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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 21, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news america. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, new man's own foundation giving all profits from new man's own to charity and pursuing the good. col veer foundation. >> global truth, we can do more when we work together. inspire everyone
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across the globe. because success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. we build relationships that build the world. >> and now "bbc world news america." anchor: reporting from washington. a major hit at one of the world's largest car making admitting to falsifying emissions. pope francis mass and tens of thousands in attendance. and photographed in america's civil war. new exhibit where issues still esonate today.
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welcome to you. today, shares invokes wagon tanked nearly 20%. u.s. regulators found software to falsify emission results. the white house made its concerns clear and the global car maker could face billions of dollars in fines. investigation is going even further with officials in germany looking into v.w. was also cheating in europe. to los angeles for the report. reporter: in california, love affair for the car. emission standards are among the toughest in the world designed to reduce pollution and ultimately to save lives. >> this is like a treadmill for the vehicle. reporter: this is the testing facility where volkswagen was
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found out. and cutting emissions during the test making the vehicle appear cleaner 40 times. the scientists could hardly believe it. >> this is a serious violation. they are monitored for decades. and typically these are engineering failures. when something is designed deliberately to mislead the testing process and undermine the emission gains we have achieved, that is a very serious violation. reporter: the results of the tests could be devastating to volkswagen's reputation. the road ahead to the company looks to be filled with fines, lawsuits and losses. so far 482,000 diesel cars have been recalled in the united states. under u.s. legislation, volkswagen could be fined up to $11.6 ounds per car,
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billion pounds. volkswagen share price slumped by nearly a fifth despite the chief executive saying he was deeply sorry for breaking the trust of customers and the public. recovery from this scandal may require for contrition. >> it looks like a cover-up like things that happened in the banking industry, then it will hurt volkswagen's reputation. >> volkswagen is the number one selling diesel car in america. reporter: the white house has weighed in saying the government agency responsible for the environment is taking the scandal very seriously. >> i think it's fair to say we are quite concerned by some of the reports that we have seen about the conduct of this particular company. >> this affair has not just tarnished its shiny image but
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dented german pryde, too. reputations are hard to win and easy to lose. anchor: more on the impact, i spoke to the d.c. bureau chief for "the detroit news." david, on earth how did volkswagen get away for cheating on these tests for so long? >> it's what is so amazing about this entire story, the computers within the car were specifically programmed to only turn on the emissions control equipment during the testing. and so when the regulatory standpoint since all the tests showed they were passing, there was no reason to suspect that on the road they were emitting 10 to 40 times the allowed amount of pollution. anchor: if volkswagen was clever
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enough to think up something like this, is there a reason not to think other car manufacturers are doing the same thing? >> the current threat of fines, criminal investigations, but cars today are essentially moving computers. they have about 100 million lines of code and makes decision based on the software. so there are ways in which auto companies can funneling the tests, can take liberties and the question is, is the government -- are there tests keeping up with the ability of auto companies to cheat. and this example suggests that at a minimum, the government's going to have to rethink to ensure compliance with tests. nchor: all the tests measuring emissions or is this something they were trying to do in car markets around the world? >> when the 2009 models came out
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it was after the u.s. imposed much tougher standards and v.w. for some of these cars had dropped out of the u.s. market for two years until they said they were meeting the new tougher diesel emission standards. now it appears that the way v.w. is able to beat those standards was through basically through cheating. anchor: was v.w. doing this because it was desperate to break into the u.s. car market here? >> this is against the backdrop where v.w. tried to sell a million vehicles in the u.s. by 2018. and to date, it has not come close to meeting that number. and a big part of that strategy, 25% of their sales last year were diesel vehicles. rather than put money into hybrid ses, they said we'll focus for deal ell which gets
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high mileage. they had to convince not the polluting vehicles of the early 1980's, that turned off americans to diesel cars. this was a big part of the strategy and now a very difficult test as the c.e.o. acknowledged to regain america's trust. anchor: back to the migrant crisis, the czech republic said it would be illegal to e.u. to impose sanctions. warning came ahead of a meeting tomorrow in brussels. the proposed crisis system could be adopted. they remain opposed to the plan continue.f refugees
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reporter: carriages empty of mig rants and feff few geese believe they are fast approaching a new life. the arab nations don't come close to europe from baghdad. i'm overwhelmed by the compassion here. but that compassion is being put to the test. the weary and the injured continue their long march as european neighbors squabble and umble for a common approach. opened a -- croatia new camp. there is temporary shelter and basic facilities but most want transport to germany. and on a visit to the camp, the
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prime minister said the mass movement could not be stopped. >> no walls. no possibility to stop the flow of the people. that's my answer. if anyone thinks that without shipping, able to control this, absolutely -- this seven days go back. reporter: just across the border in hungary, a growing security presence where a new fence was being built. they were kept there for hours. we saw no sign of water or food being handed out. overhead, a drone kept watch as the wait lasted into the night. it looks like the buses are now ready to move. they are expected to go directly from this border to the border with austria. hungary's prime minister has made his feelings plain and
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saying europe is being overrun who are knocking at the door, but breaking it down. hours earlier, they tried to leave the camp. so ready to walk. they fear registering there would prevent them from traveling farther. police held them back and reinforcements were called in. pressure is building. and a divided europe is facing some hard choices. anchor: apple says it's taking steps to remove malicious code added to a number of apps used widely in china. a software tool was collecting user data and uploading it to the internet. it is the fourth largest attack y hackers.
