tv BBC World News America PBS June 2, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT
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70 years ago, he landed on the beaches of normally armed only with his bagpipe. today, d-day veterans gather to remember a soldier with a unique sound. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. tomorrow, syria holds elections in the midst of a civil war tearing the country apart. in damascus, it is being heralded as the first multicandidate poll. but the opposition and western allies say it is a sham, that there is no resemblance to democracy. resident assad is widely expected to win. traveling through the province to test the election news. >> what kind of election is positive in this blasted
landscape? none. everyone who might vote in tomorrow's election has fled from here where we do find people, they want nothing to do with president assad's polls. >> what elections, he says contemptuously. the elections of a butcher? it means nothing to us. he would win even if no one voted for him. >> there will not be a single ballot box in any of the liberated areas says another man. >> people remain defiant. these war widows say the loss has not broken their spirit. i will sacrifice myself and my children forgot, she says -- for god, she says. this election is a mockery, says her friend. my husband and brothers did not martyr themselves for us to go
out and go for assad. >> some have been in the camp since the uprising began three years ago. there is bitter disbelief that has stayed that long. we could see no one willing to see him stay in exchange for peace. lip, the alternative is hassan abboud pretty leads the most powerful group here, the islamic front. there is is a religious war. they say syria's minorities have nothing to fear from the islamic state they are fighting to establish. >> the west does not understand sharia, he says. it is not just a set of punishments. applied correctly, it incorporates liberty and justice. we won't force it on people.
we hope they will want it. >> at other times, we have come across tremendous war weariness. we have not encountered that on this trip. the men on the front want to get d noof president assa matter how long it takes. whether the future in syria belongs to these men or the president will be decided not at the polls, but on the battle. field. >>'s prospects of a political solution in syria despite the elections seems to be getting more remote. in america today, the white house unveiled a plan to cut carbon dioxide emissions from power plants by nearly a third in the next 15 years. the move is aimed at curbing pollution blamed for global warming. each state must decide how they will do that. even after just a few hours, the
proposal is already being challenged. david shipman has this assessment. >> a coal mine in west virginia. the top of the mountain blasted away. this is how america gets its coal. a few years ago from the air, i saw how the minds -- mines destroy landscapes. coal keeps the lights on generating nearly 40% of america's electricity. but it is blamed for exacerbating climate change, something president obama promised to tackle six years ago. when ours the moment planet began to heal. >> today his administration unveiled its boldest move so far, clamping down on burning coal. >> this is not just about disappearing and melting ice caps.
this is about protecting our health and our homes. bign areas where coal is a part of the economy, there is fierce resistance because of fears or jobs. >> we have already experienced several coal-fired utilities, electric units, already forced to close. >> one justification for the plan is burning coal pollutes the air people have to breathe. the white house thinks cleaning it up will make more sense to the public than the longer-term issue of climate change. the aim is to lead the switch to cleaner forms of energy away from fossil fuels. the hope is to break the deadlock in international talks on climate change ahead of a major summit next year. that might be the legacy the president wants.
the vision for a greener america is hugely divided. president obama failed to get the support of congress, so he has now bypassed it. a signal according to a former advisor that he is serious. >> the president may outflank congress and prevent -- create wrath on other issues. >> some states will find it hard to move away from coal. the battles over this are bound to drag on, past president obama's time in the white house. this is not going to be an easy political fight. for more on the announcement, i spoke with the director of the center for environmental policy at american university. i started by asking how much impact this plan and these cuts will have on global warming. >> i think he can have a fair degree of impact.
