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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 25, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, charles -- and union bank. >> at union bank our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in. working to nurture new ventures
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and help provide capital for key strige decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, b.c.s. world news america. -- "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news merica" reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. a day of intense diplomacy has mixed results in gaza. israel rejects the cease-fire deals, but it has reportedly agreed to a 12-hour pause in hostility. what can be done about the flood of unaccompanied children illegally crossing into the u.s.? president obama meets with the leaders of three central american countries. and forget that famous scaley skin. experts claim there's new evidence that most dinosaurs actually had feathers. but not everyone agrees.
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>> welcome to our viewers on public television and also around the globe. the death toll in gaza is now above 800, as israel and hamas failed to reach an agreement for seven-day humanitarian cease-fire. the israeli government says it's rejecting a proposal from the americans as it stands, but there are reports tonight that israel has agreed to a 12-hour pause in hostility starting on saturday. in a moment, the view from israel. but first, the bbc's ian panel sent us this report from gaza. >> she's the baby with no name and no mother. perhaps the youngest victim of this bloody conflict, and she's struggling for life. the girl was delivered by emergency cesarean from her
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dead mother's body. she was killed in an israeli air strike this morning. her baby was still two weeks premat tumplete her oxygen supply was cut -- premature. her oxygen supply was cut. doctors say the little girl has a 50/50 chance of living. >> i'm very angry, i'm very sad. i feel that this baby is mine. >> the woman's uncle showed us what remains of their home and the place where his niece was buried alive. israel insists it tries to avoid civilian deaths. but this morning it wasn't a fighter who was killed, just a mother who was heavily pregnant. this is the area where the bomb landed. we think about 2:00 in the morning. there's been some damage to a house over there. this part was a u.n. facility, a sanitation compound. but this was a small block of flats housing a few families.
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this is where the mother was living, and she was trapped as the whole building collapsed. she was underneath and unable to escape and eventually died. >> but the attacks go both ways. we saw two hamas rockets being launched into israel today, and the homeless families living watched u.n. school and cheered. >> why are people cheering as the rockets are being fired into israel? >> shouldn't be clapping the israelis? they're shelling us and killing us. but there's nothing to celebrate in gaza. 8-year-old kamar and her brother were injured when another u.n. school was hit yesterday. a mother talks of the moment her husband died in her arms. another family crushed by grief, despite talk of a
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cease-fire. the suffering and pain go undiminished. ian panel, bbc news in gaza. >> in jerusalem's old city, open air prayers under the watchful eye of israeli troops. young palestinian men were blocked from reaching the city's most important mosque, which is often a flashpoint. israel struggling to contain the fury over the killings in gaza. >> prayers are just coming to a close here. there is a very heavy israeli security presence in the area. they're determined to stop these palestinian worshipers from coming my closer. this is the last fry dave the muslim holy month of ramadan and for palestinians it's been a bloody month. there's a great deal of anger n the streets.
