tv PBS News Hour Weekend PBS March 5, 2016 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for saturday, march 5: voters have their say in primaries and caucuses in louisiana, maine, nebraska, kentucky, and kansas, as donald trump and hillary clinton look to expand their leads in the delegates needed to secure their party's presidential nominations. and from chicago, a once controversial art exhibit on race is brought back with a new perspective. next, on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: lewis b. and louise hirschfeld cullman. bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the citi foundation. supporting innovation and enabling urban progress.
the john and helen glessner family trust. supporting trustworthy journalism that informs and inspires. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we are your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening, and thanks for joining us. results are coming in from the five primaries and caucuses today in this year's presidential race. senator ted cruz has won the ate of texas.a and his homeas, cruz captured 48% of the vote, followed by new york businessman donald trump at 23% and florida senator marco rubio about 17%. cruz stands to win half of the
40 delegates kansas will send to the republican national convention. he spoke to supporters tonight in idaho, which holds a republican primary on tuesday. >> and the scream you hear, the howl that comes from washington, d.c., is utter terror at what we the people are doing together. >> sreenivasan: in maine, early results showed cruz and trump vying for first place with 23 delegates at stake there. the republicans also competed in caucuses in kentucky. on the democratic side, former secretary of state hillary clinton has won in kansas, according to the state democratic party. clinton and sanders also competed in caucuses in nebraska, where former president bill clinton made the case there for his wife. >> the most important reason by far is that she's the best changemaker i've ever met. >> sreenivasan: clinton is looking ahead to the next big primary tuesday in michigan and
touted her economic plan today in detroit. >> i want to build on the progress president obama has made. i am absolutely in his corner. i don't think he gets the credit he deserves for saving our economy when he was handed the worst financial crisis since the great depression. >> sreenivasan: she'll face off with sanders in a nationally televised debate tomorrow night in michigan where he's brought onomy."sage of a "rigged relations with china have cost this country millions of decent paying jobs. i fought every one of these trade agreements. >> sreenivasan: louisiana held primaries for both parties today, and about a quarter of louisiana's registered voters were expected to turn out. >> do i love louisiana? i love louisiana! >> sreenivasan: trump topped pre-primary polls in louisiana, but the primary was restricted to registered republicans. >> this is better than real estate. this is more fun. >> sreenivasan: rubio has been telling audiences that a vote for trump, who leads in
convention delegates, is a mistake. >> if he is our nominee, it will split the republican party, and it will be the end of the modern conservative movement. >> sreenivasan: ohio governor john kasich is also campaigning next door to his home state in michigan and touting his experience in congress writing a balanced federal budget in the 1990s. >> balancing the budget is a problem because the debt right now is so high, but the real problem is it's keeping us from getting the jobs we want. >> sreenivasan: kasich came in fourth in kansas. in winning there, cruz followed in the footsteps of the past two republican caucus winners-- rick santorum and mike huckabee-- positioning himself as the most socially conservative candidate, with appeals to christian evangelicals who make up one- third of the kansas electorate. for more on the results in both kansas and the party. 40,000 voters participated and democrats a larger turn out than in 2008. for more on the results joined
by kansas city star political reporter dave helling. dave, the numbers for cruz perhaps been expected the facate margin that he won by, are you surprised by that? >> everyone's surprised. two to one margin for ted cruz out in kansas we all understand that this is a very strongly religious state on the republican side. mike huckabee won in 2008. rick santorum run. the cruz victory was not a surprise. but everyone expected that donald trump would do much better than he did and get much closer to the senator from texas than he did, we've discussed that may be a problem for donald trump. he continues to struggle in close states, we're only republicans can vote. kansas was just such a state. on saturday and he fell far behind ted cruz. screen there were any indications that the tone or ten or of the conversations in the
past few weeks have changed the mind ever kansas vote? >> you don't get that sense. you get the sense that ted cruz is very popular with relick us conservatives, always have been. those are the very people that always go to caucus here in kansas. as i suggested they did so in the last two caucuses here. i don't think anyone was surprised by that. now, donald trump did make a last minute appearance in kansas saturday in wichita, trying to rally some votes and i did talk to caucus goers today who support donald trump, they're all very frustrated with government and so that's a very real thing here as it is in other states. it just wasn't enough to get him anywhere near the cruz popularity. screen you were out at some of the polls what did you hear from the voters? >> the frustration that i just talked about a lot of people are very upset with washington. one caucus goer told me nothing gets done, she reunite for
emphasis. you also get the sense that some of the caucus goers are very upset at the tone of the campaign. one of the republicans i talked with said that she doesn't listen any more because she's disappointed and disgusted with the tone of the debate and disagreements particularly on the republican side. we'll have to see if that translates into concern as we head to the general election or even as we get closer to the convention because it's not clear that it changed any votes but people are fed up with the language in the campaign i think and they are fed up with washington. screen let's talk on the democratic. likely to go to bernie sanders, any surprise there 124. >> breaking news, right? they just announced 90% have been counted they declared senator sanders the winner. we don't know the margin, so, you want to wait a little bit until you understand whether it's a ten-point victory for two point victory. but i do think it reflects the nature of caucuses.
