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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 30, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, bbc "world news america." bbc "world news america." this is -- this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. warning the president-elect's team not to rip up the iranian nuclear deal and to watch their words. >> the teammates to be disciplined in the words they use and the messages they send. if they are not disciplined, their language will be exploited. the assault on aleppo continues. 25,000 people have been forced from their homes in rebel held areas.
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is possibly the greatest collection of art you will never see. we go to switzerland where a storage facility is a live intrigue. -- is full of intrigue. katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe gave the head of the central intelligence bents the said it would disastrous for donald trump to follow through on many foreign-policy pledges he made during the campaign. john brennan warned tearing up the nuclear agreement with iran would be the height of folly. the director will leave his job when the new president is sworn in. he also had tough words for russia. reporter: he is the man charged with keeping america's secrets and fighting covert wars around the world.
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with a new president soon to take office the director of the cia spoke about challenges ahead and events unfolding in syria were up most in his mind. >> it is heartbreaking. what is happening to syrian citizens, particularly those in aleppo, that have been the target of pounding by air and artillery. the slaughter of civilians, what the civilians and russians are responsible for, is outrageous. reporter: it must be frustrating. >> very frustrating. and nothing much, it appears, the united states can do about it. the president-elect suggested he wants to engage with russia to cooperate rather than confront. is that possible? >> russia will pursue its national interest to the detriment of the interests of the people in the countries that
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it operates. i think president-elect trump and the new administration need to be wary of russian promises. reporter: there is concerns deals the obama administration struck, like the iran nuclear program, may react risk. there are people that want to tear up that deal in washington. >> i am aware of that. increase orth that decrease the chance of iran developing nuclear weapons? >> it would be disastrous. it could lead to a nuclear program in iran and other states in the region to embark on their own programs with military conflicts. it would be the height of folly is the next administration tears up the agreement. reporter: president-elect trump said he might bring back the practice of waterboarding detainees, another mistake john brennan said. of theresult interrogation program, some were
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very damaging to our reputation and officers. i think the overwhelming agility of officers would not want to get back into that business. trait of theotable incoming administration is the use of language, especially on islam and terrorism, which worries the cia director. >> the new team needs to be disciplined in the words they use and messages they send. if they are not disciplined, their language will be exploited by the terrorist and extremist organizations as a way to portray the united states and government as being anti-islamic, and we are not. reporter: what would you say to them when it comes to sitting down and saying, here is the range of covert action and capabilities invested in the hands of the cia?
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>> i want them to understand the capabilities, what programs we may have underway in different parts of the world, so they are informed as possible of the facts. many people read the papers and listen to news broadcasts facts may be off. i want to make sure the new team understands where the reality is. reporter: are you confident about which direction they will take? >> i'm confident i will have the opportunity to express my views. it will be up to them. i don't know what they are going to do. i don't know. katty: cia director brennan choosing his words carefully but not sounding specifically confident. were you surprised how ca -- how candid he was? reporter: i was. he thought about his words carefully in terms of the
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language he used. i thought at this time of transition he would have to be extra cautious. instead, he was very frank because he was concerned about policieshe potential unwinding what he sees as the achievement of the obama administration, like the iraq , and uncertainty. you heard that in the last answer. the sense of not really knowing if the trump administration will follow through on campaign rhetoric when it comes to issues of foreign and security policy. that uncertainty was interesting . that aspect of the interview, combined with concern about what could happen. katty: you spend a lot of time speaking to intelligence officials in other countries. what do you hear from them about the trump administration? reporter: something very similar to what we heard from john brennan, uncertainty.
