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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 18, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we've believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to
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come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. and now i'm a "bbc world news america." jane: tensions oil over in croatia. a country overwhelmed by the 17,000 migrants who have arrived in two days. among the sea of refugees, a pi anist. we follow his journey in search of a better life. and artificial intelligence is changing our world and that includes the arts. tomeet up with find out how.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the croatian government says it simply can't cope with the latest influx of migrants. in the last two days alone croatia has received 17,000 people and its prime minister said today they would be moved on. the migrants have come into croatia by serbia after earlier in the week, hungary closed its borders. the c williamson starts tonight's coverage. lucy: it is called no man's land. how wrong that is. hundreds of people trudge through these dusty cornfields this morning, bypassing serbia on the left and croatia on the right. morning, more
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refugees have been traveling up through serbia here into croatia. croatia says the borders are closed. they are. croatian policeman have in directing us through the cornfields to this border village. after an hour of walking the road ends here at the train station. it reward for those who make , water, medicine, and a future in the european union. , some fleeinge war, others simply poverty, are all looking to move on. >> weight. they told us just to wait. we just want across. we don't stay here. >> they hope they are heading to austria or germany but no one knows. the police will not say. >> there is no food. there is no medical attention.
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we're here for two days. >> at another camp further north, migrants battle for their own ticket out. then there are never in off. in this melting pot that waiting takes its toll. groups out of croatia are becoming scarce. their offense is going up. but still, croatian police put their new arrivals on buses and sent them into hungary. in the absence of a joint european plan, it is every nation for itself. official convoys of trains and buses are also bringing people here to this ineshift camp instagram --
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zagreb. the border crossing is 20 miles away. when some arrived to try their luck to my slovenian guards turned them away. the door to slovenia is closed-end bolted tonight. it has not stopped people here trying, having been turned away, they're off to try somewhere else. and as night fell at the main slovenia crossing point him a police began to let them through. croatia's were problem. today they are slovenia's. who will they be tomorrow? anchor: many have fled war-torn area to make it to europe -- europe. we have been tracing
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his journey. >> they have been told not to come. this great migration seems unstoppable. barriers are erected and men in uniform use force. and still, every single day, people chance everything to cross into europe with just a bag of clothing and dreams of peace and prosperity. what world has this six week old been delivered into? the were in syria fueled the crisis. called the deeper circle of hell. part -- a byword for the barbarity of this war. the areas residents struggle merely to stay alive.
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♪ the pianist has provided a soundtrack to the suffering. for four years he played songs of defiance but now he has lost hope. and he is on the move. across the border and into turkey. a stranger in a foreign land. andttle lost and lonely desperate to search out a home, a new life for his young family. >> the worst times were when i used to hear my son crying in the night. he was hungry. but there was not any milk. those were the hardest times of my life. i have never faced anything worse than that for you -- worse than that.
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there is sadness and pain in my heart. for three years, i was happy with my children. now i can only see them on the phone. having crossed illegally he moved through the shadows, avoiding the police. planning the next step i bus across the country -- by bus across the country. >> syria is far away now. i am trying to start a new life. say from everything that is happening at home. i am now heading to the sea in turkey and i am really scared. i'm am scared for my children i have left behind. i am scared of the sea. will it play nice or will it be the kind of see that took a
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child's life if you days ago? >> the deaths of children made him leave his family behind. fromonly takes him further home. along the coast, thousands of syrians plan and wait. greece, europe, and a new life are just across the water. there is excitement for where they might go and hear of the journey ahead. -- fear of the journey ahead. >> there was no wind before. now the weather is getting windier. and colder. and the waves are higher. route planned, smugglers paid, and the waiting begins. more refugees and migrants arrive at don. -- at dawn. he is kept on edge before the
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cold finally comes. this is a remarkable record of a journey and his new life but also carries the risk of death. he is silent and scared. packed into a boat very -- rarely fit for the journey as it sputters across theesea and finally to greece. >> i am now out of danger. a danger of drowning. i hope i will able to reach somewhere safe or i can bring my family over. anywhere would be even more beautiful with my children and wife. and i have their photos in hand. my wife sends me their photos.
