tv PBS News Hour Weekend PBS June 14, 2014 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
♪ on this edition for saturday, june 14th, the latest from iraq. as islamic streamists move toward buying we'll explore american military options. we'll hear from a reporter on the ground there from how the latest fighting affects oil exports to europe and the united states. and in our signature segment from california, the debate about plans to impose new rules on commercial fishing. >> we're seeing the images of the decks just filled with bloody dolphins. >> if they were to pass this bill, u.s. jobs would be lost. >> next on pbs news hours weekend. pbs "news hour weekend" is made possible by -- lewis b. and louise hirschfeld-coleman. judy and josh weston.
joyce b. hail. the wallach family, in memory of miriam and ira d. wallach. the cheryl and philip milstein family. bernard and irene schwartz. rosalind p. walter. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america. designing customized, individual, and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support is provided by -- and by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york. good evening, thanks for joining us, the pentagon today confirmed a u.s. aircraft carrier is being sent to the persian gulf, this just a day after president obama said he was reviewing military options in response to a rapid 200 mile advance in iraq by islamic militants. during the past several days.
the mill assistants, isis, have overrun iraqi government forces and captured military equipment during their offensive. today, iraq military officials said that the offensive by sunni muslim jihadists had slowed and that they are taking some of the territory back with the help of voluntary shi'ite militias.2j the rebels have vowed to capture buying, but today aç military official insisted the capital is completely safe. iranian president hassan rouhani said saturday that iran would be prepared to help the iraqi government if asked, but it had not received any requests. what are america's military options? for more about that, we're joined by janine davidson, a senior fellow at the council on foreign relations. so the president has said repeatedly, no boots on the ground. here we have an aircraft carrier off the coast. does that mean drones are likely, or aircraft launched from these carriers? >> it means options. an aircraft carrier can do an array of things from intelligence to air strikes. >> in these sort of densely
populated areas, are we likely to incur greater civilian casualties if we don't have people on the ground? >> that is the greatest risk of air strikes and why some people think they're not a viable option. you need people on the ground calling in where those things are going to happen, especially in an urban environment. now, if there are areas where the enemy is in an open space and you can confirm, then it may be more viable. >> so in these open spaces, if i'm marching down that major highway towards baghdad, does that make them more visible to these drones? >> sure, if i was a military planner for isis, i would think that's a risky way to go, but it may be their only option. >> so what are the direct military options that we have? >> the best option of all bad options, is really to be assisting to get the iraqi army and iraqi security forces in a place where they can regroup and resist this. and in order to do that, you have got to put pressure on malachi. otherwise the underlying
problems are not going to go away. in fact, i think the president is right to say, unless he has a plan to reform his political ways, it is folly for us to add fuel to the fire. >> there will be hundreds of thousands of americans saying, we tried to get the iraqi military to stand up, but when they were faced with a fight like this, they laid down their arms and ran. so even if we try to do this now, what's to say it will work? >> the american people are right about that. if we try to do this now without pressuring malachi to make sure he doesn't do the kinds of things that he did before, which is to fire the good leadership that we helped lead and train and put in place, and put untrained leaders across the spectrum of the military, that's part of -- that's probably one of the main reasons why the army fell apart. they have terrible leadership, and they have not sustained the trajectory that was set for them. and that's on malachi. >> doesn't seem to be many other western countries lining up to volunteer to go back in, either with boots on the ground, or any other military resources.
