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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  October 24, 2014 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: ebola hits new york city. a doctors without borders physician who traveled to west africa tests positive for the virus and is now in isolation. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, how health care reform in kentucky could sway the state's voters at the polls in november. and it's friday, mark shields and david brooks analyze the week's news. >> ♪ when we're out together dancing cheek to cheek ♪ >> woodruff: tony bennett on singing "cheek to cheek" with pop star lady gaga. >> when i listened to her i said, "by the way, you sing so spontaneously and beautiful.
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let's do a jazz album together." she said, "i love it!" >> woodruff: those are some of the stories we're covering on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and...
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>> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the governors of new york and new jersey announced today that all travelers coming from ebola- affected countries will face a new mandatory quarantine when they arrive at airports in those two states. governors andrew cuomo and chris christie said the existing federal standards were not enough. it came just hours after new york city officials tried to tamp down concerns over that city's first ebola case. hari sreenivasan reports >> we have the finest public health system not only anywhere in this country but anywhere in the world. its a public health system that has been developed over decades it is ready for extraordinary challenges and its proving it as we speak. >> sreenivasan: new york city mayor bill de blasio sounded a
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reassuring tone this afternoon, a day after doctor craig spencer was diagnosed with the ebola virus and his fianceé and two friends were placed in quarantine. spencer, isolated and in stable condition at a new york hospital, had recently returned from treating ebola patients in guinea. but city health commissioner dr. mary bassett said the 33-year- old was symptom free during his travels: >> he was feeling well, had no fever at the time that he left guinea which was on the 14th. he continued to feel well with his onward travel from europe to the united states where he arrived at jfk on the 17th. and he continued to check his temperature daily. >> sreenivasan: officials said spencer visited the highline park, a coffee shop, and restaurant in manhattan on tuesday as fatigue symptoms appeared. on wednesday, he went running and rode the subway to a bowling alley in brooklyn.
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it was at his apartment thursday morning that spencer reported having a 100.3 degree fever, and emergency workers moved him to bellevue hospital for treatment. health officials are now retracing spencer's steps in the days leading up to his admission. they've cleared the bowling alley and the coffee shop, and maintain the odds of virus transmission in public spaces remains very low. >> sreenivasan: meanwhile, doctors declared nina pham free of the virus today. she is one of two nurses who contracted the disease while treating ebola patient of liberia who later died in a dallas hospital. she was released from the national institutes of health this morning: >> i feel fortunate and blessed to be standing here today. i first and foremost would like to thank god, my family, and friends. throughout this ordeal, i've put my trust in god, and my medical team. i'm on my way back to recovery, even as i reflect on how many others have not been so fortunate.
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>> sreenivasan: pham later met with president obama at the oval office. her release is the latest in a series of recoveries by americans who have contracted the disease. pham colleague and fellow nurse amber vinson, n.b.c. camera man ashoka mukpo, and three missionary workers, doctor kent brantly, nancy writebol, and dr. rick sacra, have all been declared ebola-free after receiving treatment at u.s. facilities. still, on capitol hill today, national nurses united co- president deborah burger said the ebola response from u.s. hospitals and governmental agencies has been inconsistent: >> 85 percent of the nurses say they are not adequately trained, and the level of preparation for ebola in our facilities is insufficient. give us the tools we need. all we ask from president obama and congress is: not one more infected nurse. >> sreenivasan: but john roth -- an inspector general at the department of homeland security
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-- said an audit of previous d- h-s pandemic preparedness revealed questionable spending practices. >> for example, we found that dhs has a stockpile of about 350,000 white coverall suits and 16 million surgical masks, but hasn't been able to demonstrate how either fits into their pandemic preparedness plans. >> it was put in place to start the efficacy trials in the affected country in december as early as in december 2014. of course, the protocols will be adapted to take into consideration safety results of the phase one trial as they become available. >> sreenivasan: they said hundreds of thousands of doses could be ready for use in west africa by the middle of next year. the w.h.o. also announced it was
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sending experts to mali, after a two-year-old girl was diagnosed with the first ebola case in that country. 43 others are being monitored for symptoms. >> woodruff: the w.h.o. said there are already more than 9,900 cases of ebola in africa during this outbreak and close to 4,900 deaths. nine cases of ebola have been seen in the united states since the beginning of august. only duncan, the man from liberia, died. a high school near seattle, washington, went into lockdown today after a student opened fire in the cafeteria. police in the town of marysville reported one person was killed, along with the gunman. hospital officials said four students were wounded, three of them critically with head injuries. students were seen streaming out of the school as officials searched the campus room by room. police said they were confident there was only one gunman. canadian lawmakers pledged today to make tougher laws against terrorism after two separate attacks left two soldiers dead. in response to the incidents,
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the canadian military told troops nationwide to stop wearing their uniforms in public. the funeral for corporal nathan cirillo was held in ottawa today. he was gunned down at the national war memorial before his killer went on a rampage through parliament. officials said there's still no link between the gunman, michael zehaf-bibeau, and islamic state militants, although he was a recent convert to islam. police in new york city labeled a hatchet attack on four rookie police officers a "terrorist act" by a homegrown radical. the suspect, zale thompson, was a muslim convert but has no ties to international terrorism. he was killed by police after wounding two officers yesterday in queens. at least 30 egyptian soldiers died today when their army checkpoint came under siege in the sinai peninsula. it was the deadliest single attack in decades on the military.