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when he set out the route to germany looked almost clear. today, the refugees face it more dangers. that will not stop them coming. as long as the threat of death hangs over them in syria, people like him will head this way. anchor: the white house proposes taking 10,000 syrian refugees seeking safety. a number many think is far too small. among them is richard fontaine who used to watch -- work on the security council and is resident for the center for a new american security. thank you for joining me. for 100,000ing refugees to be given shelter in the u.s. given the scale of this crisis is even that enough?
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richard: it is not enough to help the problem. many more are internally displaced persons inside syria. 100,000 will not solve this problem but it can certainly put something of a dent in this humanitarian disaster and also signal that the u.s. is willing to step up as we are asking other countries in the region and in europe to do as well. anchor: why has the u.s. and so slow to act on this? richard: what you hear about are the security concerns area there are concerns among folks in the administration and capitol hill about admitting large numbers of individuals from a country where we are arming terrorists and the vetting process is rather laborious but ultimately that is a matter of resources. we can prevent this. we have taken on board very large numbers of refugees in the
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past. i don't think we should let that stand in the way. the keys toof solving the migrant crisis is ending the conflict itself in syria. what do you make of the u.s. now entering talks about military involvement with russia which supports the assad regime? achard: the russian role is distinctly negative one. what has been billed at least a few days ago as a russian effort to go after isis looks much more like the russian effort to support assad militarily. this hasthe reason why been such a humanitarian catastrophe from the beginning. these refugees have fled the barrel bombings of the air force and they fled the syrian armed service -- armed forces in addition to the terrorist groups that are growing because of the fuel that assad is adding to that fire. what should be the
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primary goal at this point? richard: there are several very goals. one as the u.s. and our coalition partners are doing, we are going after isis and other associated groups and that is very important, but i think putting more pressure on assad and trying to see a transition away from an aside regime is the only way that we will be able to in the war. anchor: that has not happened so far. thank you for joining me. japan's parliament has passed a controversial law allowing the armed forces to fight overseas for the first time in recent history. the prime in a stir argued current laws do not allow the government to respond to regional security threats. critics say japan to be forced into fighting unnecessary wars. this report contains some flash photography. reporter: japan's parliament
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made a divided move. voting in favor of allowing the military to fight overseas, something they have not done since world war ii. the opposition tried every delay and tactically could think of. some more painstaking than others. outbursts were not uncommon. and for a nation perceived as orderly and calm, it's parliament has in anything but this week. outside parliament they called for the prime minister to quit. even after the bill was passed, they remained on the street. deeply concerned about how this will affect the countries -- the country. their constitution bars it from using force to resolve international conflict except in cases of self-defense the new bill means it can be
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reinterpreted so japanese troops can fight overseas when three conditions are met. japan or close ally is attacked. second, if there is no other appropriate way to repel the attack and ensure the country's survival and that the use of force is restricted to the minimum required. supporters of the measure which have been backed by the u.s. and u.k. insist they are central for the defense of japan and its regional allies but critics are worried by how the principles of legislation will be interpreted. and with the deepening security ties with the state many fear the changes will mean japan is at risk for being dragged into u.s.-led wars abroad. anchor: still to come. donald trump lands in hot water. this time for something he did not say. we will have the latest on the campaign controversy.
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on saturday, pope francis will land in cuba. reestablishing relations with the u.s. has bringing -- has brought change. a cobbler in havana talked about his desire for an economic shift. >> the shoe i am not able to repair has not been made yet. i love my job. 47 years old. i have been doing this job for more than 20 years. be rich buta job to to maintain and stay alive. my salary depends on the difficulty of the shoe. not all the parts require the same amount of effort and therefore the same price. it ranges from 45 to $50 per
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month. is cheaper repairing issue than buying a new one. depending on the brand, a pair of shoes can cost from $25 to $250. i wish the cuban economy would change. lifted, i embargo be would expect higher quality materials to enter the country. the shoe would be much better. the quality of repair would a much better, too. about fourr the shoe or five times. i never dispose of any pair of shoes. be used in 3, 4, 5 years.
