tv BBC World News PBS August 13, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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america." is "bbc world news america." i am katty kay. on ways military options to rescue thousands of people still trapped on mount sin jar in iraq. brazilian presidential candidate eduardo campos is killed when a small plane carrying him and staff crashes in a residential neighborhood. you just put your lips together. >> the voice, those looks. tonight, the world remembers actress lauren bacall and the impression she left on us all.
welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. president obama is considering a range of military options for rescuing thousands of refugees trapped on a mountain in northern iraq. sent an the u.s. has extra 130 military advisors to the region. efforts astepping up well, with france saying it will armed kurdish fighters. james robbins has our coverage. we needed any more evidence of the risks taken by iraqi helicopter crews plucking people from mount sinjar, this is it. pictures of the crash yesterday that killed a pilot and badly injured many others. a week into this crisis, now david cameron says britain will play a role in the rescue. until now, the government is
focused on dropping relief supplies over the mountain. this is the third reich, including the crucial shelter kits for those trapped below. minister arrived in downing street after his holiday, former defense secretary liam foxx was urging him to do much more. militants held their latest meeting before david cameron announced a shift, stopping short of arming the kurds. >> i think the first thing is to deal with this desperate humanitarian situation with people who are exposed, starving, dying of thirst on this mountain and getting them to a place of safety. of course, we support the kurds, and we should continue to support the kurds. in terms of the ammunition that they are getting, britain will play a role in helping to get that to them. tornador, british strike aircraft sent to the region are being confined to aerial reconnaissance. there is no plan for them to join in american attacks on
islamist extremist. helicopters are being dispatched and may well be used to help pluck fleeing families off the mountain. this versatile american-built helicopter has been in service for over 30 years now. britain has around 60. only the united states has more. it can carry over 50 fully armed troops a weighted down with equipment, but on missions to rescue civilians, it might carry 70 people or more. that, theycome to would be determined to avoid anything like this. an experienced former british officer warns that keeping civilians and crusade could involve conduct. >> there may be actions of self-defense if one is:, as has happened, refugees from an area that is really hard-pressed.
there may be a requirement to secure that area by the use of force to protect those refugees. the united states alongside its aid effort has now sent 130 more military personnel to the kurdish city of erbil. assessment team, not part of a move back to graham, -- ground combat. thesekurdish forces like must remain the front line to fight back the extremists of the islamic state. as another aid flight was loaded in britain, government officials were talking of putting humanitarian boots on the ground, not combat boots. david cameron says a humanitarian operation would not require the recall of parliament. james robbins, bbc news. >> as you can see, the situation on the ground in northern iraq for those refugees is still very bleak after surviving a long journey from mount sinjar.
many are making homes and derelict buildings. caroline wyatt reports from a makeshift camp. home.s is now their yazidi men, women, and children all in one room in this unlikely sanctuary. their survivors of mount sinjar. this is the next step on their long journey. the youngest refugee was 10 days old when his mother carried him in her arms to safety on top of the mountain. his father said other newborns were slaughtered by islamist fighters. seven days and nights on mount sinjar. his mother says he is sickly now and needs medical help. are helping each
other survive, but it is hard to explain to the youngest why they have been singled out for slaughter. they will probably never see their home again. this man is 95. she is almost blind and was lost in the chaos when her village was attacked. she has no idea if her family is still alive. herman next to her carried from the mountain down to safety. at last, some help from outside. there are now 35,000 refugees from the yazidi minority who have flooded into northern iraq in recent days and weeks. they are adding to the numbers already here.
iraq holds one million displaced people, fleeing extremists from other parts of iraq. many survivors still haven't any shelter. there is still hope for her baby. many are too traumatized or malnourished to help a child. for survivors, there is guilt as well as english. our families are still dying on the mountain, this woman tells us. they need help now. the u.k. has promised to help. caroline wyatt, bbc news. what should the white house to? i spoke with retired u.s. air force colonel blyton. he was a former general of the u.s. chiefs of staff.
