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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 15, 2014 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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america. >> this is "bbc world news america." i'm jane o'brien. more support is pledged to help kurdish fighters in iraq. but will it be enough to combat the brutal threat? accusations between kiev and moscow. ukraine says it's destroyed most of a russian military convoy after it crossed the border. the kremlin said not true. pope francis gets quite a welcome from the crowds in south korea. even making time for a selfie after mass. >> welcome to all of you on public television in america and around the globe. sunni leaders in iraq say they're willing to work with the new prime minister, as long
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as the government protects their rights. after reports that some have been shot dead, and some suggesting they would give support to kurdish fighters. the advance of islamic state militants has left approximately 200,000 refugees in kurdish areas and in parts of syria. the bbc's paul wood went to the syrian town and sent this report. >> the camp in syria, the first place of sanctuary for thousands ofy al-zeidi refugees. people walked 40 miles to get here across mountains and deserts. two weeks ago the camp had just 20 families. now it's swollen to 15,000 eople. the music drifts across the
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camp. we've heard our women screaming, says the song. don't be afraid, we will defend this land and defend our honor. the song is part of an effort by a syrian kurdish militia here to recruit among the yazidi refugees. >> i knew how to fight because i grew up in the mountains. i would go to my village and to other villages, wherever i find islamic states, i will kill them because of what they did to us. we will break the enemy's hearts and hands. they have captured our women and they are selling them. i will go to free my people. i will go to protect my men. the kurdish forces will certainly find a lot of volunteers in teaming refugee camps like this one. any new recruits will go up against battle-hardened veterans. they have weapons and ammunition they captured from the iraqi forces. even with western air support,
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the kurdish forces will have a long and difficult task to recapture the towns and villages that all these people came from. >> the kurdish militia here have begun a training program. they hope it will give them an army capable of defeating the jihadies. >> we didn't choose this war, he says, but we have no choice but to fight. the yazidis are our people, too. we haven't confronted the islamic state, there would have been a genocide. >> just over the bored into iraq, the brand-new camp is being built for displaced yazidis. the camp is better certainly than what greeted them when they first fled into searia. but it is another depressing sign there will be no quick end to this crisis. paul wood, bbc news, on syria's border with iraq. >> and for more on the political insecurity situation in iraq, i spoke a brief time
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ago with charles dunn, the former director for the national white house security council and now at freedom house. >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you for having me. >> the e.u. may allow delivery of arms to the kurds. the u.s. is already directly arming them. but is it enough for them to stopt advance of islamic state and to recapture territory they've already lost? >> i think it will be an important step in the right direction, but it has to come in the context of a concerted strategy led first and foremost by the united states, with the cooperation of the e.u. and gulf allies. so far that strategy is not clear what it's going to be in the coming weeks and month. it's going to have to be a long-term strategy, though. >> that strategy, does that include the sort of humanitarian action that we saw with the yazidis that were stuck on the mountaintop? the u.s. has said that crisis is over, but we're getting reports of more atrocities.