they always send to attract, the more committed voter, those who are more energetic about their candidate and there's no question that in kansas bernie sanders has more or had more energy than hillary clinton. hillary clinton had a lot of organizations but never visited the state to campaign here. bernie sanders on the other hand was here thursday. he was here the week before in kansas city, he had a huge crowd there's just more energy with senator sanders on saturday. >> sreenivasan: must clinton lost there last round. >> in 2008 to barack obama where the same phenomenon played out. you would not think that someone like barack obama, the first african american candidate would do well in a state like kansas. but he did quite well because of the committed voters who turned out in large numbers. now, turn out today was much larger in kansas on the democratic side than it was in 2008. so, that shows you the enthusiasm nor the senator. whether that helps him down the road we'll have to see. but on this saturday at least
bernie sanders was quite the attraction for kansas. >> sreenivasan: all right, kansas city star political reporter dave helling. thanks a lot. >> sreenivasan: louisiana is a state that former president bill clinton won twice-- in the 1992 and 1996 general elections-- but no democratic presidential candidate has won it since. former first lady hillary clinton-- should she become this year's democratic nominee-- could aim to reverse that losing streak. joining me now to discuss how the campaign in both parties has played out before today's louisiana primary voters is elizabeth crisp, a political reporter for the "baton rouge advocate." so, none of the candidates are in town today. what's the activity been like in louisiana with the candidates over the past few days? >> after super tuesday, we started seeing more activity from the candidates. last night, donald trump was in new orleans. ted cruz was in the new orleans area. bill clinton has been in louisiana for the past two days. and so, it really seemed to kind
of spike as today approached. >> sreenivasan: i know that former governor bobby jindal had endorsed rubio, but he canceled one of his last trips. >> yeah, marco rubio was supposed to be in baton rouge last night. after super tuesday, his campaign announced that he was reshifting his efforts to focus on areas where they thought he could be more effective. and so, to a lot of people here in louisiana, i think that kind of signaled that he wasn't going to perform very well here. >> sreenivasan: so is this a trump vs. cruz sort of showdown or is it expected to go towards trump? >> it is interesting. in louisiana, we have not had a lot of polls here, so a lot of people are wondering which way it will go. the few we have seen, and it has been in the most recent days, have shown trump with a pretty sizable lead, but louisiana's interesting because it is a closed primary state. so only registered republicans will be able to vote, and so a lot of people are seeing this as possibly ted cruz's chance to kind of come through. >> sreenivasan: and what about
on the democratic side? what's the campaigning been like between hillary and bernie? >> on the democratic side we've definitely seen a lot more activity from hillary clinton's campaign. i know that there's a lot of grassroots activity for bernie sanders here, but really when you look at the demographics, like a lot of southern states that we've seen already, that went on super tuesday, it just really seems to be tilted heavily in hillary clinton's favor. >> sreenivasan: so, elizabeth, on both side of the aisle, what are the issues that are resonating with the voters that you've been speaking with? >> it really is a lot about the economy. but i think that what we're seeing from a lot of people on the trump side in particular for them it really is an issue about they feel like their country has somehow gotten off track and needs to be, you know-- that needs to be righted. i heard a lot people saying they feel he's the strongest on veterans issues, even as controversial as his comments may be about immigration, he has a lot of people who feel like he is telling it as it is. >> sreenivasan: is there a racial dimension how people turn out in louisiana?
