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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 16, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong
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financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. police use water cannons and tear gas against refugees entering from serbia. >> this is the hottest thing out there, you cannot get them. laura: republican presidential candidates will be in a debate tonight. can any still the spotlight from donald trump? without a big business, the front later says they could be on the path of an industrial revolution. ♪
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. -- we are at the hungarian border where gary and police used tear gas and water cannons. tonight we have complete coverage. we begin with james reynolds who reports from the scenes of today's clashes. right on the border, refugees stood inches from hung ary's riot police. how theyed that some might persuade hungary to reopen their gates.
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this is what they faced. the crowds moved forward to fast, and hungary decided to defend its territory. there was a crash to get back from the tear gas. hungary fire. .- hungary fired the tear gas has gotten everyone. it has also caught a number of children, as well. they are washing their eyes out. this is the first confrontation. that gives you an idea of the emotions here on the serbia-hungary border.
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what do you think? >> they are not human. james: who is animals? the police? >> for what they have done. all of this, for what? james: several young men climbed onto the roof of a duty-free building. they threw rocks and stones toward hungary. their actions are unlikely to win them many new friends in the continent they are hoping to join. >> hungary is trying to maintain and keep the borders. people attacked this. this is an armed mob of a couple hundred young people. this has been going on for the past 12 hours. all of a sudden at 3:15, it turned to violence. james: young men continued to fight.
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families tried to find safety. the united nations has called on hungary to measure its response. >> 200 enters, separated from their parents, that is to be avoided at all cost. this should be done in a separate way that does not hurt people. james: tonight, serbia has sent its police to create a buffer zone. on the other side hungary's forces remain in position. migrants, exhausted and defeated , get ready for second night by the side of the road. james reynolds, abc news, on the serbia-hungary border. laura: many refugees are already seeking new routes into northern and western europe. the route to romania could be blocked as another fence is planned to be built around that border. another option is west through
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croatia. they said refugees would be allowed in. fergal: these has many faces, but few that are as vulnerable as the teenager i met on the border, wondering where she and her sister would go next. she is 16 and from syria. and made thelk dangerous crossing from turkey last week. a child who taught herself english by watching soap operas sees this as a challenge to be met. >> fight, if this is what you want. it is the journey for a new life. thishe first time during journey, like a train and they ship. i enjoyed it. fergal: you enjoyed it?
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you are the first person i've met who said that. you must know the world she escaped from. >> imagine you are 16. you could be dead at any moment. fergal: i cannot imagine that. >> if you suffered losing your loved ones, it is horrible. fergal: you've had to leave your parents behind, it must be difficult. >> i cannot sleep without my mom. i am really missing her. fergal: what are your dreams? >> to be an astronaut. to go out and see. when i talk about her and her life, thinking about the elections in the streets, i want to prove to anyone that dreams can really come true. fergal: she wants to reach her brother in germany.
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rumors have spread of a new route through croatia. she set off by taxi to that border. theurs drive away in harvest fields, a lost tribe was trying to find its way. the journey that has become an odyssey. now to croatia, and on to further borders they hope leads to germany. the events this afternoon in hungary are pushing more people along this road toward the border with croatia. they are told they are welcome and being offered safe passage. something that is welcome in the current circumstances. the hard track, the dust, are all part of the journey to the normal life she believes is somewhere ahead. >> i would like to think we are good people inside. , bbc news,gal keane
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croatia border. laura: a congressman has written to the white house calling for 100,000 syrian refugees to be settled in the u.s. by the end of 2016, 10 times the number currently proposed by the white house. i spoke to the congressman from capitol hill. can we get your reactions to the scene from hungary? i think anyone who sees those scenes recognizes that this is a serious humanitarian crisis, and the international community needs to come together to provide a response to ensure that every refugee is treated with dignity and safety. i speak to our values as a
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country that respects human dignity and rights. laura: the u.s. administration said it would take 10,000 refugees. you are calling for 100,000. why? congressman cicilline: we have to be part of an international response, and part of a response responsibility as a country. the united states is the most generous donor for the refugee crisis, and we should continue to be that. we have a responsibility to accept more refugees. when you look at what other countries have done a. turkey has absorbed 2 million refugees. lebanon one million refugees. we can do more. i and 70 of my colleagues have written to the president to ask we increase the number of .efugees to 200,000