>> frankly, the europeans have a lot at stake here. regardless of how this thing started, go back to the initial invasion, or all the way to what malachi has done since. the fact is isis has morphed into a virulent threat to the region that threatens to spill beyond the region. there are fighters coming from european and america with western passports to join that in syria. where are they going to go after? are they going to bring that fight home? so it is in the europeans' interest to pay attention to what's happening here. >> so there's a lot of different regional, kind of, connections involved here. the saudis, who are our allies, have been supporting the sunni rebels against syria. the iranians, who are not our allies, could be in this particular case. >> right. you know, when you look at this region from a western nation-state perspective, it looks really complex, and it is. when you look at it with an ethnic, religious, tribal
perspective, it starts to make a lot more sense. so the behavior of the iranians, they are helping hezbollah and assad's forces against sunni uprising in syria. to them, they're going to be doing the same thing in iraq, against the same guys, you know, the border is less relevant to the fact that these guys are their enemy. >> janine davidson, from the council on foreign relations, thanks so much. >> my pleasure. in ukraine today, pro-russian separatists shot down a government military transport plane and all 49 people aboard were killed. it was the single deadliest incident since violence erupted in the eastern part of the country four months ago. in the aftermath of the incident, anti-russian demonstrators turned over cars and threw paint and eggs outside the russian embassy in kiev. ukraine's new president declared a day of mourning. an estimated seven million people turned out to vote today in afghanistan's presidential election, about 60% of those
eligible. it pits abdullah abdullah against former finance minister and ex-world bank official. preliminary results are not expected for several weeks. the election was marred by a series of small attacks, that the associated press says left nearly 50 people dead. three jewish teenagers are missing in the west bank. and today as israeli security forces ramped up the search for them. the prime minister said they were kidnapped by a terror group. one of the boys, a 16-year-old, is an american citizen. the teens were reportedly hitch hiking from a jewish settlement in the west bank. israel's defense minister says he assumes the boys are still alive. from washington, word that potentially sensitive e-mails sought by congressional investigators by a top irs fibl -- official are missing. they're thought to shed light on the irs's intense scrutiny of applications for tax-exempt
status by tea party and other groups. a justice department investigate has been called for. >> the irs said the e-mails were lost in a computer cross in -- computer crash in 2011. it said the missing emails could not be retrieved despite repeated efforts. lawyers for a condemned man whose the intravenous line was never properly inserted. the condemned man reportedly writhed in pain for 40 minutes before suffering a massive fatal heart attack. locket was convicted of shooting a 19-year-old woman who was later buried alive. >> honda will reportedly recall more than a million cars with defective air bags, according to the reuters news agency. the list of honda models involved was not immediately available. >> toyota has already recalled two million vehicles with the same potential problems. for a list of those car, go to news hour.pbs.org.
there's been a major outbreak of whooping cough in california. health fiofficials say 3,500 cas have been reported since the start of 2014. nationally the number of cases was up 24% during the first four months of 2014. public health experts say a vaccine is the best defense against the highly contagious disease which is spread through coughing and sneezing. and chuck knowle, the only nfl coach to win super bowls, has died. he was 82. he got titles between 1975 and 1980. he said he wanted to be remembered as someone who could adapt to a world of constant change, but most of all, as a teacher. ♪ for more on the situation in
iraq, we're joined now by matt bradley of "the wall street journal." matt, who is in charge of that area right now? >> the situation here in ar-beal has not changed since the u.s. invasion in 2003. the kurdistan regional government is in charge here. what's interesting right now, kurdistan has been able to advance their soldiers to pick up the slack from where the iraqi troops have left off. they've actually been able to take some territory. some of the officials i've spoke with said they're not planning on giving it back, no matter how secure the rest of iraq becomes. >> this is an oil-rich area. prices have fluctuated wildly, mostly in the upward direction this past week. >> that's right. but kurdistan remains calm in iraq, as it has for the last ten years. so they're still pumping oil. but this particular complex, these victories by isis have
allowed for the kurdistan regional government to assert itself where the iraqi military has fallen down, where they have failed. >> where does most of the oil from that region go? does it go to europe? is there a consequences to the united states? >> oil a global commodity, so the price of oil shifts globally. the price of ago is going to -- is somewhat separate from where the oil is coming from. but most of the oil in iraq, which comes from some of the major reserves in the south, that goes to china. china is about to become, by far, the largest buyer of iraqi oil. as china has become one of the largest energy consumers in the world because of the growing economy. so this is, this is going to have a major effect, not just on china's consumption of oil, but the price of oil globally, because that's how the market works in petroleum. >> and oil from the north, does it go to a different area?
