tv BBC World News America PBS April 28, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> i'm jane o'brien. a hospital is hit in the syrian city of aleppo where the situation is being called catastrophic. it tax further threaten a tenuous cease-fire. for the zika virus. it's already hit latin american countries hard. now nasa is helping u.s. officials to limit its spread. >> 2, 4, 6, 8, who directions appreciate? >> our man in moscow is still classic diner to find out why donald trump is proving so popular.
welcome to viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the situation in the syrian city catastrophic, says the united nations. another hospital has been hit in a series of airstrikes. reports say at least 27 people were killed as a medical facility, including two children and the only pediatrician in the area. it all comes in the midst of a cease-fire which is barely holding by a thread. our chief international correspondent reports. >> peace time in syria. this is what russia, america and the u.n. calls a cessation of hostilities. tell that to the children of aleppo. this was the view from the streets of syria's largest city today. two months after a peace deal was signed, it appears to have all but collapsed. last night, one of the city's last remaining hospitals was attacked.
more than two dozen people were killed here. doctors, nurses, patients and residents nearby. a father called for help but there is little hope for the people of aleppo. this is what the hospital looks like this morning. it had been supported by the charity -- this is the seventh time just this year that one of their clinics has been attacked. >> this was a place for women to give birth. this was a place for children to get specialist treatment. it is now a pile of rubble. they will have to find alternatives and we do not know how many there are. reporter: in the last 48 hours, one syrian has been killed every 25 minutes. [explosion]
government forces and their allies are accused of repeatedly breaching the cease-fire. rebel fighters have also been charged. aleppo city has been the hardest hit. i spoke to a media activist in the city. >> the civilians of aleppo are appealing to the world to stop the butcher assad and the russians from killing him. there is complete silence from america and from all countries. no one is doing anything. reporter: today, america did speak out with a clarity that has been lacking from its syria policy. >> these tactics are abhorrent, immoral but, they are entirely consistent with the actions we have seen from the assad regime for quite some time. this does place even more pressure on an already fragile cessation of hostilities.
[sirens] reporter: it will take more than words to stop this war. the u.n. says peace in syria is barely alive as the death toll rises yet again, any hope that five years of war could be brought to an end appears all but lost. jane: for more on the situation inside syria, i am joined by james jeffrey, who formerly served as the u.s. ambassador to iraq. he is now at the washington institute for near east policy. ambassador, thank you for joining me. looking at those pictures, not much of a cease-fire. what hope is there of reviving it? james: there is no hope because there is no real cease-fire. your viewers may be in newer to seeing many pictures of the civilians killed. but what we have today is different. not just in the degree of violence but in the u.n. admitting that the cease-fire is hanging by a thread and sharp words out of washington.
the concept we assumed in america would work, that russia was willing to find a compromise solution based upon both sides talking and that the united states should not have to threaten the use of force but could simply do as they say " diplomacy." that is down the drain. if we do not do more as your columnist reported, if we do not follow words with actions, this is going to get worse and worse. jane: what more can the u.s. do to revive the peace process? james: put surface-to-air missiles in turkey and say nobody over flies aleppo. secondly, set up a safe zone. many of us have been recommending this for many months. the turks are ready to do this. we could probably get the europeans because of the ability to staunch the refugee flow. thirdly, stop giving these rebels more effective anti-aircraft weapons.
that will get the attention of moscow and damascus. jane: the u.s. is telling russia to rein in the assad government and stop these attacks. but how much influence realistically does russia actually have at this point? james: russia is in the lead here. russia turned around the whole conflict when it went in in september with a relatively small force but very effectively deployed by putin. therefore, do the attack -- to the extent that assad hanging onto power, it has russia to thank. we see russia using that role not to further the u.n. resolution, but rather, to drive what looks like a total victory by the assad forces. jane: you were the former ambassador to iraq. joe biden made a surprise visit to baghdad today. what impact is the turmoil there having on efforts to fight
islamic state and bring to an end the conflict in syria? james: it is all of a piece. as even larger than the struggle against the isis terrorist movement, there is this undercurrent of sunni-shia conflict in the region. we want to take more action in iraq against isis. who's blocking that, tehran and its allies. in baghdad putting pressure on the iraqi government. that is what biden is trying to fix. all of this is part of a larger conflict that others are playing in in a way we're not. jane: thank you very much for joining me. in another development, it has been reported in the u.s. media that 16 u.s. military personnel have been disciplined for mistakes leading to the bombing of a civilian hospital and
afghanistan last year that killed 42 people. this is the hospital in the kunduz province which was affiliated with doctors without borders. the official report is expected to be released tomorrow. well, how to react to these conflict around the globe will fall to the next president of the united states. yesterday donald trump laid out his foreign-policy saying he want to improve relations with russia from a position of strength. so, what does moscow think of trump? steve rosenberg has been finding out. steve: 2, 4, 6, 8, who do russians appreciate? who would people want to be the next president? i've come to this american diner in moscow to talk about presidents. who would russians relish seeing in the white house? there was a survey recently, putting america side, if found in all the g-20 countries, the world's largest economies from brazil to china, if people there
could vote in an american election they would vote for hillary clinton. there is one exception to that. russia. according to the survey, people here would vote for donald trump. language]foreign >> we like people that say outrageous things, that are xenophobic. that project a lot of strength without really applying it. i think there is a lot of similarities between trump and putin. steve: donald trump is a rare dish on the political menu, a presidential candidate who
praises putin. he has called russia a positive force, an ally. as for the kremlin leader, calculating perhaps that a trump presidency would serve a pro-russia white house. vladimir putin has dubbed trump colorful and talented. ♪ today the mood music in u.s.-russian relations is not great. but was not long ago that both moscow and washington seem to have the appetite to improve ties. i can remember president obama treating the president to a burger. it soon became clear that there was no quick fix to the deep tensions between east and west. russia is hoping that whoever becomes the next u.s. president, relations will become more harmonious. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow.