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and 100,000 be a specifically syrian refugees. there are displaced persons and refugees fleeing the war in syria. we can, and should, do more as the united states. laura: it does not help your case that the americans would have seen today that some of the desk some of the migrants who are frustrated with the border being those were throwing rocks and bottles at police. congressman cicilline: no one would excuse that behavior. that shows the magnitude of the crisis. the majority are women and children trying to fully a dangerous civil war. the entire international community has a responsibility to have a process that is humane, provides dignity, for those fleeing violence. we have a process to vet refugees to make sure they do not present danger to the united
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states, that has to remain in place, but we can absorb more refugees. we are a country of 320 million people. we have resettled 1500 syrian refugees in the united states. we can do more. we want to do our part to make sure our refugee policy reflects our values as a country. it is a country of immigrants, founded and enriched by immigrants. we want to make sure we are a welcome place and do our part in responding to a serious refugee crisis. laura: think you for joining us. from around the world, the sri lankan government has rejected a united nations proposal to prosecute a legend war crimes in the country's civil war. said its own internal procedures would meet international standards. atrocitiescused of
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against civilians in the civil war that ended in 2000 nine. necessary construction work is contributing in disputed areas sea.e south china the workers stopped. satellite images show chinese construction crews building a third runway in a remote grief. filmmakers feel lucky to feel lucky -- feel lucky to be alive after a humpback whale crashed on them. remarkably, they were left without a scratch. the only damage was a dent in the kayak. the top republican presidential contenders are facing off in their second debate. it is taking place at the ronald reagan library in california. you can bet most of the attention will be on front runner donald trump. followinghas been
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that unconventional candidate on the campaign trail. long-standing presenter of the u.s. "apprentice", businessman, zero political experience, setting the republican race alive. >> america was great, he is our last best chance to make it great again. >> i am wearing trump. it is for comfort. i have trump shoes. jon: he mixes swagger with a pitch. i make deals and get things done. traditional politics lets you down. trump who would you rather have negotiating? jeb or trump? would you rather have hillary negotiating, or would you rather have trump?
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campaign gave his liftoff was his pledge to build a 1000 mile-long wall along the mexican border to stop illegal immigrants. problem. is a massive we have to stop illegal immigration. we have to do it. [applause] : we have to build a wall, folks. we have to build a wall. this is the donald trump phenomenon. 14 months from the election, 20,000 people in this arena in dallas. the support for him was predicted to have fizzled out after the summer. that does not seem to be happening. in a dissolution to country, donald trump is seen by many as a beacon of hope. trump: this is great.
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>> will there still be a special relationship with britain? trump: i love britain. jon: next stop, the data ship the iowa, the perfect backdrop to spread his message of building america's military and supporting veterans. racist, but on a the republican side, he is unstoppable. bbc news, california. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, the u.s. attorney general speaks to the bbc, voicing concerns over homegrown terror. 14-year-old ahmed mohamed became an internet sensation in an unusual way.
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the student was taken into police custody after bringing a homemade clock to school that his teachers said could be a bomb. plenty are coming to his defense, including president obama. ahmed mohamed likes to invent stuff. he has always been fascinated with electronics. his latest project was a clock. it took him 20 minutes to make and he wanted to show it off. showedfirst time that i an invention to a teacher in school. >> he did not get the reaction he expected. >> they arrested me. they told me i committed a crime of a hoax bomb, a fake bomb. >> that is what his teacher thought when she opened the case. he was interrogated and taken away in handcuffs. a twitter backlash the old with lamaphobia, andis
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cracking down on creativity. the president stepped in and to the white house. he said the boy's teachers failed him. howhis is a example of stereotypes can prevent even goodhearted people from doing the good work they set out to do. >> police say there is no evidence on that meant to scare anyone with the bomb, but insist a white student with a suspicious clock would have gotten the same treatment. >> our reaction would have been the same. where you an era cannot take something like that to school. >> this will end happily for all mad, but his experience has forced america to question its attitudes toward race and religion. bbc news. today, in any goes of
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interview with the bbc, u.s. attorney general loretta lynch said the threat of attacks inspired by the islamic state were of a grave concern. she was highlighting the efforts to fight cybercrime and linking that effort to taking on the militants. lynch: we areal seeing the increase in homegrown extremists, people who lived in the u.s., who may not byessarily be islamic religion or culture on their own, but find a connection with violentcal teachings of extremism that is preached by others. in fact, online radicalization is a key tool, and is one of the backin which it all comes to ciber. it is a grave concern of ours. we have had an's -- comes back to cyber. it is a grave concern of ours.
