tv BBC World News America PBS September 7, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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relationships spanned coulters across the globe, because and as takes partnership link through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news." this is bbc world news america. tensions prevail as the migrant crisis escalates. germany is taking in more refugees. and the u.s. campaigning is riding high. baby is taking place in rwanda. a record two dozen have been born there in recent works -- recent weeks with tourists linnng up to catch a glimpse. ♪
laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. breathtaking, that is how the chancellor german -- the chancellor angela merkel has described the number of migrants coming in to europe. germany is calling on its european partners to do their bit. ofay also saw large numbers people streaming into hungary across the southern border with serbia. gavin hewitt starts our coverage. then: for many, this is reality of the journey west, the heat, the railway track, and families bringing their children. over 2000 people a day are using this line that runs from serbia to hungary. ahead lies frustration and
policies that keep changing. the hungarians want to put refugees on buses, and once again, they are insisting on registering them. andthe buses are infrequent there is anger at the long delay. today, the hungarian prime minister said the people were not refugees, but immigrants. who wanted to live in germany. at one point, the refugees tried to break away and push through the police cordon. some of the refugees reacted with fury. [screaming] gavin: there were warnings of consequences of breaking the law. if you are rested his country, he will not be able to go to any country throughout the european union. gavin: many have been traveling
for several weeks. >> [inaudible] 20 days. gavin: later in the day there were scuffles and police used pepper spray against some of the refugees. they set out walking on the motorway. within europe, the tensions over the crisis continue. the german chancellor said again, other countries must taking more migrants -- take in more migrants. hungary, the government impossible tobe enforce. hungary is still electing a fence around its borders and has vowed to take tougher measures by november. the european commission this week is expected to propose resettling 120 thousand refugees within europe over the next few years with national cordis.
but nobody knows yet the scale of what is turning out to be a great migration. gavin hewitt, bbc news, on the hungarian boulder. -- the hungarian border. laura: greece is being seen as the eye of the migration storm. keep up with the influx. what you cannot see here in 'sssolini, less post --lesbos biggest city is what is in alleyways, streets, squares, the port, all along the water site, migrants have gathered, not because they want to be in tents or in the street, or sleeping at the port, but they are using sess post as transit -- lesbo
as transport to the rest of europe. that theyre insisting register first, and it is grindingly slow flow. these tents are actually the lucky ones. there are many legal simply -- many people simply slumped out along the outside. way ofve nothing in the hygiene. there are no showers or toilets. a lot of them have been here for 10 days to two weeks, and they are running out of money, which means they are running out of food and water. they are here with their children. there is no health care. it is, in the words of one aid he, humanitarian disaster. what needs to happen urgently as for the greek government to speed up the registration process so that the thousands of migrants and refugees who have in the hopes of going to europe can get on the
ship. laura: today, the british prime minister david cameron pledged that the u.k. will except 20,000 refugees from syria within the next five years. : giveninister cameron the scale of the crisis in syria, it is right that we should do much more. we are proposing a britain should resettle up to 20,000 syrian refugees over the rest of this parliament. and doing so will continue to this countryd that is a country of extraordinary compassion, always standing up for our values and helping those in need. laura: under the prime minister's proposal, those refugees would come directly from the syrian border. over 4 million people have fled the country and most have been absorbed by neighbors. the bbc reports from lebanon. this isn't a school bus,
though it is full of children. they have come by the nearby refugee camps and are taking whatever opportunity they have to scrape a living. the only workaround here is on the farmland that surrounds the camps, which are dotted all around the valley. , and is just over there all of these people, mainly children, are going out to get work where they can. 12-year-old ahmed and rojan has left life with their families. two u.s. dollars for an afternoon's work. the father of two of the boys says he is desperate to leave. do you want to go to britain? anywhere that would give the children and education. for others surviving in the camps, solutions are more complicated. this is natalie. she is 13. she is looking after her five
sisters and brothers. she thinks her father is in prison in syria. their mother brought them here and then left them. she tells me she gets her siblings up in the mornings, dresses them, and feeds them. she has no idea why her mother left syria for years ago and brought her here and she has never heard of great britain. after four years, the life beyond the camp, a life in the u.k., it it is beyond natalie's imagining. as she puts her sisters and brothers to bed, all she knows is tomorrow will be exactly the same as today. for more on what needs to be done to address this crisis, i spoke a brief time ago with the president of refugees international. theelle, we've seen from greek islands that this influx of migrants is so overwhelming. is there a single global change that would help to ease the
crisis? ofhel: there are a couple things that could be done. one is for more countries to open their doors, such as those like turkey and jordan. done.remains to be in jordan, we are cutting rations by 50%. they need development aid. most of the refugees are not in camps. there is a misperception that most of the refugees were spread out among the local population. they have no access to jobs. these countries need to be equipped to deal with that. laura: the obama administration said it is looking for a range crisis.ns for the
including refugee resettlement. what does that indicate that the government is going to do? obviously, that they will be looking at resources for the syrians. what they had looked at for the this year and a thousand year. i think they are looking at increasing those numbers. this is a country that has a strong resettlement program. the capacity to increase the targets of the 70,000 resettled worldwide at present. laura: anyone the u.n. has a plan for 160,000 migrants to be resettled. would that ease the crisis also? i think so, but right now, the european countries need to deal with those that are on their shores. you need to help turkey and jordan to take some of the most reliable -- the most vulnerable.