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officials said it started with a car bomb and was followed by rocket propelled grenades. there was no immediate claim of responsibility, but the army has been hunting down suspected jihadists in the area. there are new concerns today that "islamic state" militants are using chlorine gas in iraq. three unnamed iraqi officials told the associated press the lethal gas was used last month during fighting in two towns north of baghdad. about 40 troops and shiite militiamen showed symptoms of chlorine poisoning, but all recovered. in washington, u.s. secretary of state john kerry said the united states is still investigating those reports. >> when mixed in certain ways, and used in certain ways, it can become a chemical weapon that is prohibited under the chemical weapons agreement. and therefore, these allegations are extremely serious, and we are seeking additional information in order to be able
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to determine whether or not we can confirm it. >> woodruff: if confirmed, it would be the first known chemical weapons attack by "islamic state" in iraq. european union leaders struck a deal to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 40% over the next 16 years. big businesses say that target is too difficult to reach, while environmentalists say it doesn't go far enough. e.u. council president herman van rompuy spoke after the late-night deal was agreed to. >> it was not easy, not at all, but we managed to reach a fair decision. it set europe on an ambitious, yet cost effective climate and energy path. climate change is one of the biggest challenges of mankind. ultimately, this is about survival. it is the example of a long-term policy. >> woodruff: the e.u. deal makes it the first major economic block to set emission targets before a climate summit in paris
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next year. stocks on wall street closed out their best week in nearly two years. strong earnings from microsoft and other large u.s. companies provided the boost. the dow jones industrial average gained 127 points to close at 16,805. the nasdaq rose 31 points to close above 4483. the s-and-p 500 rose more than 13 points to close at 1,964. for the week, the dow gained 2.5%. the nasdaq rose 5%. the s-and-p was up 4%. still to come on the newshour: how liberians in the u.s. are responding to ebola; massive recalls for cars with defective air bags; why the affordable care act matters in this election; shields and brooks on the week's news; doctors on the frontline of global crises; and we sit down with legendary singer, tony bennett.
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>> woodruff: while much attention is focused on the ebola patient in manhattan, there's a community in staten island that's paid unusually close attention to the epidemic in west africa for months now. it's a neighborhood already feeling the toll in a very personal way. again to hari sreenivasan, who spent part of this week in the community. >> sreenivasan: while you wouldn't know it by looking, this stretch of apartment buildings in a neighborhood called park hill on staten island is the heart of the liberian community in new york city, commonly known as little liberia. it's home to one of the largest concentrations of librarians -- liberians outside of west africa. the ebola outbreak still hits
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home. this is a home health worker who immigrated from liberia in 2011. she's one of the thousands of people in this neighborhood with family ties to liberia, and she told us that, three weeks ago, her pregnant sister saw a nurse who had previously dealt with ebola patients. so your sister died? her baby died? her 13-year-old son died? >> yes. what's it like in the united states when people hear you're liberian? love is forgiving is what's happening to liberians everywhere. yates is the president of the staten island liberian community association. she says the treatment of
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liberians got worse after the news of thomas eric duncan, who died in texas of ebola earlier this month. >> with the three countries affected, liberia -- >> so you're affected in new york because you're liberian? >> yes. >> sreenivasan: once they know you're from africa, they're scared? >> they're scared. >> sreenivasan: yates said her 6-year-old son jordan came home from school one day saying he only wanted to be american, not liberian-american because the kids teased him of having ebola. since returning from liberia in july, yates said she's had trouble going back to her job as a healthcare worker even with a
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clean bill of health from her doctor. >> our people are looking after us financially because there's no work. >> sreenivasan: in the mean time, yates and silca are keeping a food pantry and sending money back home. she spoke on the implications of the ebola outbreak. >> if you have any concern of the ebola, the immigration status, please let us speak with you on that. >> brown: ththat. >> sreenivasan: the session was run by an attorney focused on helping african immigrants. >> people are stranded here, afraid to go back, applying to extend their visitor visa but, in the end, can't work while they're here. they can't work to support
