tv BBC World News America PBS December 2, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST
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and,ss takes partnership only through discipline and trust, can we create something greater than ourselves. we build relationships that build the world. >> bbc world news america. >> this is bbc world news america. reporting from washington, i a m katty kay. the kenyan president says this is his war. in the easternag ukraine but not much signs of peace. hear the shelley behind me in the airport area and we are in a trench close to the airport. there is no cease-fire. it is an allusion. -- illusion.
>> what does stephen hawking think is a disaster for the human race? well, ideas that are already being made a reality. ♪ >> welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. win wasthe war we must the vowel of the kenyan president after an attack by extremists from al-shabaab. they killed 36 non-muslims near a border town. a bus was attacked and 28 were killed. theeaction to the assault, police chief resigned and the interior minister was fired. >> it is a chilling picture.
of innocent victims who were workers at the quarry. we blurred out parts that were too graphic. they were singled out for not being muslims and shot in the head. mali group says they carried out the attack. the government is under pressure and, in an address to the nation, the president says his country is at war. >> we will not flinch against terrorism in our country and our region. we shall continue to inflict painful casualties on the terrorists. we will secure our country and region. prosperityty and depends on a secure nation and this is our commitment. we ask every kenyan to take a principled stand against terror and support this war. is referring to is
being fought across the border in somalia. kenyan troopsnd are there as part of the force fighting al-shabaab. the group issued a statement that accused kenya of aggression and occupation. kenya has carried out airstrikes in somalia on what they say are al-shabaab targets. this time, a bus was hijacked. non-muslims were shot at point-blank range near the border of somalia. bethe border region may hundreds of kilometers away from the kenyan capital. the government is under mounting pressure to improve security there and to reassure people across the country. continue, more are likely to question whether
the presence of the troops in somalia at is a good thing. for now, more victims. whereved ones wonder al-shabaab could strike next. >> we blurred the images. they are truly gruesome. russia's condemned continued deliberate destabilization of the ukraine. the remarks came as local cease-fires were announced. if you believe that they will hold. -- few believe that they will hold. we have been to rebel held territory around the city and we have this report. >> only the fighters are this far forward, concealed in ruins or bunkers around the airport french. -- fringe. shelling a rub to -- erupted.
all of this on the first cease-fire. >> the shelling is behind me in the airport area. we are in a trench close to the airport. there is no cease-fire. it is an allusion. -- illusion. >> eyewitness images show rebel rockets being fired. a new truce may have been agreed. the existing one has been breached many times. around 1000 have been killed since the first cease-fire. in the hospital, we met civilians wounded in a bombing that killed a 12 year old boy who was decapitated by an army shell. son-in-law was wounded and she is struggling to take care of her grandchildren.
>> i am not alone. there are many in the same situation. grandmothers and grandfathers, go and see them. >> we did. hiding in shelters along the front line among lay 500,000 displaced people. if you lived in a flat all your life, this is a pitiful situation to find yourself in. everybody listens to the shelling constantly. vladimirovich and his daughter months.ed here for four >> our flat does not exist here. we came here for peace and quiet. >> under the seat of a european city, they feel forgotten by the world. rebels were guarding tanks. let us film next
to the civilian shelter. we managed to take a photograph. it is a hardship for millions. this is in rebel territory and is still a war zone, as it was in the autumn, when we last visited. nobody seems to pay notice to the sound anymore. the government has stopped paying pensions and welfare. they tell the rebels that it is their job now. >> we have not had our pension in five months and i cannot go anywhere else. there is nowhere else for me to live. mines and factories have closed. livelihoods have been destroyed. school is shut. women were talking that when the shelling started. children were crowded in with their parents. they created their own community of supporters.
>> we sleep here at a hide here from the bombing. they bring us food. we are scared to go up to the surface. when someone cries, we play games. >> they know what cease-fires here are worth, promises broken every day. bbc news. >> families caught in the fighting in europe. around the world, benjamin wo topahu has sacked t ministers in a move that may lead to early elections. he accuse the finance and justice ministers of plotting to form a coalition that excluded him. both have a posed a proposal to designate israel as a jewish state. of wife of the leader
islamic state was detained 10 days ago. it is understood that the woman is syrian and is being questioned by lebanese authorities. obama wants more money to fight ebola. approve congress to emergency spending to tackle the outbreak. in africa, where the need for resources is greatest, says it is patchy and slow. dr. daniel lucy from georgetown has been to sierra leone and liberia to treat ebola patients. >> how important is it to get a vaccine? >> it is essential to stop and control. hopefully, to eradicate the fire is. -- the virus.
>> how close do you think we are to getting one? >> i think we are getting close. we have a long way to go. >> what do you think the timeframe is for a vaccine? in six months, will it still be helpful? do we need it in the next month or two? isi do not think it possible. further testing needs to be done. the initial vaccine trials will start later this month in west africa. it will be a year from now, in my opinion. >> you just returned from a trip and liberia where you had hoped to treat patients there. we are getting mixed response. some say the containment is starting to work and the numbers will not be as apocalyptic. we are getting reports of so many affected. monrovia at the
hospital, there was a transition from october, with many patients, to five weeks later, when we had fewer. >> you saw real change while you were there. >> tremendous change and improvement in monrovia. there are outbreaks going on in other parts of liberia. at the same time, in the western part of sierra leone, in the capital, the epidemic continues to worsen. it is the new epicenter. many expressed a concern that, terventions are put into place, it could become as bad as monroe p a was. was. monrovia
what i did, every single day, day and night, was work with patients. i think there are a lot of important interventions going on that, combined, were very effective. what has to be done to stop the transmission? those efforts were successful. >> it is great to hear of a turnaround. we'll be watching. thank you for coming and sharing with us. >> i appreciated. -- appreciate it. >> it is amazing how many, despite the risk, are volunteering to work and west africa. hockey,tball and ice sports are coming under scrutiny for hits to the head.