jane: if you thought that piece was colorful, wait to hear the line which being used to describe ted cruz. speaking to college students, the former republican speaker of the house john boehner called cruz lucifer in the flesh. that might well be one of the more-- more polite phrases use. i spoke with nick ryan in new york. we're certainly used to hearing insults fly but why is john boehner wading in now? and why is he picking on ted cruz? nick: he was at stanford university at a town hall style event. he was an expansive mood when somebody asked for his opinion ted cruz. first of all, he made a face and then he described him as lucifer in the flesh. he went on to say he had lots of friends in the democratic party and republican party that he has never met such a miserable s.o.b. to use the abbreviation
for the term used as ted cruz. now, ted cruz has seized on this almost as proof of his outsider status. he's used it as an example to show that he is the scurge of the washington establishment. john boehner was america's most powerful republican. until he resigned last october. it probably does not help days before the all-important indiana primary. to be likened to satan. jane: to say you are the scourge of the establishment, he is at the same time cozying up to john kasich who is very establishment and to try and stop donald trump. how is that going? steve: it was announced on sunday night and has been fraying. john kasich saying he wanted people to vote for him in indiana. we thought what he was doing was saying, ted cruz concentrate on indiana. i will concentrate on oregon and new mexico which are upcoming contests.
john kasich walking back from that deal. and ted cruz saying today that there is no alliance at all. one of the big problems at this campaign, jane, has been for the stop trump forces is united the anti-trump vote. it all seems so simple, doesn't it? you vote for him there, but they have never been able to unite. it seems they are still having problems now. jane: thank you very much for joining us. you're watching bbc world news america. still to come, following the eye betrayed to japan where the business is booming. we investigate claims that the industry is legal. more than 30 lions rescued from circuses in peru and colombia are being flown to a sanctuary in south africa. the largest ever will take place on friday ends being organized
and paid for my animal defenders international. the los angeles-based group has worked with parliamentarians in the south american countries to ban the use of wild animals in circuses where they are often held in appalling conditions. soaking up the peruvian sun in their last hours on south american soil, 24 lions rescued from various circuses across peru during surprised raids organized by the charity animal defenders international. all the animals had had their claws removed while many had broken teeth and one had lost an eye. >> it might be one of the finest rescues i have ever seen. it has never happened before, taking lions from circuses in south america. it is like a fairytale. >> the charity has worked with
authorities in both peru and colombia to ban the use of wild animals in circuses as well as trafficking them. nine lions from colombian circuses will join the airlift to south africa. >> this is a hugely important rescue mission because it does make a statement around the world about the way people treat animals and about our relationship with the other species who share our planet. >> the lines will be flown in these cages. the airlift call several thousand pounds per animal with experts on site -- on hand to assist them during the long flight. their new home in johannesburg far cry cat sanctuary a from the circuses in south america. >> over 400 people in the u.s.