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themselves or family back home who are struggling because of ebola. >> sreenivasan: this afternoon, dozens of protesters organized by african immigrant groups marched from times square toward the united nations asking for help in the fight against ebola. >> woodruff: it's been the worst year ever for auto recalls and this week provided more disturbing news. the latest concerns, just how many vehicles have air bags that could be dangerous and should be recalled. the air bags made by the japanese company takata can rupture causing metal fragments to fly out and injury someone. at least four deaths are connected with those ruptures. federal regulators said this week that roughly 8 million vehicles from nearly a dozen manufacturers should have repairs done or the bags replaced. that's on top of 14 million
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already recalled worldwide. more over, lawmakers said 30 million vehicles could be equipped with the air bags. nationwide, more than 50 million cars and trucks have been recalled for a variety of problems this year, one in five on u.s. roads. micheline maynard has been covering this for "forbes," a professor of business journalism at arizona state university university, walter cronkite school of journalism and mass communication. well come back to the "newshour". how big a deal are the air bag problem? >> i think a lot of your listeners heard about the general motors with ignition switches. i think this is a bigger problem because it aivetle more companies, 11 different car companies, and vehicles that were built from 2000 to 2008, and there are still a lot of those vehicles on the road. >> woodruff: is it clear,
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then, mickey maynard, who should have the air bags replaced, fixed? are they being notified by the auto manufacturers? >> yes, it's the auto company's responsibility to notify consumers, but consumers could also be proactive by going to the web site of the transportation department, and you can put in the vehicle identification number from your car and find out whether the car is subject to recall. in this case, i would really urge people, if they're concerned at all about their safety, to go on, see if their vehicle has been recalled, and, in that case, get in touch with their dealer. i wouldn't wait in the situation for a letter to come from the car company. if you're really worried, call your dealer or your mechanic. >> reportermechanic. >> woodruff: even though there are only a few deaths, you're saying this is urgent because some of the stories we're reading indicate the percentage
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of problems has been small but there are still real concerns. >> right. and one of the things that happens to cars as they get older is the parts get older. as i just said, some of these vehicles are now 14 years old, and this ai passenger air bag technology is evolving so the later air bags are probably more precise and safe than these, but we don't know if you drove your car over rough roads, or in a high-humidity area, you might want to take the precaution of being proactive rather than waiting. >> woodruff: we should note "the washington post" is reporting there could end up being something like 30 million cars with this airbag problem. why is it that the auto manufacturers continue to use these airbags, why people weren't notified sooner about this? >> this airbag recall has really ban kind of drifting along for about six years, and it was only in the last couple of years that
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we saw millions more vehicles added to these recalls, and one of the reasons is that cars start to get a little bit rickety as they get older. we thought quality was terrific, and what we're finding out is there are certain components where they don't hold up as well and that's one of the situations that's going on here. >> woodruff: but the auto manufacturers didn't recognize this? what about takata, the maker of the air bags? did they continue to make this particular type? do we know? >> this particular type is no longer being made. there's a new version that's being made. and one of the big problems with this recall is that takata will have to produce the replacement parts. so you have here takata which has already taken charge against its earnings of $750 million, they will have to spend the money to make replacement parts for millions of vehicles, and that's going to hold things up. there are only a few manufacturers in the world that make air bag inflaters to begin
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with and now takata will be burdennenned with making millions they didn't expect to make. >> woodruff: are you saying there may not be enough parts to fix all these airbags? >> people are very worried about the speed at which they'll be able to get their cars fixed and we're hearing anecdotally of folks calling dealerships and signing up fo for appointments d being told we don't have the parts, you will have to wait. with all the public scrutiny this is getting, perhaps the united states government and the japanese government will have to step in and certainly the manufacturers may have to step in to give takata help to meet the demand for these parts. >> woodruff: micheline maynard, we thank you. >> thank you very much, judy. >> woodruff: we now turn to campaign 2014 and an issue that has entered almost every senate race in the nation: the new health care law. as part of our joint elections
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project with public broadcasters across the country, renee shaw of kentucky educational television reports. e yeas 60, nays 39 -- >> reporter: the 2009 senate vote to pass the healthcare law, the vote that now five years later has launched 1,000 ads. >> obamacare means insurance plans, higher premiums and broken promises. >> obamacare just doesn't work. >> reporter: this summer, the ads just didn't stop. republicans attacked, democrats responded, some defending -- >> that's why i helped pass a law that prevents insurance companies from canceling your policy if you get sick. >> reporter: others pledging reforms. >> i'm fixing it. that's what my bill does. >> he's trying to fix the healthcare law. >> reporter: it's certainly unpopular. a kaiser poll in august and september show 47% view the affordable care act unfavorably,