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tsipras has been sworn in following a snap election on sunday. new government's biggest task is implementing the bailout deal signed in july. after jam-packed weekend, pope francis spent the last full day cities, traveling to the cuba.guin and santiago, the pope focused on the ability to change. our religious affairs correspondent is traveling with the pope and has this report. reporter: pope francis received an enthusiastic welcome from the crowd. he popemobile passed by. it had a distinctly latin
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america flavor. ba was officially aetheist until 1992. relaxed family atmosphere here in holguin. on sunday, the pope focused on his diplomatic mission as he met fidel and his brother, the president. the catholic church here in uba. in his homily he said he knew the efforts and sacrifices made by the church in cuba and spoke of the shortages of churches and priests, fewer than 400 priests on this island of 11 million where they regularly attend mass. he will use his visit to improve the ties between the church and
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state. this visit was being awaited by the faithful. at home, this family has spent weeks painting welcome possible terse and remembers when catholics were shunned in cuba and says that was changed. >> there were never huge crowds in the churches in cuba, and now there is no religious discrimation. i never said anything to my children about being catholic, although they can't bring religious symbols to school. >> the pope's visit is a symbol both of hope and of change. the faithful are no longer persecuted on the island and the pope hopes it can play a bigger role in the future. many have high hopes for their future and for cuba's. an island on the brink of historic change, change that may
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bring much good and also much up heefal. -- upheaval. anche chor: a group is calling for presidential candidate ben carson to withdraw from the race. thousands of marched have marched through the capital of bare route calling on civic leaders to step down amid a growing garbage crisis. the campaign called you stink has used these protests to bring over public indignation over a public system. as stinking piles of rubbish grow on the streets of beirut --
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we do not want any more dumps but healthy dumps with international standards that don't kill people. the city main landful has been closed since july where politicians have been able not to find an alternative. the problem has started the you tink movement has rallied into marries against the government. >> we have to bring down this government and its current financial authority through the authority of law. our gateway is an election to put a stop to bribes and hold politicians accountable. reporter: the country has been without a president since may last year. the garbage crisis, not a festering symbol of the government's parallels cyst. and there are other growing
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strains on lebanon with a population of 4.5 million people, more than a million are refugees from syria. the ruling class is not even able to cope and many fear this growing resentment will lead to another cycle of unrest. anchor: more than a year to go until the u.s. presidential election, the campaign is stiring up controversy. ben carson said he would not advocate a muslim in the white house. the comment has drawn quick rebuke from many of the candidates and even calls for him to get out of the race. e have the latest. reporter: ben carson, christian conservative, one of the main
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challengers to the republican nomination has given himself and his party a mighty head wake with these comments. >> i would not advocate we put a muslim in charge of this nation. i absolutely would not agree with that. >> his political rivals have pounced. >> our constitution specifies there should be no religious test for office. >> others took too to twitter. senator graham saying, carson needs to apologize to american muslims. he is a good doctor but not prepared to lead a great nation. this comes hot on the heels ininvolving donald trump when he didn't correct this questioner at a town hall meeting last week. >> the problem in this country is called muslims. we know our current president is one. you know he isn't an an american. >> article 6 of the u.s. constitution is explicit, no
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religious test should be required as a qualification to any office or public trust. a council of muslim relations is calling for dr. carson to withdraw. >> the political season has gone to a whole new low in the united states of america. ben carson needs to understand we live in a pluralistic society. >> this is against the freedom of religion sm the united states is not based on any religion. i know christians are in the majority in this country, but as far as muslims, everybody can run for the presidency. >> i don't think islam is going to hurt the constitution. everybody is a hard worker and pays his taxes whether muslim or jewish or christian, it is good. reporter: ben carson seems to be
