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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 5, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, union bank, >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your .rowth objectives
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we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is a special edition of "bbc world news america" reporting from paris, france. the u.s. defense secretary tells me russia still a real threat to europe and defends the controversial release of both .urgle -- of sergeant burgle >> this was the right decision. we don't leave our people behind. >> the family photo is noticeably missing. q to and is still a major topic of conversation. is still a putin
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major topic of conversation. >> general motors says that a pattern of neglect is to blame for a recall but they claim there was no cover-up. >> welcome to our viewers on public television, america con and around the globe. we are coming to you live from paris which is a very crowded series. queen elizabeth is here, president obama is here, in isdent vladimir put here, david cameron is here. francois hollande had to have dinner twice. first, with barack obama and then with vladimir putin. they did not want to run into each other. this comes ahead of the d-day
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normandy ands in just on the heels of the g-seven meeting in brussels. we start this with my exclusive interview with chuck hagel. i was with him in romania earlier today and he talked about the threat that russia still poses to europe and the decision to get bergdahl out of afghanistan. in the troubled waters of the black sea, america is showing off its military power. wesley very much appreciated. defense secretary visiting the region to remind moscow that the u.s. has europe's back. how much of a threat does chuck hagel think russia really poses? clearsia poses a very threat to europe. you look at the actions that the russians have taken. they have essentially illegally annexed crimea, built-up tens of
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thousands of forces. they have acted all along the european borders. those are very real. is part of the american military response. this is ironic that 17 years after d-day, here we are again, worried about the security of this continent. >> it is ironic. as we look at what happened on this continent, then what andened 70 years ago france. i think it does tell us one nationsecurity of the can never be taken for granted. >> americans don't want war. there is no desire to strike anyone vigorously or otherwise.
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back on land, secretary hagel says that the commitments are inviolable. the members are particularly concerned about the russian threat. can you guarantee to nato members in eastern europe at you would defend under article five every single inch of nato territory? >> i said that, once again in the last two days in brussels, the president has made it clear, secretary kerry has made it clear. our actions over the last few months, as we have moved rotational troop presence into the baltics. >> if they went two miles into latvia, you would go to war with them? >> that is hypothetical. the bigger point is that article five of the treaty is very clear. natoy of those members of are violated, invaded, then all
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of nato, all of the 27 other members have a responsibility to come to the defense of our partners. >> americans would be thinking -- americans are justified in wondering why would we be ponying up the money. >> this has been an issue for many years. we have seen declining defense budgets in europe. it is a concern that we have, the united states. the british have it. the secretary was as vocal on this point as anyone minister. all of the members of nato will have to step up and do more. >> but, they are not doing it. germany is spending 1.3% of its gdp on defense. if the threat does not make nato members think they need to spend more money, what will?
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of winstonords churchill, the jarring gong of reality, he was talking about world war ii. there has been a jarring gong in europe. >> you could see a pickup in defense spending. >> i think we will see a trend back towards that increase and we already are in some countries. >> let's talk about sergeant who was now in germany, being released after five years of captivity. you spoke to sergeant bergdahl poss family, how are they responding to the criticism and the public surrounding their son release? >> well, his parents are amazingly strong people. i know of the criticism. i have been the target of it, so i am quite aware of it. we did the right thing here. i wanted to reassure them that the president feels very strongly about this, i feel very strongly about it.
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i've been to war, i know something about this. this was the right decision. >> american senators were brief, many were not convinced, what was the urgency in doing this deal? what made you do it without going to congress? >> well, i cannot get into all of the specifics of the details, the information, but we are doing that. >> can we know what the health issue was? all of we will get to those questions but i will answer your bigger question. classifiedlot of information in how we got him out, when we got him out, the methods used. classifiedmportant documents. we are sharing these things, by the way, in classified forms with appropriate committees. why now? it was our judgment based on the information that we had that his life, health were in peril.