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should the u.s. be taking action there to protect other people in the country? >> i think it definitely should. between 1 and 1.2 million people have been displaced from their homes by the advance of the islamic state. this is a huge mune crisis. what the united states has done on mount sinjar to free thousands of yazidis is important. but there's a much bigger crisis that's looming out there, and this has to be an essential part of the response as well as military assistance. >> do you think now that prime minister maliki has resigned from office we're likely to see a bigger u.s. presence in iraq? >> i think that the united states is going to be forced to have at least an intelligence and possibly a special forces presence on the ground. we've already increased a certain number of troops, especially in baghdad to protect united states facilities there. but there's going to be an effective military response. there's going to be a need for
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more on the ground to coordinate with the kurdish forces in the north and possibly the government in baghdad. >> what about the role of the new prime minister? is he going to be able to be more inclusive? we've heard that the sunnis say they are prepared to deal with him. again, is that going to be enough? >> i don't think it's going to be enough, because the new prime minister faces all the problems that maliki had, and they're much worse now than they were eight years ago when maliki started. this includes near total alienation of the sunni population, the kurdish population and the major leftover issues, such as revenue-sharing, federalism and, as you pointed out, political inclusiveness, which just has not happened. and that's going to be a very tough nut to crack. >> how significant is it that the sunnis have even gone this far to say that they're willing to think about working with him? >> i actually think it's terrific. you could not have imagined this even a month ago. and there's a very narrow window of opportunity for the
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new prime minister to act on his promises to be more inclusive and to really demonstrate to the sunni and kurdish populations that he's willing to go a long way to do that. but he has to act very quickly. >> charles dunn, thank you very much indeed for joining me. >> my pleasure. >> turning now to ukraine. ukraine says it's destroyed a number of armored vehicles crossing the border from russia. nato's secretary general said there was a military incursion overnight, but gave no other specifics. moscow has denied making any such movements. meanwhile, a convoy of russian aid is currently parked right near the border between the two countries, which is where steve rosenberg sent this report. >> russia's humanitarian convoy wasn't moving today. but these were. we saw a dozen light tanks speeding past, in the direction of the border. a few hours earlier military hardware had even been spotted crossing into ukraine through a
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hole in the fence. >> we can cross with 23 armed carriers, along with trucks and fuel tankers outside the border. we decided to follow them because we heard lots of stories about military equipment crossing the border and eventually they led us to a fence where they were passing through, which turned out to be the ukrainian border. >> russia says that its border is secure that claims of an invasion are absurd. moscow denies that it sent troops across the border last night. but in recent months there have been persistent reports about russian military support in eastern ukraine. that's why kiev finds the whole idea of a russian humanitarian effort so hard to believe. there was military activity near the convoy today, although that seemed to stop when the journalists arrived for an
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official tour. the emergencies ministry said it had nothing to hide. we wouldn't find any weapons here for the pro-russian rebels. they would open up the lori and show us the contents. so i chose this one. what we have here is drinking water and lots of it. but it's unclear when this aid will be transported to eastern ukraine. there's still no form agreements with kiev. instead, russia today accused ukraine of stepping up the fighting there. it even claimed there were forces in ukraine who were plotting to blow up the aid convoy. and tonight, more signs of a russian military buildup. as we were driving back from the border we saw this convoy heading the other way. more than 50 military vehicles and just a few miles from the border with ukraine. the west is urging russia to
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show restraint and to change direction. steve rosenberg, bbc news near the russian-ukrainian border. >> for more on the tensions between kiev and moscow, a spoke a brief time ago with jeffrey mankoff, a former advisor at the state department and he's now at the center for strategic and international studies. thank you very much for joining me. it doesn't seem possible, but tensions between ukraine and russia seem to be escalating. what is the chance at this point for full-blown conflict? >> i think, unfortunately, it's still quite real and a lot is going to depend on how the russians choose to respond. i think we're at a turning point. it looks like the ukrainian's offensive against the separatists is on the verge of success, so russia is increasingly faced with a situation where their choice is either to abandon the separatists or to double down, and that would mean direct intervention. >> well, we're getting these conflicting reports about the convoy that ukraine says that
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partly destroyed it destroyed and russia says it never existed. how do we know who's right in this sort of situation? >> you know, at this point, it's hard to tell. the secretary general said there's evidence that these military vehicles had crossed the border. i don't think he would have any motive to not tell the truth about it. but certainly at this point, all we can do is sort of wait and have journalists go in, take a look and give us a better picture of what happened. >> of course, we saw steve rosenberg there, inspecting the contents of the aid convoy. how damaging is this argument or this conflict to aid getting through? >> well, i think until it's resolved, until we have a clear picture of what was going on, it's hard to say. the aid convoy can be a lot of things. on the one hand, it can be an attempt at a kind of propaganda coup to show to the inhabitants