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just 35% favorably. it's much less clear how much the law will matter on election day. kentucky, a state where both the economy and healthcare poll has high issues and where the state's exchange under the healthcare law called "connect" has a very different reputation than the law does when it's called obamacare. >> when people are polled by object r obamacare in kentucky they largely say we don't like it, but if you ask them about "connect," they love it, it's a good program and is helping people. >> reporter: joe is a political recorder for the journal in louisville. >> some poorer counties in kentucky are areas that were very much in favor of republicans. the jobs in some of these counties are quite often low-paying jobs, the sort of people who would have trouble getting health insurance on their own and now are benefiting from that. >> reporter: what explains the
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disconnect between the affordable care act and "connect"? >> five letters, o-b-o-m-a. his favorability rating in kentucky is around 29%. he's not liked. people don't like his policies and don't like him personally and that's played a huge roll in why obamacare is viewed that way. >> reporter: the president has such little support in kentucky that in the 2012 primary where he ran unopposed, 22% voted for uncommitted rather than the president. mitt romney took the state by 23 percentage points. >> i was born and raised a democrat, i'm not now. >> reporter: for charles howard, healthcare and the healthcare reform law have become difficult issues. he and his wife own and operate howard's metal sales, a roofing and siding operation with four
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employees and a contract worker. he believes democrats no longer represent him. >> you're looking pretty good. i'm a working man. they're not exactly my party now, that's why i changed. unlike some people who are republicans, i wanted to believe what then senator obama was saying about having an affordable healthcare act that worked for everyone. >> reporter: according to a recent blue glass poll in the state, jobs and economy ranked highest in the minds of likely kentucky voters, but howard says a big part of the job equation for him is the cost of healthcare. as an example, he says the bill to insure just one of his employees, a 51-year-old man, has increased $125 a month, and he blames obamacare. >> wages are going up for me because if he went from $300 two years ago to $425, they haven't went up in his check, but they
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have went up out of our payroll, out of our expenses, so how do you give someone a wage increase when you're investigate be hit with those -- when you're having to be hit with those increases in insurance that he needs? i would just hope people who can say the aye affordable care act has worked for me and my health insurance costs have went down exponentially, that they will realize that someone is paying that. nothing is free. >> reporter: and as a taxpayer and business owner, you're saying you're picking up the tab. >> yes, ma'am, and how long can taxpayers and small business owners be the pack horse of the society at large? >> reporter: kendall nash had a small nonprofit in louisville that doesn't offer health benefits. for her, the affordable care act is the key issue affecting her vote and her support of democrats this election. >> i think the biggest thing that we should be focusing on is the healthcare and how it's
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going to affect kentucky, is the affordable care act and fa it's going to affect kentucky depending on which candidate is in office. >> reporter: for nash and her husband and son, obamacare has meant financial stability. her son has hearing loss and, before the new law, health insurance cost her family double what it does now. >> it literally meant my husband was working between 30 and 40 hours a week and coming home without a paycheck because it went to pay healthcare. >> reporter: nash says she's frightened about the possibility of losing affordable healthcare. >> if it were repealed, it would hurt my family and it's really difficult to think about folks who are now insured for the first time ever, they would go back to having nothing. we would have lower health outcomes in our communities who are devastated by poor health outcomes would continue to spiral. >> reporter: kentucky is full of strong feelings on the
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healthcare law, but it's not clear how much those will affect the election. like much of the nation, the state is getting ready for the next round of open enrollment on its healthcare exchange. that will be the next test of the healthcare law here. enrollment starts two weeks after the mid-term election. i'm renee shaw with ket. >> woodruff: a record amount of money has already been spent in this midterm election, some $4 billion. today, in a rare message on its website, the federal election commission acknowledged being "overwhelmed" by the unusually large amount of paperwork coming in from campaigns. it's all part of the race to the finish of this election. here analyze it all, shields and brooks. that's syndicated columnist mark shields and new york times columnist david brooks. gentlemen, it is the most expensive campaign ever in this country, and it is coming right down to the wire. but, david, what we're hearing
