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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 6, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a second try at the travel ban. donald trump signed the new executive order with key changes and sends his team out to explain. secretary tillerson: it is the president's solemn duty to protect the american people, and with this order, president trump is exercising his rightful authority to keep our people safe. laura: the president's weekend tweetstorm is still causing waves. the white house comes under pressure to provide evidence that president obama tapped trump tower. and we will be watching the clock to find what science can
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tell us about why time flies. laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. it was take 2 for the trump administration today as the president signed a new executive order banning people from six mainly muslim countries from entering the u.s. for 90 days. it is a revised version of the ban signed in january blocked by the courts. this time some notable changes have been made. iraq is off the list. but legal challenges are already under discussion. north american correspondent nick bryant reports. nick: there was applause when president trump signed the first executive order, but it caused anger, chaos, and confusion at america's airports as the ban on entrance from seven mainly muslim countries was hurriedly put into effect.
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the u.s. courts blocked it, delivering an embarrassing rebuke to president trump. today he signed a revised ban with unusually little fanfare. the washington press corps was not invited to witness this, and this photograph taken by a white house staffer. he left it to senior administration officials to sell one of his signature policies. secretary tillerson: it is the president's solemn duty to protect the american people, and with this order, president trump is exercising his rightful authority to keep our people safe. nick: while citizens from somalia, sudan, syria, iran, libya, and yemen are still affected, iraq is not on the list. people with legal residency in the u.s., those who hold green cards, and those who already have visas will not be subject to the ban. syrian refugees, originally banned indefinitely, are not singled out for harsher treatment. the trump administration claims some refugees pose potential terror threats. atty. gen. sessions: more than
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300 people according to the fbi who came here as refugees are under fbi investigation today for potential terrorism-related activities. nick: by delaying implementation until later in the month, the white house is hoping to avoid a repeat of the botched rollout of the original travel ban, removing iraq, a key ally, designed to make it more politically palatable for republican critics. and the trump administration has tried to make it legally watertight. but to constitutional scholars think they have succeeded? >> there is still challenge to -- there is still grounds to challenge the executive order. same grounds they had before. none of this means the courts could not strike this down or issue a restraining order. it is going to be tougher. this has fewer edges. nick: in muslim neighborhoods of america such as dearborn, michigan, the travel ban affects family members and friends and many complain it marginalizes
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them. >> it is really sad because it is affecting a lot of people and it is going to hurt a lot of people. i think it is the wrong decision. >> i wish he would teach us how to love each other more and be people and do not say this group is bad, that group is that. -- bad. nick: america has long celebrated its welcoming tradition with immigrants symbolized by the statue of liberty. but opinion on the travel ban exposes deep divisions here between those who protest it is un-american and those who believe it is necessary to protect the american homeland. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. laura: for more on today's events i spoke a brief time ago with our north america reporter anthony zurcher. the administration has revamped the travel ban but is this one going to fare better politically and legally? anthony: legally i think the government lawyers have been more involved in drafting this. a lot of the controversial
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provisions have been taken out such as suspension of green cards. there is not going to be a challenge on process grounds but politically and legally there is still the question of whether this discriminates against muslims because of the country's name. laura: this does not take effect for 10 days. how does this fit with the original order were they said it was such an urgent matter of national security? anthony: president trump tweeted that out and press secretary sean spicer echoed that. they realize the castrated by the original band is one of the reasons the courts suspended it and the last thing they want is another injunction that puts this on hold indefinitely. laura: we have to go to the president's weekend of tweetstorm from mar-a-lago in florida where he accused president obama tapping his phones during the election. today a white house spokesman said there is no question something happened. will the white house produce evidence or leave this to congress? anthony: it is following a pattern where donald trump tweets something such as voter fraud allegations that are inflammatory and the white house
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staff tries to explain it and say there will be an investigation and hand it off to congress, for instance, and then they pretty much let it drop. this could be the same pattern, although donald trump has focused attention back on this by saying barack obama was the one behind these wiretaps. it will be interesting to see how this plays out but it is an -- in congress' hands now. laura: the one person who knows whether or not this happened for sure would be the fbi director. are we likely to hear from him on the matter? anthony: well, we have heard reports he told the department of justice to shoot down the allegation, but he has not come out publicly, in contrast to what he did during the hillary clinton e-mail server investigation last summer. that created a precedent where everyone expects comey to come out every single time and talk about an ongoing fbi investigation, but i don't think he wants to be in the spotlight like that. laura: anthony zurcher, thank you for joining us. among those who spoke personally to president trump about this
