tv BBC World News America PBS January 10, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." jane: this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. senator jeff sessions is the first of donald trump's team to get a grilling on capitol hill. president obama goes to chicago for his farewell address. we look at his impact around the world and the legacy of his foreign policy. where there is a will there's a way. video shows chimpanzees solving problems in ways we didn't think was possible until now.
jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. in 10 days, donald trump will take over as president of the united states. today was a key moment for the team he assembled. jeff sessions was the first to go for his confirmation hearing for the next attorney general. aboutns have been made his record, especially on civil rights. he defended his past and pledged to uphold the law of the land. barbara: this was always going to be a hard sell. a senator donnelly by t togations of racism se become the top law enforcement official. to be questioned by >> congress and the most controversial. i am not racist. barbara: 30 years ago he was
accused of racist comments in front of this committee and rejected as federal judge. other allegations followed. he has been defending his record ever since. a fellow senator from the south gave him a chance to humanize the debate. >> when i came up i had no support group. inid not prepare myself well 1986. there was an organized effort to caricature me as something i wasn't. barbara: he had no doubt about systemic discrimination. >> i know we need to do better. we can never go back. barbara: packing into wider fears over what a trump administration will bring, especially from a strong trump supporter like sessions. theyey are concerned if will be able to rely on the department of justice to protect their rights and freedoms.
barbara: democratic senators quizzed him about his views on immigration and social issues. could he support laws he voted against? yes, he said, including same-sex marriage and abortion. >> it is the law of the land and has been established. it deserves respect. i would respect and follow it. barbara: he sought to ease fears that he would support a trump on muslims entering the country. black lawmakers plan to testify against the congressman, something almost unheard of. >> these are extraordinary times and they call for extraordinary measures. barbara plett pressure, bbc news . jane: i'm joined by anthony zurcher cap. . some of those sounded tough. with a republican-controlled senate is there any chance that his picks will not get through?
the republicans have 52 votes. it would take 3 to switch to block a nominee. there are signs a democrat from west virginia will vote for sessions. you need 4 the switchover. there were no indications there was wavering among republicans. so, i do not think that is likely. jane: we will see the rare sight of democrat cory booker testifying against a fellow sitting senator. what is going on there? anthony: they will highlight with acs jeff sessions's history theacist actions back to 1980's. about 20 was going for a judge ship making jokes about the kkk. point to his voting against portions of the voting rights act as a pattern
of support of anti-black legislation. it should be high drama. across thee setting committee room from jeff sessions telling to his face that they do not think he will be the nominee -- should be the nominee. tonight, a jury in south carolina confirmed dylann roof will get the death penalty for killing nine black men and women at a charleston church in 2015. the 22-year-old white supremacist was convicted on 33 federal charges last year. in the penalty phase he represented himself and said he did not have a mental illness. he did not offer remorse or ask his life to be spared. dozens have been killed in militant attacks in afghanistan. the taliban says they were responsible for a bombing attack in the center of kabul. in a has been an explosion
southern province. 12 people were killed is not incident. the governor is in critical condition. the ambassador of the united arab emirates was also wounded. the conflict in afghanistan is one of many global challenges president obama faced in office. he often cites the iran nuclear deal and improved relations with cuba as accomplishments. critics point to the civil war in syria and the so-called islamic state. report, jonial sopel looks at president obama's foreign policy legacy. always something upside down about barack obama receiving the nobel peace prize before he had done anything as president. when he came to office, one of the greatest strategic threats was iran. security andt was multinational deal to curve
nuclear ambitions. -- whenjamin no netanyahu address the congress there was outrage. to the israeli prime minister's liking will be occupying the white house. will the iranian nuclear deal survive the change of power? >> we have been told that no deal is better than a bad deal. this is a bad deal. a very bad deal. jon:'s relationship with owtanyahu was one of the l culminating in the u.s. failings to veto the resolution about israel's settlement building.
