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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 20, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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america." >> this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. police in berlin say the driver of a truck that killed 12 people at a christmas market may still be at large. the so-called islamic state is taking responsibility. a russian ambassador killed in turkey flown to moscow . six people have been detained into the investigation in the gunmen. the man who made the worlds highest parachute jump talks about whether you could try it with the right suit. >> they had to get me from 135,000 feet to the ground safely if i did nothing. if you are capable of doing
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nothing, i think you can do it. laura: welcome to our viewers in america and around the globe. police in germany say the driver of the truck that crashed into a christmas market in berlin yesterday may still be at large. the only suspect has been released due to insufficient evidence. the islamic state has taken at -- i taken responsibility for the attack. reporter: first light this morning. the violence of this attack dawns. the lorry crashed through the christmas crowd, shattering everything and everyone in its path.
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this picture was taken in the immediate aftermath of the attack. bodies are scattered under the twinkling lights. moments earlier, these people were eating, drinking, shopping, at one of berlin's most popular christmas markets. >> a peaceful, festive, happy atmosphere changed instantly. you're seeing the devastation. reporter: they may never forget what they saw. >> you see those people lying on the floor. we weren't sure if it was red --e or blood, but we did see i remember there were people trying to pick up the stalls, trying to lift it up. we realized people unfortunately underneath had already passed. reporter: the lorry is key to the investigation.
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it appears to have been hijacked. it belongs to a polish man. the owner identified the man that should have been at the wheel shot dead in the passenger seat. even the police admit that they do not know who was driving. last night they arrested a pakistani man who came to germany to seek asylum this year. this evening, they released him without charge. the so-called islamic state group has claimed the attack. tonight, investigators say that the individuals who did this are still at large. >> we don't know with any certainty whether we are dealing with one perpetrator or several. we don't know with any certainty whether he or they had support. like nice,ow, just paris, brussels, berlin mours. -- mourns.
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is under pressure. just the suggestion that an asylum seeker may have been responsible has reignited a national debate over whether her refugee policy has put the country asterisk. -- country at risk. it would be hard to bear, she says, if it turns out the person that did this with someone who sought protection and asylum in germany. it would be particularly offensive to the many germans engaged daily in helping refugees. tonight, a stillness in the heart of berlin. is there toall, say? another terror attack in another european capital, and 24-hours later, it seemed no one knows who did it or where they are now. jenny hill, bbc news, berlin. with: for more, i spoke
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the director of the counterterrorism and intelligence program at the washington institute. the islamic state has claimed responsibility for this attack. the german police are searching for the perpetrator. how much of the challenge is this investigation for the germans more than 24-hours after the attack? matthew: it is hard to find one person, especially if that person had support from others within the european union with open borders. 24-i was after the attack it is possible that person has moved on. as we saw in the paris attack, they had gone back to brussels. they had one person in custody, that may be of when their attention has focused. laura: is this an extremist directed attack? matthew: it is too early to tell. the concept of a lone wolf attack is not so true. many of these individuals have been recruited by people
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organizations. if the concern is true lone wolves, it might be what the european police agency has warned about, refugees that come not as terrorists and are radicalized in europe. laura: are the counterterrorism authorities in europe more prepared for a kind of incident like this that their colleagues in france and belgium when they had to face extreme situations? matthew: i think the germans are more prepared, because the germans are good it this and because europe-wise have learned from paris, brussels, nice, and the other attacks. have very difficult to attacks, especially on a christmas market, it is hard to protect. laura: what cooperation is there between the europeans? they have an open borders, but
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the suspect may be on the run and could have crossed borders. what is there in place to catch someone? matthew: there is improved coordination with the europe and with the united states as well. because of the open borders it is difficult to say this person is in germany. onre has been progress security at the borders, but within the union traffic is still open, during the holiday season, that much more so. it will be difficult to find this one individual. laura: is it particularly problematic for germany because they have taken nearly one million refugees in the last year? matthew: it is especially politically automatic, and also in terms of a refugee hiding in plain sight. someone they may be able to go back to her it refugee populations who don't know this individual is radical and go back to their life. this would be a way to hide in plain sight without having to travel to other parts of the
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european union. laura: turkish police detained six people following the killing of the russian ambassador at an art gallery. it is believed those being thetioned are related to police officer who opened fire. the body of andrey karlov was flown back home. they said the assassination would not derail diplomacy over the war in syria. a farewell to russia's ambassador, but in a way no one could envisage. andrey karlov's body was flown to moscow, the victim of an assassination. his government called him an internal symbol of russian-turkish friendship. his widow was barely able to watch. him, a turkish policeman having cleared security with his id. the gunmen paces calmly, gearing to strike, occasionally fumbling
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.n his pocket suddenly, he shoots. at the russian embassy, tight security and tributes to the ambassador who served for three years as russia and turkey fell out over syria. iny backed opposite sides the war, but have reconciled. those who knew him called mr. karlov a brilliant diplomat. >> all the russian people. reporter: do you understand why there's anger against the russian people? >> i understand, but it is difficult to talk right now. reporter: the turkey-russia relationship has always been tricky, but this merger may bring them closer against the common enemy of terror. in syria they're helping achieve goals. russian regime control of aleppo . lacking other allies cup turkey and russia need each other.
