tv BBC World News America PBS October 1, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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>> tradition, history, culture. discover the best memories of your life. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." amorted from washington, i laura trevelyan. thousands demonstrating in the streets of hong kong. student leaders written to occupy government buildings. the director of the u.s. secret service resigns after a security breach.
[indiscernible] he tells us why. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. pro-democracy campaigners and hong kong have again defied , holdinges in beijing more street protests on china from national day. they warn that they will step up protests the most the chief executive of hong kong resigns. carrie gracie filed this report. >> it is national day, but there is not a chinese flag insight. 65 years ago, chairman mouth said the chinese people have
mao said-- chairman chinese people have stood up. hong kong, and a different generation standing up for a different revolution. to see the chinese flag on national day, you had to come here, a ceremony to remind hong kong that however different its way of life, it is still a part of china. she tells me it is a day to celebrate national unity. but this unity -- but this unity y made its presence felt, everyone too aware of what was going on just outside. was noing, there interruption of the communist revolution's made-for-tv anniversary. no picture of hong kong's protesters or the more than 20
sympathizers detained. a party oflonger revolution. it is the establishment. hong kong wants one man, one vote, but president xi jinping already has it. he is the man and his is the vote that counts. not for long, if they have their way. tonight they are threatening to occupy government holdings. is this movement now too big to fail? [indiscernible] [cheering] [indiscernible] it will get this on the mainland. >> [indiscernible] the whole world is watching.
one here ever imagined that so many of them would be prepared to break the law for the idea of freedom. no wonder the impossible now seems possible. on the anniversary of one chinese revolution, there is talk of another. honge gracie, bbc news, kong. >> the demonstrations post the stiffest challenge to beijing's authority since china to control of the former british colony in 1997. china has condemned the student led protest as illegal. what is at stake though is not just how to vote, but the very idea of hong kong itself. our special correspondent who covered the transition to chinese rule reports on the challenge to the city. >> it is a littering symbol of an idea, the city in the pearl l propelled, in idea
by the restless energy. when i came here, hong kong was in his last years of colonial rule, a time of promises, when very few expected this. the biggest mistake you could make as a visitor to the city is materiale signs of thriving to think that hong kong is just about money. it is not. it never was. during the transition to chinese rule, i was often struck the independent nature of the people. most of the refugees were rounded up -- fear of tearing me -- of tyranny is rampant here. late in the day britain offered limited democracy and promised more under an agreement with china. there were expressions of optimism that the handover.
>> unprecedented though this moment in history may be, we have utmost evidence in the abilities and resilience of the hong kong people. >> it was 1997 when we last met. >> about was typified by someone like martin lee, founder of britain's democracy movement. >> china has an obligation to the people of hong kong to make sure all the promises are kept. >> but it is hard to see how britain can pressure powerful china in an argument about the most fundamental promise of democracy, the right of people to freely choose their leaders. , wethe way from the protest heard another narrative. here where hong kong's legendary business acumen trumps ideological differences, a
mainlander expresses frustration. >> coming from china, i think there are a lot of prohibitions on special rights. aid you're just talking about one country. >> you think they are spoiled? >> i think so. >> but hong kong's people are not trying to change china. they're trying to save their city. it is a passionate struggle. bbc news, hong kong. >> tonight it was announced that the head of the u.s. secret service, julia pierson, is stepping down. ofs comes after a series security lapses, including in september when a man armed with a nice managed to jump the fence and make it deep into the white house shortly after the president had -- a man managed to jump the fence and make it deep into the white house shortly after the president had. suppose you made her appearance before the congressional committee, which to say the least, was torrid.
then there were the allegations about the guy with the gun in the elevator with the president. she had no future left. >> what clues do you have about morale within the secret service? >> you can see that secret service officers would have reported to their superiors that they were concerned about this, if they were concerned about the fact that things had gone wrong in the white house and what led up to this. instead, they went to the papers. that normally tells you something about morale. it tells you maybe they were not that happy. maybe there were reforms being undertaken, maybe there was training that would shut the -- that was not as good as it should be. and they decided to go public and embarrassed these secret service. >> thank you. a wrap's minister --haider al-abadi says extremists have
been beaten back, but in international coalition remains essential a victory is to be secured. fighters are only a large -- a small business from the capital. simply tonight, britain's -- >> tonight, britain's tornado jets return after a bombing mission. these pictures show one of the airstrikes. it is described as a successful fighters islamic state on northern iraq. britain joins an air campaign that has been going on for seven weeks against jihadi fighters who still control large swathes of the country. haider al-abadi spoke to the bbc about what has been achieved. sorties have been of
loan in the last week. now they push back. beyond baghdad. >> so they went to what is called the baghdad protection belt with some of your senior officials and they told us, some lesse i.s. fighters are than 10 kalama there's a way. >> yes, in pockets. threaten your capital? >> not now. the danger is -- i.s. you think that threatens iraq? , ihaving been in that battle cannot guarantee 100%. i am not taking any chances. that is why i am asking for all international support.