crimea, cyber espionage in syria left them barely speaking. the pledge at the start of his presidency was about disengaging from conflict and bringing troops home. you can say to those families that lost loved ones, justice has been done. brought by thesm rate to kill osama bin laden and the spread of the arab spring would eventually be replaced by a middle east in flames and the rise of the so-called islamic state. the fight against which remains unfinished business. arguably the low point for president obama has been syria, a humanitarian catastrophe sparking the worst refugee crisis since world war ii. the president's failure to act against president assad despite huffing and puffing has come back to haunt him. pres. obama: a red line for us
bunch of chemical weapons being utilized or moved around. jon: but nothing happened. no action. a mistake notwas to enforce the red line. when the u.s. that there would be consequences, it is important to follow up. i would not confuse that, in forcing the chemical weapons redline, with the notion there was an interventionist fix to this syria problem. jon: his policy is like the embassy and washington, d.c., an empty shell. newspapers on the doorstep, the windows barred. at the table. barack obama has flip-flopped over whether to take military action, too slow to react to the so-called islamic state. it has been a time where american influence has waned and russia has increased.
embassy topty another, this one has . the cuban embassy in northwest washington. for 50 years it was ehrlich, a last legacy of the cold war. , a lasts derelict legacy of the cold war. brock obama consigned the last piece of cold war legacy to history. -- barack obama consigned the last piece of cold war legacy to history. an extraordinary transformation. he leaves admired and largely popular, not the least were his role in the global climate change agreement. he tried to carve out a foreign policy that he saw as right for the times. as the commander-in-chief was given a traditional sendoff, in his own way he was as destructive to american power and influence as george w. bush.
what with the nobel committee make of him eight years on? -- would the nobel committee make of him eight years on? jane: i spoke with the former u.s. defense secretary and bbc global affairs analyst, william cowan. n. william cohe how would you sum up the tone of president obama's presidency? william: the familiar ring is no drama obama. his foreign policy reflects that . he is highly intelligent and well spoken. very calm and cool. a lot of people would like to see more passion at times, and less professorship. think that that reflects the
way that he has conducted his foreign policy, very cool and analytical. not engaging in the passion of the moment, but taking such a coldly distant position looking at aleppo and what could be done to help people reflects the sentiment that we are disengaged, not as committed as having a robust foreign policy, shaping events rather than being shaped by them. disengagement made the world or america a safer place? william: i think it has made it a less safe place. the notion we would have allowed russia to enter the middle east, to be seen as the new power broker, is not in the best interest of the region or the united states and others. i think the world is less safe.
whenever the united states pulls back and we do not have the ability to shape events consistent with our own interests and ideals, other countries and leaders will move in that do not share our interests or ideals. in that sense we are less well-off insecurity. president obama can say we are better off because of the deal with iran, and others will say it is only good for the next four or five years. it will put them on the edge of having nuclear capability. we have gained five or 10 years, but beyond that we haven't done not movingave toward the capability. it is coolly professional and not engaging in a ronald reagan way.
jane: a different style coming from donald trump. what do you think he should do differently on many of these issues that are still running? for example the ongoing relationship, or lack of relationship, with russia? part of the problem is the relationship he favors with russia will hang governor his administration until there is full disclosure. we have never had a situation in recent memory wary president-elect is able to say, you cannot see what i own, what i oh, and to whom i only. whom i i owe, and to owe it. what are the things that he owns,ts, his -- that he his business owns? federal hangover as long as this remains undisclosed. -- this will hangover as long as undisclosed.
the not where he can use brutal power to fire aleppo and others with no penalty to pay for it. jane: quickly, there has been a disconnect between how president ed abroad and here. why do you think he was so liked in places like europe? william: initially in the wake of president bush having fallen out of favor in the wake of iraq and afghanistan. he was a fresh face with a hopeful message. he lifted the spirits of the europeans. many of them are perhaps disappointed. they still favor him, as do the american people with a high favorability rating. there has been disappointment because he has not measured up to the promise that he held.
