tv BBC World News America PBS September 10, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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cultures and support almost every entity across the globe because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something stronger than ourselves. we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." new evidence of chemical attacks against civilians in syria. a bbc investigation reveals plans led by the government announced islamic state. refugees can now call kentucky home just as the white house says it will accept thousands more like them. duet. unusual why organizers of this festival say jazz and skateboarding are such a perfect pairing.
welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the bbc has seen no evidence of chemical attacks being carried out in syria. government forces are thought to be responsible for many of them, but islamic state militants are also said to have carried out such assaults. according to witnesses, mustard gas is believed would been used against civilians. our correspondent sent this report. a warning -- it contains distressing images from the very start. >> if you want to know why so many syrians are on the move now, it's fear of the war that rages at home and the many ways .o die there's one threat they were supposed to be safe from --
chemical weapons -- but we have seen evidence suggesting they are still being used, and repeatedly, government forces are accused. they have as say high degree of confidence that chllrine has been used repeatedly and systematically as a weapon in the syrian arab republic. now investigators have been asked to identify which individuals, groups, or governments are still involved in the use of chemicals as weapons in syria. we have tracked down some of those who say they have witnessed these incidents. to the children of syria, it's not the high seas they must fear but that on dry land. they heard a helicopter and a helicopter and only the government has helicopters in the area -- in syria.
reports suggest the smell, signs, and symptoms were consistent with the chlorine attack. there were dozens of victims. members of one family. much of this video is too graphic to show. doctors struggling to try to adultspeople, and three and three small children dying without a scar on their bodies. government forces are repeatedly accused of being behind many of these attacks, but they have told us they have not used any chemical weapons, blaming .errorists instead rebel forces and, more recently, islamic state also stand charged. the militants have repeatedly attacked, but two recent strikes are feared to have involved chemicals. i understand samples have been passed on to the british government for testing. this time, the symptoms were different.
the fear is that islamic state has acquired and now used mustard gas. how do you know that this was some form of chemical weapon and ? t a routine munition >> after seeing the symptoms and after talking to many of the people who confirm that mustard gas was used. symptoms were suffocation, blisters, watery eyes, runny .ote there was a very bad smell as well. >> we asked a leading chemical weapons expert to look at the evidence. >> a photograph section of the injuries and the unexploded projectile as well as the descriptions of the actual incident lead me to conclude that this very strong and compelling evidence that this was a mustard agent that was used on this attack. >> few have witnessed the darkness of war.
when there is an attack, they come to the rescue. there have been more allegedly incident than anyone. we met them in turkey where they .ere getting training ibrahim struggles to forget what he saw. the children choking. a pregnant woman who miscarried. he has no doubts what caused it. >> the chlorine issue is now open for the world to see. what kind of strike would make children suffocate? let's say grown-ups are pretending, but how can two months old pretend that they are suffocating? you have seen them in the video, how they are gasping for air. children from two months to three years old. this is not an act. >> for the civil defense team, as heis no escape
prepares to head home to syria, a country consumed blood and chaos. as he does, more syrians are gathering to leave. these exclusive pictures were filmed at the border this week. families have endured four years of fear, who have been shot at, shelled, gassed. unsurprising, then, that so many are on the move. laura: for more on these reports of chemical attacks, i spoke a brief time ago with our north america editor. u.s. administration now believe that chemical weapons have an used in syria not only islamic state? >> the official position of the administration as they are looking into reports that so-called islamic state may well have chemical weapons, but we have spoken to an official who said to us that there is a growing belief in the intelligence community that
perhaps some form of mustard agent -- not a gas, but some kind of powder, which is hired using conventional artillery aslls or mortars that lands a dust, and it is that dust which lands on you, which causes these terrible burns that we so we are looking into the theory that islamic state has got some kind of chemical weapons research cell in embryonic form that it is looking at, that it is seeking to use and exploit. it is believed there may be three or four occasions in both syria and iraq where these crude but highly dangerous weapons have been used. thank you. in response to the enormous numbers of people fleeing those dire scenes, the white house announced that the u.s. is preparing to accept at least 10,000 syrian refugees next year. that would be a big increase over the 1500 who have been allowed to come over the past
four years. kentucky to meet one syrian who has recently arrived. the suburbs of louisville kentucky have become home to a small number of refugees in the war-torn country. 21-year-old mohammed arrived here four months ago barely speaking english. >> we had war, big war. maybe you can die any time. >> this was his first glimpse of america. he took these pictures as he flew into the country. he was joined by his family in july, the same month he began work at a car factory. he believes the u.s. should be welcoming more people like him. >> where not here because we are hungry. we are here because we have war.
we can do everything like any american. going to talk about the general legal structure of work today. ministryky refugee helps him when he arrives. it provides support to find jobs and housing, getting funding from the u.s. government. it has resettled syrian families this year but believes america can do more. >> if we support democracy, human rights. if we are opposed to a oppressive authoritarian governments, we cannot abandon whoims of those governments are truly left in desperate circumstances. many say the u.s. should be welcoming thousands more refugees, others disagree. earlier this year, a group of republicans in congress raised concerns to the white house, arguing that refugee -- couldent seems become a backdoor for jihadists.