i want an international coalition. i do not know what the next step will be. >> that uncertainty and fear have already forced millions of iraqis to flee areas not controlled by islamic state fighters. families in the northbound refuge in a camp on the outskirts of baghdad. they cannot go home until it racked's army wins this war on the group -- until iraq's army wins this war on the ground. would you think you will be able to go home? we will be here forever, she says. do you worry it will get worse? >> yes. thevery iraqi, including prime minister, knows this is a long war. the west knows that, too. bbc news, baghdad. >> israel has been mourned a controversial new housing project in east jerusalem would
distance israel from even its closest allies. that message was issued today during a meeting with president obama and israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu. for more, i spoke with a senior adviser to the israeli prime minister. he joined us from new york. benjamin netanyahu went into this meeting seeking assurances that a deal with iran would not make it on the threshold of making a nuclear weapon. did he get those assurances from president obama? >> the contents of their meeting is not something that they publicly share, but israel is making its perspective, that in the war on terror, if you win the battle against isis or the islamic states, buddy ron -- but iran remains as a nuclear threshold state, you win the battle and lose the war. i think the israeli prime
minister made that case very strongly at the white house. >> since these two leaders last met, the israeli-palestinian talks have collapsed and there has been a bloody war in gaza. in all your years as a diplomat, have you ever seen such a bleak picture? >> there is a bleak is when negotiations are not going on for some people, but at the same time there may be new opportunities that are a little bit over the horizon. unfortunately mahmoud abbas act in march, well before the gaza presidentated to obama he would get back to him with respect to american proposals to renew negotiations and then he did not do it. those negotiations have not moved. hand, the common threat to the whole middle east because of iran on one hand and the muslim brotherhood and the the other hand, that has led to a common
perception of the challenges all face between israel and the sunni arab states. issuestalk about these between israelis and the palestinians. what are those? >> first of all the fact that egypt, saudi arabia, jordan, the united arab emirates, other states in the region now understand what is the central challenge to us. it is both the iranian nuclear program and the efforts of sunni extremist groups from the muslim brotherhood to the jihadists who have been operating in all these countries. the palestinians have a deadline for israel to withdraw from palestinian territory, how would israel respond question mark >> they would be violating their committees. there are no deadlines. there is negotiations based on
fair compromise between two hearties. many times palestinian negotiators tried to introduce new elements. well, we will go to negotiations if you agree ahead of time that the 1970's -- the 1967 lines will be the border. that is what we have to negotiate. you can't do that. to reach a the way deal. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> my pleasure. >> you are watching "abc world news america." onll to come -- more details the first ebola patient diagnosed in the united states and why he was initially sent home from hospital. 12 more bodies have been found by rescuers and japan searching the pick of the volcano that erupted on saturday. the death toll from the eruption stands atntake now
47. no updates have been released on the number because of initially conflicting information. mountain hasque become a moonscape. rescuers pick their way through the sea of ash, searching for bodies. earlier fears of another .ruption have subsided so this grim mission may resume. they find more bodies. hikers who were caught without warning in the terrifying loud of falling rocks and toxic gases. officialsdy is found, warned there are more, but they do not know how many. there brought to a small school in a nearby town. this rescue workers says, we are searching for these people just as we would do for our own family. friends and relatives have
flocked here, desperately waiting for news. the man says, we know rescuers are trying hard, but all we can do is rely on them to find our missing family members. just days ago, the shrine on was filled with hundreds of climbers. now rescuers are finding in is a graveyard. most of the bodies were found around here. the death toll keeps rising. saturday's interruption has become the deadliest of any japanese volcano for 90 years. emily buchanan, bbc news. >> today there is more information coming to light about the first ebola patient diagnosed here in the united
states. a man went to a dallas emergency room on friday and explained he was visiting the u.s. from liberia, what was sent home with antibiotics. after his condition worsened, he returned two days later. we have this correspondent in dallas. >> it was here he came to from liberia to stay with family. now he is in an isolation ward in a nearby hospital, critically ill with ebola. was sick and infectious. but he was sent home by a doctor with antibiotics. neighbors are worried. know.o not right now, you scare me. >> they need to get rid of it. if it is making you sick, i do not want to get sick. that means, try to get rid of it as soon as possible so it does not affect other people. >> somebody needs to calm and let us know something, if it is