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they did not expect the trumpet administration. they are still waiting for key positions, like secretary of state, to be filled. there is some anxiety. katty: what specifically? reporter: specifically, waterboarding. the u.k. has a rules in the last few years which says how to cooperate with other intelligence services with different standards on human rights, detention, and interrogation. that was really for countries in the middle east and africa. suddenly they may have an issue with the united states if waterboarded was somehow resumed. suddenly, they may have problems cooperating with their closest ally. potentially a significant impact on relationships. a lot of these are unknown
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quantities in other capitals. they are not people they know and have been talking to from previous administrations with a track record. there is a sense of not knowing exact a what will come. -- exactly what will come. katty: thank you for coming in. questions about the direction the next administration will take on international intelligence and economic interest. donald trump or leave his businesses when he becomes president. in tweets he said he wants to focus on running the country. his decision comes on the same day he announced treasury and commerce posts. donald trump's business lunches are a family affair. he says being elected president made to the brand even hotter. he does not seem to accept he needs to cut ties with his corporation. [applause] willter: in two weeks he
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make a decision. if he has it over to his children, that will not silence critics that day the president-elect does not understand the problem. >> we know his children is involved in the way he reaches decisions. that would not be a blind trust. that would not be a circumstance where the trustee does not have access to the president. reporter: since the election donald trump has next is this with presidency, taking pictures with business partners from india, allowing his daughter to sit in on meetings with world leaders, like the prime minister of japan. there are trump in the philippines and turkey and india, all places where the president may have delicate dealings. the brand-new trump in washington. the trump organization is encouraging visiting diplomats to stay here if they are visiting the president. that illustrates the larger
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problem. even if the family does not seek special favors, foreign leaders may think there is political advantage in assisting the trunk is necessary. here is billionaire businessman .teve mnuchin he was the chairman of a bank that was called repugnant foreclosing on parlors. priority will be the tax plan with the corporate aspect, rolling corporate taxes to make u.s. companies the most competitive in the world. making sure we repatriate billion's of dollars to the united states. and personal income taxes, the most significant middle income tax cuts since reagan. trump loves tod boast about his wealth, and most of his cabinet can do the same. his appointees are worth over $9 billion combined. mitt romney, personal net worth
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$250 million, is still hoping to join the club sharing frog legs and scallops with the man he called a fake and a phony. he will probably have to eat more humble pie if you really wants to be made secretary of state. bbc news, washington. katty: still waiting for the secretary of state position. it is not expected to be announced this week. the upper house of the colombian congress approved a revised issa cord to it and half a century of conflict with farc rebels. it was rejected last month. the president says the new proposal is stronger and takes into account the changes demanded his political opponents. securityd nations council has tightened sanctions on north korea in response to testing of nuclear weapons. the measures will reduce caol
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exports and will import the on yanks -- and will impact pyongyang's import earnings. it has been under sanction since 2006 because of nuclear tests. country'se controversial asylum policy in australia. activists began chanting slogans from a public gallery. some glued their hands to a railing here they want asylum seekers settled in australia, not offshore detention centers. opec has agreed to cut production for the first time in 8 years in hopes of boosting prices. the decision was announced after talks in vienna following unusually low prices that has strained the finances of producer nations. liken-opec countries, russia, were also party to the deal. as the cia director suggested, the situation in aleppo is
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heartbreaking. 45 people were killed in the latest compartment. 25,000 civilians have been displaced from their homes since saturday as government forces tighten their grip. from damascus, here is lyse doucet. lyse: in aleppo's war, there is no place to hide. this family was wronged as they fled. the images are too gruesome to show in detail. all they had was each other. now, not even that. >> as my mom was picking up the suitcase, the first of the bombs hit. my mom was lying here, dead. my sister was lying there. the other one, right beside her, was still alive. we don't know anything about my sister yet. she is at hospital.
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then, the second bomb hit here. on.: still, the battle goes the syrian military backed i russian and syrian allies continues advance into the rebel held enclave, fighting an array of groups. some fact by the west, some linked to al qaeda. trapped in the middle are tens of thousands of civilians on the return. sure where to some speak of threats from rebels, too. this woman tells iranian television she came under sniper fire. we ran fast, he was sniping at us," she says. a war of words over the plight of the people of aleppo. >> history may show that it is perhaps the most horrific conflict of our lifetime.
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is really worried about the situation, then they should take practical steps and stop supporting terrorists. lyse: more strong language. there has already been so much, and so little impact on the ground. there is some help for those who fled. shelters in the government controlled area of west aleppo, .ut many are already full this is run by the international committee of the red cross. their spokesman in damascus says as bad at it is, he fears it will get worse. will have to flee their houses. we don't know where. we don't know how. our biggest fear is to guarantee their safety. lyse: precious moments when life is so precarious. how they matter. the future for them, their city, remains so uncertain.