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more and more about is ebola. we're hearing a number of republican candidates use this, blame the democrats, blame the president. is this helping republicans? >> well, it feeds into the mood. this is sort of a mood rather than issue election. i guess barack obama on the ballot obviously is strong in all the red states. but it's a mood of anxiety, fear, suspicion of elites, of the ruling establishment, of class, and ebola plays into all of that. there are a lot of people who are disenfranchised from the establishment and don't trust what the experts are telling them. there are a lot of people who are suspicious of globalization and here comes a disease from a paraway place and seems to insidiously insert itself into our lives, so there's a feeling of sourness and that the country is being mismanaged. it underlines the mood. i'm not sure ebola is the issue
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but the mood is strong and that's what's more or less driving a the election. >> woodruff: do you think that's what's going on? >> i do. i think he makes a good point. as i listen to this, a cartel of mexican drug lords and terrorists and somehow bringing ebola into the country that way, i'm reminded of the words of a great senator, ed muskie, who is centennially observed this year, said there's only two kinds of poll six. not radical/reactionary or conservative/republican, it's is politics of fear and trust. this is very much the poll six of fear. david makes a good point, it contributes to anxiety but the events are in the saddle and
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hurts the party in power. >> woodruff: is that what it amounts to? >> the charges of the drug cartel, there have been some charges, some i disagree with. i don't think it's effective to not allow flights from west africa, but it's a respectable position. but i don't think it's below the belt to have a feel that the establishment or the ruling class in this country is not particularly competent and you wouldn't look at the way elena has been handled so far and say it's been a testimonyo the accomplishment of the establishment. so we have great social segmentation going on and a lot of people with no context like the people like us on tv giving them an opinion about ebola or anything else, and they just want to wave it away and pull in and trust the people they trust and that's local. when the national borders seem porous and uncontrolled, they'll
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react and i think it's a legitimate reaction. >> woodruff: is there a relate gat strain here, though? >> ebola is a continental tragedy for africa. it is not an imminent epidemic in this country. susan page our good friend at u.s.a. today said the washington redskins professional team has used more quarterbacks this year, three, than have cases developed in the continental united states, the two nurses who have not traveled from west africa, and now nina pham who is at texas christian university ought to be very proud and the nursing profession should be and her family, thank goodness, apparently three o free of the . so concern? absolutely. is there a sense things aren't going well, that it isn't in control? yes, that's very much a part of the context of this campaign.
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>> woodruff: let's tuck about what everybody's watching. of course, we're watching everything, but the big story is the senate, whether it's going from democrat to republican controlled. looks like both parties have headaches here at the end, though, that, for democrats, colorado and new hampshire, supposed to be blue states they thought they would be comfortable in, what about those states and other states you're looking at where democrats have a worry? >> yeah, i think there's not a tsunami in favor of the republicans but a small tide in favor of the republicans. if you look at the last few weeks, most to have the position, like georgia and the other places, but most polls show a bit of shift for the republicans because people are upset with president obama, the shape of the economy and the country, so you begin to see it going a bit toward the republicans more or less
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unhappily. where i am, in louisiana, a pretty good campaign but a state where obama is not popular and it's harder for democrats to win in those states these days, so i think they're facing an uphill tide. another thing i noticed in this general election campaign, unlike two years ago, the republican brand improved, the candidates are much better, no nut jobs running around so far, and, so, they've reestablished themselves as sort of the business management party, and in an economy that's stagnant, they've got a little more credibility than two years ago. >> woodruff: what does the landscape look like? >> for one thing, the great advantage democrats have is women voters, seems to be not as pronounced and not as dependable for democrats this time, especially in colorado where the last poll showed corey gardner, a republican, having an edge among women. struck me nancy pelosi, the