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>> imminently? >> well, when you say imminently, it is easy for us to hours.ll, 24 hours, 48 it was our judgment, which was unanimous, by the way. it was the secretary of defense, cemetery of state, the attorney general, the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff. we do not want to take any chances. can you imagine if we would have the chance ofn weeks over 30 days? i will tell you what i know. that would have seriously ever getting them out. >> chuck hagel speaking to me on the coast of the black sea in romania. shortly after he made those remarks, president obama defended the release of bowe bergdahl, saying he makes no apologies for it. g7 comments came at the
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meeting in brussels where he also warned russia to do more to tensions -- to stem the tensions in your claim or face or the sanctions. -- to do morened russia to stem the tensions in ukraine or face sanctions. our diplomatic correspondent has more on this very busy diplomatic day. club of the world's elite is shrinking. today, just seven national leaders. this tells the story of russia's suspension and isolation. this was the g-8 a year ago, was, vladimir putin welcomed. the russian president has been scrubbed out for now. of decliningce values.
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they emerge with a clear ultimatum for mr. putin, stop russian support within a month or face far harsher sanctions aimed at the heart of russia's economy. >> the next month will be vital in judging whether president putin has taken the steps. >> ec a pathway to the crisis? what if there is a path that russia has the capacity to engage directly with the president. he should take it. a strategy ofs undermining the sovereignty of ukraine, then we have no choice but to respond. no sign of there is an end to the violence. separatists and government forces fight for political control. one rebel leader tells the bbc there is no going back now.
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was asked if he would talk to ukraine's new president and they were careful not to rule that out. that direct dialogue is one thing that david cameron will urge on the russian leader, carrying the g7's message to vladimir putin. >> that meeting ended a short while ago. david cameron said he told vladimir putin at the situation is not acceptable but that there is a diplomatic path. we are looking at the d-day preparations that are underway. let's get back to new york. >> back here in the u.s., general motors came out with a result of an internal report which concluded that there was no attempt to cover up the facts in their vehicles but there was
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a pattern of incompetence and neglect. 15 employees have been fired for failing to disclose a fault in a ignition switches. the company has been linked to 13 deaths. there was no cover-up, just a history of failure. that was the conclusion of an internal investigation into the delayed recall of more than 2 million unsafe cars. while the chief executive was cleared of wrongdoing, she said the company was in blameless. >> repeatedly, individuals failed to disclose critical pieces of information i could have fundamentally changed the lives of those impacted by the faulty ignition switch. been least 13 deaths have blamed on a fault first detected cutting power to steering, brakes, and airbags
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g.m. has fired 15 employees, five others have been disciplining that's disciplined. in march, families of the victims turned to congress to seek victims. compensatey want to crash victims. >> consistent with our priority to do the right thing, we will be implementing a compensation program for those that lost loved ones. >> the cost to gm, one of the biggest names in the car industry, has been substantial and it hasn't hit sales which rose 13% in the month of may. the sales are doing really well and that is where the disconnect -- the disconnect here is. at higher coming in numbers and trading them in and buying new cars. gm and mary would
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like this report to be the last word on the recall, it won't. there is still a congressional hearing him a lawsuit, and a federal inquiry. >> more tough questions for gm. village inf a northeastern nigeria say another 40 hit people have been killed by boko haram. militantssaid the tied people up and shot them. the attack took place in -- the european central bank has cut the interest rate on overnight bank deposits. this was to below zero. in fact, minus zero point one percent. the new banks will have to pay to keep cash in the central bank reserve. the idea is to incentivize banks to lend to businesses, thereby
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stimulating growth. still, the knights program. katy will join us again from france. world leaders will be gathering on the beaches of normandy to mark 70 years since the d-day invasion. an unmarked mass grave containing the remains of nearly 800 children discovered in ireland almost 40 is ago -- 40 a desire has sparked for an investigation into the catholic church. >> it was a place where they're supposed to care for unmarried mothers and their children. this is now an unmarked graveyard. the bodies of nearly 800 children about to be here. they ranged in age from two days to nine years old. the church says there is no records of their burial.
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grave. a mass >> they all buried around here. no cross, no marking, nobody knows who they are. >> it is almost 40 years since the remains were found hitting in a septic tank. it was claimed a were victims of the irish famine but historians searched the records and found that wasn't true. these men made the grim discovery when they were just children themselves. >> goals were piled up on top of each other. were piled up. ofis thought that most died sickness and disease. this has raised concerns about how the catholic church in ireland treated children in its care. the government is under pressure to give an apology and hold an inquiry over one of -- over what one of its ministers has described as a reminder of the
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darker past. a hidden secret now uncovered that has again raised questions about the morality and the actions of the church and the authorities in ireland. >> here in new york, the talk of the town is the release of hillary clinton possible. the former first lady, u.s. senator, and secretary of state has embarked on the media blitz. you can guarantee she will be asked about her possible run for the presidency in 2016. what is working for or against terror? joe klein broke it down in the most recent issue and he joined me a short time ago. hillary clinton is ubiquitous, she is on magazine covers, she has a but coming out. is she running for president? >> we don't know yet.