>> there definitely is. the rally that we had the other night, where former president bill clinton was here, it was a very diverse crowd. it was a lot of union supporters and a lot of african american voters there. >> sreenivasan: all right, elizabeth crisp, from the "baton rouge advocate," thank you so much for joining us. >> thanks. >> sreenivasan: keep track of the results and delegates awarded in today's five presidential primaries and caucuses, on our web site, www.pbs.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: there are growing protests in turkey's capital over press censorship. riot police fired tear gas, rubber bullets and water canons for a second day to disperse hundreds of demonstrators against the government takeover of "zaman," turkey's most widely read newspaper.
in its final edition published today before the takeover, the newspaper said the turkish press is going through "one of the darkest days in its history." "zaman" is owned by a leading political opponent of president recep erdogan-- fethullah gulen, a cleric who has lived in the u.s. since 1999. the turkish government has accused gulen of plotting a coup. european officials and human rights groups are condemning the newspaper takeover as a blow to press freedom. the cease-fire in syria's civil war is a week old today, and while all sides continue to report some violations, the fighting has slowed considerably. the british-based syrian observatory for human rights says at least 135 people died in the past week in areas covered by the cease-fire. the monitoring group also says more than 550 people died in parts of syria controlled by islamic state militants and the al qaeda-linked nusra front, groups that are not part of the truce brokered by the u.s. and russia. in rebel-held territory in northern syria, where fighting has largely stopped, protesters have taken to the streets to
call for the ouster of syrian president bashar al-assad, a sight rarely seen in recent years. the lull in the fighting has allowed united nations aid convoys to reach towns in desperate need of supplies. 25 trucks made it to the damascus area yesterday. the u.n. envoy for syria said today he hopes peace talks in geneva can resume next week. the philippines' has impounded a north korean cargo ship at a port near manila. this comes just days after the united nations imposed tougher sanctions on north korea for carrying out nuclear weapons tests. filipino coast guard personnel initially boarded and inspected the ship on thursday. it had been headed to china with a load of animal feed. the philippines government says it will deport the crew of 21 north koreans. elon musk, the c.e.o. of the privately-owned space exploration company space-x, says his next rocket launch has a good chance of a nailing the landing and making it easier to reuse the rocket. after, delivering a telecommunications satellite into orbit above the earth yesterday, the falcon 9 rocket "landed hard" on a platform in the pacific ocean.
this was space-x's fourth attempt to land a rocket at sea. best-selling southern novelist pat conroy has died. his books sold more than 20 million copies around the world, and three of the best-known, "the great santini," "the prince of tides" and "lords of discipline," were made into movies. in the adaptation of "the great santini," robert duvall played the abusive marine corps fighter pilot based on conroy's own father. >> you're going to see a floor show the likes of which is going to make marine corps history. >> sreenivasan: conroy once said, "the reason i write is to explain my life to myself." he died of pancreatic cancer at his home in beaufort, south carolina, yesterday. he was 70 years old. and tennis writer and broadcaster bud collins has died. he was best known for his colorful commentary and outfits, covering wimbledon and other tournaments for nbc during his 35 years with the network. collins was inducted into the international tennis hall of fame in 1994, and the u.s. open named its media center after him last year. collins died yesterday at his home in brookline, massachusetts, after suffering
from parkinson's disease. he was 86. >> sreenivasan: chicago's field museum has revived a controversial sculpture exhibit conceived more than 80 years ago. the exhibit is intended to spark debate about the depiction of different races. the newshour's megan thompson reports. >> reporter: at chicago's field museum, these bronze statues relegated to storage for decades are back on display in a conscious attempt to be provocative about the hot-button topic of race. alaka wali is an anthropologist and curator of the exhibit. >> ...to get the conversation going around these issues using this amazing artwork to do that. >> reporter: the story of this exhibit starts in the late 1920s, with malvina hoffman, an american sculptor who lived in paris and had studied with auguste rodin. the field museum commissioned
