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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 22, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal-blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." jane: this is bbc world news america. i'm jane o'brien. rains are carried out in germany, searching for the suspect in the berlin market attack. authorities say there is clear evidence linking on a separate amri to theanis deadly assault. donald trump and vladimir putin both talked about strengthening their countries' nuclear capability. and perseverance is inspiring. one man who lost all his limbs to illness is now looking to extraordinary new life. ♪
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. there is clear evidence linking anis amri to an attack on a christmas market in berlin. that is the word from german authorities today, who says his fingerprints were found on a truck that sped into the marketplace and kill people. his brother called on him to give himself up. our europe correspondent has the latest. reporter: it is new footage that has just emerged. the scene immediately after monday's attack, filmed from a dashboard-mounted camera. a few seconds earlier, this is what happened. we have slowed the footage. from the left comes the laureate speed, heading straight for the christmas market. manthis is anis amri, the police say was driving it. humming, video
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posted to his facebook page in december. now the 24-year-old tunisian is europe's most wanted man. police first found his id documents in the cab. now tests have shown his fingerprints on the door and the bodywork. the conclusion, he was at the wheel. angela merkel this afternoon thanked germans for their measured reaction to the attack. chancellor merkel: our thoughts are constantly with the victim'' relatives and the injured. we know it to them to give this our very best. i can say we have done a lot in recent years to meet the challenge of terrorism. reporter: police raids in germany earlier today contacted anis amri's known contacts, turning up nothing. his family in tunisia last saw him five years ago. they say he was not religious, drank alcohol, and dreamed of owning a car and starting a business. >> if my brother is listening to me, i want to tell him to surrender for the sake of our family.
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we will be relieved. if he did what he is suspected done, there will be dishonor on us. i am sure he is innocent. left his anis amri family illegally in 2011. he spent four years in jail for violence and theft. without a passport, he could not be deported to tunisia. last year, he went to germany. denied asylum once again, he was not supported. police said he was trying to get automatic weapons for an attack, but with no new evidence, surveillance was halted in september. should authorities have taken the threat posed by amri more seriously? for most germans, as the markets reopen here with new security barriers, criticism of the police is less important than how they respond. getting breitscheidplatz back up and running today was symbolic for berlin.
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>> we have to respond to the terrorists that we don't care, we are going to open. we are not scared. it's exactly what they want. reporter: crowds were thinner than usual. they wanted to show they would not be cowed. i have come to show we must not hide, says rosemary. i'm very sad. i was here on monday. luckily i left before it happened. i feel anger and sadness, more anger. i did not know any of the victims, but it makes me really angry. not so much fear as defiance, then. berlin is determined to show they will not give up the things they value and enjoy. in damascus, bbc news, berlin. jane: furthermore, i spoke a formerime ago with a u.s. director of intelligence. thank you for joining me. it does seem that an awful lot was known by an awful lot of people, both foreign governments
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and by different intelligence agencies. could this information have been better shared, and would it have done anything to prevent this attack? >> certainly it could have been better shared, and it might have done something to prevent the attack, but as long as we are only playing defense and trying to catch people after they commit an act of terror, or even just before because we have good data, we are going to lose. it's like trying to win a hockey game and having all your players play goalie. we have to get out on the offense. we have to go after the terrorist groups. we have to conduct surveillance of them extremely thoroughly. we have to be in those enclaves europe, ofl over islamist groups. we are not moving nearly definitively enough. jane: but doesn't that cause the type of conflict, particularly in germany, between privacy,
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which europeans treasure an enormous amount, and the need for protection. how do you reconcile those two? guest: i think one can protect privacy. there is a great deal of data available at companies such as sapient and others that have huge amounts of publicly available data, but that can be used very effectively to track people without interfering with their private lives or anything that is hit in -- hidden or in their home or whatever. jane: what about the issue of sharing this information? when you have different nations involved and the u.s., how do you go about improving that, and does there need to be a re-think in the wake of the migrant crisis? guest: i think there has to be a major rethink, given how generous germany and other states have been at letting 1.2
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million people in from the middle east, as germany has. and only about half of those were declared not available for asylum. the others, i think 30,000 of them are working, but that is all. letting huge numbers of people from a country like syria into your society and not having jobs for them is a recipe for disaster. jane: but could the u.s. do something more to sharthe intelligence it has? there are reports that amri was on the u.s. no-fly list. good that sort of information be shared, and would that help? guest: i would be surprised if the no-fly list was not communicated to european countries. there are two no-fly lists. there is one that gets you stopped briefly, and another
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that makes you not able to fly on the plane. it is important to share that well. i think our sharing improved after 9/11, because one of the things that we did wrong was not even have the fbi effectively talking to the cia and vice versa. we were restricting, in privacy's name, a great deal of intelligence sharing. we reported that out a bit -- we have worked that out a bit better now, and there have been improvements, but europe still shares very little. jane: thank you very much for joining me from new york. guest: good to be with you. jane: nuclear weapons were the topic of the day, both here and in the u.s. and in russia. first it was vladimir putin who spoke of the need to bolster his country's nuclear arsenal, then it was donald trump who took to social media, saying america needed to strengthen and expand its nuclear capability.