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democrat leader and others sent the russell of the gallup poll which asks the concerns of women in the country -- the pay equality, discrimination in the workplace, childcare, so forth -- 2% is abortion rights and contraception. i don't know if it's not a concern that there was in the past about row roe v. wade being repealed, but it doesn't have the same resonance that it did have, even though the women's advantage still is sustaining two democrats who are in tough races, jeanne shaneen in new hampshire has a double digit among women and so does kay hagan in north carolina, embattled red state. >> woodruff: is part of this the democrats are stressing the wrong issues? >> i think so. the republicans, it's not exactly a similar posed yum, but they are hitting the core issue, which is obama. but the democrats have had a
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bizarre selection of issues through the last six months. for a couple of months they were talking about the koch brothers over and over again, they were going do this or that. most people don't know who the koch brothers are. then i think the war on women rhetoric, i think they've gone to the well too many times with that. it was an effective issue in elections past, but as mark said, in a lot of places, it's just not effective anymore and i think it's either not germane, not salient to people, or they've just heard it too many times and the issues get steal. so i think, in election after a election, with the exceptions that mark mentioned, that you do not see the gender gaps that the democrats would need to pull out wins here. >> woodruff: do you see anything republicans need to be worried about? we've talked about georgia. >> i think republicans have to be worried about georgia. a demographer on our show hat a salient point -- georgia has the highest unemployment rate in the
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country, judy. what makes it interesting is david perdue, a c.e.o. who offers himself as the only fortune 500 c.e.o. if elected, certainly isn't something voters will stream to the polls on, but he under deposition under oath, asked about outsourcing, said, yes, i spent my entire life doing that. georgia's lost most manufacturing jobs in the last ten years and among working class georgians, that could be an issue. i think michelle nunn has run a very aggressive campaign, very strong among african-americans, and the question is can she get above 30% of the white vote. >> woodruff: that's right, and then we'll see about a runoff. very quickly to both of you at the end, if the senate goes republican, what difference does it make?
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what happens or doesn't happen, because you have a different majority in the senate? >> there will be more judicial sites and more budget fights. i don't see big changes. as this landscape issue favors republicans, so many red-state democrats are up. in two years there's a ton of blue-state republicans up. those people are not going to want to go out on a conservative limb, so it will be harder for mcconnell to govern as a majority leader is he is one. >> in addition to that, i think we'll see a lot of hearings. >> woodruff: senate hearings. the busiest person in washington would be the white house counsel answering subpoenas. i think there will be a lot of that. i think we'll see some sort of republican health plan. it's been promised now since hector was a pup, some time after the cooling of the earth,
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they'll have a health plan, and if they have control of both the house or the senate, they have to come up with something, because they want all of the goodies and responsibilities of obamacare but none of the responsibilities and drawbacks. i will be fascinated to see that. >> woodruff: will we see that, david? >> maybe. i'd look for a tax reform before healthcare reform. >> woodruff: david brooks, mark shields e se, see you heret friday. thank you. >> woodruff: as we reported earlier, the doctor in new york city with ebola, craig spencer, contracted the virus while on a mission for doctors without borders in guinea. tonight, special correspondent fred de sam lazaro brings us a closer look at that organization and its oftentimes life-risking and life-saving work. a version of the story aired on the p.b.s. program, "religion and ethics newsweekly."
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>> reporter: they have been front and center, not just in the fight against ebola but every humanitarian crisis in recent memory. widely known by its french acronym m.s.f., doctors without borders is in hot spots of disease, natural disaster and war around the world and on the front lines to get the international community to wake up to some of the world's crises. >> i have been ringing alarms, bells for months but the response has been too late, too little. >> reporter: that's msf president who has been expressing growing concern on ebola to world leaders. >> today, ebola is winning. the center you promised must be established now. there is today a political momentum the world has rarely if ever seen. as world leaders, you will be
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judged by how you use it. >> reporter: beyond medicine, msf's mission is to bear witness, to speak out. it goes back to its founding in 1971 by a group of french red cross volunteers working amid grave violence in nigeria's civil war. sociologist renee fox wrote about the frustration in a book about the group. >> they pledged their commitment to not speak about what they saw in the field very much in keeping with the professional confidentiality that physicians keep of their individual patients. then when they saw these abuses taking place, came together with the conviction that there was something wrong with not speaking out. >> reporter: four decades later m.s.f. called itself a movement, chapters in 24 mostly wealthy countries and 25,000 people deployed around the world. 90% are hired locally, most are not doctors and nurses.