her to sculpt 104 so-called "racial types" that the curators wanted to depict. >> and they were like, "we want one of this type, we want one of that type." they thought that she could sort of create this composite from different people into this one type that would represent the entire population. >> reporter: hoffman took more than three years to create the mostly bronze sculptures based on photographs and live models. >> and then she traveled the world. she went by boat, she went by camel. she went by elephant to parts of asia, parts of africa, met people, encountered them. >> reporter: the museum unveiled the "races of mankind" exhibit in 1933 to coincide with the chicago world's fair. the exhibit was popular and remained on display for decades. at the time, racial divisions in the u.s. were stark and many parts of the world remained colonized. some scientists and anthropologists classified
people in racial groups based on biological traits, like how a person looked. some groups were considered more advanced than others. >> so they started coming up with these categories-- primitive, barbaric-- and the only ones who could be considered civilized were the europeans. >> reporter: wali says today the theories are considered "scientific racism." but the thinking influenced hoffman's work. for example, a chiseled body builder from brooklyn-- depicted almost like a greek god-- was chosen to portray the "nordic" type. >> classic features of what the stereotype of a northern european would be. >> reporter: on the other hand, sculptures of the san people of southern africa's kalahari desert showed a mother crouched on the ground and a father with a bow and arrow. >> they were considered among the most primitive of the primitive because at the time they were still a people who were what we in anthropology
would call hunter-gatherers or foragers. >> reporter: but the san weren't primitive at all; they extracted an extremely nutritious diet from the barren desert and had complex traditions of storytelling, music and art. hoffman sometimes disagreed with the field museum curators. she wasn't comfortable creating a composite of each racial type, like they wanted. >> she said, "no, these people are individuals." because she was talking to them, you know, in her travels. you have to see these people as individuals. and so, there was that kind of tension. >> reporter: hoffman prevailed; each statue was of an actual person, and the new exhibit lists many of their real names. millions of people saw the statues during the next 30 years. but by the 1960s, thinking about race had changed. culture, not biology, explains differences in how people live and behave. university of chicago professor michael dawson, who specializes in the politics of race and
ethnicity, says while the sculptures may be works of art, the exhibit was based on archaic ideas of race that have been abandoned. >> by the 1960s and 1970s, there's real pushback on either cultural or biological conceptions of race, particularly those that were associated with some type of hierarchy or some type of sense of one race being superior, even if it's culturally superior. >> reporter: by the 1960s, much of africa and asia were de- colonized, and, in the u.s., the civil rights movement, including the black power movement, changed attitudes. >> so what you saw in chicago and throughout the country was very angry populations that were very well organized and very mobilized and were thinking at a very fundamental way, "how do we change institutions to make them more just?" >> reporter: in 1969, the museum removed the "races of mankind" exhibit. >> the new generations of curators were uncomfortable. they were embarrassed by the exhibit by that point.
>> reporter: the statues were scattered around the museum or put in storage. but wali says she felt they could serve a purpose once again. >> you don't want to waste that opportunity then to talk very openly about the history of race in our country. >> reporter: after a major restoration project, the museum remounted 50 of the statues in a new exhibit called "looking at ourselves: rethinking the sculptures of malvina hoffman." it contains a section on the "black lives matter" movement of today. digital displays counter old notions linking human behavior with physical traits. michael dawson says the exhibit helps put racial misunderstanding in a historical context. >> i don't know how we move forward unless we understand our past better, and have a discussion about how that past still affects us. >> reporter: the field museum exhibit will be on display through the end of the year.
>> sreenivasan: republican caucuses and maine and kentucky. ted cruz has won in maine according to the primary there. and donald trump will also first place in kentucky. in kansas, cruz also came out on top today in a straw poll as consuffer stiff politicrat action committee conference in maryland. cruz was favored by 40% of the 2,700 cpac conference attendees from around the country. rubio had 30%, donald trump 15%. remember to follow all of today's results online at www.pbs.org/newshour. that's all for this edition of pbs newshour weekend. i'm hari sreenivasan. have a good weekend. captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
>> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: lewis b. and louise hirschfeld cullman. bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the citi foundation. supporting innovation and enabling urban progress. the john and helen glessner family trust. supporting trustworthy journalism that informs and inspires. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we are your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for
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