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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 27, 2015 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why, at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time.
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because with time comes change and what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. 10 years after hurricane katrina blew ashore, president obama traveled to new orleans and says the city must keep moving forward. a day after his daughter was shot and killed on air, tonight, alison parker's father makes a passionate plea for gun control in america. >> mr. president, you need to do this. you need to tackle this. i challenge you. you can do it. i will help you do it. .r.r. 14 is known for buting "lord of the rings,"
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decades after his death a previously unknown story is being published for the first time. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. 10 years ago, new orleans was bracing for hurricane katrina, and after the levees broke, some neighborhoods were completely submerged. nearly 2000 people died and today president obama was in the city to mark anniversary, saying that the recovery was a great him station for the american spirit. reporter: they call new orleans the big easy, but a decade of hard work for this charismatic city to rebound. tourism has returned to pr e-katrina levels, a celebration
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as well as a commemoration. this city deserves to blow its own trumpet. 10 years ago, new orleans suffered a near death experience, when a once in a century superstorm left 80% of the city underwater. of the levee system in undated street, neighborhood after neighborhood. residents were desperate for help and it took way too long to arrive. much of the city has been rebuilt, parts have become a model for regeneration. many streets remain in roma, especially in the poor, mainly african-american neighborhoods. came toarack obama deliver a presidential progress report and to praise the city for its resilience. president obama: i am here to say, here to hold up a mirror and say because of you, the people of new orleans working together, this city is moving in
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the right direction. i've never been more confident that together we will get to where we need to go. you inspire me. a decade on, carl henderson is still waiting to return home. the stress of all the setbacks yes suffered brought on a heart attack. he almost became another victim of katrina. this sounds like it has been an absolute nightmare. >> it was. it was a nightmare. not being able to come home, it was a nightmare. reporter: it's almost over. >> i see the light at the end of the title. brighter and brighter. reporter: look at the gloom and grime next door in this once-proud suburb. properties that still resemble shanties. in many ways new orleans is facing the same problems that you encounter in every major american city.
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wealth inequality, violent crime, urban blight. arguably, it is better off because it has been the beneficiary of so much federal money. for all the spending, this remains a city of great disparities. the smell of fresh paint can be overpowered by the stench of continued urban decay. nick bryant, bbc news, new orleans. katty: for more on the commemorations of new orleans, the recovery in new orleans is an example of what happens when government works well. the destruction is when government works badly. do you think people down there would agree with president obama? >> i think it depends on where you speak to people. showsk bryant's report then, this is a city that has the french quarter which attracts tourists could but it
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is some of the neighborhoods that were the worst hit, dominantly african-american. for example, where i'm standing right now. schools behind me, which remained boarded-up, graffiti outside. it was never reopened after katrina. you talk to people here and they will say that things are difficult for them. you go down the street and some houses are up and running. others are still boarded-up. they say that affects the property prices. a lot of the focus they feel is where the tourists come in. is there still money going in for regeneration or is the effort basically over now? , andere is money going in that is what the president would like to talk about. one of the things that the white house says has really improved
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,s the education system here graduation rates, high schools about 73%. they are proud of some of the areas of progress. very real areas. you look at other things like the front pages of the whichpers here, katty, quoted the figure saying 50 percent of african-american men of working age are unemployed and that shows you the oracle the city still faces. progress on one hand and still very slow walk and other areas in terms of moving on a decade ago. a minute's silence was held at the virginia television station where a reporter and cameraman were gunned down during a live broadcast yesterday morning. alison parker and adam ward were killed by a former station employee, vester lee flanagan. richard lister sat down with
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to speak father, andy, about his daughter and his own push for gun control in the wake of what happened. richard: do you think anything could have prevented al ison and adam's murder? >> she was exposed, doing her job it someone in the nra, the argument would be if alison and adam were armed maybe they could have prevented it. that is sadly not the case. you are focused on your job. you are focused on the person you are interviewing. you are not looking around waiting for somebody to come up and shoot you. no, there is no way it would have been prevented other than some kind of gun reform. richard: i think you said you want to make this your life's work, you want to achieve some kind of reform in this area. i will figure out the roadmap
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to make a change, but make no mistake, i will be relentless with this. i know there are a lot of grieving parents. i haven't gone through an interview yet without breaking down. as long as i stay focused on this piece of it, i'm usually pretty good, because i am angry and i am pissed off, to say the least, and that keeps me going, and that anger is going to translate to a relentless obsession with making this happen. richard: do you hope eventually alison's name will be synonymous with the area of change on gun-control? >> we thought he was going to go national, going to be a national network personality. that was kind of her goal. she has gone national, but not in the way i wanted her to be. i want her to the national but i want her to be remembered, and