refugees need to have some hope that the program is taking a good direction and then that he would not take the option they are taking out with fleeing. laura: but with everything going on in syria, will this.? ishel: the bottom line this we have all failed in syria. i was there a few months ago and the few doctors that remain in syria told me that the bombings is the main reason people keep fleeing. it is the main reason the cross-border security is not as efficient as we want. the discussions at the security council have never been based on security and how to save lives there. laura: thank you. now for the news around the
world. of turkey hasster -- wife to wide-out the out the leadership of the pkk. the pkk has admitted to the plaything -- placing a device in the latest con -- conflict in july. $550 million for the help for struggling farmers. farmers have been affected by crises because of a ban on eu food and imports, and slow demand from china. also today, britain's prime -- they said the role will have forced carried out a drone attack in august, killing militants. david cameron said they were
plotting barbaric attacks on the u.k.. the bbc's security correspondent frank gardner reports. frank: riyadh, touring one years old, appearing in this islamic state recruitment video. now he have been specifically targeted and killed by his own country. acting on secret intelligence, and rdf reaper drone like this one killed him on august 21. this unverified posting on social media is believed to show the aftermath of the airstrike. also killed alongside him was this man, bangladesh born. i.s. wasritten with killed as well. in the commons today, david cameron said this was a special case.
prime minister kamman -- cameron: the action which was completely legal. it was clear they would be a legal basis for action and international law. we were exercising you gave inherent right to self-defense -- the u.k.'s inherent right to self-defense, against planned armed attacks against the u.k. frank: the producer says that was in self-defense, to prevent what he called barbaric attacks on britain. others will see this as illegal extra judicial killing. riyadh by hisg of own country was an attack that set a precedent. why was he targeted specifically?what was it about >> his actions that singled him out -->> what was it about his
actions that singled him out? was it based on a specific act he was plotting? frank: a family friend spoke of his shock and the need for answers. >> i believe that what they have done, maybe in terms of british interest, but they have more questions to answer. the number of jihadists like these three getting killed grows ever longer. the number of jihadists like these three getting killed grows even longer. what britain will not answer is whether they are targeting their own citizens. laura: still to come on tonight's program, from close to an explosion. and about three kilometers from stonehenge, archaeologists have just been at least 100 don't
monoliths buried beneath the ground. it could be the largest intact prehistoric monument discovered in britain. here is more on the story. its original purpose still shrouded in history, stonehenge is still one of the world-famous site to visit. -- but the link it could have been hiding something even more impressive. it has been dubbed a super hench, because this great ditch behind me surrounds an area five times the size of stonehenge. and it is here that archaeologists have found at least 100 standing stones he needs my feet that would have -- beneath my feet that would have -- 4500 years4.5 ago. researchers have been able to pick up signals reflected from
stones about a meter beneath the earth. many of them would have stood up to four meters in height, making this a great ancient arena. >> at least 30 to 40 are still there. they have just been pushed over and and massive bank placed on top of them. for the better part of 100,000 ofrs these have just been -- 4500 years these have just been hidden and we've just found them again. >> the team is still surveying and continuing to find stones around this enclosure. they are building a picture of a site with far more monolith than ever stood at stonehenge. experts believe the stones to be part of a nihilistic ceremonial site list -- neolithic ceremonial site. victoria gill, bbc news. ♪
it is labor day here in america, but the presidential candidates are not taking a break. many of the hope holes were at parades and picnics across the country. hillary clinton was in iowa, where she is still a front runner. in north carolina shows bernie sanders pulling ahead of clinton. most of the world had not really heard of bernie sanders, giving hillary clinton a fight for -- but he is giving her the clinton a fight. how come? >> he is known as a socialist type senator from vermont and he is really appealing to the anti-wall street crowd, which is popular here at the democratic eighth in the states. -- the popular here with the base in thedates states.
