their ballots? we've gone to find out. >> a helping hand tone able her to enter the polling station -- to enable her to enter the polling says. that's one of the many who streamed in steadily to cast their vote. this is the most significant day of polling and every vote counts
in what is turning out to be a bitterly fought election. the voters are in an unfor giving mood. >> india should progress. we should get rid of corruption. so that the poor and other classes get a chance to move forward. >> make things cheaper. everything is becoming so expensive. we're finding it harder to manage. >> this building is more than 100 years old. it's one of the city's oldest schools and has now been converted into a polling station. you can see the number of women who turned out to vote today. it's something we've seen in earlier phases of these elections as well. large turnouts, many women voters as well. it usually means that they're trying to send a strong message. wherever we go we hear the same thing. they're fed up with the politicians. 100 kilometers they're focused on the elections too.
this is a village, the pace of life here hasn't changed much over the years. and it's seen hardly any development. in the village square, the elders tell me, they only see the politicians during election time. >> there are no jobs here. mumbai is far away. it's too far for our children to go looking for work. >> the politicians just lie to us all the time. in 10 years no one has built a road or a hospital. >> people here have been left out ofia's progress but they're lung -- of india's progress but they're hungry for change and this is the one time they can push for it. >> love the pictures of all those women queuing up to vote in india.
you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, could there be life on this newly found planet? discovery by a telescope has scientists thinking earth may have a cousin. on the second day of their australia tour, the duke and duchess of cambridge have visited the blue mountains, an hour's drive from sydney. they were there to meet survivors of last october's bush fires which were the worst in new south whales for a decade. on friday the couple's expected to attend a royal easter show at sydney's olympic park and then they have another week in the country before they return home. it follows of course 10 days that they just spent in new zealand with their son. our royal correspondent is on the trip. he has this report. >> to be a successful royal, you must be a good listener. people want to tell you their stories. on their first full day in australia, william and catherine went to the town of the blue mountains west of sydney.
last october it was severely damaged by some of the worst bush fires in recent years. nearly 200 homes were destroyed. william and catherine talked to some of the people who had lost their homes. their presence was appreciated. >> for them to come out all this way to say hello to us sand ai'm sorry this happened to you, it means an awful lot. >> sight seeing next at a place called echo point and one of those moments when a couple tried to take in the scenery and enjoy a brief moment of tranquility. some hope. >> over there two people watching the view. over there, countless hundreds of people watching them. -- watching them watching the view. and of course everyone wants their own photo. these days the jackpot is a selfie with one of them. there weren't so many of those today but for some, a long and patient wait was rewarded with a brief chat.
a moment to keep your head. talking of which, here's a prince peering over a cliff. just as well, he kept his. >> scientists here in the united states announced today that they've discovered the most earth-like planet ever found in another solar system. not only is it nearly the same size as the earth, the temperatures recorded there are mild enough to allow surface water. it was discovered by nasa's telescope, winning it the extraordinary name of kapla 186-f. for more on the find i spoke with the chief astronomer of the franklin institute in philadelphia. thank you for joining me. is this the closest you think that we have come to the potential for life on another planet?