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lyse doucet, bbc news, damascus. katty: living among the rubble of what was once a thriving, vibrant commercial city. you are watching bbc "world news america." tonight'some on program, brazil mourns the loss of its football players as investigators try to piece together what happened to the plane that crashed in colombia. against hiv, the virus that causes aids, is being tested in south africa. it is the most advanced clinical trial to take place there. is institute of health funding the trial. reporter: the most ambitious hiv vaccine trial is underway in south africa. on the e.u. of world aids day, scientists say this will be the largest clinical trial to be launched in a country where 1000 .eople contract hiv every day
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if successful, this trial could be to the licensing of the world's first hiv vaccine. >> it is significant because we have been looking for a preventive vaccine for 50 years. quite a few years ago a vaccine trial was run in thailand. .6,000 people volunteered we found a modest but highly significant vaccine of 30%. for the first time, we had any indication that a vaccine could prevent hiv infections. built on it,that, we believe we have a better deal now. aims to: the study enroll 5400 sexually active hiv negative men and women across the country. this is one of the participants in the trial. >> i was involved because i do not like the way my hiv-positive
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cousin is treated. there is so much stigma. i want to be part of the generation that changes this. reporter: scientists are hoping for a 50% plus success rate in south africa. results of the vaccine study are expected to be released in four years. bbc news, cape town. katty: there are reports an airplane carrying a brazilian football team may have run out of fuel before crashing in colombia. investigators are trying to figure out what caused the accident where 71 people died. survived and are providing accounts of what happened. the flight went down near the city of medellin. it is from their this report was filed.
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trouble. a pilot in in total failure, he says. total electrical failure, no field. it follows a panic back-and-forth over navigation. overnicked back-and-forth navigation. the pilot pleads for directions. it is too late. the control tower asks for the airplane's location, there is no response. the airplane crashed eight miles from the runway. all but six of the 77 people on board, including most of the chapecoense football team, wiped out in an instant. they took off from santa cruz, bolivia. the pilot had the option of refueling in bogota, but decided to continue to medellin. it is unclear when he decided he would not make it. all bodies have been recovered. coast there was no fire
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involved, the bodies are in relatively good condition. the identification should be fast. we should complete the process in 2 days. reporter: the fact that the airplane did not burst into flames when it hit the mountain to rumors from the beginning it had run out of fuel. this video appears to confirm that and will only add to the anguish of those morning back back home.rning in southern brazil, the very season where they watched the stunning rise of their sporting idols has become a place to grieve together. even the families of those killed are here. the widow of the chapecoense player. "i've been coming here since the accident because staying home is worse," she says. " we didn't sleep last night.
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the two of us were together since i was 14 years old." been trying to find solace by being in the place where the spirit of their heroes will live on. there is due to be a larger gathering remembering the dead before their bodies arrive home in the coming days. bbc news, medellin. katty: such a sad story. they are being called the greatest museums no one can see. the weak links in a fight art trade illegal that funds terrorism. they are free ports, tax-free facilities for goods and transits. they are springing up as warehouses to store art and antiquities. one of the biggest is in geneva, but a chairman is determined to bring about change by getting rid of "undesirable" tenants. reporter: a fairly nondescript
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.ray, windowless block it houses quite possibly one of the world's greatest collections of art. i'm not talking about a few hundred. that is just the picassos. even just a few thousand. there are reportedly one million thereof art stacked in and these surrounding buildings. this is geneva's report, a guarded storage center that acts as a giant lock up for the world's super rich. here, they can secretly store priceless artworks away from prying eyes and away from reach.s few questions have been asked, meaning no one knows for sure what is behind these locked doors, not even city officials were those operating the facility. >> it is possible there are objects held in the freeport which have either been smuggled
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or possibly -- >> it is true. reporter: you have your finger on something important. there are so many works of art here. surely out of one million works, they will be from time to time something which will be bad for our reputation. that one was the cause of one such embarrassment when antiquities were discovered at the freeport. they are worried at a time when the illegal trafficking of artifex is said to be funding terrorists there could be bad news behind their doors. >> what we cannot allow our small items. there are thousands of small --ems from paul palmyra being sold everywhere.
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the challenge is to find out if they are part of a collection or looted. reporter: what would you like -- wouldnd police to you like customs and police to do a full order here? >> yes. if everything could be sorted, we would do it. a clean slate starting from scratch is not the swiss mentality. reporter: they will work on reducing illegal activities, but they can do nothing that art has become a commodity to be traded rather than seen. great masterpieces can be incarcerated for decades. they have been put into a coma. abc news, geneva. -- bbc news, geneva. katty: extraordinary what is in the boxes. where did it come from, how much is it worth? you will never get to see it, that we know. you can find today's news on our
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website here you can find me on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc. we will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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