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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 3, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have been nurturing banking relationships for centuries because strong financial partnerships are
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best cultivated for years to come. giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." desperation in hungary as hundreds of refugees crowd onto a train in the capital. after treated young syrian boys drown in the mediterranean, the shock and sorrow worldwide. their father speaks to the bbc. >> my kids were amazing. they wanted every day to play with me. what is more beautiful than this? everything is dark. ♪
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nearly 50 years after the black panther movement was founded, a new documentary looks at the themes which still resonate today. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. today, the migrant crisis led to more sins of desperation and hungary. for days, the train nation in budapest has been the scene of a standoff, but earlier this morning, it reopened, and there was a mad scramble to get on board one of the trains. but it was not headed to austria, as many believed. it stopped 40 miles away where hung gary and officials wanted to formally register the passengers. gavin: 14 of days, they had been shut out of the past station --
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days, they had been shut out of the train station. they raced onto a train they believed was headed for austria. some children were pushed through the windows. others climbed on the backs of .hose hoping to squeeze in inside the carriage, they were packed in tight in the suffocating heat. good.m i have energy and also i'm young, but what about these children? gavin: the announcement there would be no international trains .eparting did not deter them after three hours, they left, a train heading west, and that's all that mattered as refugees and migrants from many different countries slumped exhausted on
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the floor. most of these people have been crammed on this train waiting for it to leave for over three hours, but the fact is that almost none of them know where it's going to go. what they hope is it will stop somewhere near the austrian border and they will manage to get across. on the train, there were brief flashes of hope. >> this train is going to germany. >> but after 45 minutes, the .rain arrived at a small town on the platform, police there to take the refugees off the train to a nearby reception center where they would be registered .s required under eu rules after the first carriage was emptied, there was immediate protest and resistance and cries of "no camp."
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one woman with a toddler started to protest. a desperate man traveling with her fell with the family onto , and a struggle started with riot police. at one point, the head of the young child was on the line. the man was wrestled to the ground. the incident enraged those who had already been taken off the train. they pushed through the police cordon and reported. the hung gary and's say they are only following the rules and that the problem is germany's because so many want to go there -- the hung gary and -- the h ungarians say they are only following the rules and that the problem is germany's. some refugees received medical attention on the platform.
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in the early evening, the standoff continued with refugees out on the platform still insisting they would not go to the reception center. they were offered food and water, but many refused saying no water, only germany. darkness fell, refugees prepared to spend the night on the train, still defiant, but police issued a statement saying they wouldn't force the rules, and that meant registering them in hungary. many of the migrants we just saw have then forced to flee syria, but four years of conflict has torn that country apart. our middle east editor joins us from damascus. are people still fleeing syria in the thousands despite the uncertainty and dangers that may lie ahead? >> yes, i think people are still fleeing. they know how difficult around whating to be, but
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generates a flow of refugees is a war, and the war here is now into its fifth year, and there's no sign of any kind of diplomatic initiative that works . there's a lot of talking going on, but not a great deal of progress as far as i can see right now, and as well is that, as the united nations reports side in this conflict shows any inclination to back down, to stop fighting, so as a result of that, the report says civilians are trapped between the bombing of civilian areas carried out why the assad regime , and at the other end of the spectrum, the activities of these murderous and extreme groups of jihadists. everyone involved just prepared to fight into the ground, to a stand till? jeremy: i think there's every chance this war will go on for
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some years to come as things stand at the moment. if nothing interjects, intervenes to try to change the strategic balance. syria itself is fractured. in damascus, things are functional, but in the suburbs, some are in rubble. large parts of the country are destroyed, and people, if they leave at this point, they have probably been displaced quite a few times back in syria it's self, and that means if they go there, they are absolutely desperate. so this is a problem that syria's neighbors who have taken the bulk of the refugees and also the people in europe who are suddenly realizing just how close the war, not just in syria, but also the war in libya, which is closer even phil to europe, just realizing how close these wars in the middle east are and what they do as well to the flow of refugees trying in a globalized world to get to a place that seems to them a lot better than the place
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they are stuck in. thank you. in a moment, we will get the response from the u.s. state department. first, throughout the crisis, there have been many harrowing images, but none seem to have the global impact of yesterday's who wasng picture stranded on the beach after drowning. the three-year-old and his mother and brother died trying to reach turkey. and spoke torvived our correspondent. a warning -- there are images you may find distressing. abdullah will always remember them, not as icons of suffering, but as his boys. he came to see them and their mother at the local mortuary. he told me the family had paid nearly 5000 euros to a smuggler who then abandoned them. >> i remember the smuggler took us.