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of ukraine that are now being shelled that russia cares about their well-being. on the other hand, it could be a diversion. there could be other things in that convoy in addition to bottled water that haven't been found yet. so there's, i think, a very murky situation here and actually part of the russian policy is to keep the situation as murky as possible in order to keep their options open. >> the e.u. is demanding that russia ends hostilities, withdraws troops from the borders. we've been here before. is there any sense that this time russia may listen? >> well, president putin gave a fairly conciliatory speech yesterday in yal ta, where russia said they would work to achieve a possible end to the conflict. the problem, of course is that russia has said conciliatory things and putin as well throughout the crisis and they haven't matched up with the actions. so even though the rhetoric more recently has been positive, the facts on the ground and certainly if the
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rumors about the military vehicles crossing the border are confirmed would seem to point in a very different direction. >> they're meeting in berlin over the weekend. can we expect anything significant? >> probably not at this point. the sanctions were just tightened recently and i think without another major provocation or some other real change in the situation on the ground, i don't think there's going to be a lot of support for implementing another round of sanctions right now. >> thank you very much indeed for joining me. in other news now, clashes have broken out in the pakistani city after shots were fired at the car of a pakistani opposition leader. a swom says his car was hit but was not injured. he was on his bay to islam bad to try to put pressure on the prime minister to resign. survivors of a raid on a remote area of northeast nigeria say
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26 people have been killed and dozens kidnapped by bo could harem militants. according to witnesses, they came to the fishing village dressed in military uniforms. boko haram abducted more than 200 girls from their boarding school. at least 10 people have been killed in fighting in the somali capital mogadishu during an attempt to disarm a former warlord. government troops raided a house, and the owner escaped. security forces stormed one of mogadishu's radio stations, arresting 20 staff members, accusing it of negative broadcasts. police in the u.s. town of ferguson, missouri, have accused of unarmed black teenage here was killed by an officer of robbing a convenience store shortly before the shooting. but police say that isn't the reason 18-year-old michael brown was originally stopped. today authorities also named the officer involved as darren
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wilson. the incident has triggered several days of protests in the town, some of which have turned violent. bbc's eileen the has this report -- >> the town of ferguson has come together in a case that's had reverberations across america. there's not just sorrow, but outrage. michael brown, who was 18, had been unarmed. police said he tussled with an officer over a weapon. eyewitnesses say he had his hands raised. police say shortly before michael brown was shot dead, this happened. it appears to show a man handling a store worker, then stealing cigars. police later admitted the officer that killed him didn't know michael brown was suspected of robbery at the time it happened. after days of pressure, that officer was named. >> the officer that was involved in the shooting of michael brown was darren wilson. he's been a police officer for six years. has had no disciplinary action
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taken against him. he was treated for injuries which occurs on saturday. >> it's a travesty. my cousin was murdered, he was executed. we're just tired and we want peace in the community and we want justice to be served. >> hand up, don't shoot, the slogan that's come to symbolize this case. americans were shocked further in recent days by the levels of almost military force used by police to quell protests. the images even led president obama to call for the authorities to be more responsible. there were vigils all over the u.s. of the killing of a black youngster by a white officer, which conjured memories of so many incidents of the past. that led to a radical change in police tactics and black officers taking charge of security, walking alongside demonstrators. some in the community thought
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they had made progress. many aren't so sure. whether or not michael brown did rob this store that's shown in that tv footage, it's clear his killing has opened up huge unanswered questions about race, equality and police heavy-handedness that will remain for communities across this country. bbc news, in ferguson, missouri. "bbc world tching news america." still to come -- the scale of the ebola outbreak could be vastly underestimated say leading health officials. so what's being done to stop it? >> here's something to chew on over the weekend. could a robot take your job? the bbc's david bothy has been looking at what experts have to say about the matter. >> what are the chances a robot or computer will one day take over your job? according to one study, 47% of
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u.s. jobs have a high probability of becoming computerized. research ly, the pugh center interviewed experts who agreed that automation and artificial intelligence will truly pervade our lives by 2025. but nearly half of the experts aren't optimistic about this automation at all. they say robots and other tech will displace blue and white-collar workers. masses of people will be effectively unemployed. still, you have the other half of experts saying, yes, robots will do lots of work. but humans p innovate to find new types of employment, just as they did after the industrial revolution automated many jobs. so what's it like out there right now? two economists came up with a list of jobs according to hue likely they could be automated.
