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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 14, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." i am cap k. mission accomplished. orders theutin withdrawal of russian forces from syria. turkey makes arrests after a terror attack on the capital killed 37 people. kurdish rebels are being blamed for the violence. controversy,nd of u.s. presidential candidates prepare for a big day of primary votes on tuesday.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. putinn president vladimir has taken the international community by surprise, ordering most of his forces to withdraw from syria. syrian opposition groups have welcomed the move. mr. putin said the russian military intervention has largely achieved its objectives, and the focus should shift to the peace process with talks taking place in geneva. officials in the u.s. said they had no advanced warning of the russian decision. i spoke with steve rosenberg in moscow a short time ago. and moscow, is this being seen as a victory for president putin? steve: i think the russians are projecting this as a major success. vladimir putin is the master of surprise. he surprised the world in september by launching this
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operation in syria, and he has taken the world by surprise again by announcing the withdrawal of a large part of the russian contingent. i think the one thing russia didn't want to do in syria was get bogged down in a protracted operation. it didn't want syria to become a second afghanistan. kremlin seems to be calculating that now with a cessation of hostilities in and the start of some kind of peace process that to scale back,nt to bring back troops, and to declare this operation a success, but the caveat is numbers. we don't know how many troops are going to come back. we don't know how many troops are going to be staying there. we know some will in the russian latakia.ear katty: it's interesting, isn't it? when russia went in in september, there was an international outcry and concern in washington, but it put
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president putin in the conversation. it gave them, if you like, a certain amount of clout they didn't have before. steve: absolutely. rewind six months, and the international situation was very different. russia was pretty much an international outcast, almost a pariah state over its annexation of crimea, and moscow's support for the pro-russian rebels in eastern ukraine -- it was almost as if world leaders didn't want to meet putin. then russia started bombing syria, and everything changed. the u.s. president, european leaders started meeting vladimir putin, and russia went from being the problem to the solution, the solution to the syria question. it's almost as if in six months putin has gone from problem to peacemaker. it's quite a reversal for russia. katty: steve rosenberg in
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moscow, thanks very much for staying up for us. a short time ago, i discussed the withdrawal with admiral james to brady's, the former supreme allied commander at nato. the russians are saying that task has been completed, they can begin the withdrawal of their armed forces. what was the main task? >> i think from their perspective it was to ensure power,sad remained in and i think they are fairly confident they have attained that part of the outcome. this shows us that they are feeling pretty good as they go into the talks that are undergoing right now. was assad staying in power rather than defeat the so-called islamic state? >> absolutely. i don't think any serious observer felt for a moment that russia was in any way serious about its attacks on the islamic state.
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it was all about propping up a puppet and demonstrating to the world the power of peyton -- putin and the fact that russia lives up to its commitments, drawing a contrast between what some would see as the u.s. posture in the region. katty: why do you think they are starting to pull out now? >> i would say this is a financial decision more than else.ng at this point, the cost of conducting these strikes runs into millions and millions of rubles, all of which are losing value, compounded by low prices on oil. the kremlin is frankly feeling the pinch, and i think they look at this as a cost-cutting measure. katty: with the help of the russian airstrikes, the assad government has retaken territories and cities in syria, gaining quite a lot of strength back again. syrian opposition in geneva
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is saying if it is serious that moscow is pulling back its forces, that could be a good sign for peace talks and potentially for change in syria. is that a reasonable assessment, overly optimistic assessment on the part of the opposition? >> i think it's quite optimistic, but i will grant you there are some hopeful signs right now. first of all, the talks are happening. secondly, violence has been reduced, by my count, 80% or so. thirdly, relief convoys are getting into about half of the targeted locations. happening.hings are unfortunately, i don't see this as a sudden pivot point to an agreement. the big sticking point, of course, is going to be the future of assad. the syrian opposition says he must go. the russians will insist he must stay. how those positions get squared is going to be a challenge for john kerry. me.y: thanks for joining
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more from the middle east, turkish authorities have made a number of arrests after the latest terror attack in the capital ankara. the government blames separatist kurdish rebels for the explosion in which 37 people died and scores were injured. from ankara, here is bbc's mark lowen. mark: after the horror, the grief. morgue, families learn the identities of those inside killed in yesterday's car bomb, loved ones whose worst fears were confirmed. the blasts struck near a transport hub on a busy sunday evening. so powerful, it's as though the sky was set alight. at the local hospital, the list of the dead, 37 names so far. lucky.n was
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he sustained head injuries but little more. the scene he describes is like a vision from hell. >> it was like armageddon. all i could see was red. people were screaming. it was just like an earthquake. i saw a body torn in two. mark: it is the third attack in ankara in five months. this was october. suicide bombings killed over 100, blamed on the islamic state. last month, another car bomb in the capital, leaving almost 30 dead. kurdish militants said they carried it out. aat is happening to turkey, nato member and eu hopeful stock in a cycle of attacks? this nation, nervous but defiant. >> even now, my voice is shaking. i left university early today because my parents are afraid. i'm afraid. it's not just the bombers who are to blame but those who allowed it to happen. >> i am not afraid.