jane: thank you for joining me. president obama will be in chicago giving his farewell address to looking back on his years in office and to the future. for more, we go to laura trevelyan, who is there. this is his last trip as president outside of washington. what can we expect? laura: you can see his supporters are flooding into this lakeside convention center, eager to hear what barack obama has to say. this is where it began as a community organizer. this is where he declared victory in 2008 in chicago. this is the place that shaped him as a person. supporters want to know what is the way ahead. president obama says this speech will be bigger than politics. he is also going to offer some pointers to confront the challenges ahead, for which
await president-elect donald trump. be, while he is defending his legacy, he must be saying to the democrats, how can win the white house and congress? is there any sense he will have anything to say about that? i do notecifically, think. he will speak in general terms about the need for a new generation of leaders. the need to defend diversity, .airness many of the people i talked to, particularly african-american supporters of barack obama worry the clock is being turned back. people talked about the hearing of senator sessions as attorney general, they worry the games of the civil rights movement could be rolled back by the incoming administration. barack obama will address in concrete terms those fears and about how he has learned 2
things. how good the american people are, and how change can happen. it sure can. jane: laura trevelyan in chicago. thank you. you are watching bbc "world news america." still to come, clare scoop ofrth got the the century. the woman who broke the story of world war ii beginning dies at 105. scenes.le tens of thousands of iranians have been attending his funeral following his death at the age of 82. janie mitchell reports. >> prayer for one of the last figures of the 1979 revolution.
-- whore led by rafsanjani as his ally. the current president, who has now lost a key ahead of the election in may. put the number of mourners paying their final respects at 3.5 million. this made its way to his burial site. and hard-liners was also felt on the streets. some mourners held portraits of the former president. others chanted the name of his even more reformist successor. state television responded by turning of the background music to drown out the chanting.
in recent years, the media has been banned from publishing the name or images of mr. khatami. comelled for supporters to out to show solidarity with the reform movement. iran is holding three days of national mourning for the late rafsanjani. deep division over social and economic freedoms. will remain. bbc news. jane: it was the scoop of the century, the news world war ii started. died atare hollingworth the age of 105. as a rookie reporter in poland she spotted german forces gathering at the border and brought the news to the world. a national program.
germany has innovated poland. reporter: three days earlier, clare hollingworth's scoop appeared in the telegraph. she saw the nazis massing for invasion. a shawnee seven, a journalist for less than a week, a woman in a man's world, had beaten a lot of them. bei went out to poland to number two to a reporter of bbc fame. i got to warsaw. he said one of us has got to go to the front. i was on the german-polish front when the german tanks moved in. reporter: clare hollingworth's scoops kept coming. she uncovered kim philby's escape to russia as a traitor. above all, she was a war
correspondent. across the middle east and vietnam, revealing secret talks between hanoi and washington. >> i am passionately interested in war. if one is passionately interested in war, one cannot help but like being in it. last year, fellow journalist celebrated her 105th birthday as more extraordinary stories emerged of her role before world war ii helping escape the nazis. james robbins with one of the great trail blazers of journalism. we have always known chimpanzees are intelligent. for the first time, researchers show them making and using tools to get access to water that no other animal can. a life-saving skill.
a mother and baby in ivory coast national park showing unique behavior. it is the dry season. to reach a water supply, they are making and using tools, another insight into the behavior of our closest primate cousins. 95 percent this same dna as humans. they are very intelligent. use are the kinds of things they can do, different cultures of chimpanzees have different skills. reporter: it is not new for chimpanzees to use tools. they use sticks to date for termites and begin to beehives for honey. they were impressed by how well crafted the drinking tools were. they strip long sticks and choose the ends into water
absorbent brushes. breeding programs like these, scientists have to understand behaviors like these to keep the animals mentally stimulated. they have to use the stakes. we have to make them a certain way so they can put the stick into the hole to get out the food. is very quiet because it is feeding time for the chimpanzees. are western chimpanzees. this same species in this research. nimble fingers, cool-making and tool-using, but sadly, critically endangered. the population of these great apes continues to decline because of poaching and the destruction of habitat. findings like these show how much more we have to learn about chimpanzee culture. today's showings
to a close. you can find more on our website . from all of us here, thank you for watching. please, tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, from torture to banning muslims: at his confirmation hearing to be the next attorney general, senator jeff sessions lays out legal limits to president-elect trump's campaign statements. then, our series "the obama years" continues with a look at the president's legacy on criminal justice. and, how integrating arts in the classroom helps turn around poor performing schools. >> art completes not only the education but the human being... our ability to create, and to express that creation. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.