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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 19, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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♪ flex this is -- >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> at the union bank, our relationship managers work hard , offeringur business specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives.
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we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. you? an we do for >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." u.s. combat troops will not return to iraq, says president obama, but he leaves open the possibility of more american engagement if needed. >> going forward, we will be prepared to take targeted and precise military action if and when we determine that the situation on the ground requires it. russia ofcuses sending thousands of troops back to the border with ukraine just as the new ukrainian president offers a cease-fire. and you think you are a football fan? the parents of these kids named
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them after some of the greatest players ever. you could call it a dream team. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the united states will not send combat rogues back into iraq -- that was president obama's promised today -- the united states will not send combat troops back into iraq. will have more on the white house's decision in a moment, but here is our world affairs editor, john simpson. he has been to a mainly sunni area in the suburbs of baghdad, and he has this report. these are the targets for
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president obama's bombs and missiles, but isis is clever. it has huge amounts of money and plant he of warning of american airstrikes. anyway, air strikes alone will not stop these men. people here are acutely aware how close isis has come to baghdad. boat awaye this heading northward, it will lead you to buckle the, where isis is writing. it's only -- where isis is fighting. it's only 37 miles away. it looks as though the advance has been halted, bogged down, but it still represents a very real danger. >> fear of isis and the civil war has gripped the city. these are not just empty because the temperature is 43 degrees centigrade. some people are staying indoors, but others are leaving altogether. this is a staunchly sunni
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suburb. people are worried about isis, but they are even more scared of a civil war with the shia majority. >> the situation is really bad. we do not feel safe, even in our houses or at work or walking down the street. >> his friend feels the same. >> we cannot get out of the suburb. we are afraid of being killed or kidnapped. the government does nothing for us. >> most sunnis agree about that. the prime minister is a shia, and most sunnis think he favors far too is -- shias much. president obama thinks he is a serious obstacle to reconciliation. the notion of reconciliation has not disappeared. is a powerful traditional sunni leader. although his house is bristling
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with guns, he lived -- he believes in living peacefully with the shia. his two main bodyguards are shia, and although isis is sunni like him, he hates it. by the arabic name. killedsh the americans them in any area. >> with bombs yes >> or out -- yes, or outside the area. i tell you, this is a disease. >> he represents an older, more integrated iraq. things are more vicious now. there were three bombs in baghdad today. sunnis targeting she is -- sunnis.hias targeting john simpson, bbc news, baghdad. >> the speed and success of islamist fighters in iraq has proved a challenge for the obama
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administration. the president continued to stress the need for a political solution to this crisis that requires a more inclusive government. he stressed that any support given to iraq east -- iraqis would not include the return of combat troops. cemetery,on national a short drive from the white house and a haunting reminder to presidents of the blood price paid by america in war. more than 1000 of these headstones memorialize americans killed in iraq, but president obama also has to weigh the costs of an inadequate u.s. response. >> good afternoon, everybody. >> after days of deliberation, he announced a delicately calibrated response, the incursion of what he called 300 military advisers in a noncombat role, and also the threat of limited airstrikes. >> going forward, we will be prepared to take targeted and precise military action if and when we determine that the situation on the ground requires it. >> the president is pressing
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primarily for a political new government in iraq of national unity. does that mean the removal of the present prime minister? >> it's not the place for the united states to choose iraq's leaders. it is clear, though, that only leaders that can govern within inclusive agenda are going to be able to truly bring the iraq people together and help them through this crisis. war-wearywhere he -- washington, iraq always unleashes tense announcements. opponents on capitol hill have accused the president of being feeble. hille president on capitol goes for fund raising and golfing and now is fiddling while iraq burns. >> veterans, leafing through this outcome is to recall comrades who never returned.
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>> i would say if the u.s. can go back, boots on the ground in full force, what with the united states expect to get out of it -- what would the united states expect to get out of it? >> i don't think we should get involved at all. it has not worked in eight years. i don't know what would be different now. >> this is a president who won election partly because of his promise to end the iraq war, but even if military advisers do not fire their weapons, they will still be in the thick of the fight. as america discovered 11 years ago, once you go into iraq, it is fiendishly difficult to get out. america'se on announcement a short time ago is america's former envoy to iraq, from 2003 three 2006. i want to pick up on what that veteran was saying. what could be achieved by going back now that america could not achieve when it was there in the first place? >> i think the
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question a slightly different -- i think the question is what is in america's interest now and what should we do about a? it's not a question of whether it is getting dragged back or going back. the president, a week ago, correctly identified our interest and hope that isis should not get a foothold in iraq. that is, i think, the correct immediate american interests. to stop isis from getting a foothold, a couple of things have to happen. they began today. the president needs to commit boots on the ground. noncombat forces -- the president was very careful all this week, never to say he was going to send was on the ground, and today, he said he is sending boots on the ground, and that is a first step. he hinted he may use airstrikes. i'm not a military expert, but i think probably unless somehow in the coming days, these iraq he -- iraqi volunteers can stop the
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flow of isis toward baghdad, i think we will need airstrikes, supply depots and so forth. that military is the core problem in three concentric problems. the next problem out is the one the president also addressed the need for -- a more inclusive iraqi government. there needs to be more political reconciliation, and eventually, we will have to deal with the established political structure from the mediterranean to the persian gulf, which will have to be fixed. >> the president today also made it clear that whilst he is leaving open the possibility of some kind of further military intervention, he said very clearly it is not in our position to take sides between the different groups there. that seemed to imply that he was not prepared to go in to take action against the sunni militants with american combat forces. >> i think he is prepared to take action against isis, which is the world's most vicious terrorist group.