contained or not contained or he is contained. we need to know something. >> these searches on to find all of those people who had direct contact with mr. duncan. who he met with in the neighborhood, who greeted him when he was sick. all need to be closely monitored for three weeks in case they have been infected. >> today we have learned some school aged children are identified as having some contact with the patient and are being monitored for some sign of the disease. i know the parents are being extremely concerned about that development, but let me assure -- these children have been identified and they are being monitored and the disease cannot be transmitted before having any symptoms. first he did not have symptoms and was not infectious at that point. the government has made
assurances everything is being done to stop ebola spreading over international borders, but now it has arrived in america. >> this is not west africa. this is a very sophisticated city. a very sophisticated hospital. >> medical staff here are doing everything they can to help mr. duncan recover and a team flown in from the centers for disease control and prevention. their job is to find and monitor every single person he has had direct contact with. that is the only way to stop the ebola virus from spreading. in dallas, texas. >> will there be more cases of ebola in the u.s.? we are tracking that story. and what happens when a child is presented with one marshmallow and given a choice -- eat it now or wait 20 minutes and be rewarded with two? it has a lot to say about our willpower, and it can even
predict our life chances. i spoke to a man about the findings. tot does a child's ability resist eating these marshmallows for 20 minutes tell us about how about four-year-old is going to do later on and life? between is a connection being consistently good at self control over the years, as opposed to being consistently not good at self-control over to years to read where kids have the cognitive and emotional skills that allow them to delay gratification and weight, for example, on the marshmallow test probability,reater much greater likelihood of winding up in life doing better. >> are they born with that self-control, or do they learn it through their environment? >> it is a question everybody
asks. importantere are genetic differences visible very early in life. i think the good news is it is by no means just in the genes. far from it. it is what is activated or deactivated me the -- in the genes depends enormously on the environment and what the child does is a large part of what the environment does. what we eat, what we smoke, what we think and what what we feel and how we deal with self-control situations. it enormously influences how our dna plays out. >> is it something though that we can learn? the patients who took the marshmallow straightaway, were they able later in life to delay? >> absolutely. experiments showed the same child, for example, who is unable or unwilling to delay in quiten conditions is able
readily under other conditions. what conditions? to give you one illustration -- if they child and imagines it is not a real marshmallow, it is just a picture. you know a picture is, don't you? child, ifst to the you want to, you can make believe it is just a picture. put a frame around in your head. the same child can wait 15 minutes. if i ask, how can you do it so easily now, she says, you cannot eat a picture. >> fascinating. for those of us who cannot wait, you say to a low much self-control can be a bad thing later in life? >> absolutely. a life with excessive self-control can be as bad as i like with no self control at all. all theyour research of policy implications here in the united states? >> i think it has implications because it suggests self-control
skills are essential for influencing a child's ability you to have a choice. not necessarily to have to wait, but to be able to wait if she wants to. it is essential to giving that child a level of choice and freedom for creating a kind of life she would like to make for herself. >> thank you so much. can i eat my marshmallows now? >> you absolutely can have two. >> thank you for joining us. >> it is a pleasure to meet you. >> and i will be eating those marshmallows a little bit later. we have news of our own to report. we are proud to say that "abc world news america" 12 awards last -- won 2 awards last night. andmy bowen, liz doucet, another correspondent one for their work in syria and andrew harding was chosen for an outstanding feature story.
we would like to congratulate all of those for their exceptional work and dedication to storytelling. to abrings today's show close, but you can find more on our website. you can reach me and most of the team on twitter. for all of us, thank you for watching and please do tune in tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, beijing tourism, and union bank. ♪
captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> sreenivasan: the head of the secret service julia pierson resigns after several security breachs that put the first family at risk. good evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. gwen ifill and judy woodruff are away. also ahead this wednesday, health officials on the look out for those who may have been exposed to ebola by the first patient diagnosed in the u.s. including five school-aged children. then, from an elite university to the city's community colleges. chicago takes steps to make college more accessible and affordable for low-income students. plus, former providence mayor buddy cianci's bid to come back and lead the rhode island city after being in prison.