it's a sentiment some hearing kentucky agree with. >> i have real concerns, which probably everybody else does, about being able to screen them to make sure we are not letting terrorist into our country. >> we got a lot of revenue, but i don't know how they're going to live here, jobs or anything. we are all out of jobs. >> i think we do need to keep helping refugees. everybody here came from another country to begin with, so we should be helping out our neighbors, even if they are overseas. >> mohammed is grateful for the help he has had here. >> i want to study and goat diversity and make some business for me. and i will do that. we just send a story of one refugee, buu a group of -- if a group of u.s. senators have their way, many more will all appear they are pushing the white house to take into 65,000 aryans by the end of 2016. democratic senator is among those who voted with the
president and joined me a short time ago. >> thank you for being with us on the day that the white house says the u.s. is preparing to take at least 10,000 syrian refugees. what is your response? >> i think this is a very positive development. we have been pushing for this for months. as you know, when we first took this on, senator durbin of illinois and myself, we had .aken about 700 refugees i'm very glad that they have agreed to take 10,000. obviously, we have an extensive screening process, but i view this first of all as a humanitarian issue. europe has been stepping up, and europe is in the lead because of where it is geographically, but at the same time, i think the u.s. should do our part. i also believe this is a security issue for the u.s. and europe because of the fact that the countries with the
overwhelming numbers of refugees are jordan, turkey, lebanon, countries we work with a lot, so that is an issue. and finally, an economic issue. i think chancellor merkel said it best when she said it a country is economically healthy, you should be able to take in refugees. there are certain parts of our country where there are jobs that these refugees can fill. called forhave 55,000 refugees to be taken in. this is just a drop in the ocean. can the u.s. do more? we want the administration to do more. that's why we called for that number, which is about half of what the united nations has called for, but still, the fact that first, the administration was only doing 700, then from 5000 to 8000 and out today 10,000 is still a positive development, but, obviously, we've been asking for more, and we think we can do it. it's just the screening process
is extensive. it will probably take longer. >> how about the millions of syrian refugees who are in jordan, in lebanon, in turkey? the u.s. has been generous in terms of aid, but the united nations needs another 500 million. can america give more money? >> i think the whole world has to come together to get more money. as you point out, america has been very generous. i do not think we should forget some of the countries in the middle east like saudi arabia, that should not only be taking refugees but should also be helping. this has got to be an internationally coordinated effort. >> unless the fighting in syria stops, though, the flood of refugees will continue into europe and some coming here to the u.s. do you want to see more diplomatic efforts to try to end the fighting? >> there always has to be diplomacy. i believe a side needs to leave with the atrocities we have seen
in syria from his own government, that that must be the end result, but you of course want to engage in diplomacy. i also called for a no-fly zone two years ago. i think that would be helpful in terms of getting aid and geeting help. those are all things we can consider. obviously, the long-term solution is to get these 11 million people back in their homes. many of them still in the country. 4 million outside of the country. very much for joining us. >> it was great to be on. thank you. laura: for the first time, a court in serbia has charged people in connection with the srebrenica massacre 20 years ago. the eight men are accused of herding hundreds of bosnian civilians into a warehouse and killing them with machine guns and select -- and grenades. it was the worst atrocity in europe since the second world war. concern is growing over the situation and a turkish town. at least 20 people have died in fighting between security forces and kurdish militants. the turkish government has most
, bute dead are militants p's insist the dead are mainly civilians. -- derailinged at the iran nuclear deal has been blocked in the u.s. senate. republican lawmakers had been hoping to build enough support to disrupt the passage of the agreement, which they argue does not do enough to hold tehran's nuclear ambitions. a brief time ago, i spoke with our state department correspondent. the president had the votes to ultimately get this through congress, but how is he responding to this latest development? >> he is quite happy about it. he has already issued a statement saying this is a victory for diplomacy, national security, the security of the world, and made clear he is ready to begin implementation the deal. republicans do have one more week to pass this resolution, and i think they will keep trying to do it, but with the
results today, it looks as if this legislation aimed at disrupting the deal is dead in meanster, and it president obama is spared the embarrassment of having to veto it. if they fail on this occasion, is that the end of republican opposition? >> it's not the end of republican opposition. it means republicans have not been able to block the deal, but they are going to do everything they can to keep up the pressure. i think we're going to see moves to introduce new sanctions legislation on terrorism. you have the presidential election campaign, of course, so that means we'll keep alive this question about if republican candidates would try to reverse the deal if they got into the white house. but having said that, you will also have the implementation of this deal going alongside, and that will create a new dynamic, and if it is new, perhaps it will take the steam out of the opposition. laura: thanks for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america."
