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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 14, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global
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network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. hat can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america". >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. fresh fears that tensions in eastern ukraine may escalate. a former nato commander reports a dangerous new phase after reports of russia rolling in. >> it's somewhat shocking to be honest and it's simply irrefutable. this is not hot air coming out of brussels. this is lying coming out of moscow. >> thousands of any way jeerans are forced to flee after boko haram attack a town where they abducted 200 school girls this year. >> and faces of war, depicting
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those who fought in iraq and afghanistan. tonight we show you the results. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. right now world leaders are gathering in brisbane, australia, for a summit of the g-20 nations but so far it's not, it's ukraine, not the economy which is taking center stage. president vladmir putin has strongly criticized western sanctions imposed on russia, yet international pressure is not letting up. with nato's new secretary-general accusing moscow of violating international law in ukraine and of carrying out threatening actions against the military alliance. our moscow correspondent reports. >> it's more than two months since the peace deal was done for eastern ukraine, but on the ground in key locations, the
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fighting never stopped. and this week brought fresh fears that could escalate. columns of unmarked troops and military equipment were spotted on the move. kiev accused russia of sending reinforcements to the rebels. moscow denies any role here. but as world leaders gather in brisbane for the g-20, the actions of this month will be upper most in their mind, the face of a newly assertive russia that the west is struggling to deal with. it's already imposed sanctions meant to force mr. putin to change tact, speaking ahead of the summit, he showed no hint of that, though he did admit those sanctions were starting to bite. >> it is harming us to some extent, but it is harmful for them as well because it undermines the whole system of international economic relations. i really hope that and incoming from the conviction that final an understanding will be
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reached and all of this will be left in the past. >> it was the conflict in ukraine that caused this back in july, the shooting down of flight over territory controlled by the rebels. 38 australians were among almost 300 people killed then. in brisbane, their prime minister has vowed to push mr. putin for answers. nato is piling on the pressure, too, of the whole ukrainian crisis. >> russia has changed its behavior. they are responsible for aggressive actions. they have violated international law. they have not respected the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of ukraine and they have undermined the whole rule-based order we have had in europe for many, many years. that makes it difficult to continue with the cooperation we so much want with russia.
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>> but so far, all of the talking, even the sanctions have made little impact in eastern ukraine. long stretches of the border here are now controlled by the rebels. there is no sign of the international monitors whose presence was agreed in the september peace deal. so much of that deal already violated, what people here now fear is the return to all-out conflict. >> for more on the rising tensions, i spoke with nato supreme allied commander admiral, he is now the dean of the fletcher school at tufts university and also the accidental admiral. at miller, thank you very much indeed for joining me. >> pleasure. >> your successor is talking about a new threat from russia. troops and tanks going into ukraine, are we entering a dangerous new phase in this conflict? >> i think we are, unfortunately, jane. when we see tanks, armored
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personnel carriers, mobilized artillery kraus crossing a sovereign state border, it's somewhat shocking to be honest. it's rerefuteable. this isn't hot air coming out of brussels. this is lying coming out of moscow. >> what can be done to change president putin's course? >> there is a package of things. first and foremost, we need to maintain as much international solidarity. so going back to the united nations, taking this in front of the body of nations and condemning the action. secondly, we need to reassure nato allies this is jianging people in the baltic states, in poland watching, again tanks crossing a border. thirdly, we need to strengthen the ukrainian armed forces. we have to make putin pay a price and that price has to come back to roost in moscow, fourth, its sanctions, these are beginning to bite. we can find a variety of evidence of this including the
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collapse in the value of the reboundle. one could argue that is going to take time, and it will, but the long-term outlook for russia's economy, if they turn into this kind of isolated angry island in the middle of asian common is not good. >> is that the price to pay for being in ukraine and having a frozen conflict? >> there is a certain russian psychology that we're all aware it is being said, clear to me that over time this economy which is a one trick pony dependent on hydrocarbons is highly at risk over the long haul, but that's always the problem with sanctions, it takes a while for them to kick in. >> i want to turn now to the battle against islamic state. >> certainly. >> do you think that the current u.s. strategy is working? >> i don't think we have seen