tothe white house decides try to rescue these refugees, what are the military options? arehe military options basically threefold. what you have is an opportunity to going directly onto the mountain, using air power and air support to actually bring people out of that. that takes a long time and really requires the establishment of an airport or. groundond one would be a effort that would be based on being able to take the refugees off the mountain directly and bring them to camps that have not been built yet somewhere in the immediate vicinity, safe from isis. >> how would this be done from air? what kind of equipment would you use? how many people could you get out at any one time? >> that would be very difficult because the area is really limited. you would need aircraft that can do that. is use theat they do
workhorse of the u.s. air force at the tactical level. and you bring an aircraft like that in, the normal maximum passenger load that one aircraft like that could take depends on the exact configuration but could be around 50 personnel. that is only for a very short flight. >> we could be looking at people -- looking at of the 10,000 people. >> yes, and it would take a long time to do that. it would take a long time to bring the right kind of military air power to bear. it would take a long time to bring the right kind of aircraft in. when you look at what the possible options are, each of them would require securing the ground area. each of them would require also making sure that you have a safe way of getting the refugees in and out. it really would require a sustained effort that would take at least weeks, if not months. >> if you are running an operation like this or looking at an operation like this, would you say it is feasible? >> it is feasible, but it
requires a ground presence. it would require a high degree of security. it would also require basically a movement back of the isis forces, which would have to be accomplished by using force against them. >> we have seen one helicopter that has crashed on that mountain. do you think isis has the capacity to attack u.s. air force's? >> yes, the particular helicopter you are speaking of, it is not known if there was ground fire or if it was an accident, and mechanical failure that caused that, but in this particular case, yes, the isis forces do have the cook -- the capability to harm u.s. and coalition aircraft. >> thank you very much for joining us. as the president weighs his options, it is clearly a tricky situation. tonight, there are reports that israel and hamas have extended a
cease-fire in gaza. the current cease-fire was set to expire this evening, but according to palestinians and egyptians, it will last for another five days. despite that news, the israeli military says three rockets were fired into israel from gaza shortly before the deadline. brazil will hold three days of mourning for presidential candidate ed wardell compos who was killed in a plane crash today. the small vehicle was flooding -- was flying when it was forced to abort landing because of bad weather. julia kundera reports from rio de janeiro. >> this is the aftermath of the tragedy that has shocked brazil. the plane carrying presidential candidate eduardo compos crashed into these houses, leaving behind a trail of distraction. the jet was forced to abort the landing at an airport airport due to bad weather, and as it
tried to come around again, contact was lost with the control tower. the seven passengers on board were all killed. death was greeted with a morning across all political spectrum's. rizal's president dilma rousseff has declared three days of official mourning. she said that he was a great political leader with a long career and a promising future taken from him. to his family, a strong political tradition in the northeast of the country, eduardo campos had been a congressman, governor. the an important ally of workers party, he decided to run as president himself, joining forces with the leading proenvironment politician marino silva as his vice presidential candidate. roussef's mainnt
opponent last time around. with many coming to terms with his death, the impact on elections that are just a few weeks away is still far from clear. bbc news, rio de janeiro. thehe united nations says number of people killed in rebel held areas in eastern ukraine has nearly doubled in the last two weeks, reaching more than 2000. the red cross says thousands are without access to water and a letter city. ukraine's interior minister insists that a russian aid convoy one not be allowed to enter the country. on truck's left moscow tuesday. int night, violence erupted another suburb where an unarmed black teenager was killed on sunday -- on saturday. the incident has sparked outrage. as an obama has commented, saying it was heartbreaking.