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i don't think there is any question he will take action against them. basically, that's what these first 300 or going to do, help lan operations with the iraqi military. we're going to take action against the terrorist group. that is, it seems to me, clear. stopping the southward flow is the first step. the second is to help the iraqis recover the cities that have been overrun. that operation, which is an urban environment, well, i think, require drones, which means you need intelligence people on the ground. one of the things he mentioned today was that we would help the reestablish a good intelligence service. >> the american public seems to have come to the conclusion that it is not in america's national security interest to go into iraq in 2003, and it is certainly not an american national security interest to do so again. >> i think the polls are kind of interesting.
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the polls are very consistent on that point -- that americans do not want to be in iraq or afghanistan, and i think that obviously has to be taken into account. >> and they are very concerned about mission creep. >> they are, but on the other hand, the president is sitting on the lowest approval rating of any president since i have been in washington for his foreign-policy. 37% in "the wall street journal" this week, and that is astonishing. there is a slight -- i believe that the american people are on to the fact that we have not been as -- we are showing some weakness. >> right, but they are also asking, "ok, we launch airstrikes now, which is difficult in urban areas anyway. we help the iraqi government now. what happens in six months? what happens in three years? are we going to stay there forever?" >> know, and that is the second ring of the three concentric and that is the
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second ring. i'm glad secretary kerry is going to iraq. one thing i learned is that the iraqis need america to broker these kinds of deals. they cannot do it on their own because of the various historic tensions. they need somebody at the level of the secretary of state. i think he, hopefully, will spend quite a bit of time they're trying to solve that problem. >> thank you very much for joining us. very few goodre choices for america at the moment in iraq. let's look at other news now from around the world. kenya says security forces have shot dead five people suspected of involvement in attacks earlier this week on a coastal town. the interior minister says they were killed trying to take. somalia's islamist group says it was behind the twin attacks that killed more than 60 people. the president has blamed local political leaders. tens of thousands of people are now leaving their homes in the north waziristan tribal region
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after the army began an ascent against militants there. the curfew has been lifted to allow more people to try to get out. the army says at least 160 militants have been killed since it began air strikes on targets back on sunday. a court in egypt has issued more death sentences to leaders of the muslim brotherhood, including its spiritual guide, who has already been sentenced to death in an earlier case. he and 13 others were found guilty of incitement to murder over clashes that left 10 people dead last year. there are reports of heavy fighting in eastern ukraine tonight between government forces and pro-russian rebels. nato's secretary-general has also warned that russia is sending thousands of troops that to the ukrainian border, a movie called a regrettable step backward. -- a move he called a regrettable step backward. look likerting to tension on the ukrainian-russian border was easing, but if mr.