have been diagnosed with zika after returning from infected areas. so far the disease has not spread through mosquitoes here to create new cases. but there is the chance of an outbreak. and to help prepare, nasa has created a risk map. it shows regions most susceptible to the disease due to climate, socioeconomic factors, and proximity to highly infected areas. for more on the potential spread of the virus, i'm joined by dr. william -- at vanderbilt university. thank you for joining me. now, the map looks alarming. but how big a health threat is this in the united states? >> it is a potential health threat. we're all concerned about it. the public health system in all of those states that are on the map, they are all alert and they are preparing for zika. and they are communicating how to be prepared down to the county and the cities across
there, because if zika is introduced during the mosquito season, and we expect introductions, the localities must be prepared to respond. jane: do they have enough money and what does that preparation look like? >> well, i can assure you we never have enough money and public health, but everybody is doing the best they can. and they are repurpose thing some moneys. it is education of everyone about zika. what is it? that is important because if people come from those countries and become sick, we want to identify them quickly and that includes the medical profession. and then around those individuals we will want to respond with mosquito abatement activities. all of those things combined. jane: what actually needs to happen in order for zika to take a hold of the u.s.? >> what would have to happen is that a person would come in, the virus would be circulating in their bloodstream and some of
our own mosquitoes with bite -- would bite that person and spread that onto other people and the cycle would repeat itself. that would have to happen on a very large scale for zika to establish itself in the united states. i quickly say that is very unlikely. could we get local spread from some introductions? yes. but i think they would be jumped on very quickly and i trust snuffed out. jane: nashville is, according to nasa, one of the areas that is vulnerable. what are, what is the reaction you are seeing? are you seeing more concerning your patience there? >> we are certainly getting questions about zika. we are getting questions by the medical staff who are being educated, of course. i worked closely with my colleagues in public health and the tennessee department of health and all the local health departments are all engaged in preparedness. this, incidentally, is true
throughout the united states. all of my colleagues in public health are working very hard on preparedness. jane: very briefly, who is most vulnerable? >> of course, women who are pregnant, because if they should get infected, then the virus can get into their babies and cause microcephaly. those small heads and other fetal anomalies. we are especially concerned about pregnant women. jane: thank you very much for joining me. a quick look at some other news. police in california investigating the mass shooting extremist in san bernardino. they have arrested three more people, including the brother of one of the killers. they say it relates to an alleged marriage conspiracy. been accused of buying
the guns used in the shooting. we took you to kenya to see how the irish rate is endangering elephants there. every year in africa nearly 40,000 are killed for their tasks. tonight we continue our series in japan where the ivory industry is thriving but traders deny they have any connection to the poachers. we investigate if that really is the case. ♪ >> at one of tokyo's oldest and grandest buddhist temples, the monks are praying before a great elephant tusk brought out once a year for this occasion. sitting nearby are the leading figures in tokyo's ivory industry. one by one, they get up to make their own prayers. to thank the elephants for their sacrifice. ♪ it may sound like a contradiction, but these people say they are conservationists
and japan as a model of how to use ivory sustainably. japan's ivory traders do not like journalists. they have agreed to meet me reluctantly. on the table one of his tusks, bought legally in an auction. he wants more auctions so he can replenish his stocks. reporter: but there are something very strange about japan's ivory industry. it is the only place in the world where legally registered stocks are going up. last year, more than 2000 tusks were registered with the government. where are they coming from? reporter: according to the
government statistics, over the last six years, more than 8000 tusks have been legally registered in japan. according to the industry and the government, there is nothing surprising about this. just part of the vast amount of ivory imported in japan prior to the 1990 ban. since then, has been sitting at people's homes. but how do they know? at at this tiny ngo in tokyo, sakamoto and his staff have been
investigating. what they found is worrying. forhe ideal circumstances illegal traders the legal market , can be used as cover. and very weak legislation system to make it difficult to identify, differentiate the legal ones and illegal ones. and japan is just that case. reporter: mr. sakamoto's staff telephone 37 ivory dealer's agreeing to sell a tusk acquired after the ban. almost all of them agreed to help. this is a recording of one of his staff. >> he recommends you should say
my father obtained the ivory tusk in shoa era. it means over 25 years ago. reporter: he is advising him to lie? the young japanese want this country to follow china and outlaw the ivory trade completely, but the government is refusing to budge, sticking to the belief it is deeply flawed system of ivory regulation is working just fine. jane: we will be back on the trail of the ivory tomorrow. that brings today's show to a close and you can find much more and all our news on her website. news on twitter. thank you very much for watching and please tune in tomorrow. ♪
>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, e-trade, and cancer treatment centers of america. >> e-trade is about seizing opportunities, and i'd like to -- >> cut! so i am going to take this opportunity to direct. thank you. we'll call you. evening, film noire, smoke, atmosphere. you are a young farmhand and e-trade is your cow. milk it. ♪ >> e-trade is all about seizing opportunity.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> sreenivasan: and i'm hari sreenivasan. >> woodruff: on the "newshour" tonight: in syria's rebel-held city of aleppo, at least 27 are dead after an air strike that hit a doctors without borders hospital, further threatening a fragile cease-fire >> sreenivasan: also ahead this thursday, as the presidential primaries enter the final stretch, we look at the race for delegates and preview next week's primary in indiana. >> woodruff: and, backlash in north carolina: how the new state law requiring people to use bathrooms of their birth gender has set off a business boycott. >> our series a funding is several million dollars, and that money could be here in north carolina. and we made a decision, it's going to florida. >> sreenivasan: all at