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bbc's defense correspondent jonathan beale reports. reporter: america and russia still hold more than 90% of the world's nuclear stockpiles, both able to deliver destruction on a massive scale i grant fiore. for a quarter of a century, they have been reducing their nuclear arsenal, but the question now is the arms race about to resume? tonight, president-elect donald trump tweeted, "the united states must greatly strengthen and expand its nuclear capability, until such time as the world comes to its senses regarding nukes." it caught many by surprise, including the obama administration. >> i can't speak for what the president-elect's nuclear views or his policy going forward, that's for him and his team to speak to. what i can speak to is the approach this administration has
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taken to get us on the path to a world without nuclear weapons. reporter: president putin too has been ramping up the nuclear rhetoric. today, addressing his military commanders, he talked of the need to strengthen russia's strategic nuclear forces. >> we can say with certainty that we are stronger now than any potential aggressor, anyone. reporter: both the united states and russia have made large cuts to their nuclear arsenals since the height of the cold war, but they still have many weapons. the u.s. has stockpiles of 7000 warheads, of which 1900 are deployed or ready to use. russia has just over 7000 warheads with just under 1800 deployable, while the u.k. has 120 available to use and could be fired from vanguard submarines. both america and russia are already modernizing their nuclear weapons systems at
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significant cost. what is not clear is whether donald trump wants to go much further. tensions have been rising with russia. these u.s. troops on exercise and the baltics, a response to its intervention in ukraine. russia's military campaign in syria has deepened the risk. but donald trump has signaled he wants to improve relations with moscow, so his comments might be more directed at north korea, whose unpredictable leader boasts of now being a nuclear power, or even iran. donald trump certain to rip up a deal with its nuclear program, still suspicious of their intentions. did withonald trump that tweet is start the nuclear arms race. it is not strengthen our nuclear arsenal, it's expand our nuclear arsenal. we have arms control limits that cap the weapons we deploy. he pays no heed to that. he seems to want to bust through the caps.
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reporter: with nuclear weapons, words matter. once again, a donald trump tweet has surprised and raised plenty of questions. jonathan beale, bbc news. jane: for more on trump's comments today, i spoke to a brief time ago with the bbc's laura becker, who is at the white house. laura, a tweet can mean many things. what has his transition team made of it, and they have been able to satisfactorily explain what he might have meant? reporter: the problem with tweaking policy in 140 characters or less is that it is difficult to paraphrase. the statement said president-elect trump was referring to the threat of nuclear proliferation and the critical need to prevent it. they said he was talking about terrorist organizations and unstable regimes. but he does not name them in the statement, which means we are left to guess, who are these rogue regimes? when it comes to terrorist
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organizations in previous interviews in the run-up to the election, donald trump did not roll out using weapons of mass destruction against a so-called islamic state, for instance. he said it was important to be unpredictable. but what does it mean when he finally takes power? when it comes to what he could actually do as president, there is already a trillion dollar package going through to revamp america's aging nuclear program. therefore, adding to that would be rather costly. but only one man really knows what he meant to do, and that was donald trump himself, and he will get his hands on those nuclear codes in just 29 days time. jane: of course, this is not the first time he has tweeted about very sensitive subjects. you have been covering donald trump for a long time. is this something we just have to get used to? reporter: i think it's something we've got to get used to. there was a "saturday night live" sketch when kellyanne conway came down the stairs,
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labeled kellyanne conway's day off, where she was brought in on her day off several times to explain donald trump's tweets. when it comes to twitter, donald trump loves his twitter account, and he seems to get a reaction from it, so he is likely to continue doing it. the problem with that brevity is it takes his transition team to explain it. vicker,r: laura thank you for joining me. iraqi forces have launched car bomb attacks in the city of muscle. reports say three car bombs were in an area east of mosul. civilians tried to flee. the philippines in the pit watchdog is to investigate terte after he claims to have personally killed several drug suspects.
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he says the killings took place while he was a mayor. his role has been previously investigated, but no charges were ever brought. the parliaments in kenya have amendments amendments that will allow manual systems to be used in next year's election, if technology fails. it comes after fistfights between politicians. some went to court to seek an injunction, arguing that manual voting will lead to vote rigging. watching "bbc world news america." still to come, her tweets from inside aleppo drew worldwide attention. speaksen-year-old bana to the bbc about wanting to go back to her home sunday. moscow, a funeral has taken place for the russian ambassador to turkey, andrei karlov, shot three days ago while giving a speech in ankara. steve rosenberg reports.