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if i can do some thing to affect that, make sure she is in people's memory -- if they call itthe alison law, whenever is, kind of has a good ring to some form ofges the way we allow people to have firearms, i think that will make my life complete. richard: president obama told the bbc that his biggest frustration was failing to make more progress on gun control. realistically, is there anything that a president can do in response to this sort of issue? >> i would appeal to the , this is right now your perfect opportunity. pres they are on your side. s. they just lost one of their own. you did it with health care reform, which nobody said you could do. you did it with an iraq deal
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everybody said you couldn't do. this is people's lives right here in the country. mr. president, you need to do this. you need to tackle this. i challenge you. you can do it, i will help you do it. and the press is with you on this because they just lost one of their own. please do it. please do it for us and for other people so that they are not going to lose their alisons and adams. katty: alison parker's father, andy, remembering his daughter and making a plea for tighter gun control in america. chinese prosecutors have accused 11 public officials of negligence in connection with the explosion at a chemical warehouse in tianjin. it is claimed that customs officers were negligent in their supervision of a warehouse housing dangerous chemicals. 139 people were killed in the blast earlier this month. since the conflict began in syria more than four years ago,
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around 8 million people, 40% of the population, that had to leave their homes. many thousands have the mediterranean this year alone in search of a better life in europe. we begin our special coverage by looking at one of the roots from germanyle east to through the western balkans and the challenges faced by those who attempt it. took variousdent points on this route and i've been speaking to those on the move. we start with quinton sommerville in lebanon, where more than one million syrians are living. reporter: one in four people in lebanon is a syrian who escaped the war. this country is half the size but there already more than one million syrians living here. most of them are surviving in any little corner they can find. abu and his family have been living here for more than four
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years. he built this room with his own hands. each year is harder than the one before. problem. big they know we are syrians, that is when the trouble starts. they take advantage of you at work just because they know you are syrian. sometimes they don't even pay you. we can't do anything about it. . this family has been left powerless by circumstance. i miss my home, my freedom. it was mine. it was nobody's business. unlike here, where i am ordered around and have to share a bathroom. i can't even take off my headscarf. reporter: the family remembers a life so much better than this. like millions of other syrians across the middle east, there is little hope of seeing it again while the war indoors. -- while the war endures.
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reporter: for these children it is playtime. but life for refugees in jordan is increasingly precarious. center they tell us they get less money for food and rent in very few can work legally. this new arrival is a mother of two from damascus and says it is far too dangerous to go back. >> there are arrests all the time could you can't let your kids go to school as it is not safe. it is no kind of life. today mohammed is registering from the u.n. her husband had a job in saudi arabia but checked on syria on parents. now they would like to head to europe. >> honestly, they are thinking of leaving. if there is a safe way to get
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out they might go. tightening restrictions on refugees. reporter: after a way, she is off to collect her new identity papers. but many refugees here don't see a way forward. as turmoil continues across the middle east, donations given to eight agencies to support them are going down. a luxury cruise ship passes the greek island. the light struggling onshore now a beacon for refugees -- the lights twinkling onshore now a beacon for refugees. and here is how they get here, rushing inflatable dinghys into the agency, where smog -- the ag and see, where smugglers have a brisk trade. among the passengers, smugglers fleeing war and devastation at home. >> too much of problem.
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help, not help syria and iraq. reporter: are you afraid about the journey? >> of course i am afraid. reporter: they're just getting onto the boat now. this is the fifth one we have seen in the space of about an hour and a half. the coast guard was patrolling here, but that vessel is gone, this gatee moment into europe appears wide open. but soon they were back where they started, because the onboard motor broke. offl more were sitting trying to peddle their way to a new life. this is the only hope left too many survivors of the syria's dark knight. orla guerin, bbc news. katty: the desperate plight of syrians leaving their country through lebanon to jordan and then on to europe, they help. you are watching "bbc world news america."
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silicom on tonight's program, india's economy is on the move, and china's falters. could it take over in spurring global growth? cancer specialists in the u.k. say they have developed a blood test which can detect some tumors that have started to grow again after treatment. the trial conducted by the institute of cancer research suggests traces of breast cancer were found eight months before medics would have spotted them. cancer relapse is are what every patient dreads. she seemed to be clear after chemo, surgery, and other treatment for breast cancer, the deceased came back. it can't -- but the disease came back. it can't be cured. she hopes sharing her experience will help other patients. >> i was carrying on with the rest of my life and trying to put cancer behind me, and just lead a normal life.
