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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 4, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, union bank, and united health care. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed the commercial bank owes its client strength, stability, security. so we believe in keeping lending standards high, capital ratios high, credit ratings high. companies expected it then, companies expect it now. doing right, it's just good business. union bank.
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poland. >> tonight we look at the workhorse of the skies. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. today the taliban released a video showing freed u.s. soldier bowe bergdahl. you see him wearing afghan clothing and being searched before boarding a helicopter. he it was returned to u.s. forces in exchange for five taliban prisoners. it has led to a major controversy. remote hillside near the afghan-pakistan border, a cap to
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wait for freedom after five long years. bergdahl blinked repeatedly, perhaps unused to sunlight, maybe close to tears. almost certainly overwhelmed by the moment. one of his captors leans in and tells him don't come back to afghanistan. you will be killed. something reinforced in english on the 17 minute video. like arces asked him to flare and they replied they only had a white flag. they were jubilant, chanting long live the mujahedin. >> sergeant bird-dog barely dared to glance up to his approaching rescuers. this was an extraordinary encounter. for 13 years they have been trying to kill each other. the u.s. soldiers were very
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nervous, in a hurry, and it also -- it does all happened very briefly. a pat down to make sure he is unarmed and not carrying a bomb. there is another searched before bergdahl is allowed on the helicopter. president has handed the enemy a propaganda coup peewee >> the taliban are using this to strengthen their recruiting and strengthen their position. now they're looking at a major military offensive this summer with the goal to try to take orr afghanistan in 2017 2018. >> many in congress were furious they were kept in the dark about this exchange. they're about to get a briefing behind closed doors from officials on the state department, defense, and intelligence. but it is bigger than that. afghanistanwhether can end like any other war, and whether the taliban can be treated like any other in a me. >> for more on the taliban video released today, i spoke earlier
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with a retired air force colonel who formerly served as the deputy director for training at the national security agency. i began by asking him what he thed most interesting about video. >> obviously the whole choreography of the video was striking to me. there were precise movements made by all the parties involved , and it was very clear that they had a mission to carry out on both sides, and they did it according to strict recall that had previously been negotiated. >> how about bergdahl's demeanor? what did you make of that? >> it seemed he was a bit dazed by the sunlight, perhaps he had been blindfolded or had been held in a dark area. left theourse when he truck he was in, he seemed to kind of regain his footing at a certain point and that been allowed him to assume his
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composure. i would not say regain his composure because he did seem a little bit lacking at first, but then he moved into -- he knew that something big was happening, he knew he was going to be released and he behaved accordingly. >> the taliban are trying to turn this into her pop again the coup, but is it really? propaganda coup. they it as something where have been able to get something from the united states. i think that it has limited value because these are the kinds of things that happen after any conflict. america is that winding down its commitment to afghanistan, is winding down the conflict. these are the kind of things that will occur when that happens. >> hasn't the u.s. given the taliban and the status that they crave? >> they have to treat the taliban and as if they are state
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actor as opposed to a nonstate actor. entered the taliban has into negotiations in order to work, theyxchange have in some respects gained the status of estate or at least a significant political organization that has state like qualities. >> there are huge controversies about the swap here in washington. ,o you think it was worth it five high-level taliban prisoners for one u.s. soldier? >> i probably would have picked different people, but they allow the taliban and to actually pick the people they were willing to exchange sergeant bergdahl four. the u.s. has a soldier of -- has a policy of no soldier left behind. get thefort is made to soldier back to the united states when one is captured. whether the soldier is guilty of anything such as desertion are any other potential rhymer misdemeanor in a court of
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military justice, it's very important for the united states to bring the soldiers back and if necessary, then be able to prosecute them if the evidence that just they should be prosecuted. >> that is the key question here. thank you so much for joining us. >> of course there will be hearings here in washington on that very topic. in other news, officials in syria say -- our al-assad has president --d in as president in elections on tuesday. officials say 11 million people voted. the population. opposition groups have described the vote as meaningless. u.s. secretary of state john kerry has urged politicians in lebanon to elect a new president to help respond to the ongoing crisis in neighboring syria. other countries in the region are struggling to cope with
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millions of syrian refugees. an investigation into the alleged bugging of chancellor angela merkel's mobile phone. allegations that it had been tapped by that u.s. national security agency came to light last year. militants have killed dozens of people in northeastern nigeria. the attacks happened in the main stronghold of the militant group. gunman's described as soldiers fired on a crowd in a church compound. boko haram is waging an increasingly bloody insurgency in an attempt to create an islamic state in nigeria. peter's from seven of the world's major economies met in brussels at a summit designed to increase cooperation between them. a major topic will be the crisis in ukraine. that's why one man who is not there is russian president vladimir putin. he was excluded from the meeting after annexing crimea. he four arriving in belgium,
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president obama had some strong words for russia -- before arriving in belgium. he warned against russia's dark tactics in ukraine. >> a place in a moment rich with symbolism in the polish capital, where 25 years ago, the citizens of the old eastern bloc began to have their say. america's president among foreign leaders marking the end of our street. the history loving barack obama, this was a chance to celebrate and draw parallels between today in ukraine. bigger nations must not be allowed to bully the small or impose their will at the barrel .f a gun the stroke of a pin can never legitimize the theft of a neighbor's land. we will not accept russia's occupation of crimea or its file asian of ukraine's sovereignty