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enough energy put into sending u.s. troops into the region, so a applaud the administration for adding another 1,500 to go up to 3,000. i think we're still only about a third of the way, jane. i think we're going to need 8,000 to 10,000 u.s. troops, not front line combat troops, but special forces, intelligence, information, cyber, that package, it will be fairly significant, more than what we have so far, but we need it if we're going to strengthen the iraqi security forces in the south and in the north. the bombing campaign is necessary, but not sufficient. i think if we mobilize those three fronts and put that kind of pressure on a cyst, we will see that they are not 10 feet tall. >> this is a very adaptive enemy. do you think that the u.s. is capable of reacting and keeping pace with the changes? >> i do, but it will require adroit leadership as well as
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working through our folks on the ground, not u.s., again, but working through iraqi security forces and also getting turkey into the game. turkey has the second largest army in nato. they have a long border that abuts this conflict and they need to step up and be in this with us. the other package could come from jordan. i think if we can put those forces together and energize them, i think we have a reasonable chance of containing this. >> this is clearly, though, a long-term strategy and defense secretary chuck hagel said that we need time and patience. do we actually have the time and is there the patience? >> well, let's face one fact, jane, and certainly you know this as well in the united kingdom. in the united states there is enormous middle east fatigue. there is a sense of do we really have to do this again. i think unfortunately we do. that's going to require leadership, articulation of the case and moving forward.
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i think it will take time and it's going to be not months, but years against this new foe. i wish i had better news. >> thank you very much indeed for your insights, admiral, thank you for joining me. >> thank you very much. >> boko harmiam militants have attacked the town of chibok. locals are fleing the area. they have targeted this place for a number times since they took the girls in april. our correspondent reports. >> people who fled to safety say the streets of chibok were taking over by the boko haram fighters who invaded the town late on thursday. the senator from the area told the bbc the insurgents who had attacked chibok had come under pressure in a neighboring state. > boko haram has been attacked
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and we learned that the soldiers that were posted in chibok ran away as usual business and left the villagers behind. >> the town became known all over the world after the mass abduction of school girls exactly seven months ago. 219 are still in the hands of the boko haram jihaddists. nothing has been seen of them since this video was posted back in may. last month, relatives of the girls told us about the agony they have been going through and their fears for their own security. >> they must be sitting on their back sides, the government, otherwise they would have signed and rescued those girls. it date, their efforts have yielded no fruit. we don't sleep much. we're scared ed and worried. sometimes we don't go to bed for fear. we stay up. >> in recent weeks, the fighters have been capturing
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territory close to the cameroonan border. they have been imposing their strict version of islamic law. right now it's hard to know exactly what is happening in chibok as the jihaddists have destroyed the mobile phone masts. this news from chibok doesn't really come as a huge surprise. in recent months, the gee hardists have also easily been overrunning towns and villages in the northeast. the people of chibok have long complained that they weren't being well protected. as for the relatives of the abducted girls, well, they have been let down badly twice, first of all, the abduction of their daughters and now their town has been captured. and so now the people of chibok have joined the tens of thousands of others who have been forced from their homes. the humanitarian crisis is deepening as the jihaddists steadily take over more and mortartry. will ross, bbc news. >> in other news now, indian police have arrested the
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director of a drug factory and his son in the central state. it's part of an investigation into the deaths of 15 women at two state run sterilization camps. the arrested men are accused of destroying evidence. it's believed that tainted drugs may have led to the deaths. the latest official figures from europe show that the greek economy is beginning to recover after years of recession. greece's performance helped the eurozone as a whole to grow by 0.2% in the third quarter of the year. the eurozone's biggest economy, germany, performed well enough to avoid sliding into recession. the controversial plan to build an oil pipeline linking canada to america's gulf coast has been approved by the u.s. house of representatives. the $8 billion project known as keystone x.l. would carry more than 800,000 barrels a day. it has been heavily criticized by environmental groups concerned about oil spills.
