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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 21, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news" america. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation. giving all profits to charity. koellerer foundation and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard .o know your business offering specialized solutions in capital to help you meet
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your growth objectives. he offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. hat can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc word news america." >> this is "bbc world news" america." i'm jane o'brien reporting from washington. oscar pistorius is given a five-year prison sentence for killing his girlfriend, reeva steam camp. her mother says justice is done. >> i'm satisfied with it. >> you are? >> even though he may get out after a year? he's going to pay for something. >> and just two weeks until america votes, as the mid term elections approach, we're in louisiana where the u.s. senate race is now the biggest catch.
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welcome to ow viewers on public television in america and around the globe. today south african athlete oscar pistorius received a five-year jail sentence for killing his girlfriend relief heir steenkamp. prosecutors said they hoped the public would be satisfied. steenkamp's mother said justice had been served but the 27-year-old could be out of prison in less than a year and then be under house arrest. andrew harding starts our coverage. >> a final glimpse of oscar pistorius this morning, leaving the courthouse in an armored police van heading to the nearby prison. [siren] in court beforehand, he'd shown
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no emotion, watched by reeva steenkamp's family as the judge resisted claims that prison would break the disabled athlete. pistorius, she said could expect no favors from her. >> if an -- would be created that there was one law for the poor and disadvantaged and the another for the rich and famous. the sentence imposed is the max middle much imprisonment of five years. >> pistorius seemed to be expecting it. he said goodbye to his uncle, handing him an expensive watch for safe keeping and went down to the cells. it was last february that reeva steenkamp arrived at her boyfriend's house ready for valentine's day. oscar pistorius shot her dead that night, believing, as the judge now agrees, that she was an intruder. they'd been south africa's most
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glamorous couple. today after the sentencing i spoke briefly to reeva's mother. >> i'm satisfied with it. >> you are? >> even though he may be out after a year? >> he'll serve something. >> do you think justice has been served? >> yes. >> sir, how about you? >> we feel justice is being served and we're very relieved that it's all over. >> goes 40 meters clear -- >> pistorius was the first disabled athlete to compete alongside abed body idea rivals at the olympic games. a global icon, an inspiration. >> it's gold again for oscar pistorius. >> today his family said they would not challenge his prison sentence. >> the court has now had a judgment and we accept the judgment. oscar will embrace this
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opportunity to pay back to society. >> but as pistorius's lawyers explained, a five-year sentence doesn't mean five years. >> so basically he is going to serve about two months of his sentence and then after that -- [inaudible] >> so this is where he is now. it's not considered a -- pistorius is almost certain to be kept away from most other inmates. by now pistorius will have been processed, searched, given a medical examination and his orange prison uniform. he's been promised a single cell in a hospital wing here where it's likely he'll spend his entire sentence. this was the last picture of him today. a fallen hero beginning a short sentence. >> andrew harding reporting there. for more on today's sentence, i spoke to a bbc reporter outside
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the courthouse in pretoria a short time ago. the family of reeva and oscar pistorius seemed to expect the sentence. but is everybody happen -- happy that justice has been done? >> jane, they're not. there is a lot of strong reaction, particularly from women's groups. they see the killing of reeva steenkamp and the context of violence in south africa as a whole, they say three women per day are killed, many by their intimate partners and they say the leniency in their view of the sentence that oscar pistorius could be out in as little as 10 months sends the wrong message to other men who may consider violence towards their women in the future. >> this has been a real roller coaster of a trial and you've been covering it since day one. what's the reaction now it's actually over? >> i think there's a certain amount of relief that the uncertainty is over. seven and a half months since
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we were here back at the beginning of march. the trial originally set for three weeks. people are relieved to have some kind of conclusion. perhaps they're not happy with the actual sentence itself but some say at least oscar pistorius is serving a jail sentence. there was always the possibility he might be given a sentence of house arrest with some form of community service. but people are watching. their hero of so many years now, they've seen him enter that prison and know that tonight he is spending his first night as a convicted killer behind bars and a significant moment in his life and the saiki of south aftercan can calf. -- africa. >> any chance the prosecution will appeal for a stronger sentence? >> there is a strong chance this will happen. the head of the national prosecuting authority said now they are poring over every word
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. they say that oscar pistorius should have known that his actions would have resulted in the death of a person, even if at that moment he was not intending to kill reliefa seen camp -- reeva steenkamp but an intruder. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> american detainee jeffrey fowle has been released from north korea. he was taken into custody nearly six months ago own charges of leaving a bible in a nightclub. he was flown out of north korea on a u.s. jet. while officials welcomed today's move, the white house urged them to release two other americans who have been tried and convicted. i'm joined by a senior research fellow at the research foundation, who formerly served as c.i.a. deputy chief for korea. thank you very much for joining us. why decide to release jeffrey fowle now? >> i think we're going to see
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people break down into two groups. one will be the desire for engagement by north korea and the others will be seeing it more as a result of north korea's isolation and pressure. on the engagement side, people see this as a way of reaching out to the united states, reducing an amount of friction that washington identified as a necessary step for improving the atmosphere of any kind of negotiation. whether the other two americans are released, we don't know. they, unlike fowle, were convictedly north korean courts is a that would make out more difficult. on the other hand, maybe north korea is trying to stop the movement of the human rights violation. there's a movement now for a resolution for additional actions. >> how do you know what's really going on? you as somebody who worked in the c.i.a. used to gathering intelligence on north korea. >> north korea was referred to
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as the c.i.a. as the hardest of the hard targets. in often cases a wilderness of mirrors. there's much we don't know and certainly the motivation for the release right now, we'll be wait for additional information. there are things we do know, particularly given the track record of north korea. we've seen them arrest and then release americans, whether by a senior envoy visit or in this case, no, and some have predicted that this would be north korea turning over a new leaf under this new leader or his predecessors. not so far. >> this leader disappeared for over a month and a week ago he reappeared suddenly. what do you make of that? >> again, two groups. one was health, the other was political intrigue, coup or assassination. i think most of us thought hfts a health situation. we weren't seeing evidence for
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a coup or invasion situation. so it's some kind of either minor or medium level medical issue, but that does still raise the issue, though, because all the power is centralized in jim -- kim jung and there's no formal plan for the future. a strain orea under of violence? >> how would you rate the u.s. -north korean relationship? >> very poor. the u.s. president tried to reach out and when they showed they would react just as badly as they did toward george bush, it was evident that north korea was the problem for the nuclear problem. north korea violated the u.n.
