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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 18, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the new white house takes shape. donald trump appoints three top national security positions and signals a sharp shift in u.s. policy. a terminally ill teenager in the u.k. wins a court battle to have her body frozen after her death. and a century later, thousands gather to remember those killed in one of the bloodiest offensives of the first world war.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. we got a much clearer picture today of what the trump administration will look like. the president-elect announced a three top picks and it suggests a white house that will adopt tougher positions on islamic extremism, may try to roll back the iran nuclear deal, and take a hard line on immigration in america. mr. trump will continue to interview candidates for other , but two of his latest appointments are already seen as controversial. from new york, nick bryant starts our coverage. nick: the focus is on trump tower, where protesters gather daily to vent their fury and the golden doors have become a gateway for those getting jobs in the new trump administration . this is america's next national security adviser, general mike flynn, a retired intelligence officer whose views on muslims have been accused of being islamophobic.
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in a speech this summer, he likened the world's second-largest religion to a malignant cancer. general flynn: islam is a political ideology. it is a political ideology. it hides behind this notion of being a religion. >> ladies and gentlemen, the next president of the united states, donald j trump. nick: it is precisely that kind of outspoken his and his experience with counterterrorism that has made him a trusted advisor during the campaign and now. last night he sat in on a meeting with japanese prime minister shinzo abe, which also included ivanka trump. if the incoming president wants to forge a new relationship with vladimir putin, general flynn has contacts. they sat together at a banquet in moscow last year. senator sessions: make america great again. nick: the choice for attorney general is just as controversy, -- controversial, senator jeff sessions of alabama. in the 1980's he had to withdraw from consideration for a federal judgeship after being accused of making racist comments, allegations the longtime senator has always denied.
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the choice for c.i.a. director is republican congressman mike pompeo, a critic of the iranian nuclear deal negotiated by the obama administration. this is a multicolored protest at a subway station in new york, where people have been angry not just at the election of donald trump but what he is signaling by these new appointments. >> i think we are in trouble. i think we are in a whole lot of trouble. it is going to be a nightmare. nick: others are more supportive. >> just give the man a chance. that is all you can do, give him a chance. nick: donald trump won the election by taking hard-line stances and many supporters are delighted that the start of his new administration is reflecting those hard-line views. >> ♪ this land is your land this land is my land ♪ nick: this is a unity rally under brooklyn bridge, trying to nurture togetherness at a time of such division. but donald trump's earlier appointments are just as
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polarizing as his campaign. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. katty: for more on the national security team being named, i spoke a short time ago with former u.s. defense secretary william cohen. if you were an american ally of would you be, what making of the national security choices? mr. cohen: i would be anxious and worried about the unpredictability of where the united states is going to go. are we going to turn inward or are we going to remain engaged outward? i just returned from china and the chinese officials i talked to were happy that the tpp is dead because they saw that in terms of not a threat certainly -- but certainly the influence of the united states remaining strong in the asia-pacific region, and in conflict with their own desire to write the rules as they see fit. that was a positive for them. there were also concerns that they like predictability, they like to know what the policy of the united states is going to be. and so they are going to sit
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back and hopefully wait and see how president-elect trump fills out his cabinet, but more importantly, what instructions does he give them in terms of what the role of the u.s. is going to be in asia, in europe, vis-à-vis russia and elsewhere. katty: let's talk about some of those appointments specifically. i was going to ask you what you thought of the appointment of general flynn as national security advisor and some of the things he has said that suggest a tough position for example, on , islam. he says it is rational for americans to be afraid of muslims. is that helpful, do you think? mr. cohen: i think it is harmful. i don't think americans should be fearful of people of the muslim faith. if that is the case, we have a very few allies left who are muslim in the middle east. we have a large muslim population in india.
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certainly not an ally of the united states, but a partner going forward in the future. so i think we have to be careful of the language we use, that we don't demonize -- katty: that is exactly what general flynn appears to have done. mr. cohen: that is something the president trump is going to have to decide whether this is going to be the policy he will go forward with. after all, the national security advisor really is not a policy maker. he is really an honest broker for all of the agencies that comprise the national security community. that means the defense department, the state department, treasury -- katty: is it possible that somebody with such clear and quite hard-line views as general flynn appears to have to play the role of honest broker? mr. cohen: we will have to see how he even all that how he -- how he evolves.
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there are those who have played that role in the past -- general powell, general scowcroft, others. i had sandy berger, classic democrat, had his own democratic philosophy, but he made sure i was always heard, and if i had a difference with the administration on policy i could go directly to the president. katty: when you see these early personalities for mr. trump, do you think the scenario you are describing is going to work in this white house as well? mr. cohen: i'm skeptical, but i'm hoping that can be the case. i think it will be critically important that there be some -- there will be some diversity by the nature of different agencies having different views. it will be up to the national security advisor to make sure he limits the number of issues that has to go to the president for decision. that should be one of the goals of the national security advisor. thank youliam cohen , for joining us. welcome back. just a short time ago, the new york attorney general announced
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that a $25 million settlement has been reached to resolve three lawsuits over trump university. students claimed they were lured by false promises and never received the real estate education they were promised. it does not require mr. trump to what knowledge wrongdoing. -- two of knowledge wrongdoing. one of the countries that is embracing donald trump's victory is russia. in moscow, you can purchase gold iphones with trump branding, and state tv is broadcasting shows that celebrate mr. trump's promise to make america great again. steve rosenberg has been exploring the warm russian welcome for the next american president. steve: russian tv's top talk show takes to the air, and for a half hours,nd they will be talking trump. the general opinion here is that america's new leader is a potential partner. the message from moscow, let's have cooperation, not confrontation. >> we don't need another cold war.