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-- after those tweets was newsmax ceo chris ruddy. a brief time ago he joined katty kay. katty: you spoke to president trump over the weekend. how would you describe his mood at the moment? chris: i spoke to him twice on saturday and i was a he is not a -- i would say he is not a happy camper. i spoke to him after he had done donewe -- dunphy tweet -- the tweet that morning when he alleged there were wiretaps made against him and his campaign at the order of president obama. he was sort of angry that he was targeted, and he was very confident about the information he had. so i don't think -- i don't think you have seen any walk back from the white house since he made those comments. he told me later that night as the story was developing -- i asked him based on all the denials that had come out during the day and he said, look -- i
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have this on my blog at newsmax -- if they investigate, they will find out i am proven right. they need to look into this. katty: you spoke to the president was, you spoke to him on the phone or in person? chris: i saw him in person twice, at lunch hour and dinner hour. katty: you have known mr. trump for 20 years but i think he -- i think you have reported you have never seen him this angry. chris: i don't recall, certainly during this election period -- he wasn't screaming or yelling but he had a certain look and demeanor that indicated he was not happy. -- it wasn't about the media he was unhappy about the former -- he was unhappy about the former president, he believes, targeted his campaign, and he described it to me as a watergate action, he described it as mccarthyism, and he asked if the press was covering it. remember, he had just come off
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the links. i said, no, it was all over, we have it on the lead on newsmax, and he was glad that people were picking it up. katty: so the allegations that president obama wiretapped trump tower made him particularly angry? chris: that he was targeted. i don't know if trump tower is really key or crucial here. i think -- and if you parse through all the denials that came through this weekend, nobody -- one of the trump administration officials told me last night, everybody's mincing their words. they're not saying the trump campaign was not surveilled. they are saying that president obama never issued an order. legally he is not empowered to issue an order, so the question is, did he know or not know about it? the fbi has given a very narrow -- not an official denial. a narrow denial through an anonymous source in "the new york times." you wonder why they have not come out and officially denied it altogether. i can tell you that, having been knowledgeable about the trump
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campaign and the election period, there is basically 100% consensus among trump campaign people that they were surveilled during the campaign. katty: just to be clear, mr. ruddy, president trump didn't just say it once. he said it in 4 separate tweets that it was president obama that tapped him. he said it in different ways but in 4 separate tweets. what evidence did he give you in the conversations you had with him over the course of the weekend that he -- to back that up, to back up that claim that president obama had wiretapped or surveilled the trump campaign? chris: he didn't offer me any evidence but he spoke with great confidence on the matter. it would strain credulity, katty, if the president did not know about this even if he officially didn't it would strain credulity, give. and knowing how the obama white
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house operated. you know, the irs targeted conservative organizations, i believe illegally. the head of that unit at the irs was at the obama white house 24 times meeting with advisers. she pleaded the fifth amendment, they deleted e-mails. there was never an investigation, never a special prosecutor. and for them to say that the president didn't know about the irs issue, it is another thing where i think if somebody looks into this, they might find there is a lot more there. laura: newsmax ceo chris ruddy speaking to katty kay. in other news from around the frenchleaders of the center right republican party have unanimously backed embattled presidential candidate francois fillon in next month's election. mr. fillon lost support after being told he faced full investigation for embezzlement. he denies the charges. earlier the former prime minister juppe ruled out stepping in to replace him. the u.s. supreme court has
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decided not to rule and a landmark case involving the bathroom rights of transgender students. the court referred the case of gavin grimm back to a lower court after the trump administration removed guidance that transgender students be allowed to use bathrooms aligned with a gender identity. a retired policeman in the philippines has to survive he killed nearly 200 people as part of a death squad set up by when he was arte city mayor. he told a senate hearing he initially lied because he feared for the lies of his loved ones. duterte's spokesman called his testimony cap are gated and acceptable. afrench car giant will buy general motors business including opel. it creates a new regional car trying to challenge market leader volkswagen, but there are fears about jobs in the u.k. and in germany. the chinese government has declared its aim of making the skies blue again by tackling the
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country's air pollution crisis. authorities want to reduce reliance on coal and invest billions in renewable energy. they are targeting emissions from cars, which add to the smog hanging over major cities, by encouraging the use of greener vehicles. as part of a bbc series on tackling air pollution, our china editor carrie gracie reports from beijing. carrie: everything in china is on a massive scale. the problems and the solutions. cars are to blame for about one third of china's air pollution. so it is scrapping the worst offenders. but this is a losing battle against 30 million new cars taking to the roads this year. if these people want clean air, then from transport to heating and lifestyle, they have to change their behavior.
