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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 30, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to
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come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington i am jane o'brien. insia launches airstrikes syria, opening a new chapter in the long-running conflict. questions are raised about exactly whom they are targeting. taliban fighters are tightening their hold on the afghan city of konduz. we talk about the troubling takeover. a booby-trap bomb sounds like something out of james bond. these world war ii drawings are
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the real deal, complete with an exploding candy bar. ♪ jane: blogger and our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. itsy, russia undertook biggest intervention in the middle used for decades, airstrikes in syria at the request of president assad. they claimed 8 islamic state targets have been hit. they say that some strikes were in areas where there was no ice's. this can be tantamount to throwing gasoline on a fire. steve rosenberg reports. steve: the russian military say
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they carried airstrikes across the country against the islamic state. it was the russian parliament which sanctioned the operation. it was the kremlin that ordered it. to fightly right way terrorism in syria and neighboring states is to act preempted fully. to fight and destroy terrorism in the places they occupy, not wait until they come to our home. complexrussia joins a conflict with an array of armed groups fighting to overthrow the government. president assad's regime and trolls much of the west, but syrian rebels have taken pockets to the north and south. the kurds hold territory close to the turkish border. now, the russian military has taken positions to bolster president assad. the united states has accused
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russia of carrying out airstrikes with her was no islamic state fighters. moscow dismissed claims of civilian casualties. the u.s. secretary of state issued a warning to russia. not, best not, and will confused in our fight against support for moreover, we have made clear that we would have grave concerns should russia strike areas where russia and al qaeda affiliated targets are not operating. questionf that kind russia's real intentions fighting iso-or protecting the assad regime. steven: if this is part of international action against isil and the appalling terrorist isis, it is good. if it is against the free syrian
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army and for assad, the dictator, that is a retrograde step. that is what has happened. steven: then try to isolate president putin and russia over the conflict in ukraine. airstrikes in syria means america needs to find a way to cooperate with moscow. recognized russia as a global power. they will not put troops on the ground in syria, but russia is not saying how long its air campaign will continue. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. and russia have different ideas on the way to deal with the syrian conflict. president putin insists that president assad needs the world's support to fight. the potential impact of today's russian action.
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>> what is driving mr. putin's erotic move in syria? is it a ploy to save -- what is driving mr. putin's said in move in syria -- sudden move in syria? pressurery least, argued that these airstrikes were requested in writing by the syrian government. beforea has announced fightingparty who was terrorism could send an army in cooperation with the syrian government. >> the question is, what did the russians hit in this destruction? moscow claims these were is facilities. the pentagon says that their information suggested no were present. syrian opposition leaders
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claimed that their forces and civilians were hit. the kremlin rejected the deliberate distortion. is clear that they named a target nowhere near major is centers in the north. syria is being dangerously crowded with airstrikes. the u.s. coalition was bombarding is strongholds near a lego. two separate campaigns with a minimal coordination, increasing danger for all in an already volatile conflict. >> the result of this kind of action, it will, inevitably, simply be to inflame the civil war in syria. what is puzzling is how mr. putin thinks today's actions thed help him build international coalition he says he wants to drive i.s. from syria and iraq. possibly, he helps iran could join him. would it jeopardize its new relationship with the united
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states? other players like saudi arabia are dead set against the assault regime, so is turkey. a new russian adventure, and it is fraught with risks. if no one joins him, if it fails to work, or if taking on the syrian jihadist on their home turf is really his goal, the potential danger is that they might hit back by launching a terror campaign in russia. bbc news. ise: this topic overshadowing everything at the united nations today. i spoke with the bbc's laura trevelyan about the action of the u.n.. this aims to of taken everyone by surprise. what has been the reaction at the united nations? laura: they were shocked this morning. many questioned if there was now
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a real possibility of a dangerous inadvertent collision between the militaries of the russians and the americans in the middle east. that would be a conflagration by itself. interestingly, some united nations officials that have been close to the high-diplomacy on syria point out that it is just a possibility that the increase in bombing could also be about -- bring about diplomatic results. the question is, do the russians have more leverage with the president of sought now that they are taking out airstrikes in support of him? can they use that leverage with himident assad to stop from carrying out the barrel-bombing of civilians which has been horrific. is this a diplomatic path? that is the
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partnerg to keep their in the region. from moscow this is a critical position. syria is their access to the mediterranean. they are worried about losing a client, worried about losing military facilities. resident putin is worried about his stature at home and has demonstrated swagger. he is getting himself into a complicated situation. jane: is it like pouring gasoline on a fire? is it complicating the diplomatic solution? >> this is one of the more interesting aspects.
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will russia use its influence president to press assad into a political process? he wants the process to end with asaad in power. most of the syrian people would like for it to end with asaad out of power. will he help drive the parties to a renewable little go process? that is not impossible. skies over syria are becoming crowded. what are the potential risks for direct conflict between russia and the u.s.? crowdedve skies, there are risks for mistakes and accidents. coalition aircraft, from the war in iraq and afghanistan, there one times when you had blue blue incidences when coalitions hit their own people.