a dark cave in south africa could be shedding on human evolution. we will tell you why students are so excited about the find. in central japan, hundreds of thousands of people have been told to leave their homes because of major floods. the worst affected areas are just to the north of tokyo where days of heavy rain have caused a vivid to burst its banks. sarah campbell has this report now. sarah: the speed and intensity of the leading left many .tranded, desperate for help this city is about 50, there's north of tokyo. after two days of heavy rain, the river burst its banks with floodwaters stretching up to eight kilometers from the breach. hold buildings were dislodged and able to withstand the sheer force of the water.
the emergency services help people and their pets, plucking them one by one from rooftops. >> the heavy rains are unprecedented and likely to continue. the government will prioritize the safety of people's lives and take every possible disaster measure. causedflooding has been by the fallout from tropical storm etau. that is now subsiding, but another storm is on the way. have beenrnings issued for 5 million people across japan. 800,000 have been advised to evacuate their homes. most people have little time to gather together belongings, and now they can only wait for the floods to subside. past thereugh in the was heavy rain, i've never seen so much water before. >> in some places, double the amount of rain fell in 48 hours
that would normally be expected in the whole of september. more is predicted on ground which is already saturated, threatening the homes and lives of hundreds of thousands of people. laura: it is a discovery which scientists sable change our ideas about how the first humans evolved. in the dark chamber of a south african cave, 15 primitive human skeletons have been down with both human and apelike characteristics. could this provide a link between modern human beings and our closest extinct relatives? >> deep inside this cave, scientists have made a discovery beyond their wildest dreams. guided by torches, only these female scientists are small enough to squeeze through the in the rocks,
crawling through 200 meters of tunnels. scientist in charge watches in amazement. eventually, they see hundreds of fragments of bones, skulls, hands, teeth. ancient human remains ever found in africa. >> everywhere that my headlamp e, i could see that there was bone on the floor. not all bone, but fragmented material basically everywhere i looked. it was an incredible thing to see, yeah. >> it walked on to note legs but with a tiny, guerrilla-sized brain. this picture from the "national geographic" magazine shows what it looked like. possibly a bridge between apelike creatures and early humans. researchers believe that because of its very small brain size, it could well be one of the first
of the group that modern humans belong to and may have lived 3 million years ago. >> it would have stood about five feet tall, a small brain about the size of a large orange, but a very humanlike character to the overall plan of the skull. a hand that is almost human to the palm but then curved extremely out at the ends, and long legs that culminate in an incredibly human-like what -- foot. >> it seems they would carry their dead even to this cave system. bethat is the case, it would the first evidence of ritual behavior in a species possibly millions of years earlier than anyone had ever thought. what other discoveries lie beneath these african plains? scientists believe there are many more species of human ancestors yet to be discovered.
laura: fascinating. in washington, the kennedy center has given over its famous plaza to a collection of skateboarders and musicians. the festival called finding the line is the brainchild of jason artistic center's director for jazz. explained how the worlds of skateboarding and jazz intersect. >> one of the major components that i think both jazz and skateboarding revolve around is the idea of improvisationn neither are based on doing the same thing every day and it's going to be good. no, it doesn't work like that. you know, how did you address the situation in the moment? given on my history, here comes this curve again. what will i try this time? in music, when i'm playing and i
come to a tricky phrase, it is -- ok, where am i going to place it? the downbeat, the upbeat? am i going to elongate or truncate? somebody played something else i now have to respond to. watching the skaters in the bowl, how they have to be aware of not only where they are, but when someone else is on their tail. you have to be extremely aware in those moments. i was skating in the 1980's, so much music was tied with how skaters were moving and in street skating, especially. suddenly, i understood this relationship between communities that were i would say underground, and they really supported each other and did a lot of things themselves because they are not out there for the fame. we are out here for the crowds. and that music has always been there and the design has always been a parent. both are seemingly cool things to do. misunderstood as well.
course, a head scratcher for a lot of people, and skateboarding is still a strange things to what -- strange thing to watch kids do on the plaza or on a rail or curve. a great song to skate two is one that has drive to it. not too overbearing and where the beat is, but present enough so you can feel it. i might play a solo every once in a while, but after i take my calm orm just going to the skaters. they have the solo. when i come to the kennedy see this rant, this dj, and see skaters on the side waiting or it to open so they when i see that, that feels as good as any jazz club i have played or any concert hall in this building. i still feel the same possibility of what people bring to a space. what people who come together,
that kind of energy can never be predicted. jazz and skateboarding ending our broadcasting tonight. thank you for watching. please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too, which is why at mufg, we believe
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: as syrian refugees make for europe, the civil war in their homeland rages on; why the west worries about russian moves to ramp up its military presence inside syria. then, an evolution in our knowledge of the human species. researchers claim a trove of bones are the remains of our early ancestors. plus, neuro-economics and the business of cool. paul solman reports on why the brain drives consumers to buy brands with status. >> we need to really reconsider whether our consumers buy a bad thing or good thing. specifically to give each other