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resolution by launching a missile. there's not a lot of appetite in washington for engaging north korea. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> my pleasure. thank you. >> the pentagon is examining a video posted by state fighter which appears to show soldiers with ammunition dropped by the u.s. in the syrian town of kobani. the ammunition are intended for syrian fighters. u.s. officials have admitted that one out of 27 bundledles dropped has gone astray. an attack on two soldiers in quebec on monday with clearly linked terrorist ideology. one of the soldiers died and the other seriously injured. the driver was later shot dead by police following a car chase. the 24-year-old suspect's passport had been revoked over fears he had become radicalized. the nurses who became the first
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person who contracted ebowla outside of west africa has been cured. she caught the virus after treating a dying spanish priest in madrid. here in the u.s., new guidelines were released for health care workers last night. laura spoke today with dr. eseek yul emmanuel. the former white house health advisor is now at the university of pennsylvania and today he was taking part in the bbc's world changing kids summit in new york. >> dr. emmanuel, the centers for disease control has just issued new guidelines for health care workers working with ebola patients. they said no skin should be expose when had they're dealing with parents. what took them so long? >> that's a good question. i think their rationale is that they had guidelines that were appropriate for africa where you didn't have full personal protective equipment but now in the united states where we have
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full protective equipment and much more resources they're yum dating them. i think this is just a lapse at the c.d.c. we've had several unfortunate lapses there. i guess the good news is only two people despite the lapses have gotten ebola by contact. they're both doing, as far as we know, reasonably well. but we need to actually be much more vigilant and the c.d.c. certainly needs to be -- step it up a little bit. >> so is fear of ebola here in the u.s. outstripping the actuality? >> no doubt about it. the amount of media tension, the amount of political heated rhetoric, the various activities at school are way outstripping the risks. we've had three cases, one brought in and two health care workers who have gotten it. as i like to say, out of 300 million people, that's 0.six
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zeros 1% of the population. compare that with almost anything, flu, and this is like an insignificant problem so you do have a situation where fear and emotion attention forever to rationality. >> all of the world's richest countries and those with means doing enough? for china, for example do more to build snoment >> it's been less by the united states, britain and the scanlednaven countries. the east asian countries have contributed less traditionally. this is a good opportunity i think for them to step up and show that they are really global citizens. two of the bright spots in this crisis are senegal and nigeria. both had cases of ebola, both quickly got them under control. senegal about a week ago was ntrolled ebola-free and knee jeera was declared ebola-free
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over the weekend. you want to see if those countries can get their hands around it very quickly, there's a lot of hope we can stem this problem. >> if you were still in the white house, what would you be advising the president in terms of dealing with ebola here and elsewhere? >> one of the things i tried to do when i was in the white house working on the president's global health initiative is to make people focus on sustainability. the long-term. we'll get through the crisis i have no doubt but what do we make sure this isn't recurrent? one of the things that always frustrates me about responding to tsunamis or the haiti earthquake is we end up with short-term attempts to solve short -- short-term problem, not thinking about are we make a permanent contribution that's going to pay off down the line? >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you. >> still to come on tonight's
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program, thanks to a pioneering procedure, a paralyzed man can now walk again. we had exclusive access to this edical breakthrough. russian investigators have said it was criminal negligence and not a horrific tragedy that caused a crash at the russian airport. christophe de margerie died when his corporate jet clashed with a snowplow. investigators said the snow plow driver was drunk. >> this wreckage is all that's left of the corporate jet after its fatal collision with a snowplow. the evidence is being gathered to discover how that happened. the crash that killed all four people on board including the head of french oil giant total.