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andrey karlov was one of rush's calledasoned diplomats, softly spoken and professional. the russian embassy street will be renamed in his honor. both countries have painted this as an attempt to derail ties. president erdogan said he and vladimir putin agreed it was a provocation. the foreign from turkey even suggested that the gunmen had links to plotters behind the recent to. -- recent coup. found its own reasons. the russian president said an investigation was underway into a treacherous murder and urged solidarity. could the killer has been brainwashed in the police? these online videos seem to show policeman made to chant nationalist, islamist slogans.
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perhaps hatred is stirred here. was he a lone wolf, a jihadist sympathizer? either way a 22-year-old policeman he came an assassin, and russia -- became an assassin, and russia wants answers. laura: for more, i spoke with mark grossman, -- marc grossman. as russia grossman, seeks answers, will ties between russia and turkey for a? presidentman: i think erdogan president clinton have worked to make sure that the relations, which they have made a big effort to reconnect will move forward. russia,dministers from iran, and turkey met and underlined that they have a plan to bring peace to syria.
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is that the overriding concern? amb. grossman: pressure and turkey look around and they think about the things they have in common. the fight against terrorism, the geography. they have worked so hard to get over the challenge that they had with the downing of the airplane, i do not think they will put that at risk. laura: how challenging is it for turkey that there is so much outrage over syria and that so many turks blame russia were what they are seeing -- for what they are seeing? amb. grossman: i think mr. erdogan must have judged that the way to end the problem in syria, at least the humanitarian participateo with russia. they are meeting with the syrian opposition and the government of syria. so far they have said no thank you, but that may change. think russia and
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turkey see an end game in syria as we see aleppo practically have fallen to the syrian government? amb. grossman: the russians may see an and again, the turks are probably trying to figure out what is the game is good for them. that is why this relationship will continue. blame they are keen to supporters -- is that bringing washington into it? amb. grossman: not only is it and attack on the russian ambassador, it is on the pharmacy. you will see the russian ambassador try to stand back other than offering help where they can. laura: why is turkey's to pin the assassination on supporters? does it have to do with the failed coup? amb. grossman: there is a focus since the middle of july in turkey on why was this can? -- this coup?
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how did it happen? it was a shock to their system. mr. erdogan has taken the position that one group was behind it. he has used the time since then to continue focus on that group. laura: they are on opposite sides of the syrian war. is this inherently unstable? amb. grossman: as your lead-in showed, we should not forget the human tragedy. the individual ambassador and what is happening in syria. there is an enormous humanitarian crisis. you say you don't know if the endgame is for moscow, ankara, or damascus. as we have talked about before, this has to end, or all of these relationships will fray. laura: thank you for joining us. you are watching bbc "world news america." still to come on tonight's program, taking a leave like no
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other here -- a leap like no other. the 15 minute fall to earth. prostate cancer is the most common form of the disease in men. eliminates tumors without serious side effects. it uses a drug developed from deep-sea bacteria. here is our medical correspondent. reporter: this is the technology that represents a leap in prostate cancer treatment. it involves a drug derived from bacteria found in the darkness of the ocean floor. this laser optic fiber is inserted into the prostate. the light activates the drug which kills the cancer. withoe was diagnosed cancer he was worried he would need radiotherapy that can cause incompetence or impotence.