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president obama has now arrived in australia for the g-20 summit, but before that, he had quite a friendly meeting with e opposition leader in myanmar. beyond the hugs and jokes, he made serious political points. her from aw barring running for president doesn't make much sense. he spoke out about the prosecution of muslims. our correspondent reports. >> a second trip amidst tight security and an uncertain reception with an old flame. with the frustrations with american policy mean a cold shoulder for the u.s. president? he need not worried. after an hour of talks, it was clear the special relationship was still on. >> i would like to make it quite clear that the friendship between the united states and those who have been struggling for democracy in burma is a
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very strong one. we may view things differently from time to time, but it will in no way affect our friendship. >> she believes the united states lifted its restriction too quickly and there has been no significant reforms here for the last two years. president obama, though, was keen to stress the positive side. >> in the past two years, important changes have been made. the economy has begun to grow. political prisoners have been set free. there are more newspapers and media outlets. children have been released from the military and these are all important changes that have opened up greater opportunity for the people of burma. >> both mentioned the importance of constitutional change and in particular, the clause that stops her from becoming president. they then headed inside with one last display of public affection. the transformation is one of
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president obama's few foreign policy success stories, so he has had to strike a difficult balance on this trip stressing that overall this is a positive story while pointing out those areas where reforms have stalled or things have gone backwards. the treatments of the muslim minority and the need for constitutional change were both raised during earlier talks with myanmar's president. if reforms are to move forward, the army's political power will have to be reduced. for now no one seems willing or able to push through that degree of change. >> you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, first it was a bumpy landing, now the batteries on the european lander are causing concern. we'll have the very latest on the space probe riding the comet. now the latest on the hunt for
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the paris tiger. the stray animal was first spotted on thursday morning east of the french capital. people were warned to stay indoors with search teams scouring the countryside. as our correspondent reports, the elusive creature may not be as dangerous as first thought. >> tiger or no tiger, it's an animal that police thought could do real harm, scores of police and wildlife officials were called to comb the woods and the fields, even a helicopter with a heat sensitive camera. the animal was first spotted on thursday morning in the eastern paris outskirts. the this picture was taken near a supermarket car park just beside the disneyland paris theme park. police say that overnight, the animal crossed the busy a-4 motorway where a specialist confirmed a big cat footprint near a service station.
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local residents were warned to stay indoors. but even as the hunt continued, the first bouts began to clear. closer analysis of the footprints revealed they were not those of a tiger, but those of another big feline. then police said they couldn't rule out the animal being a big feral cat. there was no danger to locals they said. so not for the first time, the case of big beast hysteria, a fuzzy photo, plenty of men in uniform, all of the ingredients for a wildcat chase. >> oh, well, the confederation of african football has chosen guinea to replace morocco as host of the 2015 cup of nations. morocco wanted the cup postponed because of the fear of the spread of ebola.
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the tournament will be up to the standards of previous years. now, it's a race against time for the spacecraft which is hanging on to the surface of a comet. the philae lander has begun drilling below the surface to see what is hiding underneath, but scientists at the european space agency say its batteries might die within hours and the findings might not make it back to earth. for more i spoke to the chief astronomer of the franklin institute in philadelphia. let's start with the kind of bad news, we're all holding our breath here. what is the worst case scenario if the batteries fail? >> there are really a couple of worst case scenarios here. the first one is that the drill can't make its way all the way through to gather enough samples for analysis of what is right there under the lander and the next part after that is that it can drill, it can get the sample, it can do the analysis, but there is not enough power to transmit the data back to earth.