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mark: two attackers have been identified, both allegedly members of the pkk. at the scene, a single tribute resisted the downpour. turkey is getting worryingly used to such attacks. there is anger at the government for a perceived lack of security and a foreign policy that has led turkey, once the stable corner of this region, into a unstable position. there is fear over the chaos into which this country is now sliding. yet again, turks are burying their own. the worry is when not if these scenes will be repeated. mark lowen, bbc news, ankara. katty: a region where at the moment everything is connected, and everything goes back to that five-year-old civil war in syria. a look at other news from around the world.
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the government of the ivory coast has declared three days of national mourning following sunday's attacks by islamic militants at a beach resort. security will be stepped up at schools, hotels, and it borders. the authorities say 18 people, include in three members of the security forces, were killed. al qaeda in the islamic maghrib has said it carried out the attack. gas in the thai capital of bangkok has killed eight people. saidommercial bank maintenance work was taking place on the fire extinguishing system in its headquarters when it was apparently triggered by accident. around 50 people employed by france's most prestigious auction house are standing trial in paris accused of stealing thousands of pieces of art and other valuable items. the works that were meant to go on sale at the hotel included a painting by the french realist
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gustav korb a. four auctioneers are among those people suspected. after a weekend of violence on the u.s. campaign trail, americans are preparing for another important day of primary voting tuesday. five states will vote under the complex rules of the presidential election system. they could prove decisive. if donald trump does well, he could move a big step closer to the republican nomination. florida is one of the state's voting, and it is there that we find the bbc's nick bryant. nick: electoral battlegrounds don't come more genteel than this, the retirement villages of central florida where golf carts outnumber motorcars, and where many elderly voters say that donald trump has become their new best friend. >> i say, give him four years. if it doesn't work out, we elect someone else. >> a groundswell in america is going that way.
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they are tired of the politicians and politics as the way they are. >> he's a little extreme in certain areas, but i guess compared to the other choices, which is the same establishment, we don't want that. [applause] nick: florida was supposed to be marco rubio country, an establishment favorite who has been the state' senators for the last five years. despite presenting himself as the face of the modern-day republican party, he has found it hard to shake off the trump taunt that he is "little marco," a political featherweight. the lights are going out on his campaign. one that is evidenced by 15 years of public service in which lights go off at inopportune times. nick: four friends of marco rubio, it has been hard to one that is evidenced by 15 watch. > the way we are choosing our president of the united states
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, a hollywoodjoke production, and it is so wrong. nick: over the past three days, it's taken another ugly turn. protesters have clashed with trump supporters and police. at this rally in ohio, a demonstrator tried to target the candidate himself. the trump campaign canceled a rally planned for this resort in because they are so certain of when in florida. more republicans are voting against donald trump than for him. this round of contests should winnow the field further. it will become a two or three-horse race, but if he wins florida, illinois, ohio, he will become fiendishly difficult to stop. not yet impossible, according to leading figures in the stop-trump campaign.
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>> what gives us hope is that donald trump has not received over 50% in a simple primary. over half the party still does not like him. in a one on one race, he's going to have trouble getting the majority. nick: as for marco rubio, he will surely make his final exit. nick bryant, bbc news, miami. katty: it is an extraordinary election campaign, and it is getting very tense on the trail at the moment. among the journalists who most vocally challenged the donald trump during this campaign is jorge ramos. he is a univision anchor, and he has taken issue with the republican front runner's immigration policy. he was ejected from one of trump's rallies. he has a new book out called "take a stand."i spoke to him a short time ago. you've called the book "take a aand," and in a sense, it's call to arms for activist run a
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listen. at bbc news, we pride ourselves on objectivity. are you suggesting that's not the right way to tackle politics? jorge: on the one hand, we have to report with objectivity and neutrality, but certain times as journalists -- i have seen journalists at bbc doing this -- you have to take a stand. our most important social responsibility is to confront those in power. when it comes to racism or corruption, public life, dictatorships, human rights, as journalists, we have to take a stand. katty: is it taking a stand or asking tough questions of those in power? thee: that is precisely point. i don't think i have the right as a journalist to be partisan. i cannot be for the democratic party or republican party. i have to be independent, but once that happens, in the case of donald trump, we have to ask tough questions in the press. katty: do you think the american press has been negligent when it comes to donald trump? jorge: many journalists didn't
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ask the tough questions at the beginning. he announced on june 16, and look where we are now. finally, all the candidates and reporters are asking tough questions, but where were they when donald trump said that mexican immigrants were rapists and criminals and drug traffickers? where were they? toughew journalists asked questions. now even the candidates are complaining about that, and it's way too late. if he wins ohio, that's it. he might be the next nominee for the republican party. katty: you yourself were ejected from a trump press conference. why? jorge: he says that i didn't wait for my turn. i did wait for my turn. what happened -- katty: to ask a question. jorge: to ask a question. once he offended mexican immigrants -- i'm a mexican immigrant -- i requested an interview with him, and instead of responding to me, he published on the internet my letter with my cell phone
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number. i had to change my cell phone number. a few weeks later, i followed him all the way to iowa, and i went to a press conference, and i wanted to ask him questions. he just didn't like the questions. then he sent his bodyguard and ejected me from the press conference. that is the first time in 30 years that has happened. the only time that happened with someone was with fidel castro in 1991. it's the first time in my career, because i wanted to ask a question, i was ejected. katty: a lot has been made of the power of hispanic voters to influence american residential elections. million hispanic voters, but they vote in low numbers. only half of them historically have voted before. will that change this time around because of donald trump? jorge: it is quite possible thanks to donald trump. i have been talking to very young new voters who have been telling me, i'm going to register because of donald trump. they want to vote against donald trump.