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the farewell began at the foreign ministry. state,dor karlov laden three days after he was assassinated in turkey. vladimir putin came to pay his respects. hisas awarded andrei karlov country's highest honor, posting thumously, -- post you hero of russia. broughthe cotton was here, to the cathedral of christ the savior. the orthodox priests charted prayers and blessings. they sang hymns for the sole of the deceased. it is very rare for an
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ambassador to be killed on duty, said the head of the russian church. this is the man who killed him, an off-duty turkish police officer. god is greatest, he shouted. don't forget about aleppo, about syria. and were in mourning today embassy, the russian but heavy security meant it took some time to deliver the w reaths. ofrussia mourns the murderer one of its ambassadors, the country's leadership remains determined to not let this assassination harm relations with turkey or to weaken moscow's resolve to fight terror. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. army says itian has officially retaken aleppo. the last convoy of rebel fighters and civilians have all been evacuated, leaving the city
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and government control for the first time after almost four years of fighting. among those left was seven-year-old bana alabed. her messages on social media drew worldwide attention, and that she is in turkey, where she has been speaking with bbc. >> hello. bana. i am seven years old. reporter: from the rubble of aleppo to the red carpet in na and her family are now being hosted by the turkish government, which opposes the syrian regime. when we met, this child of war told me how her own home was flattened by a bomb. >> we were playing happily and planning to go out, and suddenly it landed. so we got scared and ran to the basement. when our house was bombed, we got out of the rubble safely.
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die -- we about to were about to die. reporter: her updates from inside aleppo echoed around the world. with help from her mother, who manages her twitter account. but some have questioned whose views were being shared. when your mom was tweeting, was she tweeting your words or her words? >> me and mom. reporter: together? >> yes. reporter: her mother, fatima, insists the twitter account was bana's idea, but admits it is a way to combat the regime. >> i think our twitter was a weapon. reporter: your twitter was a weapon? >> yes.
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reporter: but the tweets attracted threats and made it harder for the family to join the mass evacuation of eastern aleppo. onto one ofbana the buses, disguised as a boy. today the opposition fighters retreated from their former stronghold, and by evening, the syrian army was in control of the entire city for the first time in more than four and a half years. just days after escaping all this, bana dreams of returning. >> i was happy to leave, but sad at the same time. i wish i could go back to aleppo, go back home. i want to live in my house because i love it, even if it had been bombed. i love my house. reporter: before saying goodbye,
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bana sang us a song about childhood and stolen freedoms. [bana singing] reporter: one voice raised for countless others who often go unheard. bbc news, ankara. a seven year how old child can endure such horror. around the holidays, there are plenty of inspirational stories alex told, along them lewis. three years ago, he thought he had a common cold. instead he was diagnosed with strep a infection, which led to blog poisoning. it led to the loss of all his limbs, but after multiple surgeries and recovery, alex defied the odds and went to work. duncan kennedy has been to hear his story. reporter: precious moments with the family that kept and keep alex lewis going. a man whose body was devoured by flesh-consuming bacteria. >> there is nothing you could
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have done, nothing at all. in some respects, that is better. i've got no blame. no one tried to blow me up in war or any sort of conflict. it was just a bit of bad luck. reporter: alex's bad luck started in 2013 when he went from this to this. after a cold became a strep a infection, which led the blood poisoning. for his partner lucy, seeing his mouth and nose disintegrate and his arms and legs amputated was devastating. >> i could not go in the room to see him after it. i found it difficult. i can deal with legs. i could not deal with the arms very well. reporter: alex began three recovery, frustration, and -- three grueling years of recovery, frustration, and
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setback. it all up so bleak, but during his 20 operations, alex always kept one goal in mind, to go back to work, and this week he did. what sort of feeling does that bring, being back at work? >> it shows you can get out, you can get back to work. you are not resigned to being stuck at home. reporter: alex has become an interior designer. he tested his ideas in this restaurant, but now he has won a contract to do several more, all with the imagination he never knew he had. >> psychologically, it is a huge list. if we can get through the previous three years, going back to work and creating a new business is the topping on the cake, really, the icing on the cake. come on, back on the sofa. reporter: alex will base himself at home and make site visits with the help of his clients.
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it has been a very long journey, but just listen to how he sums it all up. >> they have been the best three years of my life, i think, because i was not making the most of the life that i had. falling ill, it made me realize what i had. reporter: people watching this may use words like hope, courage, inspiration. what is your message to come out of all this? >> it means i can move on and hopefully live an extraordinary life in a different body. reporter: alex lewis, partner, father, worker. duncan kennedy, bbc news. we can all think of a few more words to describe alex lewis, and that brings today's show to a close, but you can find much more on all the days news, including the latest on a manhunt for the suspect in the berlin market attack, on our website.
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and simply go to twitter, we are at @bbcnewsus. thank you very much for watching, and please join me tomorrow. ♪ ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal-blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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