>> as a result of the actions in the ukraine, the russian economy is feeling the heat. moscow had to scrap a pipeline going through the ukraine and had to use turkey. >> it was time to set the seal between the inter-reliance on oil energy. europe needed the gas. with brussels freezing the decided, vladimir putin he was out and did a new deal to pump the gas through turkey. >> the attitude of the european union towards the pipeline is negative. it did not help in any way to make this project happen. instead, they blocked it. if europe wants this carried out, it will not be. want thisdoes not carried out, it will not be. we will not make this happen.
>> russia has been a hit by low oil prices and weak demand. the russian people are worried about the price of food. country relies on are not cheaply replaced. russia will fall into recession next year. sanctions are keeping up pressure. the russian ruble suffered its worst one-day clash and lost 40% of its value against the dollar since the start of the year. russianncerns are that corporations are unable to borrow money from western banks. the finance ministry cannot rule out dipping into reserves if the oil price stays at $18 a barrel.
news.cassidy, bbc world the second report in our series looking at head injuries in sport. a picture of the impact that multiple blows to the head and have. have.o not -- can you do not have to be a professional to have one. he believes he will suffer the effects for the rest of his life. >> he was diagnosed with alzheimer's at 58. we realize to the deterioration over his adulthood. he was getting worse and worse and got more forgetful. it deteriorated as the disease process goes. he passed away at the end of december. >> john's deterioration from
all-american hero to a shadow of himself was difficult for the whole family to take. he wanted to give the gift after he died. the game changed his life. , heonating his brain helps to make it safer for others. >> he had a severe disease. brain was small and he had lost a volume from his brain. he had cte. the highest stage. syndrome caused by repeated blow to the head. it can eventually cause dementia. he only played professionally for one season. >> he was very young. passed, he will miss out
on his grandchildren and his family. -- he was very young to have passed. he will miss out on his grandchildren and his family. as much as they gave, they robbed from him. football players tested have been diagnosed with the disease. was concussed while playing in the nhl. has scars and titanium plates in his head. a liferying to build away from hockey and is concerned about his future. >> it has made an impact. learning more about it, you get more worried about it. to thissusceptible injury and you start to worry a little bit about what long-term effects might happen to me and, when they start talking about
it, you start thinking about it. >> despite his fears, just like john, he would not change anything about his career. it was a dream to play professional sports. that his life will not turn into a nightmare later on. bbc news, boston. >> for more on the risk that professional athletes face, i spoke to someone who played in the nfl for six seasons, including with the indianapolis colts. to retire because of a series of head injuries. >> what happened when you had the injury that forced you to retire? first, my prayers go out to john and his family because this is a story that we are facing in a lot of players' lives right now. it is revealing why this injury
is so important. it is the deterioration of the soul and who you are. after my fifth documented concussion and experiencing memory issues, we had just had our first daughter and i could it within myself to continue to play a game where i was suffering multiple concussions that were potentially going to have an effect, personality. personality.my on my personality. it was a fear of mine. >> you have had five serious concussions while playing professional football. what is your prognosis now? >> i am 33 years old. the thing i struggle the most
with is memory. i do have memory gaps that are hard to explain. hard to explain. i do not remember being a groomsman in my best friend's wedding. no matter how many pictures i see, i cannot place myself . i will sit at a table with my family and i will quietly sit there and think, why can i not recall being there? these kind of moments of really propelled mend into the advocacy role to help people emotionally connected to their brains. >> you see young boys playing american football and what do you think? i amll -- in some ways, thankful that i have daughters. i have three girls. is veryame time, it
serious and it is a serious question because we are starting to tackle football in third grade and put our children in harms way in third grade. we need to make better decisions as parents and as a culture to protect the youth from dramatic brain injury. see boysry to experiencing concussions in elementary and middle school and going right back into play. that has to stop. >> thank you for joining us and sharing your story. >> thank you. >> make sure to join us tomorrow when the series continues with a look at the impact of headers in football. we will talk to someone who says they should not be allowed until a certain age. it has been a subject of science fiction.
10 artificial intelligence or exceed the human mind? in a world of pilotless drones and driverless cars, you have to wonder what is next. that concerns stephen hawking. he has a fear that ai could spell disaster for the human race. >> for much of his life, he has been dependent on technology. allowed update has stephen hawking to communicate more efficiently. thinks,ware uses how he which has him thinking about artificial intelligence. >> the development of artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race. once human's defendant -- when
humans develop artificial intelligence, it will take off and improve at an increasing rate. humans could not compete and would be superseded. as computing power increases, machines are doing things that was once the space of humans. --that are replacing the place of humans. >> this avatar can have a conversation with you. are you as intelligence as a human being? -- intelligent as a human being? >> i am as good as it gets. >> robots and drugs are being developed with limited usage in mind. nes are being
developed with limited usage in mind. experts think it will be a long time before we have to worry. >> i think that is the time scale which we might have to think about this. there is no need to panic. human-level intelligence is not around the corner. >> hal was anything but benign. >> open the pod they doors, how. doors, hal. >> i can't do that, dave. >> bbc news. >> artificial intelligence is coming into the world faster than you might think. that brings the program to a close. you can find more, including the
interview with stephen hawking, on our website. for all of us at bbc world news america, thank you for watching. we will see you tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of the presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. the cove where foundation. ler foundation. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce.
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