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we have had incidences in the past. laura: i spoke with the director of the islamic project at the brookings institution and author of the book "the isis apocalypse." why there iswhy appealed for americans who become radicalized. >> we do not have a big problem with radicalization in this country. from what i've heard, there have been 250 people who have tried to fight for the islamic state. the baseline for people being radicalized is small. more:/do you think it is of a problem in europe? >> yes. there is a more muslim population in europe, and they are less integrated. laura: the attorney general indicated it was a problem in america. for those who have been
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radicalized, what is the appeal of violent jihadist him and execution for those who live in a free country? mccants: they see this as returning justice to the world and bringing islamic law to humanity. they want to travel to syria and iraq to participate. laura: what is the profile of people bein -- of people makinge videos. i they western and disillusioned? the slicker videos are made by westerners. they grew up watching movies and have that sensibility. for lonely teenagers online it is a way to form community. the vast majority of young
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muslim youths who look at the material are not interested and put off by it. laura: there was a teenager outside philadelphia that was arrested were threatening to carry out an is attack during the pope's visit. is there something about teenagers that makes them potentially susceptible to this online propaganda? mr. mccants: i don't want to stereotype all teenagers, but from myself, if you are going to appeal to a teenager, violence can be appealing. the ability to change the world can be appealing. and being part of a revolutionary movement can be appealing. the islamic state presents that in their agenda. laura: thank you for joining us. the next industrial revolution could come with creating more intelligent machines. they are performing increasingly complex tasks. experts warn that this technology must be used
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sparingly, and the economic benefits can be huge. we have been talking to a talk researcher in the field. a surprisingly low-tech way to explain a high-tech concept. mapping out how computers think. he is a very valuable man. google is paying 400 million pounds for his mind. his quest is to discover how computers can assist us all. the most significant development since the industrial revolution. >> if we're are able to build machines with intelligence they could help us solve problems we would like to have a better feel for. everything from disease and health care to big questions we have in science, like climate change and physics. day data is created by
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us, businesses, and governments. he wants to understand it. they are working on intelligent search, developing smartphones that learn about you. say you are planning your weekend in paris. your phone will remember where you went on a recent visit to new york. when you arrive in paris, that same a phone will suggest an itinerary, and alert you friends are nearby. there is health care, grappling with data from medical records and personal fitness devices. say you arrive at accident and emergency. rather than waiting for a doctor, a computer will analyze x-rays, drought on research, and crunching data at speeds a cannot match. a human being will still be making the important final decisions. he is aware of the need to use artificial intelligent carefully. >> like any powerful new
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technology, it has to be used responsibly. if it is used irresponsibly, it could do harm. we have to because the scent of that. people developing this -- we .ave to be cognizant of that people developing this have to take seriously their responsibilities. to have ethical concerns at the top of mind. -- so that anre ai future is not necessarily a terminator future? >> that is not what i worry about. they will reap the commercial rewards. san francisco, silicon valley, or london. they want to ensure that britain maintained his lead and technology sectors. laura: in the future, our phones could take over our lives even
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more than they already do. that brings today's broadcast to a close. you can find more on our website. to meet me and the rest of the team go to twitter. i am at laura trevelyan. -- i am @lauratrevelyan. please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and
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support almost every institute across the globe, because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening, i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: 15 republican candidates are in california tonight for the second presidential debate. what's at stake as the race for the white house advances. also ahead this wednesday, wildfires in the west. tens of thousands forced to evacuate. miles o'brien reports on the science fueling the flames. >> reporter: we have less of a cell pack. we have dryer conditions, more fires, the fires are more severe, and add to that the fact that we're building homes right in the middle of the areas susceptible to forest fires and we have a big problem ahead.

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