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they are construction workers, experts in logistics and water and sanitation. the teams moved swiftly as we saw in this 2008 report from a hurricane-ravaged haiti. construction workers aren't finished by the hospital workers already in full swing. this is the only hospital now in a city of more than 200,000 people. one reason it can move quickly is m.s.f. raises over $1 billion a year, critically with few strings attached. >> 90% of their finances come from people like you and me who make modest contribution or more than modest contributions to m.s.f. we don't need to wait for funding from a government to be able to react to a crisis. >> reporter: m.f.s. u.s.a.'s
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sophie says they don't accept government funds for events in afghanistan, for example. she admits it's shifted in the ebola epidemic where m.s.f. support the u.s.'s military aid. >> we don't want to be dogmatic. we're taking a different tradition. >> reporter: m.s.f.'s reputation drew dr. benjamin levy to sign on for a six-month stint in 2011 in a field hospital in ethiopia. thousands of refugees were fleeing famine and civil war from neighboring somalia. >> it was a place where sort of the idealism of medicine came to practice. >> reporter: levy who works for the centers for disease control remembers a culture of debate. >> there was healthy debate as to what diseases we could treat, what diseases we didn't have the capacity to treat and where to
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take the programs that we were running as the emergency ended. >> reporter: and before it begins working an emergency, particularly in war zones, m.s.f. works to gain safety assurances from all factions. >> the family, et cetera, it's a very big production, actually. the second criteria is we want to be able to have an evacuation route. >> reporter: m.s.f. has evacuated from afghanistan in 2004 for five years after two workers were killed, and from somalia after two were kidnapped. it pulled foreign staff and closed a hospital in syria after five workers were kidnapped. however, in recent conflicts like burma, sri lanka and yemen, m.s.f. stayed on, agreeing not to criticize government policies it acknowledged were oppressive. bearing witness is complicated by the reality on the ground.
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>> it was an unmitigated virtue. as they matured they saw how complex the ramifications of witnessing might be. >> reporter: they learned to be politically pragmatic without being political, she says. >> woodruff: fred's reporting is a partnership with the under- told stories project at st. mary's university of minnesota. >> woodruff: finally tonight, a musical collaboration with a most unlikely duo. one a living legend known for his voice and smooth style. the other, one of the biggest pop stars on the planet. jeffrey brown has the story. >> ♪ and that's why i won't dance, why should i ♪ >> brown: a classic from the 1930's, popularized by fred astaire and ginger rogers. the kind of song you might still
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expect from one of the greatest- ever crooners of american standards, tony bennett. ♪ but not so much from his duet partner, lady gaga, one of today's mega pop stars. >> ♪ gaga, ooo la la >> brown: known for her shape- shifting persona and over-the- top performances, her millions of devout followers call themselves "little monsters," and for hits like "bad romance." >> ♪ i want your love and i want your revenge, you and me could ♪ write a bad romance ♪ >> brown: but there they are together, dancing cheek to cheek on a new album that hit number one on the charts, as well as a p.b.s. "great performances" special debuting tonight. ♪ dance with me i want my arm around you ♪ >> brown: the 88-year-old
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bennett is one of the last of a by-gone era that included frank sinatra, sammy davis junior and dean martin. ♪ i left my heart in san francisco ♪ >> brown: later in life, he's been reaching out to collaborate with artists often well outside his generation or genre or both. in 2011, for example, he celebrated his 85th birthday by recording with the likes of aretha franklin, willie nelson, the late amy winehouse and other stars, including lady gaga. that experience, he told me yesterday in new york, made him want to work with lady gaga again. >> i love performing with her, she loves performing with me.
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and she happens to be a wonderful jazz singer. she improvises beautifully. funny enough she started out as a jazz singer. and she was kind of turned down, you know promoters said to do something more contemporary, that the young people like and all that. and she regretted it. when i listened to it i said by the way, you sing very spontaneously and beautifully, let's do a jazz album together she said, i'd love it. and so i put together a tremendous swing, big band, the best jazz artists around. ♪ the greatest thing ♪ ♪ >> brown: you're 88. why are you still doing this? >> i love it.
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i was blessed w a wonderful italian-american family, that my mom, my father died when i was ten years old. and all my relatives - aunt, uncles, nieces, nephews would come over every sunday, and my brother, my sister and myself would entertain them. it was just at the time being 10 years, what am i going to do in life? will anyone know me or anything like that? my family would say we like the way you sing and we like the way you paint those flowers. so they created a passion of always trying to improve. and here i am, 88, and i'm still trying to get better and better and what i'm doing. >> brown: you still feel that. >> absolutely. >> brown: i mean you remember that first starting to sing, and here you are, still singing. >> i was blessed, under the gi bill of rights when i came out
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of the service after the war, i joined the american theatre wing and it was a great source that they allowed us to continue school that we missed during the war. the main thing i that learned from them was to always stay with quality, never compromise, you know, don't just try and get a hit record, do something's going to last, and that's intelligent. and so i treat the audience that way. >> brown: what about treating yourself and taking care of yourself and taking care of your voice to keep going? >> right, i had good training and good teachers who taught me how to sing properly. three times a week i exercise and stay in shape, have a wonderful wife that treats me wonderful. i'm feeling very good about life and i'll never retire. >> brown: you'll never retire? >> no. >> brown: you say that and you're clear about that.