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not the ugly situation of today. we just have to stop, make a couple steps back, get our heads clear, cool down, and start negotiations. mr. trump: wouldn't it be nice if we actually did get along with russia? steve: it is statements like this that make moscow think it could be the start of a beautiful friendship. >> i don't think we can expect a love or gifts from donald trump, but what we can expect from him is an understanding that russia and the u.s. have some common interests, and reasonable deals can be achieved. steve: he is already making an impression here. on sale in moscow, the trump-o-phone, goldplated with his portrait. russian artists are painting him , russian politicians posing as him. and in this village, a rare honor indeed. they have declared donald an honorary cossack.
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but why? "because unlike most u.s. presidents, trump wants good relations with russia," says this cossack chief, "and because he has a beautiful slavic wife." until recently all the talk was of confrontation, a new cold war. now something astonishing is happening. suddenly the russians seem to sense that they have powerful friends not only in the white house but in europe, too. last week, bulgarians elected a president who seeks closer ties with moscow. pro-russia candidate won moldova's presidential election. could power be shifting russia's way? back in this village, they speak of a new era, a new world. russia, they believe, is coming
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in from the cold. steve rosenberg, bbc news, northern russia. katty: the view from russia. quick look at other news from around the world. the world health organization declared that the zika emergency is over but warns that zika still poses a significant and enduring threat. the infection has been linked to thousands of babies being born with underdeveloped brains. the infection is mainly spread by mosquitoes. the obama administration has blocked new offshore drilling for oil and gas in the arctic ocean as part of a five-year plan for energy development. environmental groups welcomed the decision, saying that arctic drilling would harm marine mammals and make global warming worse. president-elect donald trump has said he will remove restrictions on oil and gas companies. attackers have thrown petrol bombs, fireworks, and stones and migrant tents on the greek island of chios, forcing 150 to
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flee. it is the second violent incident at the souda migrant camp. the u.n. says it is hard to convince people to go back to the camp now. now to a controversial case in the u.k. a 14-year-old girl with terminal cancer won a battle to have her body frozen after her death in the hopes that she could be brought back to life in the future. before the teenager died from cancer last month, she took her case to court and her mother supported her wish, but her estranged father did not. our medical correspondent has more. reporter: the teenager who cannot be named was dying in hospital from a rare cancer, and used the internet to investigate having her body frozen after death. her divorced parents disagreed, so, being under 18, the matter went to court. the girl sent the judge this message. >> i'm only 14 years old and i don't want to die, but i know
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i'm going to die. i think this gives me a chance to be cured and woken up, even in hundreds of years time. i don't want to be buried underground. i want to live and live longer. and i think that in the future they may find a cure for my cancer and wake me up. i want to have this chance. this is my wish. said thisthe judge case was a tragic combination of childhood illness and family conflict. he said the girl had a right to know before her death whether her wishes would be followed. he stressed the case was not about whether this preservation had any scientific basis, and nor was the court encouraging it. the girl's solicitor said the decision of the judge had given her great comfort. she died less than a fortnight later. >> i've heard from those around her, there were lots of tears as well as smiles.
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i know after i told her of the decision, she asked to see the judge, and the judge did go and see her the next day, and she sent me a message, having left -- having met him, him, referring to him as mr. hero peter jackson. reporter: this training demo shows volunteers demonstrating how a body is prepared for this preservation, packed in dry ice with chemicals like antifreeze injected. it is done by volunteers who are not medically qualified. in the court judgment, the hospital complained those involved were underequipped and disorganized, and the process caused real concern to medical and mortuary staff. the body was sent to the united states, where the freezing process is completed. this company in arizona is one of those offering storage in liquid nitrogen tanks. freezing human embryos and then
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thawing them for fertility treatment is now commonplace. but preserving and reanimating a human is still the realm of science fiction. >> what we haven't been able to do is preserve large structures such as a single human organ, a kidney for transplantation. and therefore, a whole human body is an order of magnitude larger and we cannot meet that challenge yet. reporter: the court ruling in this sad case not only alleviated the distress of the 14-year-old girl, but helped her come to terms with her impending death. katty: quite an extraordinary case. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, he was one of donald trump's most vocal critics on the campaign. now khizr khan is calling on the president-elect to bring the country together.