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it erupted first in east jerusalem. dozens of palestinians battled israeli security forces, but outgunned. and in the west bank, palestinians say israeli troops have killed six protesters in the past 24 hours. a are now calling for palestinian uprising. as unrest grew in the west bank, in cairo more international efforts to reach a cease-fire. >> at this moment we are working towards a brief seven days of peace. seven days of a humanitarian cease-fire in honor of eade. >> back in jerusalem we met a group of carefree-looking conscripts. they joined the army just this week and insist what's happening in gaza is self-defense. >> in jerusalem they teach us
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to love peace. but judaism tells you the people that come to fight you, you have to fight back. >> they told us they expect to fight in gaza themselves someday, and they don't believe there will ever be peace. i do not expect to see it happen because the muslim people, the arab people, will hate us, and it will never end. it will never end. there will never be peace. and i'm terribly sad, but there will never be peace. >> tonight biblical bethlehem is a battleground. israeli troops firing tear gas and some live rounds as palestinians stage a mass protest. israel says it is now considering a humanitarian cease-fire that would last 12 hours. bbc news in the west bank. >> and for more now on the violence and the diplomatic
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efforts i was joined by michelle dunn a little bit ago, and she's now at the carnegie endowment for international peace. >> we are getting reports that israel has agreed to a 12-hour cessation of hostilities, a pause. what does that mean? >> what i think it means, jane, is they didn't want to send secretary of state kerry away with nothing. what we saw was that secretary of state kerry was trying to promote a seven-day cease-fire during which there would be talks about what would happen in gaza in terms of economic access, possible demill tration, something along -- demilitarization something along those lines. that proposal was rejected. then secretary of state kerry asked netanyahu if he would agree to a 12-hour pause. this is the second pause that has taken place during this conflict. unfortunately, last time the fighting just started up again right away. >> what was the main sticking
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points for israel? >> you know, what we're seeing is that it's not clear exactly what the conditions of the seven-day pause were going to be. whether israeli troops would be able to remain in gaza during that time, whether they would even be able to continue working on getting rid of the tunnels. frankly, i think it was unlikely that hamas would have agreed to that, and so i think that israel wants to do more work in removing these tunnels, and unfortunately, that means the fighting is likely to go on. >> what does this tell us about john kerry's influence at the moment? because, of course, he made this his personal quest to try nd secure a middle east peace. he hasn't been able to secure a permanent cease-fire yet. what can he bring? how relevant is he right now? united states is still highly relevant in the sense that it is a close friend and supporter and the person --
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the one who gives military assistance to israel. so the united states is highly relevant. the united states doesn't speak to hamas. so you need arab parties to do that. one of the missing elements is egypt. egypt in the past was able to speak to hamas. now the relations between hamas and egypt are so bad that has to go through other parties, like qatar, for example. that's made the diplomacy far more complicated here. another wildcard here is the way that unrest in the west bank is taking off. that can really change the dynamics and perhaps lead israel to be more likely to agree to a cease-fire in coming days, if things on israel's eastern flank really start heating up. >> it really does seem that the two sides are becoming more and more apart. without a political solution, of course, the cease-fire is almost meaningless. how possible, how likely is a political solution right now? >> well, you know, what a cease-fire will do is stop the
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killing. the last time israel had a grand incursion into gaza, about 1,400 gaza anns died. so far 800 have died. so it's frankly a matter of how much human suffering there will be before this particular conflict ends. but unfortunately, none of the previous conflicts in gaza or cease-fires have led to a political resolution of the issues between the palestinians and israel. >> michelle dunn, thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you, jane. >> and in other news, the group formerly known as isis say they've taken a large army base in northeastern searia. the syrian government hasn't confirmed the news but says it's organizing a counterattack in the area. isis has recently been engaged in bitter fighting with government forces in different parts of the country. nigeria's health minister has confirmed that ebola did cause the death of a lib berrian patient. the patient had been subjected to medical tests which