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china has to kick its addiction to fossil fuel. for this beijing couple, the morning commute is a his and hers divide. he is part of the problem. and she is part of the solution. meet little blue. harmful emissions, zero. to beat the petrol heads, china subsidizes electrical vehicles. and makes them much easier to license. on smoggy days, little blue does not face restrictions like other cars, and she is proud to do her bit for clean air. >> we all have to live in the city, and the pollution is terrible for our health and beijing's image. driving little blue, i don't have to feel guilty even on smoggy days. i tell my friends they should get one, too. carrie: gathering winter fuel.
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to beat the smog, all villages surrounding beijing have banned the burning of coal. the 70-year-old farmer is forced back to the old ways. the fire heats the brick bed. the government did give them an electric heater. but on their pensions, they can't afford to switch it on much. winters are subzero here. but he tells me he is more worried about his electricity bill than about the cold or the smog. he is wearing thick layers of longjohns. beijing can clean the air when it wants to. right now, for the annual session of its rubberstamp parliament. but it can't do it for long, because despite the pressure for cleaner vehicles or heating, the chinese economy is still fueled by coal.
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and in a one-party state, there's little the public can do to force politicians here to deliver air fit to breathe. carrie gracie, bbc news, beijing. laura: trying to get rid of that smog in china. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, in clinton, arkansas, the support for donald trump goes deep. we will go south to hear what people want from the president. the united states and japan have requested an emergency meeting at the un security council to discuss the latest north korean ballistic missile launches. the missiles were launched from the country's border with china. it is estimated that traveled about 1000 kilometers, falling near japan. south korea said it was a serious provocation and a direct challenge to the world.
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meanwhile, the u.s. has decided to avoid an advanced antimissile defense system to south korea to defend against future launches. the bbc's stephen evans has more from seoul. steve: there has been strong condemnation from the government in seoul and from tokyo and from washington. there is a background to this. u.s. and south korean troops have just started joint exercises, which north korea says are practice for invasion. it prompted the chinese foreign ministry to call for both sides to show restraint. the regime in pyongyang has been rallying the citizens. missile launches help it keep unity by asserting north korean military strength and pointing at the threat beyond the borders. north korea often flaunts its missiles on parade. but nobody quite knows what they can do.