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and try and carry on and just be normal, i guess. so it was pretty devastating. now it is hoped a blood test that can identify any remaining cancer cells which have resisted therapy save lives. researchers here at the institute for cancer research in the royal marsden hope this technique for detecting tiny traces of cancer dna in the bloodstream long before there are any visible signs will allow doctors to intervene with for the treatment to stop the cancer coming back. they believe this approach, called mutation tracking, is an important advance. the researchers took tumor and blood samples from 55 women with early-stage breast cancer who appeared clear of disease after chemotherapy and surgery. the cancer came back in 15 of these patients. the blood tests, repeated every six months, david vance warning and 12 of them, on average eight months before any visible signs of cancer emerged. the next set for future studies
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should be to demonstrate that intervening early as a result of these blood tests can prevent relapse. katty: all week we have been focused on the ups and mostly downs of the global market, especially in china. tonight we turn our focus to 's asian rifle, india, which could be the next big driver of global growth. our business editor has been taking the pulse of the indian economy in delhi. reporter: india, a country on the move, with a government that wants it to be the next economic miracle. with more than one billion people, it could become the world's third-largest economy in the next 10 years, as fears over
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china grow, india is rising. india's proposed economic revolution, delhi. prime minister narendra modi runs a government just down the road and he says he wants to release the potential of the indian people. 2020,xperts say that by india will have the largest middle class in the world, and that is a lot of consumers. it has got all the big names you would expect in any western city, but this is select city, hamill in north delhi. it is where the middle classes like to shop. >> they like change and they want change now. >> i don't think we can compete with china because they are far ahead, but we are catching up. reporter: the yellow diggers of jcb, british-owned and one of
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india's biggest. toufacturers, they used produce five machines a day at this factory near delhi. now it is over 100. indian manager says that china's troubles could be to his country's advantage. >> it coulput a further sweet spot and after the currency stabilize, we can se the advantage of attracting foreign investment, which the prime and his global outreach program, and also ensure the ease of doing business improves. reporter: this is one of india's biggest global companies, running businesses like jaguar land rover in the u.k. despite criticisms that prime minister modi has promised big and delivered little, the head of strategy told me it was time for a little patience. >> we are talking of large, messy democracies, whether it is the u.s., the u.k., india, you cannot just make an order and
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expect it the next morning. reporter: technology may be improving but the basics like roads, sanitation, still have a long way to go. for decades the indian government has spoken about this ambitious infrastructure project, and here is one of them. this road proposed in the 1990's, this is as far as it has got. the flyover to nowhere, meant to bring prosperity to north delhi, now bogged down in dispute over precisely who owns which is a plan. the property, of course, the tens of millions of people still stocks india. i asked the finance minister if reform was happening fast enough. >> prime minister modi's government almost by the day is moving in reform in the right direction. slowly but surely, the results are also showing. reporter: on monday, india
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announces its latest economic growth figures. he believes they will be stronger than china's. if so,'maybe india's reforms are starting to bear fruit. katty: india with big opportunities, the challenges. mention the name j.r.r. tolkien and inevitably it is "lord of the rings" and "the hobbit" that come to mind. a previously unknown stories being published. it was started in 1914 but never completed and it is seen as one of tolkien's darkest works. the editor of the book recently spoke to us about it. red anger came to him and he cursed and seized his sword and went blindly in the neither fault nor bruises, still it daughters are
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awned so -- d terrible." that is where it stops. that is where tolkien put his pencil down. it was daunting, actually. here i am, simple girl from arlington, virginia, and i have j.r.r. tolkien's manuscript in my hands. this is as close as i will ever get to him, and in many ways, it is closer than a lot of people ever got to him, because i see his mind. poor orphan boy whose father is killed by his uncle, who is mistreated by everybody he comes in contact with, who finally, and by mistake, commits insist with a girl he doesn't know is his sister, and after she told killsf, -- after she herself, he follows suit and kills himself. it is a tragedy, unrelieved doom and gloom.
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there isn't a rant sunshine anywhere. very, verystory was early, maybe the first serious prose he'd written. but it was the nucleus of a lot of things that been developed in his mythology, and it was the springboard, really, for one of his most dramatic characters. why he didn't finish it. we don't have any idea. to a scholar or even a reader, it is very frustrating. your impulse is to finish it, to fill in out, to imagine what he would have said. a lot of unfinished masterpieces are like that, aren't they? if it is not complete, then it pulls the viewer or the reader into it so that you become part of the process and you almost want to finish it yourself. , intriguing.ory
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that brings the program to a close. you can get much more of the day's news on our website. i am katty kay. thanks for watching. tune in again tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation >> it's a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every industry across the globe, because success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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