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rasmussen was right, that hope might have been premature. >> yes, i think it has fizzled out now that there is a buildup again of russian troops from the other side of the border from here. we are just 50 kilometers from the border here, and not only are nato suggesting they are seeing a troop buildup, but also forces from russia are appearing to confirm that troops are returning to that border. what is left here is the reason why. they really are quite opaque. nato is still hoping those russian troops might be going to try to control the border, to try to stop the flow of weapons and volunteers coming across the border to join the fight with his pro-russian rebels here in eastern ukraine, but sources -- with these pro-russian rebels here in eastern ukraine, but sources talking to the russian media suggest that the troop buildup is in response to things like the attack on the russian embassy in kiev over the
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weekend, the fighting here in which increasing numbers of civilians are being killed, and also, the nato exercises taking place in the baltic. if those are the reasons the if thosede is not -- other reasons, the troop buildup is not very promising. >> what is the situation where you are? how tense is it? >> over 24 hours, what has mostly been going on is an exchange of ideas between the ukrainian forces and the pro-russian rebels -- exchange the ukrainianeen forces and the pro-russian rebels so they could be returned to the sides where they had originally come from and be given burial by their own people , but we are starting to hear reports of heavy fighting again ansk,ow beyond -- slovy which is a two-hour ride north of here, and that would suggest that the fighting may be starting again. what we may be seeing today is the effect of this fighting. more and more places that we are
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starting to, we are see damaged homes, damaged shops, damaged workplaces, and reports of civilians being killed -- not rebels, not ukrainian forces, but civilians caught in the middle. if the fighting does really start up again in the next 24 hours, i feel we are going to see a lot more of that. >> thank you, as ever. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come in tonight's program, spain's new king, felipe vi is sworn in with a call for his diverse country to unite. after two weeks underground, a german explorer who got stuck in a cave 3000 feet he has been rescued. the 52-year-old injured his head and a fall on june 8 -- in a fall on june 8. he was winched to safety in an
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operation involving 700 experts from five different countries. he is now recovering in hospital. >> finally, daylight. it has been inch by inch over 12 days. the researcher was slowly winched to the surface, up from a whole 1000 meters deep. into astrapped protective stretcher. when he emerged to the light, the helmet was removed, and his face finally felt the sun. the rescue team of more than 700 people came from five countries, experts in the dangerous depths of the earth. >> i had the joy is to do to let you know that the injured man has now arrived in a good state -- i have the joyous duty to let you know that the injured man has now arrived in a good state, and with that, we have fulfilled
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the operation. difficulty for rescuers was the sheer scale of the mountain.in sometimes, 300 meters straight down. then, 1000 meters below the surface, the cave stretch horizontally to the injured man -- the cave stretched horizontally to the injured man. he was conscious when he was rescued, but the extent of his head injuries is not known. he was flown to hospital straight from a mountaintop. the caves are now to be sealed because of the danger and cost of this rescue. ♪ >> spain has a new king --felipe vi was sworn in as the monarch after his father, juan carlos i, advocated.
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the low-key ceremony was aimed at marking the start of a new, more in-touch it or for the younger generation taking the fors -- more in touch era the younger generation taking the reins. >> the world champions may be out of the world cup, but spain has a new king, and this is the start of a new era. felipe vi received a red sash from the outgoing king, his father. it signifies the rank of captain general, the highest rank in the spanish army. the spanish parliament, where he was sworn in as head of state. [applause] there were no foreign leaders present. there was no coronation. this has been a day of deliberately restrained ceremony, and in the most important speech of his life with his wife and two daughters looking on, the king appealed for unity, without playing down the challenges he and his country face after years of
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economic and constitutional crisis. >> i have communicated my sincere and honest feelings, conviction, and commitment about the spain i identify with, the one i love and aspire to, and the parliamentary monarchy i believe in. we have to be a renovated monarchy for a new time. >> then, the moment that many people were waiting for -- the royal secession through the -- the royal procession through the streets of madrid. here is the new king. this is the first royal succession in spain since the resurrection of democracy in the 1970's. questions remain about whether the monarchy is the right institution to take this country forward, but this crown here -- this crowd here today is celebrating. >> i really like the monarchy because we do have -- we have people ines about
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republics, and it is a way of having a prepared person. will be the i think king of all spanish people, so i do not mind republic questions. is the monarchy now better option, the best option for spain. >> finally, the appearance on the balcony of the royal chalice waving to the assembled crowd -- on the about any of the assembled crowd. the new king seems to accept that now he has to deliver on his promise. >> think about it -- it's something you do not see very often in this world, one dynastic monarch handing over to another. congratulations there to felipe vi. from spain to são paulo, where
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today, england, i'm afraid, suffered its second bruising loss in the world cup. this time it was uruguay that defeated them by a score of 2-1. we are very depressed here in the bbc studio. in the earlier game, columbia -- colombia scored twice in the second half. would you ever consider naming your children after the great football players? we have gone to meet a rather special squad. ♪ >> this lineup could be straight out of someone's fantasy football league, but it is reality. these people were named after their parents' favorite international football stars. we tracked them down and brought them to the heart of the city for the ultimate all-star kick
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about. the 1986named after world cup because my parents anted to honor him, but it is complicated issue because brazil and argentina have a big rivalry. of mythe name on the back brazil t-shirt. people look at that and ask me if i'm crazy. but that's my name. what can i do not go -- what can i do? >> my name comes from the 1986 world cup. he was the top scorer of that world cup. shoulders,ght on my having his name. people want me to play football at the same level as him. >> you can see my name on the back of this t-shirt. play, only onm
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youtube. not only on tv i saw him playing. hello. , nine months 1985 dadre the world cup, but my only registered me after the tournament. he was looking for a name. unfortunately, he had eliminated brazil from that cup. >> their football skills on the field may not always match up with the football names on their back, but the fact that their moms and dads decided they should go through life with some pretty famous players' names demonstrates the intense fashion -- intense passion brazilians feel for the game. >> ok, not a lot of chance those kids are going to grow up and decide to be basketball or baseball players. they have to start enjoying football. that rings the show to a close.
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you can find much more of the day's news, of course, on our website. from all of us here at "bbc thanks so america," much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. >> makes sense of international /news.t bbc.com >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed he commercial bank owes its clients strength, stability,
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