i think this could be a political headache for hillary clinton should the vice president enter into the race and really shake things up. but the vice president, as you know, has just gone through a terrible tragedy in his family, losing his son, and he is having to wait at balance. igh thatg to we balance. but should he get into the race, it will provide a candidate for the more moderate type of folks. laura: she is being described as being a distraction, the fact that she had a private e-mail server while she was secretary of state. is it damaging? >> this will be much more distract -- than a distraction. she will be testifying on capitol hill in october. there is the ongoing fbi investigation and all of this is going on during the first democratic presidential debate. should the vice president getting to the debate, you have
the scenario where all of the investigations and testimony on capitol hill would be in the background. laura: let's talk about donald trump. >> you look at the polls and you have donald trump, ben carson who is a neurosurgeon, and carly leader --he former ceo of hewlett-packard, all front runners. the republican base and grassroots in america are craving a political outsider. people like florida governor jeb bush, to some extent ohio they will have, to present themselves as having new blood and new authenticity that they hope to stop the donald. laura: and how is jeb bush trying to stop the donald? he has a of attack. this is taking him on and
is a guy that is bilingual. he speaks spanish. his argument that he can expand the republican party base to include latinos, who we all know mr. trump has alienated. how worried are republicans about his comments about latinos, about? women >> i think they are very>> -- about women? >> i think they are very worried. there are republican strategists that are looking at how to stop him. talking billions of dollars. we could have a scenario where iowa and new hampshire and other caucuses really made all the differences. all of the 17 candidates have a lot of money. laura: they give for joining us. now, the mountain gorillas in africa, price by poachers, are among the most endangered
animals in the world, but things might be changing. a record 24 baby gorillas were born in rwanda this year. and more tourists are coming to visit the new additions, giving the would-be poachers a way to make money. the mountain gorilla, one of our closest living relatives, has been hunted down by human soak only over the past century -- so consistently over the past century that only about 900 exist all over the world. here at a national park in trends in birth are giving hope. 24 were born this year. a baby was born and named this year. the population of mountain gorillas in rwanda has increased over one quarter in the past decade.
rwanda's conservation policy comes from the very top. the president attended this year's ceremony dedicated to naming newborn carrillo's. -- newborn gorillas. his message to those in attendance was simple. tourism and conservation bring wealth. last year, over 20,000 people visited volcanoes national park and 5% of each entry fee was handed to the local communities. save the benefit of tourism have been so obvious that people have to stop turning to poaching to make a living. where they can see the opportunities. my son is working there. where they can get are close by. though it is not enough yet, but the conditions are something.
they are growing the means in society. >> a permit cost $750. this woman came from wyoming in the united states. what has it been like? >> it has been the most marvel -- marvelous experience. they are so human like and gentle. it is something everyone should try. >> asterisk continue to flock to the -- asterisk continue to flock here, and as the population continues to grow, it could soon be relieved -- removed from the list of endangered species. conservation efforts there in action and american tourism in rwanda, bringing today's forecast to a close. you can find much more at our website.
to reach me and most of the bbc team, you can always find us at twitter. thanks for watching and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why, at mufg, we
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. on the newshour tonight: european countries pledge to take in those fleeing war and poverty. the challenges of food, shelter and making a new nation home. >> the generosity that's been seen from the european public is extraordinary. they're ahead of the politicians who quite often are fearful of the right wing or the cost, the budget implications of bringing in migrants and refugees. >> woodruff: also ahead on this labor day monday, a look at the fight over raising the minimum wage. what $15 an hour means for workers and business. plus... >> a shutdown would be completely irresponsible. it'd be an unforced error.