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after four or five minutes, the waves were very high, and he jumped off and is eight. another highway pushed the boat over. i tried to catch my children and wife, but there was no hope. one by one, they died. >> the children's deaths have stirred a passionate outcry, but his thoughts were far from politics today. what kind of children were they? >> my children were the most beautiful in the world. is there anybody for whom their child is not the most precious thing? they walk me every day to play with me. what is more beautiful than this ? everything is gone. the family came from an area targeted by fierce attacks by the so-called islamic state. more than one million syrians have fled the war. today, the children's aunt
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appealed to refugees not to risk the sea crossing in dangerous boats. she revealed a tragic call from the boy's mother. me a week ago,d .i'm so scared of the water go, but i guess they decide they want to do it ."l together turkish: the authorities have arrested several alleged smugglers after the incident, but many more are still operating. >> why can't turkey stop the smugglers who are helping to create this death? >> the cases of traffic have just trafficking have gone up by 150% in the last year,
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especially of syrians. they want to get to greece by legal means. we cannot arrange a security guard each of these refugees. people must obey the laws and wait for the benefits. -kurdi will take the bodies of his family back to syria. this is the story of one family's tragedy that has been repeated countless times, and it will happen again as more and more desperate people flee syria to find europe. this evening, the boys and their mother began the journey back to syria. this story touch is powerful emotions, but the answers to this crisis remain complex and tangled in politics. more on the response to the migrant crisis, i spoke a short time ago with u.s. state department spokesman john kirby. hasdeath of this family
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underscored the desperate plight of syrian refugees. isn't it time for this country to take in more than the 1800 syrians it has admitted since the beginning of this conflict? in thousands of syrian refugees here in the united states, and i think we're going to continue to do that. i cannot give you specific numbers, but i can tell you we're very much focused on being able to continue to provide a refuge for some of these families and these individuals. we are also the largest world donor to this particular refugee crisis in syria, some $4 billion, and we're always looking at options with respect to those kinds of contributions going forward. we urge other nations to continue their contributions as well. it's heartbreaking when you look at images like we have seen today, particularly of that young little boy. there's no way to escape the scope of this challenge, and it is important for us to remember -- and i don't mean to diminish at all our focus on the refugee
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crisis. of course we have to focus on that, and our european partners are, but it is important to remember the root cause, which is the assad regime inside its own borders. laura: u.s. senators are saying america could take 65,000 syrians quite easily by next year. john: it's safe to say we continue to look at that very much. i cannot predict where it's going to go. we do take in syrian refugees by the thousands. we will continue to do that. i think you will see a continued effort in that regard. also, as you might expect and the american people would expect, there's a significant vetting procedure when you bring in people from syria into the united states. we have to also be mindful of security concerns as well. look at the balance you have to strike. we will continue to work at that, but what needs to happen is these individuals and these families need to have a home.
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mostly, they want to be home, and home right now is not a safe place for them because of bashar al-assad. laura: the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff says the migrant flow into europe is a real crisis. is it time to engage with iran to: those chips and try to get some political talks going -- to call in those chips and try to get some political talks going to happen john: secretary kerry has made for him.g focus area he met in doha a couple of weeks ago with his counterparts from russia and saudi arabia. he met with the foreign minister of saudi arabia here at the state department yesterday all to talk about trying to find solutions for the political transition in syria that will include the opposition groups and try to bring the violence to an end and try to create a sense of stability so that the syrian people do not need to leave their homes. we are very hard at this trying to move forward on a political
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process, a political transition, but that is going to take time and be difficult to do. thank you for joining us. in other news now, french authorities say they have confirmed part of an airplane wing found on an island in the indian ocean of reunion is from missing flight mh 370. u.s. presidential hopeful donald trump has pledged not to run as an independent if he fails to win the republican nomination. he said he was promising total allegiance to the party. that ifublicans worried mr. trump ran as an independent, it could harm their candidate's chances. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, china puts on quite the parade, marking 70 years since the end of the second world war
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with the notes of present-day politics. a british man who spent a total of 10 years in prison because he goes naked in public has said he intends to continue doing so even if it means returning to jail. clive coleman reports. from: recently released prison where he has been naked and in solitary confinement on and off for 10 years, he's about to hit the road again, dressed to avoid arrest, hoping to meet his two teenage children, much of whose childhood he missed while in custody. >> the whole idea is freedom. nothing to do with clothes or no clothes. clive: after a normal childhood, time is a marine and starting a family, he changed, dedicating his life to going naked in public. naked,, he walked
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earning the name the naked rambler. he has been frequently arrested for minor public order offenses and breaching antisocial leading to ever longer prison sentences. some people support him going naked in public. some find it very funny, and some find it deeply offensive. but should he have gone to prison for 10 years? that is more than some rapists and armed robbers. >> i think we need to be more grown up and recognize that some people behave in ways that are a nuisance, that might be embarrassing and awkward, but do not deserve incarceration. clive: but some like this parents group have concerns. is also right for parents to be able to say i would prefer you did not do that near my school. >> my deep down that feeling is i am continuing.