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saying being a muslim is un-american. the american leadership produced a report said if they were to win again, they needed to be much more welcoming and inclusive of minority groups. it seems that dr. carson didn't get the memo. anchor: john joined me a short time ago. what is the electoral calculation of ben carson and donald trump when they make these remarks? >> they are looking to the first of the caucuses, iowa, strong christian conservative base and saying if i say these sort of comments, i might pick up support in that area. you have all the republican candidates being asked to talk about what ben carson said and donald trump. no other messages are getting through. and republican strategy, go back to the report that came out
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after the election when barack obama won a second term. the growth and opportunity report. huge survey done by senior republicans. the public perception of the party is at record lows. young people are rolling their eyes and many minorities think that republicans do not like them or want them in the country. i would suggest the ben carson comments is to reinforce that and not undermine it. anchor: let's talk about that size of that republican field has been vast. >> it is beginning to shrink a little bit. rick perry left a little while ago and seeing scott walker, the governor of wisconsin, is leaving the race. and it must be a pretty uncomfortable feeling to wake up in the morning and look at a cnn poll and see in the column against your name -- that's all
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he was scoring. even though he was an early favorite in iowa and had garnered a lot of support and seemed to be the person to beat in iowa, his fortunes collapsed after his perform anesthetically in the last of the republican debates. anchor: how about that donald trump bubble? is it deflating, bursting? >> it hasn't gone pop. it's still there. and people -- a lot of people are trying to write his death notice and he is still standing when the smoke clears. he is going to be there for some time to come yet. maybe that there will be some damage and slight turning of the tide yet but it ain't rushing out. anchor: conflict is too common on tv and on the web. the exhibition at the national portrait gallery looks at the
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civil war. the photographs of the dead at gettysburg. we went to have a look. you may find some of the images in her report disturbing. reporter: as with many wars, many thought america's civil war would be over quickly, but it lasted four brutal years which its horrors were revealed in images like these. these photographs were taken by gardner in the after math of antietam. >> the relates of industrial war, you can no longer think it was an exercise between mounted knights on horseback. this was a dark bloody business which people were totally unprepared for. reporter: it credits gardner as the first modern war photographer, creating commercial images of death and
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conflict. he was a favorite of abraham lincoln and speculation that the gettysburg address was influenced by the graphic nature of gardner's work. and it was at gettysburg that gardner committed the worst sin, rearranging the corps to make his story more dramatic. it wasn't exposed until the 20th century. >> there has been concern about whether photography is true or jub text -- subjective. >> one event gardner didn't have to sensational nies was the public execution involved in lincoln's assassination. this image shows them being brought to the scaffold and this shows the moment they are hanged. a moment of great hiffle call value but we are witnessing the moment of death. and his photography raises troubling questions we are still
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grappling with today. most evident during vietnam was the first televised war. since then military leaders have done their best to control the portrayal of casualties. gardner well knew, rightly or wrongly, thhre has been public demand for images of violence. >> photography introduces a degree of this. and this is the beginning of visual revolution that we are at today with the internet. reporter: gardner abandoned his career and became an insurance agent but he leaves a legacy that continues to shape the way we view and process violence today. anchor: his disturbing images
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bringing today's broadcast to a close. for more of us, thanks for watching and please do tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, new man's own foundation, giving all profits from new man's own to charity and pursuing the good. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect and communicate for centuries. that's the strength behind good banking relationships, too.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening, i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is back with us tomorrow. on the newshour tonight, a historic visit. pope francis meets the castros and says mass in cuba. ahead of his u.s. visit, we look at the man leading the catholic church. >> the secret to him is pretty open. he's a christian. he follows jesus. he talks like jesus. jesus talked about the poor. and that's all the pope is saying. start with the poor. >> ifill: also ahead, wisconsin governor scott walker drops out of the republican race. and, religion seeps into the presidential campaign, as three candidates jockey for an edge in shifting polls. then, the story of one family of syrian refugees who made it to the u.s., as secretary of state john kerry opens the door to


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