tv BBC World News America PBS October 10, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT
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>> discover the best memories of your life. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "newsnight -- this is "bbc world news america." the death toll from the ebola outbreak in west africa rises above 4000. we're on the ground where they are racing to stop the spread. fighting back against islamic state -- members of the iraq he army are trying to hold the line when it comes to defending baghdad -- members of the iraqi
army. and malala yousafzai becomes the youngest ever to win the nobel peace prize two years after the pakistani teenager was shot in the head by the taliban and. >> this award is for all those children who are voiceless, whose voices need to be heard. >> welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the number of next due to the ebola outbreak in west africa has now exceeded 4000 -- the number of deaths. that never came today as the united nations ebola envoy said the number of cases could be doubling every month. efforts to contain the spread within the three worst affected countries increasingly focus on education. our global health correspondent reports from sierra leone. >> hope and warm hospitality.
in the midst of fear and uncertainty. we are afraid of the sickness of our children. we are mothers. >> these volunteers are on a mission to end the ebola outbreak, armed only with facts and soap. >> we show them how to wash hands, how to do the prevention. >> there are two key things now needed to bring this outbreak under control of according to the world health organization -- one, more doctors and nurses on the ground here. the other, though, is this -- community action, getting volunteers to go into villages like this one and giving them very basic information on how to keep themselves safe. .t seems this tactic is working
no one has been infected in this village so far. >> if you don't use the people in the community, you will not have massive impact because the people know their community, they know their people. we are just here to empower them. we think with them, we can have massive impact. >> there may not be any cases here so far, but the virus has touched almost everyone in this community. the village nurse, joyce, has lost three of her friends to ebola. they were also health workers. >> [inaudible] >> this is a resilient community, but it is fighting an indiscriminate killer. as the outbreak continues to
rage on at its doorstep, everyone here remains in grave danger. as part of the effort to contain the ebola outbreak in west africa, the u.s. is sending up to 4000 troops. they will not be in direct contact with patients but are being trained to deal with any potential risks. our correspondent went to a military base in kentucky to speak with soldiers ahead of their deployment. >> fort campbell in kentucky has been transformed into a training unit for the hundreds of military personnel who are heading to liberia to deal with the ebola outbreak. one of the things they are doing getting fitted for protective clothing to ensure they are safe at all times. >> the soldiers will help till treatment centers and train health care workers. it's unlikely they will come into direct contact with ebola isients, but this training
preparing them for the worst-case scenario. >> before a mission, there's always a little bit of excitement, somewhat of nervousness, but not fear. we train to deploy, we train to go to difficult places and accomplish difficult tasks. this is, in that regard, no different. >> you start peeling back from the shoulders down. >> this is where they are learning how to correctly remove and where their protective clothing, which is a very important part of the training. many of the soldiers here are veterans of several chores of iraq and afghanistan -- several tors -- several to her's -- s everal tours of iraq and afghanistan. what is different, many say, is that it is an invisible opponent. >> we are there to contain a virus. there is no threat with a gun.
>> usually, they have more time to plan for deployment. this training has come together quickly, but they say they are well prepared and ready to go. the united nations has asked turkey to allow kurds who have fled the fighting in syria to return if they want to take up arms in defense or the border town of kobani -- defense for the border town of kobani. we'll have more on that in a moment, but first and iraq, they are also trying to repel the they are -- in iraq, also trying to repel militants. >> the men of the 17th iraqi army division hold the key to baghdad. if they fail to stop islamic state, baghdad will be in real danger. the craters from i.s. roadside bombs are all around. this is a local school day have
blown up. but the iraqi army is hitting back hard. >> this is another one, another ied. >> experienced commanders are in charge, not the political appointees the last government put in until recently. thehe front line is just on other side of those trees, the river euphrates, and across it, i.s. are still in some force, but here, this has been quite an achievement by the iraqi army to forces back on the other side. you can see that their morality is a lot better than it was, say, a fortnight ago -- their morale is a lot better than it was a fortnight ago. these are iraqi soldiers begging for their lives when it islamic state captured the big army base in central iraq. the officers had abandoned them,
and the men who surrendered, including these, were slaughtered by i.s. death squads . the general in charge stood his ground and survived. >> the great majority of your men ran away. >> that's an undeniable fact, but more row -- morale has started to come back gradually. it's not yet at the highest level, but there's progress. >> the worst setback in june was the capture by islamic state of third city, most of -- mosul. there, too, the officers simply ran forward and left their on theirto face i.s. own. is very high.
we soldiers are now beckoning our brigadier. we want to go back. we cannot bear just sitting around at home. when will you take us back to liberate mosul?" >> on the front line, 20 miles from baghdad, it islamic state has retreated to the far side of the river. the iraqi officer corps is being sorted out, and a genuine national army is slowly being created. things could be changing here. >> as we've reported, the fight on the town of kobani border between syria and turkey continues tonight. i spoke with a retire or get dear general, who formerly served as assistant secretary of onte for political affairs our assistant, al jazeera -- i spoke with a retired brigadier general.