our correspondent is in ferguson, missouri and sent us this report. >> solidarity for a mother in her grief. her 18-year-old son michael was shot dead by police. he had been unarmed. the town of ferguson has come together in a case that has had reverberations across america. it is not just sorrow but outrage. at a church vigil, young people can to make their voices heard. for many, there has been only one outlet to convey their anger, confronting the authorities. we are living -- we are in the very area where michael brown was shot. and people have taken to the
streets to let the police now they are not happy with what happened. this is what they are facing. there is a police barricade right here, very heavily armed officers. in recent days, the tension spilled over into violence. there has been looting, vandalism, and running battles with the police. dozens have been arrested despite appeals for calm, including from president obama. buildings have been burned down. ferguson is counting the mounting costs of the troubles. the main demand of people here is just as for michael brown and criminal charges against the officer who killed him. the incident on this street in ferguson has exposed few problems between the predominantly black community and the overwhelmingly white police force and administration. those who have been protesting say they will no longer accept what they say is clear
inequality and harassment. >> i don't know what it is. you aren't going to respect the fact that we are citizens? to have equal rights when you go home to your children? we are not going for it anymore. they killed a kid out here. >> accusations of racist behavior by police in america yearsthing new, and 50 after the country passed it civil rights act, it is clear there is still much to be resolved. bbc news, ferguson, missouri. -- still to come >> we joined the family
originally from the democratic republic of congo on an incredible journey from a camp in northern or one of to washington state -- in northern rwanda to washington state. >> these hills provide the backdrop for an incredible journey. from refugee camps like this one," or of eastern congo, thousands of people are hoping to start a new life. many have spent most of their lives here. for romano and his wife, providing for their three young boys means sacrifice.
when food is in short supply, they often go without so their children can eat. >> life in the camp is not that easy. we only feed our children once a day. >> they tell me everything is about to change for them. today is their last day before they leave. a this hasn't been much of life, but i've given it my best. we hope to one day consider america to be our home. >> not everyone wants to make that move. having spoken to many families here, you get a sense there is a real debate as to whether it is better for them to stay here or whether they should actually take a leap to the united states. making that jump is not easy. many here have little experience of socializing and have to undergo cultural lessons about life in the west. >> they are coming from abroad, from refugee camps to a totally
different environment in the u.s. many, especially the older people, will not speak any english. if they leave, there is a -- theyor one last haven't been told where their new home will be in the u.s. and what to expect there. >> i'm very excited and pleased because i have a farewell. i told my friends and family to be patient. i hope one day we can take up roots in america. packed,their bags hundreds of curious well-wishers arrived to say goodbye. a new life in the u.s. is a daunting prospect. the fear of the unknown is outweighed by optimism for the future. bbc news, northern rwanda. >> be sure to make sure to join us tomorrow when we will
journey with that couple leaving northern rwanda. an actress, author, famous romance, and that unforgettable sexy voice. the world remembers lauren bacall who has died at the age of 89. she belongs to a number -- another time, hollywood's golden era, and her marriage to humphrey bogart only added to her glamour. we take a look back at her life. >> lauren bacall , 18, unknown, looking for a break. what she got was this photograph. howard hawks saw it, signed her up, changed her first name, and cast her alongside one of hollywood's finest. a few memorable lines later would let you know how to whistle, don't you? you just put your lips together. >> the rookie actress had become a movie star.
bogart's wife, 25 years his junior, but every bit his equal when it came to ambition and straight talk. >> i'm looked upon as a woman who is in total command of every situation. >> i don't need anyone. know, noe as we all one is that sure of themselves. >> you ought to talk to my mother. >> lauren bacall said the bogart years were the happiest of her life. the films they made together, some of her best. he died when she was only 52. she spent the rest of her life frustrated with everything she did, overshadowed by their relationship. >> who is this? >> you've lived your life the best you can, and when a certain section of your life is over,
you deal with it as best you can. that is very private and then you have to press on and do something else for yourself. i'm entitled to a life of my own. i'm going to have it. >> she did by taking to the stage. she won a tony role -- tony award. although the academy did eventually honor her. >> a man at last. [laughter] >> lauren bacall kept on working and made some notable cameos. but she belongs to the golden age of hollywood. she was an old-fashioned movie star. she is a screen legend. >> remembering lauren bacall. i'm katty kay. for all of us here, thanks for watching. tune in tomorrow.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: edward snowden has more secrets to tell and shares them with "wired" magazine. we talk to the journalist who spent three days with the n.s.a. leaker in moscow. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this wednesday, will afghanistan come together or fall apart? margaret warner talks to james dobbins, who just stepped down as the u.s. special representative to the region. >> ifill: plus, remembering the sultry, seductive and glamorous symbol of old hollywood, award- winning actress lauren bacall.