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there have been protests in turkey after government ministers backed a proposed law which would pardon rapists convicted of assaulting children if they marry their victims. it is dividing turkey along traditional secular versus conservative faultlines. mark lowen has more on the bill and the controversy it is igniting. mark: it is a highly contentious bill that has divided turkey along its traditional secular versus conservative for line could supported by governing party mp's, it would pardon men accused of sexually abusing girls under 18 if it leads to marriage. the aim, so the government, is re, but touse rap rehabilitate those who may not have realized their sexual relations were unlawful and to prevent girls from being ostracized from their community. opponents say it will legitimize .ape and encourage child brides
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on the streets of istanbul, there was a lot of opposition. >> even to touch someone without any consent is a crime. i cannot comment anymore on the issue. it makes me sick. >> i'm very scared about the future, because if we continue along this path, women will live under heavy conditions. if a woman is married to her rapist, she could kill him and end up in prison. mark: the government will get support among poorer areas, where the sexual abuse rate is higher. it sort over the past decade. 40% of turkish women are abused, and the murder of women has gone up 1400%. critics blamed the islamist hasident erdogan, who encouraged female subservience, declaring publicly that men and women are not equal and women should have at least three children. the bill could spark mass protests. istanbul., bbc news,
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katty: let's get more on the followed of the u.s. presidential election. victory,ald trump's there has been an increase in the number of hate crimes reported against immigrants and minorities here. among those particularly on edge are muslim americans. during the campaign they fall targeted when mr. trump said he would temporarily ban all muslims coming to america. that led to a public row with the father of a servicemember who died fighting in iraq. the bbc has been speaking with khizr khan about his concerns now. mr. khan: i was concerned then and i remain concerned now not only on behalf of muslim americans but all other minorities that live in this country that policies are going to be anti-immigrant, specifically against muslims and
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hispanic immigrants. reporter: what is your message to donald trump, president-elect now? mr. khan: at least come out and condemn all this nonsense that is un-american hate, un-american harassment of immigrants. now we need to come together, so healing, reconciliation, that is his obligation as a successful candidates step forward, come forward and start the discourse. he doesn't wish to govern this country as divided. otherwise there will be such a difficult path ahead. and the world is watching. reporter: there are a lot of people, trump supporters, who say who are you to criticize this way? mr. khan: i have equal rights as any citizen of this country, be it president obama or president-elect trump. i have equal rights.
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the constitution gives me the same right to speak about whatever i feel passionate about. the values of this country -- those who object are ignorant because what makes america great great yesterday, it makes it great today, is the immigrants. we contribute, and to the best of this country, we bring a tremendous amount of resources to this country. we should be very proud of that. we should be very proud of our contribution. based on those contributions and based on what we have added and continue to add to this country, we should not feel afraid. we should be concerned, of course. reporter: and how much does, though, the memory of your son play a part in why you continue to speak out? mr. khan: well, generally speaking, it is said that parents train their children.
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they built their character. they help them grow and all that. in his case it was totally opposite. he was so passionate about standing with others. he was so passionate about the well-being of others. he set an example, even in his last moments. and if he was with us today, of course he would feel exactly the same as the rest of the country feels, insecure. but no doubt, no hesitance in continuing to serve. katty: khizr khan there speaking about his son and thinking about the future. the battle of the somme was one of the bloodiest battles of the first world war. today, 2000 people gathered in northern france to mark the 100th anniversary of its final day. more than one million british, french, and german soldiers were killed in the allied offensive. robert hall attended the
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commemoration and sent us this report. robert: three months of remembrance. three months when families, communities, and nations follow ed their own trails to the men who lie on this battlefield. >> i come from lancashire, and grave of axt to a lancashire soldier who died at the age of 20 was just incredible. >> i wanted to be here especially today because it is a major event, it has to be commemorated, and we have to pass on the torch. reporter: services streamed live during the summer included tributes to the sportsmen of the football battalion, and to the volunteers from the welsh valleys. friends who left home together and in so many cases died
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together. >> in the great war, 80 men left the square -- reporter: but the story of the somme has also reached back to the u.k. >> number 23, killed by sniper. reporter: to this video made by children near edinburgh. to those who marked the passing from the glasgow tramway battalion. >> it was a volunteer battalion and in september 1914 the call went out for volunteers to assist the british military, and over a thousand of them decided to join up. a huge number. reporter: as the summer months turned to autumn and then to winter, the somme offensive ground on. in the end, the big push was brought to a halt by the mud and the rain. the allied lines had moved forward no more than seven miles and in some cases, just one
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mile, and the losses were so appallingly high they added up to one man lost for every inch of ground gained. within sight lie men who fell on this day a century ago, buried together in a trench, glasgow pals, cut off in no man's land during another failed attack. historians still debate the impact of the somme campaign. back then, exhausted armies could only think of survival and the brutal clashes that lay ahead in another year of slaughter. robert hall, bbc news. katty: a really terrible battle in an awful war. far too many young men from all around the world killed. that brings this program to a close. you can find much more of the day's news on our website and you can reach me and the bbc
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team on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc. thanks so much for watching. have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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