>> the humanitarian disaster will inevitably accompany isis taking over the town, and it will be a recruiting tool for isil to bring in more fighters, and it will bring a serious dent to the credibility of the coalition president obama has built. >> the united nations has warned of a potential massacre if kobani does fall. byshort of ground action nearby forces -- specifically the turks -- is about the only thing that will stop kobani falling into the hands of isil. >> how likely is that? >> if we cannot get the turks to assist and a ground maneuver, it's likely that the kurds will not be able to hold on. >> do you think general alan got anything out of his visit? the state department said they will support efforts to train and organize the militia. >> that is code for kicking the can down the road.
they would like to see the groups like the pkk dusted off by isil. >> if it is a buffer zone that turkey wants, that will really annoy the syrian government, who has not said much about those airstrikes. >> i think the syrian air force certainly recognizes that they do not want to be fighting the coalition air force, and i do not think that assad necessarily wants to take on the coalition at this point. >> do you think the buffer zone has any legs? is that something seriously being considered in washington? >> i do not know if it's being discussed, but i predict a year from now, we will see syria look much like iraq in 1995, where in is in chargedad of damascus. >> do you see they're doing anything which could change the argument about ground troops if humanitarian
problem? position in the libya. it was the fundamental i give the president used or the airstrikes inside of libya to support the rebels. i cannot predict at this point, but i think the president's calculus is that the american people do not want to see american boots on the ground, and at this point, all indications coming out of both dod and state are that they are not going to intervene on the ground and inside kobani. >> the turks are saying they will not go it alone. think we true, but i are talking a matter of days if not short weeks before kobani false. i don't think we are going to be able to muster a coalition ground forces in time. >> when you look at the campaign in iraq, how is that going? >> the fact remains we need to get the iraq's security forces back on their feet.
the air campaign is a holding action in preventing further offensives on the part of isil, but if we want to push back, if back, its want to push will take time to get them on their feet. i think since "command of the air" was written, the book that made the proposition that air campaigns alone could win wars, that is a proposition that has failed time and time again. >> thank you for joining us. in other news now from around the world, at least seven people have been killed and 27 wounded at a crash at a political rally in central pakistan. it happened after the cricketer turned politician addressed the crowd to press his call for the resignation of the prime minister. police say the crash occurred when people were leaving the stadium after the rally. thousands of people gathered in .ong kong's financial district
the demonstrations have been peaceful so far, and come after a week of aiming -- thinning crowds, protesters have vowed to remain on the streets until the government response. police in tanzania say seven people accused of witchcraft have been burned alive. their relatives said some of them were charred beyond recognition, and others have been hacked with machetes. more than 20 people have been arrested. back to the central african republic where there's been a fresh outbreak of violence in the capital. at least eight people have been killed, including a united nations peacekeeper, in what has been described as the worst fighting since the u.n. took over peacekeeping operations last month. more than 5000 people have died since the eruption of sectarian violence at the end of last year. >> sectarian violence has once again erupted, and a newly
established united nations peacekeeping force is facing its first test. now, the legal residents -- beleaguered residents are asking whether international forces are .ble to keep the peace >> we believed the blue helmets with a solution, but this morning, i've seen armed men. they fired at the united nations and broke into shops, and no one has been arrested. >> both christian and muslim militias accuse each other of worstng the violence, the since july. shops have been looted, and many businesses remain closed. much of the city is in lockdown with roadblocks across many major streets. >> i want peace. i simply want peace. the question is -- who is going to disarm these men? >> there's concern the spike in
violence is more coordinated and that christian militias are becoming more organized. if this is the case, keeping the peace will become increasingly difficult. watching "bbc world news america." still to come, he was known as america's lawrence of arabia. tonight, we hear the tale of wendell phillips. where is kim jong un? he has not been seen in public for more than a week and was a no-show at the ceremony in pyongyang marking the state -- the communist state's 69th anniversary. >> he has not been well, walking with a bad limp he for vanishing .ltogether from public view then, a series of big events since september 3 where the
supreme leader has been absent. an empty chair at the people's assembly, and today, on north korean television, documentaries featuring old pictures of his father and grandfather. jong un was out of the picture, prompted speculation he has been having medical treatment. >> in the past, he collapsed with heart attack, and a doctor was rushed to be brought to pyongyang. the intelligence was intercepted. >> who is in charge matters because north korea remains heavily armed and has developed nuclear weapons. though not small enough yet to be carried by rockets. here in seoul, the capital of south korea, the government says that pyongyang is stable, implying that they believe there
has not been a coup and that kim un remains in power. these former days of adulation by a fearful public and military are not today, but will he get them back? the big question from the outside is how sick he is and if he is getting better or worse. >> two years ago, malala yousafzai was fighting for her life after the pakistani teenager was shot in the head by the taliban. today, she became the youngest ever recipient of the nobel peace prize. she shares the award with the indian children's rights activist kailash satyarthi.