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confirmed the he bo lie virus was presents. since february, 660 people have died of ebola in three african states, the world's deadliest outbreak to date. more planes carrying the remains of victims from the malaysian airlines crash have landed in the netherlands. it's been more than a week since mh-17 was shot down over ukraine. the netherlands and australia are pushing for full access to the crash site and hope a number of their soldiers will be able to travel to the region. now today president obama met with the leaders of honduras, guatemala and el salvador to address the problem of unaccompanied children illegally crossing the southern border of the united states. this year tens of thousands of minors have made their way from central america to the u.s. without their parents. now the obama administration is working on ways to send the children back to their home countries more quickly, as well as deter them from coming in the first place. the bbc's correspondent has
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this report -- >> navigating the climbing frame, but 6-year-old daniel just completed a far tougher journey. he arrived in america earlier this month from el salvador and is now finally re-united with his mom. he made the same journey two years ago. he's asked not to be identified. >> it's riskier to travel together as a family because people take more interest in you. so it's less dangerous for the children to come on their own. >> daniel made the 5,000 kilometers trip with his two young cousins to escape gang violence and poverty back home. >> what did daniel tell but the journey that he made? how difficult was it for him? >> the only thing he said was that he was scared when he got to the border. en he crossed the river with water up to his neck, when he
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was caught by the immigration officials, and then when he arrived at the detention summer with his clothes still soaking wet. >> detention centers on the border are where migrants are brought to when they arrive. it's their first taste of the american dream. conditions are cramped. nearly 60,000 children crossed the border illegally in the last few months. many make the journey across the glistening waters of the rio grande. it separates america from mexico and has become a focus for agents patrolling the border. >> you see how deep the river is right here. >> sergeant dan boyle polices this crossing. >> if a parent put their children through half of what these illegal aliens do in texas, the parent would have been charged for child endangerment. i mean, they're putting their children at risk when they do this. >> here in washington, solving the problems at the border
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remains a huge challenge. president obama has described the flow of child migrants as a humanitarian crisis and says he's looking at ways to deal with cases faster. his critics wonder how he'll speed up deportations when there's such a huge backlog in the courts. as for daniel, it could take years for a judge to decide his fate. his mom is scared he'll get sent back to el salvador. she wants her son to stay in america, a country she believes will give him a better chance in life. bbc news, washington. >> and for more on president obama's meeting with the three leaders from central america, i was joined by michael shifter just a short time ago. he's the president of the interamerican dialogue. president obama meeting the leaders of these three countries to stop the flow of children into the u.s., but what can they actually do? do they have any control over the situation? >> well, it's very, very
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difficult. this is a very difficult issue for them. clearly these flows are happening and if they try to prevent that, they get a lot of political flak, like president obama is getting political flak in washington. they get political flak in their countries. the capacity of these governments is very, very limited. they don't have the resources, they don't have the substitutions to deal with these kinds of pressures. clearly there's strong push factors because of the poverty and violence, the gangs, the organized crime. so this limited amount that these governments could do -- the deal that's trying to be struck in washington is that these countries -- these governments would accept the return of some of these migrants and in turn, the united states will give them more support to try to strengthen their economies and protect their citizens. >> what's the relationship like with these countries at the moment? do they have any real will to help the u.s. deal with something that is essentially a u.s. problem right now? >> it's a very -- it's a bitter
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pill for them because it is a u.s. domestic problem. they see it as foreign policy. they're the closest neighbors of the united states. there's a long history that two societies, central america and the united states, are very interconnected because of demographics and economics. so they think that they really deserve and should get greater support. the united states has a responsibility. and they're partly to blame for all these problems. and so the united states is saying, well, we're partly to blame, but also, you have a responsibility as well and trying to shift it back to them. you have to help us with our domestic politics, accept these migrants and also do a better job and really step up in trying to attack all the major challenges in your own countries. so there's a bit of friction, there's a bit of tension. there are different priorities from these leaders with the united states. >> now, one the proposals the u.s. has made is to advertise in these countries that children will be sent back in an attempt to counter the rumors that started this migration.