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and free nations will stand united and further russian provocations will only mean more isolation for russia. >> earlier of first meeting between mr. obama and ukraine's newly elected president, washington promising greater assistance. >> the united states has already stepped up in a number of ways. we are supplementing assistance that the imf is providing is $1 billion in additional loan guarantees and we have discussed additional steps that we might this reform during and transition process. >> with the americans pushing for a meeting with the russian leader vladimir putin, ukraine's new leader said he is ready to peace.e next severalhe days will be very important, ukrainianr the
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perspective. >> in eastern ukraine from the fighting continues. pro-russian rebels help themselves to guns and ammunition after government forces decided to leave. elsewhere the government is still on the offensive. for president obama and his g-7 colleagues to meet and discuss in belgium, this week of diplomacy now reaching a critical phase. this gathering was to have been posted i've vladimir putin in sochi. now world leaders must bring what they have to say separately or together without the russian leader during the week. >> for more on president obama's i spoke withland, the president of the woodrow wilson center, who was in ukraine during the recent elections as an observer. if he thinks
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poroshenko will be the man to end the conflict in ukraine. they certainly the ukrainians do, about 87% of them came out to vote freely and he won a clear majority of the votes, with 55% of the votes. i met with him along with our was chaired by former secretary of state madeleine albright. we found him to be very impressive and obviously president obama, who met with him today in poland, thought he was impressive as well. he has a huge job, and a lot of what he does has to be done by ukrainians. it cannot just be the west coming to the rescue. he does have a peace plan involving decentralization of power. do you think that could worse, based on your experience? >> i think it could work. i think it's a good idea that the word that was used was decentralization of power. that is more autonomy for regions, especially ukraine.
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vladimir putin has recognized this election. poroshenko said on the news that there is a very limited window for this to work, and i do think that the u.s. and the eu need to be talking right now about sectoral sanctions against russia, energy and banking sectors, which we should impose, in my view, as soon as we know whether or not this olive branch by poroshenko is going to work. >> he doesn't plan to avoid anyone at the anniversary of the d-day landing. what do you make of that? >> he is talking nice. i don't think he is making nice. there are insurgents right now in east -- east ukraine coming over the border in truckloads. all of a sudden there are lots of new weapons, some are taking out ukrainian border stations that have been overrun. many people have been killed, and vladimir putin can make a
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difference here. thes see whether he stops chechens and other groups from coming across the border and puts order guards in place to prevent the flow of arms, and he asks russian separatist sympathizers to stop the violence in east ukraine. if he did those things, and if they work, that would be making nice. >>t the u.s. announced it -- the u.s. announced additional forstance, body armor, example. do you think the u.s. will go further and give actual military aid? >> i think our strength is our economic power. that is our asymmetric advantage, and the sectoral sanctions will carry a much bigger wallop than a couple of rifles. >> how finely poised do you feel ukraine was between a peaceful or tumultuous future? >> ukraine has had a succession
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of corrupt governments. i served in congress for nine terms with john mccain, and all seemed so hopeful and nothing happened. .he government was corrupt it is an oligarchy. this is the third chance for ukraine. i don't know that there will be a fourth. it is really up to ukrainians to make this work. ukraine needs to be the good movie where those who were helping to change the government get in the government and get in the game and help it succeed. >> thank you so much for joining us. that was jane harman speaking a little earlier about how that crisis in ukraine might be resolved. you are watching bbc world news to america. still to come on tonight's
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program, thousands gather in hong kong to remember those who died in tiananmen square. a remembrance, 25 years on. the mayor of venice is among 35 officials who have been arrested over corruption allegations. accused of embezzling money meant for the multibillion-dollar defense system, they are let's of taking away $33 million. adam johnson reports from rome. -- venice at its magnificent best, but this beautiful city is in trouble. it has gradually sunk deeper into debt and now floods come more and more frequently. save venicelan to from the sea. flood barriers are being built and the mayor blessed the project when it was tested for
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the first time. it's certainly a very important and emotional moment. it would change the vision we have of the city and its lagoon. the mayor himself has now been arrested, accused of corruption in connection with the scheme. war than 30 people have been detained out together and 100 more are being investigated. -- more than 30 people have been detained. is a colossal, $7 billion project, and it is said that millions were paid in bribes to politicians, accounts, and businessmen. the project, aimed at preserving the splendors of venice, is now immersed in a major scandal. adam johnson, bbc news, rome. >> in london today i'm a queen elizabeth has opened a new session of parliament full of pageantry. it is the last queens speech
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before the general election next may. there is a plan to remove failing members of parliament. today marks 25 years since the massacre in tiananmen square in beijing, security was tight to prevent any commemoration. china has never released a death toll for the crackdown, but at least several hundred people stormed theps square after weeks of protest about political reform. this report on how those protests shaped the china of today. >> tonight in hong kong am aware people still have freedoms denied elsewhere in china, they gathered in the tens of thousands. 25 years on, remembering the hundreds massacred, calling for political change.