the prediction is it will reduce about half a billion tons out of 6.5 million metric tons over the next 10 years and more after that i. it is significant. this policy sets in process a series of actions where the federal government will be working with state governments to achieve the 30% goal. designed, states have a lot of flexibility to look at renewable energy or more efficient power plants or programs. i think it sets in motion a very significant process. that ifottom line is you are going to really reduce carbon emissions by that much, even though states have a lot of control over how they do it, in the end, you're going to have to reduce your dependence on coal? >> i think that will be the result. if you want to reduce greenhouse
gas emissions, you reduce coal. coal is all most 40% of greenhouse gas emissions in this country. there is no way around it. that will be the result. coal use as a source of electrical power has been declining recently. the biggest factor is the availability of relatively inexpensive natural gas. this may reinforce that trend, but i think the trend was already there. >> we are ready having a lyrical and legal criticisms of this policy. is it possible it might divide -- [indiscernible] because of the rise of fracking in america? >> i think that eases the path. there will still be opposition. thathere is an alternative allows relatively clean options. i think it does ease the path. the fact that natural gas and other options can help states
meet the target is an important part of the plan. >> thanks so much. the big announcement by the white house but a tricky path ahead. after nearly 40 years on the throne, the king of spain today announced his abdication. he is 76 and in ill health. he said a new generation was rightly demanded to take a lead role and his son would open a new era of hope. some spaniards wonder whether it is time to reassess the future of the monarchy altogether. our diplomatic editor reports. >> a message from the king to the people of spain. what a message. he is telling them he was abdicating to make way for his son. >> today, a new generation must lead. younger people with more energy to push through the reforms we need and to face our future challenges. i have always only wanted to
contribute to the welfare of ordinary spaniards. i want the best for this country. >> this was the key moment of his reign. 1981 when members of the spanish armed forces seized control of the parliament. they are hoping to revive the authoritarianism of the late general franco's dictatorship. but the young king spoke up for democracy and they were defeated. majority ofat the the armed forces and people wanted and needed for me to do that night. >> viva spania. >> the king's popularity steadily rose. after the 2004 madrid bombings, the royal family visited survivors in hospital. he was seen as a man for the people. but then the recent setbacks. his youngest daughter caught up
in a corruption scandal and the king himself criticized in 2012 botswanaavish party in as spaniards faced the difficulties of the crisis. he made a public apology. these spaniards in the center of madrid tonight see the abdication as an opportunity demanding a referendum on the republic. based on the mood of this crowd, you would think abdication will be followed by a republic, no more kings. but the political reality in spain is very different. >> both major parties will approve this is section -- secession. is abdication in old age becoming a trend with indications for britain? the king says he is passing the role to a younger, energized generation. last year, the belgian king abdicated in favor of his son
for health reasons. the queen of the netherlands handed her throne to the prince saying he was ready to rain. observers stress there is no way britain will follow suit. >> the queen will not abdicate. she has no indication of doing so. she said when she was 21 she would serve all her life. she reiterated that promise during her diamond jubilee year. >> in spain, the path seems clear. the prince will soon be king philip the sixth. he will have to transform the role of king. >> a quick look at other news from around the world. hundreds of armed separatists in ukraine have launched an attack on a border guard camp in the east of the country. the border agency says five militants have been killed. there has been an explosion at the headquarters of the self-styled regional administration. at least 16 people have been killed in heavy fighting in the
libyan city of benghazi between militias and forces loyal to a renegade general. a number of soldiers were killed in clashes at an army base. the general has been behind a number of attacks on militant strongholds in recent weeks. american military hospital in germany said today army sergeant bowe bergdahl is in stable condition but requires more treatment after arriving from afghanistan. he was held in captivity by the taliban for five years until the white house negotiated his release this weekend. the obama administration is receiving criticism from congress for sending five qatar inrisoners to exchange for the sergeant. earlier withpoke the deputy national security advisor and asked whether the released prisoners are still considered a danger to the united states. >> that is right.
there was a reason they were still at guantanamo. they were deemed to be high-level detainees, very dangerous. with their release, you're seeing the question of whether we have taken on too much risk in return for sergeant bergdahl. that is where the debate has tare, whether the control qa will have in place to control their activities will be enough. that is where the debate is shifting. >> they will be confined. they will have a travel ban. they will not be able to leave for a year. that does not stop them having contact with operational forces and the taliban. >> that is right. we know in the past, qatar has been relatively open about its allowance for the taliban to operate in doha. >> they had an office there. >> they attempted to open a political office. the afghan government was upset. i don't think anyone should be reassured with controls on communication or movement of
these individuals. thisme out openly and said was a victory. these were five high-level taliban members. you don't want to take anything away from the family about the return of the sergeant, but the reality is there are consequences and risks given the deal. >> if you were the american secretary of defense, would you be feeling slightly nervous about what this deal has done for the future safety of your men and women in uniform? >> maybe. i think the concern is twofold. these five individuals are dangerous and could return to the fight. >> it also sets a precedent. >> american policy to not negotiate with terrorists is in existence for a reason. you do not want to create an incentive to put a price on the heads of american military and civilians. we have now indicated we are willing to break with that in certain cases. does that put a premium on the
capture of americans where al qaeda has taken hostages and has to been stated a willingness to trade those hostages for money or prisoners? >> you sound skeptical about the deal. >> a little bit. it is the nature of the individuals and the fact we have broken from president -- pre cedent. i am happy we got the sergeant back. is not without consequence and risk. we have to be open and honest about that. >> you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come, from celebration to controversy. aboutallegations emerge corruption in winning the world cup for 2022. a new palestinian unity government has been sworn in bringing together the west bank party and hamas.