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>> i'm just starting to learn. >> brown: bennett also still works hard to make sure that young people learn about the arts. the foundation that he and his wife set up, "exploring the arts," works in public schools in lower income areas of new york, including in neighborhoods where he grew up, that otherwise have little access to the arts. he told me he's especially eager to help keep the jazz music he loves alive. and that, too, ties into the new work with lady gaga. >> unfortunately, the record companies think in a contemporary way and don't realize how powerful jazz is. it's only great art form that's ever been created in united states by african americans in new orleans, they invented it. to improvise. elongated improvisation. and it's a wonderful art and for whatever reason, they don't promote it enough and where it
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so that's the reason i did the album with lady gaga, to reach that young audience that she has. and for the first time in their life, they hear wonderful songs that swing and last forever, they're great american songs that were done in the 20s and 30s that is a great era in art and america. >> brown: and you're hoping once these young people hear these songs they'll want to hear more? >> absolutely. it's the first time they've ever heard it. >> brown: with you and lady gaga. >> exactly. >> brown: all right, tony bennett thanks for talking to us. >> thank you very much, thank you. >> woodruff: you can watch "tony bennett and lady gaga: cheek to cheek live!" tonight on most pbs stations. >> woodruff: again, the major developments of the day. officials in new york and new jersey have decided to implement more stringent ebola screening for travelers above federal requirements. that's after a doctor in new york tested positive for the disease.
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meanwhile, two nurses from dallas who caught ebola from a patient were given the all clear. one student was killed and four were wounded in a high school shooting north of seattle. the gunman killed himself. on the newshour online tonight, not everyone with a good idea and a one-way ticket to silicon valley is going to become the next mark zuckerberg. but at least you can sound like the facebook c.e.o. in a follow- up to our story on "zombie startups," we have a glossary of terms that will help you talk like a real tech entrepreneur. find that on our homepage. all that and more is on our web site, pbs.org/newshour. and a reminder about some upcoming programs from our pbs colleagues. gwen ifill is preparing for "washington week," which airs later this evening. here's a preview: >> ifill: it's coming up on decision time for american
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voters and for the lawmakers charged with protecting them. endangered senators, house members and governors from coast to coast. while the white house works on a plan to calm ebola fears. later tonight on "washington week." judy? >> woodruff: tomorrow on pbs newshour weekend, william brangham explores whether children, including his son, are at risk when they play soccer. >> well, you're my man. we're just going to take a tickle in your ears. >> dr. richard flyer has been my family's pediatrician for 13 years. three years ago when my oldest son jack, then ten years old, was in for an annual checkup. the docket told jack he wanted him to stop playing soccer completely. he argued what he had seen in his practice over years which is dozens and dozens of kids with serious, sometimes life altering concussions, some from hitting the ball, convinced him soccer itself was not safe. >> we need to look at these sports realistically and say,
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are they really something we want our children to do? do we want to, in the name of sport, put a child's brain in harm's way? >> woodruff: that's saturday's signature piece on "pbs newshour weekend." and we'll be back, right here, on monday with a look at children now orphaned after their parents die of ebola. that's the newshour for tonight, i'm judy woodruff. have a great weekend, thank you and good night. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> carnegie corporation of new york. supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the advancement of international peace and security. at carnegie.org. >> and with the ongoing support
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of these institutions and friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
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. this is "nightly business report" with tyler mathisen and susie gharib. brought to you in part by. the street.com. featuring stephanie link who shares her investment strategies, stock picks and market insights with action alerts plus the multi-million dollar portfolio she manages with jim cramer. you can learn more at the street.com slash nbr. what a finish the dow closes with a triple digit gain and the s&p 500 has its biggest weekly run-up in nearly two years. but will a bank stress test out of europe change the tone next week? ups delivered but it was not the better than expected earnings the investors focused on. it was something else. pit stop, reporting a weeker than expected close,

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