>> the oil from the north tends to go toward europe and turkey. but right now there's a dispute between this kurdistan regional government and baghdad. the kurds want to sell their own oil independently without having to channel the profits and the oil itself through the iraqi market in baghdad. they've been trying to smuggle oil out of kurdistan and bring it to the global market to bring to europe and other places. that's a dispute that was really reaching a very difficult moment right up until the moment when these attacks by islamist militants really sent the iraqi military running and really emboldened the kurds. and there's been accusation from baghdad, of course, that the kurds were working with the sunni militants that weaken baghdad so they could assert their cause and economic rights. kurdish officials deny the allegations, but still, the kurds are the big winners in all of this. >> so what's the mood on the
streets? are they concerned about the war that may happen further south? or the significant fighting that's going on around them in other towns? >> the feeling on the streets here, this is the moment for kurdistan. this is the moment for kurdish nationals. so there's a strong feeling that -- there's a strong feeling of shadenh7ag/hññfreud, if you the german word that means pleasure in someone else's pain. theoqi concept that iraq is be torn asunder that the kurds were trying to keep iraq together, that they were coming to the negotiation tables, negotiating in good faith with the baghdad government, and that baghdad, with malachi's own sectarian policies, that baghdad did itself in. >> all right, matt bradley, thanks so much. >> thank you. ♪
and now to our signature segme segment. tonight we report from california about a major clash between environmentalists trying to collect the wife off shore and commercial fishermen who depend on the ocean's bountsy for their lively hood. recently released images has heightened the debate. some of the images in our report may disturb you. >> the coast of california has a wealth and variety of marine life. on beaches south of san francisco, hundreds of elephant seals back in the sun. sea lions gather, while whales, dolphins, sharks, and other sea life roam the open ocean. but these sea life of dead animals in the nets of fishermen have outraged conservationists.
>> we're seeing these images of the decks just filled with these bloody dolphins, these amazing sea turtles and to literally just be going through hundreds of these images, it makes me sick to my stomach. >> the california program director for oceana, an international organization that focuses on ocean conservation. he obtained these photographs through noah, through a freedom of information request. these photos were taken by federal employees monitoring bicatch. fish and other marine creatures caught by accident during commercial fishing. the photos were taken on california commercial fishing boats that use drift gill nets, one-mile-long mesh nets intended to catch swordfish, but catch other sea life as well. >> in terms of the known deaths and mortalities to a lot of these iconic species, where you're talking about large sharks, sea turtles, dolphins,
what block learned was that these animals traveled thousands of miles across the pacific ocean in migratory patterns akin to land-based mammals and also returned to the sliver of ocean off california. >> we've discovered this is a place where wife gathers equivalent to the plains of africa. instead it's white sharks, tune
a maacos, elephant see seals, whales, all within a stone's throw from monterey. >> block dubbed this region the blue serengeti because of its similarity with the african serengeti where animals roam freely. she's part of a campaign to protect this area. it would limit oil and gas exploration in these area skpgs ban the use of jet skis. but sunkuaries don't regulate commercial fishing and the use of gill nets which is why he sports a ban. gill netting can a destructive form of fishing. i think the oceans require full movement, where we're putting out to everyone else on the globe, we're taking a stand and preserving these places and protecting the wife that exists here. >> but the possibility of banning gill nets completely has
these fishermen up in arms. >> it's sad. it's sad. i don't want to say my grandfather is rolling over in his grave right now, but both nigh grandfathers were fishermen. >> kathy says her family has been in the fishing industry here since the 1830s, before california was even a state in the union. her ancestors were whalers. today her family fishes mostly for swordfish, which they use gill nets to catch. >> the majority of our lively hood comes from swordfishing and all the boats here, it will take a third of their income or more. >> if the swordfish fishery disappears off the coast of california, a third of their salary is gone? >> a third or more. yes, most of the fishermen would go out of business. >> she admits other animals get caught in the nets. >> all fisheries have a bicatch. >> she said swordfishing is already highly regulated.