>> there's no question it's the closest we'ven come. week of been hunting for planets like earth since we began our mission about five years ago. and we found what are called superearths, planets that are much bigger than our planet is in a habtable zone. this region around a star where the temperature's just right for liquid water. but this is the first time we've ever found a planet that is so close to earth's size and that means a lot. >> ok, but my understanding is that this is so far away that we may unfortunately never actually know the answer. >> yes, that is a big problem. 490 light years away. but here's the catch, though. the really cool thing about this is that this is a planet that's orbiting one of the most common types of stars anywhere in the galaxy. so there are a lot of these stars that are much closer to us than 490 light years. and what that means is because we found a planet orbiting that star that's like ours, in a
habitble zone, it greatly steps up the possibility of us finding earth-like planets much closer to us. that's the big key here. >> ok, with this discovery and then recently the saturn rings and water being found or the residue of water being found on some of those, do you think it's just matter of time now before we come across some other planet in our solar system or another solar system that has the potential for life or has life of some sort on it? >> i think because we've been able to identify water now found in so many different locations in our own solar system and the real possibility of other earth-like planets around, i do believe it's really only a matter of time now because we have to remember that one of the things that the telescope has done is it's identified that it is now considered to be more normal or more standard for a star to have planets than not to
have planets. so that tremendously increases the number of planets in the galaxy and now that we've identified an earth-like in a habitble zone, it really goes up. i really do think, as you said, it's just a matter of time. >> thank you for joining the show again. >> my pleasure. thank you. >> the question is, how much time? will they find it in our lifetime? tonight we learn that the nobel prize winning author gabriel garcia marquez has died at the age of 87. widely considered one of the most popular spanish writers in the century, he had been at his home in mexico city since being treated for lung infections. we look back at his life and work. >> from the heat and dust of latin america, poverty stricken and often violent, gabriel garcia marquez blended history and superstition, the real and the surreal to create a world as
exotic and illuring as a south american carnival. he grew up here in the colombian town, a lonely child in his grandparents' house. that childhood formed the basis for his most famous book "one hundred years of solitude." "the new york times" called it the first piece of literature since the book of genesis that could be required reading for the entire human race. it sold more than 20 million copies worldwide. and there are translations in over 30 languages. >> in his youth, jose and his mountains ined the search of an outlet to the sea and after 26 months they gave up the expedition and found it so they would not have to go back. >> he began life as a left-wing journalist and spent much of his life in compile. experts christened his work magic realism. he said he simply reflected daily existence in latin
america. >> i invent nothing, he said. people always praised my nadgemation -- imagination, but i believe i'm a terrible realist. everything i invent was already here in reality. >> in 1982 he was awarded the nobel prize for literature. but his career was far from over. "love in the time of cholera" was a highly personal book about obsessive look but his work had grown increasingly political. he was a personal friend of the cuban leader fidel castro. and toward the end of his life, he was still seeking to build bridges between cuba and the outside world. a writer who combined political awareness with an overflowing imagination. >> gabriel garcia marquez who has died at the age of 87. he became famous for "one hundred years of solitude" but
"love in the time of cholera" is one of my favorite books ever and i will reread it now in memory of him. that brings today's program to a close. you can find of today's news on a website. thanks for watching. i'll see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news. at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, nd union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed that the commercial bank owes its clients strength,
(george chattering excitedly) this program was made possible by: at houghton mifflin harcourt, we believe reading opens new worlds and inspires curiosity in learners of all ages. we're proud to sponsor curious george on pbs kids. can fuel a lifetime of learning. abcmouse.com early learning academy, proud sponsor of pbs kids and curious george. abcmouse.com early learning academy, are designed for kids to be as active as their imaginations. all she knows is that, today, purple is her favorite color, and that's good enough for us. stride rite is a proud sponsor of "curious george."
funding for curious george is provided by contributions to your pbs station... ooh. ...and from: [ man ] ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ a big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ [ chorus ] ♪ swing ♪ well, everything ♪ everything ♪ is so glorious george! ♪ and everything ♪ everything ♪ is so wonderous ♪ wonderous ♪ there's more to explore ♪ when you open your door ♪ and meet friends like this you just can't miss ♪ ♪ whoa ♪ get curious ♪ curious ♪ and that's marvelous ♪ marvelous ♪ and that's your reward ♪ you'll never be bored ♪ if you ask yourself, what is this? ♪ ♪ like curious like curious ♪ ♪ curious george oh.
[ narrator ] when you live in a city, you see all different kinds of buildings. tall ones and short ones. square ones and curvy ones. but of all the buildings in the city, george's favorite-- [ chittering ] was the george-and-steve super-skyscraping skyscraper tower. hey, that's cute. you two are almost as good at building as bees are. huh? [ narrator ] bees could build things? where'd they find tools that small? aw. uh-uh. come on. i'll show you. [ steve ] what is that? honeycomb. it's what bees make inside a beehive. bees build hives to lay their eggs and to store pollen and honey. hmm. wait a minute. you mean all that gooey stuff in there is honey?