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and then the last scenario, of course, is that none of that can get done at all or it all gets done, can't get transmitted back to earth and the batteries run out and then we have no idea what is going on until the comet gets within close enough proximity to the sun that hopefully the batteries will get recharged enough to be able to transmit a signal back. >> well, let's hope that none of that is going to happen and that the drilling will all take place, what will it actually reveal? >> what it will actually reveal is what the particular chemical composition of this comet is. there is a general idea of what's to be expected. we have some idea of what's to be expected, but what we'll be able to figure out is exactly what the chemical composition is and what the various abundances are of elements are in the comet. that is very important. it will help us better understand of what the early history of the solar system was like and help us where some of the water on earth has come from, whether it comes from comets or a significance in the early history of the earth that
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developed the water that we have here now. >> scientists say they already have tons of data. when he can with actually expect them to start telling us something new about the universe and the structure of the earth? >> as soon as the analysis of the data begins, we'll be able to compare that with what information we already have about comets, about this comet in particular and we can almost immediately begin to compare the chemistry between the comet itself and earth. so within a very few months hopefully we'll be able to begin to have some really clear ideas about the chemistry of this comet and what it might mean for what we know about earth and its origins. so scientists are going to be very, very careful about what kind of information, what the data actually says so they'll look at it very, very carefully and probably compare among themselves to make sure of what they have before they have any definitive announcements. we know they'll have some data they can look at almost
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immediately. >> and without wishing to sound blase about this, we landed on the moon, we have recovers on mars and now we're on a comet. what could be next? >> there really is nothing blase about this. this is an incredibly exciting stuff. here we put a spacecraft down on the surface of this comet. after 10 years of flight from earth to get to this location and we have been able to get down on the surface, precarious the footing may be, we still stand to learn a tremendous amount, even from this point on we get no other data back. the reason why it's important is because the information that was gathered because we were able to land on it, even though it's precarious informs the next mission that goes to a comet on an asteroid and also keep in mind, some people have in mind the idea that one day we might send astronauts to an asteroid and all of this data about landing will help that mission. >> thank you so much. i feel your excitement, but that's it for now, thank you. >> thank you, jane.
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>> now to another ambitious project which has taken nearly a decade to complete. as the u.s. combat mission in afghanistan winds down, an exhibition has opened in chicago featuring the work of artist matt mitchell, the subjects for his paintings are 100 u.s. military veterans who served in iraq and afghanistan. each provides the words that accompany that portrait. we spoke to matt mitchell about the project. >> it started in 2005 and at that time i was struck by my almost total dissociation from the american experience of these wars. i am matt mitchell. i am the artist for 100 faces of war experience, portraits and words of americans who served in iraq and afghanistan. it was so apparent how little i knew and how much i needed to listen and how much i think
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veterans needed to be able to talk. >> learn arabic and have to have good interpreters. our interpreters were professionals. we had doctors. >> i wanted to do a survey that would include from beginning to nd these wars from 2001 up until the final year. this is supposed to be the final year. we'll see if that actually happens. >> in the military, there is a certain code of honor and respect that you kind find in the sector. there are things you don't have to worry about when you're walking the streets of the u.s.a. when these guys get out, they're lost. >> i don't know if i can really express what it's like to have the 100th painting done at this point. so i never imagined it would take nine years.
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>> what i truly love is that idea of what the project came to be. we have got to listen to all perspectives. so many people have been willing to jump on a plane and give days out of their life to come and sit for a portrait. that says something about their below that this can bring forward some kind of truth that they're not going to get elsewhere. hopefully eventually we find a home for it, you know, some place where it can just rest in one place and just be something that people can come to, that ould be a really good thing. >> artist matt mitchell there with his 100 faces of war. and that brings us to the end
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of today's show but you can find much more and all of the news at our website. to reach me and most of the bbc team, go to twitter. have a lovely weekend and do join us next week. >> make sense of international news at bbcworldnews.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freedom foundation, newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to chaired and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation. and union bank. >> for 150 years, we believe the commercial bank owes its clients strength, stability, security, so we believe in
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the witches in their lair.
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