making them lower their nets so dolphins and seals don't get trapped. if they were to pass this bill, all the swordfish would be imported, and the u.s. jobs would be lost. >> maritime cultures are endangered today as much as these fishes are, these marine mammals are. >> an expert on marine policy and a -- he believes they must not forget about the fishermen who's livelihoods and way of life hang in the balance. >> we need to make it more equitable, the loss of our maritime tradition, and the fishing families that are part of that. >> conservationists are quick to say they don't want gill net fishermen to lose their live leehood, they want them to fish in a different manner.
such as a harpoon. >> you will not receive enough fish in a catch, or a trip, to make it commercially caught. it would cost too much money to go out there and drive your boat out there and catch one swordfish a day. >> when i spoke to fishermen and brought up the idea of using harpoon, their response was, one fish at a time would put them out of business. >> harpooning, you spend a lot of time searching. gill net, you put that out on the ocean highway, full of traveling everything, and it's a lot easier. >> he also points out that gill net fishing takes place on the coastal waters of every continent except antarctica. and because these fish and marine mammals migrate back and forth across the ocean, if they're not caught in american gill nets, they'll be caught in
other gill nets. >> it's an important part of the puzzle that needs to be considered strategically if we're interested in protecting smarks and mammals and dolphins and turtles. we need to work together. so what happens in our jurisdiction may have an important part of a role in protecting the species, but other countries are still fishing and they're still using the type of gear that are indiscriminate, where you have a high level of bicatch. >> just last month, here in california, the proposed bill to ban gill nets failed to make it past the assembly committee by just one vote. that means advocates will have to wait until next year to try to end gill net fishing off the coast of california. >> do you know where your seafood comes from? learn seven questions you can ask before you eat. visit news hour.pbs.org.
♪ >> this is pbs "news hour weekend" saturday. >> from england tonight, the story of a sportswoman who a quarter century ago led the first all women's team to complete an around-the-world yacht race. now he's trying to save what she refers to as the 13th crew member. >> is it any wonder tracy edwards cannot forget this moment? she and her crew had just made history. never before had an all female team made it to the finishing line of the whip bread round-the-world race. in 1990, she silenced the cynics who doubted women would be strong enough to compete. she owed so much to her beloved yacht. she couldn't afford to hold on to the yakts afterwards. she's now learned what happened
to it. abandoned in a marina in the indian ocean, neglected, unloved, left to rot. she's not been on the water for ten years now, but she's embarking on a mission to save it. >> she really was so much more than a boat. she was the 13th crew member. >> she saved maiden once before, 27 years ago when she found the 58-foot yacht in a poor state of repair, dumped in cape town, and worked tirelessly to make her fit for the round-the-world race. edwards hopes, once returned she'll be used for youth charities in the uk and she's asking the public to back her as they did in 1990. >> it wasn't about a bunch of girls sailing around the world. it was so much more than that. it was like a magnet to anyone that thought that they shouldn't be told you can't do something. >> if all goes to plan, tracy edwards hopes to sail maiden back into southampton next may, exactly 25 years after they entered the record books.
♪ >> before we leave you tonight, a quick update of today's news. england's gardian newspaper is reporting 2,000 iranian troops have moved into iraq. in buying to oversea the defense of the iraqi capital against jihadists, neither government is con firming the report. they're now within 60 miles of baghdad. that's it for this edition of pbs "news hour weekend." we hope you'll join us again tomorrow evening. ♪
>> pbs "news hour weekend" is made possible by -- lewis b. and louise hirschfeld-coleman. judy and josh weston. joyce b. hail. the wallach family, in memory of miriam and ira d. wallach. the cheryl and philip milstein family. bernard and irene schwartz. rosalind p. walter. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america. designing customized, individual, and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support is provided by -- and by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
explore new worlds and new ideas through programs like this. made available for everyone through contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. >>hi, my name is peter marshall and we are here to take a sentimental journey. a journey back to the '30s, '40s and '50s. you see it was called the big band era. we are at the beautiful avalon casino ballroom on the catalina island off the coast of los angeles. it was host to all the big band greats from a to z. now, the announcer might say, "from the beautiful casino ballroom overlooking avalon bay at catalina island, we bring you the music of - " just about everyone. >next, take a sentimental