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>> the naked rambler will continue to ramble uphill, very probably back to jail. laura: 12,000 chinese troops marched through tiananmen square today. client -- fighter jets roared overhead. despite the impressive display, china's president pledged to reduce the size of the army in a bid to show his country has peaceful intentions. our china editor reports. >> no other country does remembrance like this, bringing a city of 20 million to a halt, turning the sky blue by ordering actor is to close -- ordering factories to close. over recent weeks, china may have had trouble controlling its
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stock market and currency, but when it comes to marshaling the nation for a choreographed spectacular, it has few rivals. it says the purpose is to cherish peace. it's all the doing of this man, the president determined to demonstrate that he is the commander-in-chief and in control of events. greeting the troops, he wants a disciplined, modern forced to change the balance of power in east asia. in trouble andy politics off-limits, the president is short of inspirational themes to unite his public, so no wonder a strong military has become such an important part of his narrative. for these veterans, japan was the enemy 70 years ago, and japan is still the rival now. what has changed is china's
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might, and they like what they see. >> the difference between the armed forces now in the army in my day is massive. indescribable. today, our army is in great shape. >> it was a display of chinese military ambition that many countries did not to be seen to endorse. leaders from wartime allies like the united states and britain's eight away. president clinton was guest of honor. russia, ever closer to china since its relations with the west soured. the president had a message for the world. these, noese love matter how much stronger it may become, china will never seek expansion or inflict its past suffering on any other nation. >> some wanted a glimpse of their new air force and defied instructions to stay away, but this was never a people's parade
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, nor an attempt at reconciliation between former enemies. the doves came last, the only symbol of these in a commemoration which was less about healing the wounds of history than about using the past for present political purposes. next year marks the 50th anniversary of the black panthers, the radical political group in the u.s. that grew out of the social and racial tensions of the 1960's. a new documentary elm chronicles the rise and fall of their movement. many feel their message echoes in today's society is the killings of unarmed black people have led to riots and a growing distrust of the police. tom: it was founded in 1966 and inspired a cool look among young african-americans, the black anther party, which endured
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until 1982. this radical political organization, which came into being almost 50 years ago, is the subject of a new documentary which examines its rise and fall. >> they started in california as a result of the police brutality that was occurring over and over again in oakland, just as kind of a local organization in oakland. what they did was they policed the police. because there was a law that said you could carry loaded weapons in the open in california, they would ride around behind the police, and when the police jumped out and not an african-american, the haveers would jump out and their guns and try to make sure that the police did not engage in any kind of talent he. >> maintain a legal distance, ready to throw down if necessary. : the documentary covers a wide range of archival materials and contemporary interviews to help make its point. the film has won praise from
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critics and former members of the black anther party, like .amaal joseph he joined the organization when he was just 15. why was the establishment in america so terrified of the black anther party -- the black panther party? >> what frightened individuals was that they were armed -- people believed that they were armed and violin and that they hated white people. it was community organizing. >> this is what we were going through on a daily basis. tom: the documentary is seen as topical not just because it will be the 50th anniversary of the party next year. began over concern of police violence, as there is today.
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>> they started because of police brutality. there have been so many high-profile cases in the united states, police shootings of unarmed african americans, but the issue has now come to the front, partially because a lot of people are carrying cameras and filming police actions and we are seeing it. tom: do you think in a way this cameras are substitutes for the weaponry the panthers had? >> i think so. i think this is a way to police the police without a gun. >> we to refer to ourselves as the vanguard. we wanted the entire community to fight. a message that still has a resonance half a century later. that brings today's broadcast to a close, but you can find much more on all the days news at our website, including the latest on our top story, the migrant crisis in europe. to reach me and most of the bbc team, just go to twitter.
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i would love to hear from you. thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relationships, which is why at mufg, we believe
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financial partnership should endure the test of time. because with time comes change and what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: on the newshour tonight: chaos and confrontation as migrants and refugees push to move farther west across europe. a moral test for the continent as the crisis escalates. >> ifill: also ahead this thursday: >> we're not issuing a marriage license. >> ifill: jailed for contempt: a kentucky clerk defies the supreme court ruling allowing marriage licenses for same-sex couples. >> right now, i think she has to give some serious consideration about how long she wants to sit in county jail. >> woodruff: plus, a deflated suspension. a judge rules to let new england patriots quarterback tom brady play at the start of the nfl season.

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