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instead, he was one of the first successfully treated with light therapy and has no long-term side effects. one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. this votto dynamic there be could be hugely -- photodynamic therapy could be hugely beneficial. it is derived from deep-sea bacteria, converting light into energy. a laser light is inserted into the prostate. the light activates the drug which destroys the cancer cells. a journal reports that half of the patients given photodynamic their people are completely clear of cancer two years later, compared to one in seven given standard care. crucially, it did not cause major side effects. it is also being used in other cancers. it will not be cheap, but the
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prostate patients it represents a powerful new weapon in the war on cancer. laura: from britain to the u.s., 2016 has been a year of political shock. whether it was brexit or donald trump's election. there has been an appeal to communities with an industrial past that feel left behind by globalization. alan little explores the shift in both countries. dawn in western pennsylvania in the season to hunt deer. >> looking right at me. alan: chuck has been doing this for 40 years. this is donald trump country now.
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town, plainsmall speaking, patriotic. bigrld that other america, city, prosperous, liberal, scarcely knows. donald trump has promised to rebuild its lost industrial greatness. coal,have the greatest the process to make steel can come back to our shores. that would be tremendous for everyone. he will probably bring that back in the first 100 days of his administration. alan: you think what is possible is the real industrialization of america? >> i do. president-elect trump: theiron forms the backbone of our nation. to reformp promises this dereliction as a retreat to nationalism. president-elect trump: we are
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putting miners back to work. clean coal. beautiful, clean coal. a 40 yearges orthodoxy. liberal market consensus. the economic revolution that britain and america went through in the 1980's made both countries richer in the sense that the aggregate wealth group. be unevenly distributed because greater wealth in the top would trickle tide a rising economic would lift all boats. not all were lifted. places like this in britain and america were left behind. places like this voted donald trump and brexit. in britain as in the u.s., the irony is the two companies that pursuit the globalizing agenda most vigorously have been the first to have angry backlash
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against a consequence. this is one of the architects of that agenda, the head of mrs. thatcher's number 10 policy unit. >> transatlantic narrowing from ronald reagan, who said the rising tide would lift all boats. that was over optimistic. it failed to provide fresh jobs in michigan, west virginia, ohio, just as it failed to provide jobs in parts that have suffered from the decline of heavy industry. crisis for a huge the left. the democrats and new labour classicsee grievance as a loser in modern progressive politics. the lack of jobs and nsportunities for youngu
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is horrendous. with the mass migration, the labour party, under blair in particular, the poor were getting poorer. it is unforgivable. >> i think that immigration is a big problem. i think it is a case that the wheres filling the gap labor once was for the working class. alan: they have upended the post -cold war liberal agenda. we know what we are in transition from, not yet to. alan little, bbc news laura:. the backlash against globalization on both sides of the atlantic. if you are scared of heights, close your eyes. one man that isn't is alan eustace. tea set the record for the highest parachute jump in 2014.
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spacesuitn -- the that he wore is on display in virginia. jane o'brien went to look. jane: what goes up must go down, but reaching the stratosphere was the first challenge. it took two hours to ascend and 15 minutes to parachute to earth, at times traveling faster than the speed of sound. previous explorers used complicated capsules. ance used ebola on and a special suit. alan: we tried to build a space suit that was the equivalent to scuba diving with tanks included . i did not have to disconnect or have a heavy capsule. in ascuba diving i went up suit in an environment capable of sustaining me in that time. that is on display at the
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national air and space museum in virginia, home to other out -- other artifacts of space exploration. ofn: everyone i know dreamed being an astronaut, being above the atmosphere, looking at the curvature of the earth, the darkness of space. in my case, that dream never went away. at 57 years old i am still dreaming. jane: the record-breaking suit cheaply using existing technology and materials. the team simply discovered new ways to apply it, such as heating thermal underwear with a water system. alan: it circulates around my chest, my legs, then is reheated. jane: why do you need to be kept warm? alan: it is cold. the higher you go through the troposphere, the colder it gets. eventually to -210 fahrenheit. 120 fahrenheit.
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jane: he did not have to spend years becoming an astronaut. could i do this? alan: anyone could do this. the way we designed the system is that if i was unconscious they had to be able to get me safely to the ground if i did nothing. if you are capable of doing nothing, i think you can do it. with many sights set on the moon and mars, the earth stratosphere remains unexplored. this suit, or something like it, puts it within reach. be adapted toht bring people back from the international space station. >> how are you doing? >> tired but healthy. jane: jane o'brien, bbc news, virginia. laura: that skydiving brings
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there's broadcast to a close. thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports.
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more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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