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christophe de margerie was heading back to poirs from this moscow airport. his flight was about to take off when it hit a service vehicle. officials quickly found one culprit. >> we have already established that the driver of the snowplow was intoxicated. he and his family claim he's a scapegoat that he doesn't drink. investigators are running alcohol checks on air traffic controllers who they say may also have made mistakes. christophe de margerie was in moscow for a meeting of foreign investors. total is a big player in russia and it was a big critic of western sanctions here. these last images of him before his flight. the flight roareders have been recovered. they'll be analyzed alongside the wreckage and witness statements. russia's investigation committee is talking about
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criminal negligence by those in charge of the airport and warns more arrests could follow. this crash is clearly a deny arch an embarrassment for russia as well as a tragedy. answer -- the search for answers is under way. ♪ >> now to an incredible medical breakthrough. a paralyzed man has become the first in the world to walk again after a pioneering therapy. the treatment involved transplanting nerve cells from his nose into his severed spinal cord. bbc was given joke access to the research project over the past year. our medical correspondent has this exclusive report. >> for derek, it's been an incredible journey. it's four years since he was paralyzed from the chest down
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after a knife attack. now he can walk again after a pioneering cell transplant in poland. just small steps but for derek, they represent a giant leap. >> when there's nothing, you can't feel almost half of your body. you're very helpless, lost. but when it begins to come back, it's like starting afresh, as if you were born again. >> we can think of the spinal cord as a motorway. >> this is the combination of 40 years' research by london neuroscientist jeff raisman and his bleach that our sense of mell held the key to reversing paralysis. he ol' factory buds transmit information to the brain in the only part of the nervous system here nerves constantly
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multiply. they injected some into derek's spinal cord with the hope that these would provide a pathway to enable the spinal cord to regrow itself. >> nerve fibers can grow back and restore function provide we give them a bridge. i believe this is the moment hen paralysis can be reversed. >> he's saying moving the foot to his side. >> after the transplant, derek has recovered some feeling and sensation below his injury in his legs, his baladder and bowel. so what could this mean for other paralyzed patients? >> everyone involved in this research is anxious to avoid raising false homes. that's why it's crucial that derek's treatment is repeated in other patients in a carefully controlled clinical
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trial to show definitively whether it can help to reverse paralysis. >> arching your back -- >> this spinal injuries expert said although derek's recovery was modest, the findings, published in the journal of ell transplantation are of compelling scientific significance. >> i've waited about 40 years for a moment like this and i am hopeful that this moment will be repeated and confirmed by independent assessors. >> it's far too early to rewrite the medical textbooks but the scientists involved believe this could be a new era in the treatment of paralysis. "bbc news," poland. >> progress indeed. now just two weeks from now, americans will be going to the polls to vote in the midterm election. all eyes will be on the u.s. senate to see if there's a
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shift from democratic control into republican hands. among the key races that could decide the chamber's fate is louisiana. for 18 years, democrat mary landrieu has held one of its senate seats but now zest -- she's in a tough battle against bill cassidy. catty kay traveled to the united states to see why is -- the vase so tight. >> welcome to garyville, where entry is low and poverty is -- industry is low and poverty is high. even the regular passing of the oil train doesn't seem to help much. louisiana oozes oil. there's plenty of it here but there's not much evidence it's made life better for the very poor, which is a big issue in this election. >> these streets look just the same as they did when i was a kid in some ways they look even worse. >> mary landrieu first ran for
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senate in 199 promising to be a champion for the black community. 18 years later, little has changed. >> in one of the closest election races in the country, the lack of economic progress makes the woman who's been senator here for 18 years very vulnerable. >> as chair of the energy committee and as a leader in many areas. i'm looking forward to using my clout to help build a stronger middle class. >> mary landrieu says she's doing all she can to help her state but such ask the nature of polarized american politics and what she says may not really plearlt. it's barack obama many louisianans are really mad at and the republican who wants to oust her is tapping into that anger. >> mary lan draw doesn't rep represent you. she represents barack obama. >> landrieu's supporters are desperate to distance her from obama. >> mary landrieu has always
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stood up for louisiana families, not withstanding who the president is or was or who's in the white house at any given time. she's always stood up and put louisiana families first. >> down in the louisiana bayou where conservative is a state of mind, they aren't so convinced. paul la guard has lived here all his life. he's no stallic for the old days and wary of the changes barack obama has made in america. >> when it boils down to the senate race, mrs. landrieu has voted with this man 97% of the time. what you got? you're going to put miss landrieu back in there and let her vote again with him? >> they've been farming soft shell crab in louisiana for years, just as they've voted far democratic senator for years. come november, the nature of this industry won't change but the color of the state's politics may well. >> and that brings today's show
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to a close. you can find much more news on our website. from all of us here at "bbc world news" america" thank you for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all priferts to charity and purr -- profits to charity. cokeler foundation and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business
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strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. hat can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the c.d.c. ramps up ebola guidelines to keep healthcare workers safe, we get an update from director thomas frieden. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. also ahead this tuesday, we go inside the heated georgia senate race that's dividing a once-red state >> woodruff: plus, start-ups vie for success in silicon valley, but what happens to the ones that can't make it? >> kind of like zombies, that's actually what they're called here, startup zombies, a company that's not succeeding or


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