>> and extraordinary accolade for a young woman still in school. today, malala yousafzai's efforts to shine a spotlight on millions of out of school children were rewarded by the nobel committee. she was in her chemistry lesson .hen she heard the news >> i was totally sure that i had not one, but suddenly, one of my teachers came to the class and called me and said, "i have something important to tell you." i was totally surprised when she said, "congratulations, you have won the nobel peace prize, and you are sharing it with a great person who is also working or children's rights." >> her fellow laureate is kailash satyarthi, a fellow campaigner who has dedicated his to abolishing children slavery. the announcement was being followed them closely -- followed closely in pakistan as well. her former classmates told the bbc they were delighted.
>> we are very happy that malala one the nobel prize because she has done so much for us -- that malala won the nobel prize because she has done so much for us. >> two years ago, malala nearly lost her life to a taliban bullet, targeted because she spoke out in defiance of their band on girls going to school. brought to the u.k. for specialist treatment, she began to recover and build a new life. her journey of activism began when she started to write an anonymous blog for bbc, detailing life under the taliban . while she was still recovering from being shot, she addressed the united nations on her 16th birthday. numerous honors followed, the european parliament's award. i traveled to her old school last year to see the life she left hind. her name is inscribed on the
chair where she used to sit. no one can say when she might be able to return home, but the taliban and failed in her -- in .heir attempt to silence her >> i think they might be debating why they shot malala. i am very thankful to the people of pakistan and all around the that on the next day, people raised up their voice. >> president obama called malala a remarkable young woman, while gordon brown paid tribute to both p's laureates. >> i spoke to a group of 2000 girls in islamabad, and they were no longer cowed by the taliban but standing up for their rights, determined that they should have equal rights to education as boys. they were far more confident about the future, and really, that is the inspiration that and otherskailash
have given them. >> next week, the teenage nobel prize winner will be back at school, juggling her own education alongside campaigning for others. >> a chemistry lesson interrupted by the nobel peace prize. window phillips is often described as america's lawrence of arabia. in 1945, he put together the largest archaeological expedition to yemen in search of two thanks and cities, which were the legendary home of the queen of sheba. phillips discovered -- what phillips discovered in his adventures is the subject of a new exhibit, and we went to have a look. >> ancient kingdoms of arabia. this 1950 film follows the quest to rediscover them. the expedition was led by a brilliant young archaeologist, seen here on the right. wendell phillips, just 28, gathered a team of international
experts and with armed guards set off for yemen. >> it was their responsibility to guard our party for we were the first americans to make the journey and to go to the area that we were to cross. we were the first party of europeans of any kind. >> over the next few years and through many adventures, the expedition excavated several important sites. ancient treasures were found, many of which are on display for the first time, but most importantly, the team established new timelines for arabian history that remain the reference for researchers today. none of it could have happened without wendell phillips. >> he is the person who inspires, and it's quite clear he was able to coordinate the support but at the same time really great archaeologists, and i think it's that combination that makes him such a great figure. >> one of the highlights is this alabaster head, nicknamed miriam
. >> i was once offered $100,000 for this head, and i refused to sell her. holes fortyle hairdo, a necklace, and only the tip of miriam's knows missing. >> miriam was also the treasured possession of phillips' sister, collectionch of his to the smithsonian. >> we have her at our house. >> everything you see here when we initiated our expeditions was initially under the ground, and it was a thrill to walk through the streets where no one had walked her over 2000 years. >> wendell phillips had to abandon his excavations because of tribal hostilities. he and his team were forced to flee across the desert and only just managed to escape. with current tensions making archaeology almost impossible today, many of the mysteries of
arabia are still waiting to be uncovered. >> the treasured finds in yemen. that brings today's show to a close, but you can find much more on all the days news on our website. to reach me and most of the bbc team, just go to twitter. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thanks for watching. have a great weekend. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, beijing tourism, and union bank. ♪
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inside was a sweater made by his mom of real yak wool. yaks are a kind of shaggy cow at only lives in the himalayas. it was so soft! i put it on right away. it was a little big, but i didn't care. it was instantly my favorite sweater. it felt magical, like i could almost feel the snow from the himalayas around me. but a lot can change in a week. now when i look at that sweater, i don't think of tenzin or the himalayas or the yak that the wool came from. i only think about how mean people can be. (shivering) man, is it cold out there! i know. my ears are still frozen. (clanking) what you need is a pair of genuine yak wool earmuffs. where would i get those? from a tibetan pen pal, if you're lucky enough to have one.