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in 1995, colin powell rolled out this gigantic bookstore. -- book tour. he suckered me in, i put him on the cover of "newsweek" at that time. will she run based on the reaction? >> i have known these people for more than 25 years now. the body language is all about running, i think. you read the authors note which is one of the few things. they have had this sequence of weeks -- leaks. her feelings about her mother and daughter, the benghazi chapter. sounds verynote presidential. >> is there a democrat that could challenge her? like there always is.
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there is no such thing as inevitability in the democratic party. clinton is facing a new landscape. she should know better than anyone having been an inevitable last time and got beaten by someone most people didn't they could do it. she's getting challenge from the populist left. there might be more than one candidate. a big issue will be her husband's policies towards wall street which were very pro-wall street and the regulatory. she will have to distinguish yourself from obama. >> given their baggage, given their history, are they passed their sell by date? >> i said they were approaching their sell by date because if they are, i am, and i don't want to be. >> how about them? >> i don't know. we will have to see how well she relates to the new population out there. we had a flood of millennial's that we baby boomers keep trying
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to understand. it is really hard because we are 137.oing to live to >> of hillary clinton is going theucceed, she has to get public to accept who she is but who is she? >> first of all, she is really smart. she is also clever, and the british sense. she has a great sense of humor. there is a picture of myself and hillary and she is belly laughing and saudi arabia. one of the problems with being the inevitable candidate is that you end up being more cautious because you don't want to make mistakes. >> all eyes will be on hillary clinton's book tour for any signs that she might be ready to run for president again. time to return to france and more from katty kay.
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>> thank you. couple hours to the west of paris where i am on this beautiful early summer evening, the commemorations for the 70th anniversary of d-day are getting underway. thousands of veterans and visitors are gathering there to meet with world leaders including the prince of wales. robert hall has all the latest. >> at the bridge which has become an icon for the airborne divisions, prince charles, the chief of the parachute regiment marks the loss of life during a surprise attack. today, the french crossed the breach named pegasus in honor of the men who took and held their objective. this wreath commemorating one small action on that summer night. in the hours before the seaborne assault, 181 men carried in gliders targeted bridges over
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which german reinforcements could threaten allied forces. then, to the café which is still owned by the family who helped to treat the wounded and he still welcome veterans and their families as their own. a tactile machine gun nest while badly wounded. attacked a machine gun nest while badly wounded. >> i said, no, i would never refuse an order. toould like your permission a sale that machine gun post, which i did. >> 13,000 feet above the wartime objectives, this 89-year-old braced himself for one last jump. he had helped his unit, the 13th parachute battalion sees the nearby town. below him, i did my ring
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the regimenthed saw her for a perfect landing. >> we trained for months and months and we had one proposition in mind. >> around us, 300 parachutes blossomed, men from britain, france, canada and the u.s. representing the thousands who applies from the darkness to protect the landing beaches. some who took part today had direct connections to those events. major been sold jumped in memory of his grandfather. >> my grandfather fought literally just up there. the 20 survivors of the hundred the start of that battle. thehere are fewer to tell
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stories but today's sights and sounds reminded veterans of the brotherhood who wear the red beret. >> it is a great honor to be here. i am 90 one now. i keep welling up and i feel as though i want to cry. >> to guest of honor began their journey to the beaches. sir william o'brien is 97. corporal bill bryant, 89. 7000 vessels formed the d-day armada. these vip's will reach race it's root. they will remember old friends who never came home. >> just imagine what those men were going through this time 70 years ago, hours before they lost to that invasion onto the beaches of normandy. you can find out much more on
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our website along with my interview with the u.s. defense secretary, chuck hagel. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," think if service -- thank you so much for watching. >> make sense of international bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce.
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we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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