we have this report on the results. >> this ceremony brings to an end a seven-year split but it does not in the divisions -- end the divisions. up until the ceremony was taking place, the deal was off because there was a dispute over who would be the minister of the new government. they managed to reach a compromise. hamas needs the deal because israel andckaded by egypt and an economic dire straits. he can provide financial assistance. needs this deal because he needs a political victory. the initiative he played a big part in was peace talks with israel. those failed just over a month ago. this signing today gives him some kind of political step forward which most palestinians will celebrate. israel is angry about it.
they are not celebrating. israel has said the rest of the world should not recognize this unity government for two simple reasons. hamas is committed to the destruction of israel and refuses to renounce violence. that are important factors must be met if peace talks are to take place. the likelihood is that israel will enact sanctions. 17ee of the ministers of the did not -- could not come to the ceremony because israel did not allow them to travel to gaza -- from gaza. it is believed there will be reaction from israel to the forming of this new unity government. >> ♪ the 2014 world cup kicks off
in brazil next week. right now, it is the 2022 contest in qatar grabbing headlines for the wrong reasons. on sunday, a british newspaper claimed a former fifa executive paid several million dollars to football officials to back the bid. now there are calls for the gulf state to be stripped of the right to hold the tournament. the bbc sports editor reports. >> it is the decision haunting fifa since it was made. >> i am working on brazil. >> only brazil? ifain rio de janeiro today, f general secretary even aiding qatar won about how the right to stage the 2022 tournament. it was the same in qatar. world cup officials might not be able to avoid the chief
investigator who is conducting interviews in the region this week. here is why. newspaper claims qatar's former fifa vice president paid bribes to officials to build support for their bid. qatar deny wrongdoing. but at a question and answer session today, the prime minister reflected growing concerns. >> into what happened in terms of the world cup bid for 2022. i think we should let the inquiry take place rather than prejudge it. my memories of that bidding process are not happy memories in terms of the way the whole thing was arranged and the role of fifa and the rest. let the inquiry take place. >> what now for the investigation? the american lawyer announced he would finish interviews next weekend produces report by late july.
he's only investigating whether individual football officials broke the fifa ethics code. he cannot look into those who have resigned or been expelled. remainnces of a revote unlikely unless the wake of allegations continues to grow. one former advisor is pessimistic. >> they have weathered other scandals. i think we have to work on the assumption they will hunker down and away -- delay, and the chances of a revote are not as good as 50/50. "> with the "sunday times promising more revelations, fifa knows the doubts over the 2022 world cup are not going away. >> this friday marks 70 years since allied forces landed on the beaches of normandy. as the first men went ashore under heavy fire, the sound of
bagpipes filled the air thanks to the british private. today, veterans of the invasion gathered to remember piper bill before they headed to commemorate the day. portsmouth and a tribute to one of the day's most extraordinary men on the most testing of days. d-day veterans lining up to pay homage to bill miller. known as piper bill, in the middle, he was a bagpipe playing command of the defied orders and took his pipes to d-day. this was him on the right the moment he stepped out of the landing craft under fire. pes, not his gun, in his hands. years later, he returned to the same beaches to relive the moment his commanding officer had given him this request. >> give us a tune.
if you don't mind. what would you like, sir? i said very good. >> he still did it as the battle raged. today in portsmouth among the veterans, 90-year-old patrick churchill who trained with bill miller and still recalls his close friend. >> he was on the d-day beaches completely unarmed inspiring all those going a short. it wasfamily says humbling to see so many remember him today, a man who chose sound not steel to fight the enemy. >> a man in a kilt playing the bagpipes with the mortars going off and machine gun fire, someone turned to me and smiled and said well done. >> after the war, the german
soldiers told bill it was bad piper, but they never doubted his bravery as a man brave enough to play music on d-day. >> from our fabulous and temporary home about the white house, piper bill bringing the program to a close. thanks for watching. please tune in again tomorrow. >> ♪ >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, united health care, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce.
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