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in the rest of china, nothing. a mother who lost her son in the massacre cannot even leave her flat. four weeks, the police have been blocking her visitors. this footage was filmed and smuggled out. [crying] square, watchful security is everywhere. patrols circle ostentatiously. all the memories have long been erased from the flagstones, nothing now shows where the army gunned down unarmed students.
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repeat,e there is no china has done two things. they have unleashed the economy to make people richer, but stymied any serious prospect of political change. china today as the world's biggest state security apparatus. jailede wife of china's nobel peace prize winner who took part in tiananmen is still under house arrest. it's one of the few glimpses we have had of him. notice what has happened in a totalitarian system. decision is made, nobody can correct it. insist that aders -- students like a journalism student who was shot in the back
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were rioters, case closed. a sense of injustice lingers. >> tiananmen square's complex legacy. world leaders will gather on the beaches of normandy to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the d-day landing. it was the biggest invasion the world had ever seen but crucial to the efforts in the air. by planeearheaded known as the c 47 dakota. paratroopers were dropped on enemy targets. a look back at the key role they played. >> it was the plane that helped make d-day possible. the d.c. three, or dakota, once again flying over southern
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england. the plane that became the airborne workhorse. daycoders flew on that delivering power troopers -- paratroopers on entre friend soil, taking the fight directly to germans. now 70 years on, some of the few remaining dakotas have gathered again to re-create that epic flight and invasion. >> some of them i have known since the brigade formed. >> 94-year-old lawrence bell parachuted out of many dakotas and recalls a fine but unforgiving aircraft, especially during its unpressurized dives. >> i have seen strong, brave men screaming with pain. well, i think it saved our lives. anlying around 100 30 miles hour -- flying at around 130
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miles an hour, american, british, and canadians all flew in behind german lines before dropping off thousands of paratroopers to take pictures of key roads ahead of the seaborne forces. the dakota was the perfect aircraft for the job. it's the right size, the right speed, and it was reliable. our googly, without it, d-day might have gone quite different. , without it, d-day might have gone quite different. he says they rose supremely to the wartime challenge. >> they were not so pleasant to fly. there were no aerial problems with the dakota at all. that contributed to its
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remarkable reputation. >> today's event is one of the biggest peacetime gatherings of the dakota. 11,000 were made in world war ii. the aircraft the d-day commanders built their entire plans around. >> it is one of the things that won the war, along with the atom bomb. it can do anything, and has done everything, it will always get its crew home, and was greatly loved by those who still fly it today. >> many wartime nations have but itconic aircraft, has few aeronautical peers. it was a monumental plane for it's time. duncan kennedy, bbc news. >> a reminder now of our lead story, a video is released of bergdahl beingwe handed over after five years of captivity.
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five taliban fighters were transferred from guantanamo bay to qatar. some of the soldiers who surged -- served with sergeant bergdahl have called him a deserter. you can find much more on all the days news on our website, and make sure to join us tomorrow. thanks for watching. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, united health care, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce.
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we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: president obama in europe today stood in solidarity with ukraine's newly elected president, pledging to beef up military aid as the country struggles to quell a bloody pro- russian rebellion. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, as the dust settles after tuesday's primary elections, a runoff in mississippi between a tea party favorite and the old-guard establishment exposes the g.o.p.'s internal rifts. >> ifill: plus, factories in south carolina offer students on-the-job training and a vocational degree. we explore how apprenticeships can help solve youth unemploymt


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