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those dangers are there. militaries are good about integrating those things. you can see the coalition militaries and the russian militaries establishing tactical communications. it is possible. beyond the syria, the international community is keeping a close eye on afghanistan. vitali tally ban has tightened its hold on code is. on kodouz.s -- on the ground, the fighters are digging in. the bbc chief international correspondent set down with the -- abdullahchief abdullah for his charges that the afghan government did not do enough to protect hindus. -- condi was -- the city of konduz. the challenge for the people
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of konduz is for afghanistan. conflict where there were other shortcomings. it has to be steady. you admit there have been shortcomings. >> certainly the fact that the tally been took konduz. it did not happen in the conventional way of breaking through the front lines and fighting. the taliban advance comes as the united states is considering what should be the military presence in afghanistan going forward. what are you saying in new york? has been that together we have achieved a lot. now, most of the on theibilities are
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shoulders of institutions. we are still in need sometimes. pressure from the tally been taught use taliban how to survive until 2014. then they used maximum force in order to bring the government to down. that was their hope, their strategy. they are gaining ground. this is 7000 afghan troops could not beat back 1000 holiday inn. now you have american airstrikes and foreign fighters to try to beat them back in one place alone. you still need significant military support from the international community? >> not significant. >> thousands rather than
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hundreds. >> yes, of course. ww talking about thousands versus hundreds. it is significant that we need significant support. >> it is one year since your national unity government was warned. you still do not have a full government. only a quarter of provincial governors have been appointed. many afghans are saying that you are not doing good enough. you have to do better. you recognize that? >> the challenges have been inherited. the bbc talking to afghanistan's abdullah abdullah in new york. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, giving women in the u.k. new hope for having a
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child. the groundbreaking procedure womb the country's first transplant. the indian capital in the grip of the most severe outbreak of did gay fever in years. around 25,000 people have been affected. thousands of patients arrive every morning at delhi's hospitals suffering high fever and joint pain that have earned dengue fever is alternative name, break bone fever. tempers run high. the disease has brought hospitals in the indian capital to a standstill. >> before that, we are equal.
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if it is too high -- there is no vaccine and no cure for dengue fever. the only way to stop the spreading is to kill the mosquito that carries dengue fever. they are working hard to do that. every day government officials go house to house warning of the dangers of the disease, and trying to find the mosquitoes that carry it. think a fever was rare 50 years ago. they'll half of the world's population is addressed. it is a disease of modernity, nurtured in the world's burgeoning cities. it is only likely to grow. climate change will make the
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warm, wet conditions that dengue mosquitoes love more common. bbc news, delhi. ♪ the u.k. has been granted permission to carry out the first womb transplant. ethical approval has been granted for 10 operations. it follows the success of a procedure in sweden. the first operations could take place in spring. >> i didn't think i was ever going to be able to carry my own child. 16 years down the line science has progressed so far. .> she was born without a womb she is hoping she will be one of the 10 women selected for a transplant. >> to fill the baby move inside
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you, to be able to carry it for nine months is an amazing feeling. >> the first baby born from a transplanted womb, donated by a friend of his mother, shows it is possible. that was in sweden. the gynecological surgeon who will carry out the transplant here says he is optimistic. >> the swedes have been successful. seven women -- six have been pregnant. so baby that gives us confidence we should be able to emulate those results. howlett work? the women will have eggs harvested from their ovaries -- how will it work? the women will have eggs harvested from their ovaries. ae womb will come from deceased organ donor. after 12 months the embryos are implanted using ivf.
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the baby will be delivered by cesarean section. it is major surgery and will take about six hours. the recipient will need to take daily suppressant drugs to prevent the organ from being rejected. these take long term -- these carry long-term health risks. the surgeon will remove the womb six months after giving birth or after she has tried for second child. sweden hadin emergency hysterectomies when the transplants failed. the british team has raised 40,000 pounds of the 500,000 they need. it is not funded by the nhs. for the one in 5000 women torn without a w -- born without a womb this trial offers hope they can carry their own child. jane: amazing.
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exploding chocolate bars and hidden devices sound like something in a james bond film. these data back to world war ii. they have been rediscovered after 70 years. they are made by a young artiss for the british secret service. timebombcendiary disguised as a thermos flask. a breakfast with a bomb hit beneath bankers and mash. all devised by german sabotage experts to spread havoc among british enemies. these were the work of a young artist called lawrence fish. his widow showed them to me. >> here they are. rickey, there's quite a pile. the most famous is the exploding chocolate bar. to doer commissioning him
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it survives, but the original drawing could not be found. of hisyears, almost all war-time drawings vanished. members of the rothschild family were clearing out their house and came across the drawings in a chest of drawers. victor rothschild's daughter realized what they were and returned them to lawrence's family. how they ended up here -- this is where lawrence and jean after theve in years war. he became an artist and put his war-time drags behind him. >> he wasn't going to make money out of it. when the war was over he had to do something to earn him money. >> the drawings were commissioned by victor rothschild. the sabotage2/3 of unit. the young lawrence was recruited
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by his police detective father, the third member of the rothschild team. he wanted the drawings for a manual that had to diffuse similar devices. germans were keen on destroying ships and cargoes. britain was to starve into submission. they created ingenious devices that could be smuggled on ships, placed in cargo holds with long-term timers. they wanted the ships to catch fire and sink while out at sea. museum that will take pictures. freehand precision drawings made before computers and a fascinating record of wartime ingenuity. abc news. jane: -- bbc news. jane: another reason to cut down on chocolate. you can find out more on our website.
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to reach me and most of the team go to twitter. are -- we bbc world news u.s. think of for watching, tune in tomorrow. -- thank you for watching, tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries, that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg, we believe
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financial partnerships should endure the test of time, because with time comes change -- what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. on the newshour tonight: russia flexes its muscle in the middle east, launching air strikes in syria. and sending military advisors into iraq. margaret warner sits down with the iraqi prime minister, haider al-abadi. also ahead this wednesday, a major setback in afghanistan as u.s.-led coalition forces grapple with taliban insurgents who have seized a crucial city in the north. plus, how a surge of patients on medicaid is overwhelming the health care system in california. >> why am i seeing all of those people? because nobody else is available in their communities to see them. why not? because the rates are


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