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bysident barack obama won less than 5 million votes. million latinos go to the votes, they could decide the election. donald trump only has 16% of hispanic support. with 16%, he can't win. romney got 27% and didn't win. katty: thanks so much for coming on. you are watching "bbc world news america." in northern peru, a massive oil spill threatens communities whose livelihoods depend on the waterways there. now to the latest in the migrant crisis gripping europe -- hundreds of people stranded in northern greece have managed to cross into macedonia despite border closures. frustrated by delays, they walked to a river near a greektown and then crossed. danny savage has more for us. on the march with nothing
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to lose, thousands of migrants walking towards a border they are not allowed to cross. walking towards a border they are not allowed to cross. they have had enough of waiting. for weeks, they have been stuck in greece. they are aiming to get to balkan, but all the border gates between here and there have slammed shut. they got this far and are not giving up. >> problem, problem. people are going to macedonia. danny: the march sparks alarm among the macedonian authorities who monitor them, but on the greek side, they are not stopped. migrants are undeterred by the obstacles in their path. at least three people drowned near here last night, but they are prepared to take the risk. desperate people will do
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desperate things. disillusionedme with the conditions at this border camp. it turned into a swamp after days of rain. unbearable. anywhere is better than this, they thought, which is why they set off en masse from here this morning. when many hundreds did eventually crossed the frontier, they were rounded up and detained. their ambitions, on hold once again. the path ahead is not easy and full of risks, but it is not putting them off trying. danny savage, bbc news. katty: the bbc has seen firsthand how children are being used to help clean up a huge oil leak in the peruvian amazon. 3000 barrels of crude oil have leaked from a pipeline in the jungle, and a state of emergency has been declared.
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the state-owned oil company denies using child labor to help compliant -- contain it, but the spill is taking a toll on the community's way of life. >> the pristine rain forests of northern peru where an environmental disaster is threatening the headwaters of the world's greatest river system. for the last month, workers from state-controlled paid troll company have been mopping up and scooping up over half a million liters of thick crude oil. fulling thousands of sacks of contaminated soil, company officials are keen to show us how well the cleanup is going, but beyond the security cordon and hidden under blue tarp is evidence of how much oil remains. in these poor, indigenous communities, we saw evidence that children were also involved in the cleanup.
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shows me howaif they scooped oil with their barehands into buckets, paid about a dollar for each one by company officials, she says. > they fell ill with fever and diarrhea after being sent to the river together oil, says this father of four. his middle son, seven-year-old osman, is still in hospital. he shows me the boy's oil-stained clothes. petrol peru said it exclusively prohibits the employment of children at the operation center where it does hire local workers to help.the company said it would look into the allegations. the latest of several recent oil spills in the peruvian amazon. petrol peru says it can contain the environmental damage.
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the petrol company insists that no expense and no amount of human effort will be spared to clean up this oil spill within a month, but the effects will last much longer. locals can't use the water or fish in it for at least four months, and this is a waterway upon which their lives depend. fishing nets stained black with oil. it's a disaster for the community, she tells me. with part of their land now contaminated, local say that oil has brought nothing but trouble to the region. >> it was not a lack of maintenance, which caused this 40-year-old pipeline to break, spilling 3000 barrels of oil, say company bosses who admit there will be more such accidents. >> sometimes, it's inevitable, bad things, but we are working hard at protecting the environment. we are working hard, making good
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maintenance to the pipeline. >> oil and water do not mix. that much is known, and locals say their environment cannot tolerate many more spills. bbc news, peru. is petrol peru using children to help clean up that oil spill?disturbing images from the amazon . before we go, there is news from the dinosaur age we thought you should know. a fossil find in central asia is shedding new light on how the tyrannosaurus rex got to be quite so big. it seems they evolved from smaller ancestors and became supersized quickly. the bones which led to this discovery date back 90 million years. they were found in modern day uzbekistan. to abrings the program close. find out much more of the days news on our website, putting the latest on our top story, russia's partial military
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withdrawal from syria, which president putin and obama discussed on the phone. from all of us at "world news america," thanks for watching. i will see you here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
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moments utterly unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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