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how receptive do you think the families of these children who are risking their lives to come to the u.s. will be? will they believe this? >> well, i think it's -- you know, there are different ways that are being communicated, and a lot of the smugglers, the people who are organizing these outflows to the united states tell a different story. so you have conflicting messages. i think these public campaigns have some use on the margins perhaps, and there have been reports that these flows have recently slowed in the last couple of weeks. so they may have helped somewhat. but there's a lot of skepticism and they're being told a different story by those who are making a lot of money. it's a lucrative trade to send these children to the united states. so i think it could help on the margins a little bit, but it doesn't address the real problem. >> michael shifter, thank you very much indeed for joining us. >> thank you. my pleasure. >> you're watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight' program -- still waiting for the signs of a cease-fire. rebels in the central african
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republic say they reject the truth and in some parts of the country the violence has not gone away. french air accident investigators are traveling to the site in northern mali where an air algerie plane crashed on thursday. all 116 people onboard were killed. french troops have secured the wreckage and one of the black boxes has been found. the bbc's alex duval smith reports. >> another crash, another mystery for air accident investigators to piece together, this time in a remote part of eastern mali. images taken by a military drone helped locate the wreckage of the air algerie flight. french accident investigators say debris are confined to a relatively limited area. the flight to algeria came down in stormy weather less than an hour after takeoff. france, which has 1,700 troops
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in mali has taken the lead in investigating the incident. french soldiers have found one flight recorder. their main base is 150 ilometers from the crash site. >> our intention is to transport the bodies as soon as possible, where they can be taken care of in order to proceed to an identification process before being returned to france and to other countries. >> france sent 4,500 troops to restore sovereignty to ma lie last year, but -- mali last year, but rebels are still active. they have bases in the region where the plane came down. the french authorities say bad weather rather than foul play is the most likely reason for the crash of the plane which was bound for algiers. alex duval smith, bbc news. >> now, wikipedia has blocked users at the u.s. house of representatives from editing
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their website. the 10-day ban will address what they say is persistent disruptive editing following a number of anonymous entries on politicians. >> now, muslim rebels in the central african republic have rejected a cease-fire deal signed earlier this week, and they've called for the country to be partioned between muslims and christians. the country has been caught in a spiral of religious violence since the president was overthrown last march. still, political leaders on both sides insist that reconciliation remains possible. the bbc's andrew harding has a report from the town of bombari. >> armed men on the road, a succession of burnt villages and no sign of a cease-fire. we're heading to bambari, an isolated town at the heart of a new surge of violence here in
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the central african republic. gunshot wounds at a local hospital, mostly civilians here. christians and muslims target bid rival militias spreading terror through the surrounding countryside. >> my mother's there, he says. my wife is there. my father and daughter are dead. >> it seems that the level of violence is mounting. long several access out of mombari, six, seven, villages are being burned. every day we hear about new villages being burnled. >> in town, a few thousand muslims are trapped in one neighborhood with no faith in a ew cease-fire. >> the only solution is to split this country in two, he says. the muslims take one half. meanwhile, the entire christian population has fled to crowded camps on the outskirts.
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french troops now patrol the no man's land between the two religions. a brief show of force by some muslim fighters blocking the way. and threatened. we will go where we want, when we want, the french officer replied. >> the town here is sharply divided between christian and muslim. the french are certainly making a difference, but there simply aren't enough of them to secure this whole country, and this violence here still has a lethal momentum. nearby the french stumble across an old man naked and near death, abandoned here when the town split in two. it's hard to avoid comparisons with the retched state of an entire nation. andrew harding, bbc news,
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bambari. >> the ongoing tragedy of the central african republic. now, if i ask you to picture a dinosaur, i'm guessing a creature with scaley skin comes to mind. well, a new study says that image could be wrong. scientists have discovered evidence which shows that feathers may have been much more widespread on dinosaurs than previously thought. the bbc's correspondent has more on the findings. >> some dinosaurs were big and scary and it's thought they had scaley skin. after a while some of them developed feathers. and this freedom of speech has sort of been the trance -- and this creesh has been the transition from dinosaur to bird. it arose right in the middle of the age of the dinosaurs, around 145 million years ago. but the new search suggests
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that they rose much, much earlier, right at the very beginning of when they first emerged. the discovery of this dinosaur in siberia suggests that they began to develop small fluffy chick-like feathers tens of millions of years earlier than previously thought. but some experts have their doubts. paul barrett, here studying some dinosaur skin, says that the supposed feathers could be something else. >> there are a number of features of these feathers that actually look completely unlike those we've seen in any other feathered animal that's ever existed, and i strongly suspect that what we're seeing instead is experimentation with the skin structures and maybe unusual scales that have feather-like attributes. >> others, though, believe that the new research shows that dinosaurs had feathers from the very beginning and were widespread. bbc news. >> so we still don't know for sure. and that brings today's show to a close. but you can find more on all
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the day's news at our website. for all of us here at bbc world news america, thank you very much for watching and do have a great weekend. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years. kovler foundation, and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we believe the commercial bank
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owes its clients strength, stability, security. we believe in keeping lending standards high, capital ratios igh, credit rating high. companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right, it is just good business. union bank. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los presented by kcet los angeles.
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