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among the top 15 jobs were things like proof readers, bank tellers, secretaries and cashiers. almost all of these positions are already in decline in the u.s. workforce. but what about those jobs with the lowest likelihood for automation? well, these were things like athletes, firefighters, teachers and curators. so how should people prepare for the day when robots really take over? well, maybe make sure your kids master the pitch instead of the keyboard. bbc news, washington. >> the world health organization says the scale of the ebola outbreak in west africa could be vastly underestimated and extraordinary measures are needed to tackle the epidemic. more than 1100 people are known
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to have died from the virus. our health correspondent has the latest. >> tearing down makeshift shanty homes on the edge of guinea's capital, security forces ripped shelters apart, believing the slum could harbor the virus. so little time to salvage what they can. this man says he would rather isk ebola than be moved. and as the fear has increased, so, too, the numbers seeking help at medical centers, increasing international concern there may be many more at risk. >> we've seen, with the opening of new treatment centers, many more ebola patients come forward. so this has given rise to the belief that there are probably a lot of patients out there that we haven't traced or
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contacted yet. >> behind these checkpoints in liberia, almost 1 million people are in quarantine. but trying to contain so many could be unrealistic. the rising number of cases is outstripping the help available. eight agencies say they can only trace a few of those he can posed to the virus, and they're worried that attempts to impose restrictions could lead to fewer people coming forward or taking adequate precautions. >> i really had the feeling that it is like a war time in terms of fear, general fear all over where you are. nobody understanding what's going on. >> some supplies of an experimental medicine have arrived in liberia, but there's little of it and little hope it will make a difference. even if more international help is galvanized soon, it could take six months to contain this deadly outbreak of ebola.
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bbc news. >> now, the effect is a term used to describe the pope's impact and it's been on full display in south korea. on the second day of the five-day visit he's held a mass in a stadium with around 50,000 people in attendance. his message was to combat an obsession with materialism. but it was his delivery which endeared many. the bbc's rupert winfield hayes reports. >> after a first day of pomp and ceremony, today pop francis got to do what he clearly loves a great deal more -- meeting ordinary people. as his new korean popemobile entered the world cup stadium, a huge mexican wave swept around the stands. this mass for 50,000 south korean catholics is the first time since he arrived that people here have got to see pope francis in person. and many were clearly moved.
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>> it's glorious he's come here, says this woman, and that i can be here for this mass is truly an amazing experience. >> he is a true friend of the poor, says this man, and that he's come to korea first makes my heart so happy, it could burst. >> pope francis also appears on have inspired a new line in merchandising. then it was on to the meeting pope francis says he has looked forward to the most. 6,000 young catholics have come from almost every country in asia to meet him. once again, the pope read his speech in english. but then apparently struggling nd frustrated, he stopped. >> i have poor english. yes, yes. may i go on?
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but i do it in italian. >> it's this spontaneity that endears this pope to so many people that he meets, so different from his predecessor. at the end again, he went back to english. and completion pray for me. don't forget it, to pray for me. thank you very much. >> and then finally, something you can't really imagine any previous pope doing. a papal selfie. rupert win field-hayes, bbc news, in seoul. >> the power of the pope on display again. that brings today's show to a close. but you can find much more and all the news on our website. to reach me and the bbc team go to twitter. for all of us here at "world news" america, thank you for watching and have a great
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weekend. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, union bank, and charles schwab. >> there's a saying around here, you stand behind what you say. around here, you don't make excuses, you make commitments. when you can't live up to them, you own up and make it right. some people think the kind of accountability that thrives on so many streets in this country has gone missing in the places where it is needed most. but i know you will still find it when you know where to ook. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you
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