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anchor: republican front runner donald trump is used to courting controversy for what he says but this time it is something he did not say which has everybody buzzing. at the campaign event last night, a questioner said president obama was muslim and that he is not even american. trump's failure to correct him drew quick rebuke with democrat hillary clinton saying she, for one, was appalled. thanks for coming in. mr. trump has said many controversial things in the past , some of them downright offensive. why is this different? not a publication that donald trump committed. if we think of the times he has said offensive things about
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women, about mexicans, even leading the crusade to get president obama to release his birth certificate, an effort that had clear racial overtones, those were all things that he actually said. in this case he was sort of a on someone and his audience. presidential campaign. anchor: there has been a lot of outrage and social media attention possibly more than usual. is this going to be the moment that he runs of steam? guest: i doubt it. the people who are supporting donald trump are people who have rallied to his side other -- through the these other controversies. supporting him despite when he said negative things about the military and denigrated john mccain's military heroism. they stood by him when he denigrated women and when he said awful things about mexicans and christianity which you think
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would be a lending could not cross and conservative politics. there is a sense where he is a reality distortion field. anyone says can penetrate the affection his supporters have for him. i do wonder if the debate performance where he turned and where he did not seem dominant, he did not seem to have that alpha male ability to command the stage that we have known from him. i wonder if that will not be more damaging. of the other candidates have not said anything about this. we did see hillary clinton jump on the opportunity and issue a statement and then follow that up with some remarks today. saying this should have no place in our politics and this is offensive. she is capitalizing on what she sees as a political opportunity because for her, it is an attempt to tie the rest of the republican field to donald trump and say that there are all terrible. anchor: how damaging is this for
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the republican party? guest: i am of two minds. a lot of republicans are -- do fret quite a lot about what donald trump is doing to the the terribleut image that this creates for all republicans. on the other hand when you see what an outlier he is, when you see the other candidates attacking him, denouncing him, trying to separate themselves from him, there is another school of thought that says when the time comes that republicans have a nominee who is not donald trump, it will be clear that donald trump is not like the rest of the republican party. that may be wishful thinking. anchor: we will say. thank you for joining me. all this week the bbc has been looking at the ever-increasing role of intelligence genes in the -- machines in the modern world. can a machine ever be imaginative or creative? that is the topic we explore.
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we have been finding out how ai has been used to enhance the arts. >> meeting a man who is trying to turn the artificial intelligence fantasy into reality. , musician, entrepreneur, and tech investor invited me to his daily studio called the future to show me an ai program he is working on that creates a soundtrack by mapping his movements and -- movements. because the tempo -- my movements were changing the tempo sped up. so i am not moving. there is no drum. reporter: that is interesting but is it ai? : we could get excited
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about a couple of tricks. reporter: does he have any tech fears? : there is money we are investing in people and not machines. that concerns me. has invested 50 years of his life train to turn a computer into a functioning artist. have you gotten close to creating an autonomous artist? >> i came up with this extraordinary algorithm for handling color. when i let the program take care of the coloring the probe -- it was a must guaranteed to be exciting. i have achieved this tiny bit of a tommy in a program that toobe an economist artist it would have to be this big. this is not realize
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going to happen in my lifetime. reporter: hang on. maybe it might. back in london, a team of active -- academics have developed a program that is inherently creative. a humanhaves like learning and it uses what it has learned to produce new things. reporter: the task is to create an original jazz score which sounds like this. so is this composition a sign of creativity? >> i am not sure. it is significant. reporter: maybe that is where we are at the moment. with computers lacking imagination but inspiring hours. -- ours. brings the show to
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a close but you can find much more on all the days news on our website area to reach me and the bbc team, go to twitter. we are @bbcnewsus. thank you for watching. have a good weekend. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> it's a global truth, we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every industry
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across the globe, because success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening. i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: three stories from the front lines of the migrant crisis. malcolm brabant is there as more refugees land in greece. and william brangham follows up with two families now in germany. one finding refuge, the other more uncertainty. >> reporter: it is here, in this social-hall-turned-refugee camp where they'll likely stay for months as they wait for their asylum applications to be approved. >> sreenivasan: also ahead: creating a new arts capital in the middle of the city of angels. jeffrey brown looks inside the new $140 million museum that is the centerpiece. >> brown: it features 30 galleries filled with big names in modern and contemporary art. andy warhol. keith haring. kara walker.


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