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its ambition is to have are intercontinental missiles which can strike the united states. if these missiles are a technological development, that increases the pressure on president trump to do something. he says he has ruled out no options. the implication being including the military option. that, though, is a lot easier to say than to do with the reliability and assured success. is always on our minds and often dictates how we live our lives. so it may surprise you that scientists admit they don't know enough about the subject. alan burdick devoted 10 years to how we perceive and experience time. the result of the hours of work is his book, "why time flies,"
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and earlier i spoke to him about what he discovered. you started this book when your twin boys were born and time feels precious and fragile. does that very notion of time begin when we are in the womb? alan: yes, absolutely. we have in all of our cells clocks, 24-hour clocks. this is true even when we are in the womb, and those clocks help us develop on schedule. laura: quite extraordinary. why is it that as we get older, time seems to fly? it is a cliché but it feels like that. alan: yeah, you know, when we say time flies, what we think we're saying is some version of a year is going by faster now than it did when i was younger. but i think what we are actually saying is one of 2 things, either that i don't have enough time, that my schedule is so busy and i'm worried about how much time i have left, or i am so busy that i'm not actually keeping track of time.
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laura: do our brains also play tricks on us in the way we perceive time and particularly the way we perceive now? alan: oh, yes, absolutely. what we perceive as now is very fungible depending on your emotional state. anger can make moments seemed to stretch out. yes, it is much more plastic than one thinks. laura: you went to great lengths to research time and you even went to the arctic circle. did you find that it slowed down there? alan: well, it seemed to never end. i had never been in an environment like that where it is light all the time. i found that instead of my sleep being divided one day from the next, it was almost like a nap in one endless day. laura: you also revealed -- this is amazing to me -- scientists feel we don't know enough about time. is there more research underway? alan: so much.
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we don't understand how we know that five seconds is longer than three seconds without looking at a watch. where in the brain does the process take place? it is a process that even animals can do. laura: you are wearing fitbit now but you didn't have a watch for years. was that a rebellion against time and the way that it enslaves us all? alan: yeah, i had this notion that time was clamping down on me and if i took the watch off i could be removed from it. once i learned it is in us and part of us it didn't make much sense to not wear anymore. onelaura: maybe it has even helped you with your research and how we perceive time, having the fitbit. alan: it has certainly helped me get my kids to school on time. laura: thank you so much, alan burdick, helping us with the notion of time. the past year has flown by, and while few of us guessed 12 months ago that donald trump
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would win the white house, he enjoyed a solid base of support in places like arkansas. the bbc has gone to clinton, where dan and peggy told us why mr. trump was so appealing to them. >> we have become so politically correct that you can't say "poop" if you step in it. >> friends, neighbors, jesus christ, they're all welcome. that's pretty good. that is pretty good. i really enjoyed that. kind of start this thing off right. i am peggy. this is my husband, dan. we host the national racesonship chuck wagon at our ranch in clinton, arkansas. >> i do the hard work. [laughter] what do you do, honey? >> i pay the bills. >> she pays the bills.
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this is out 32nd year. we started out with eight wagons. last year we had 5045. it is the largest horse event we know of in the united states at one time. i was going to be a cowboy. i thought maybe a bull rider. god didn't let me be a bull rider. chuck wagon race promoter, and a rancher. always wanted to be a rancher. >> president trump, i like him. i tell people i'm married to him, because my husband is just like him. you know, he says what he is going to do any does what he says he is going to do. that is why we like him, because dan is the same way. >> i think the government is out of control. you know, they need to have more people that is running the government that has had hands-on experience that has made their land and lived on the river.
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now, i'm going to stop it because my grandmother and grandchildren drink the water down below and if they are contaminating eight, i will stop it. we don't have that washington to stop that. are they here to help us? it used to be i thought they were. >> most of our furniture, wooden furniture, comes from mexico. if we were to buy it from an american producer, this quality, our wholesale costs would be what we retail this table for. but now we do support our president, and if he says there is going to be a border tax, we , because we pay it feel like it will benefit us in the long run. >> did you not dream of having a a rodeo star?g i thought i was going to be. i'm a chuckwagon race producer, i guess. but that's ok. it has to do with people and
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horses and cattle. we've been blessed. laura: dan and peggy in clinton, arkansas, on their support for donald trump, bringing the broadcast to a close. i am laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and voya financial . >> hey, how's it going? >> who are you? >> i the orange money retirement am squirrel.
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i represent the money you are saving for the future. we are putting away acorns to show you the importance of being organized. >> that's smart. who is he? >> he is the green money you can spend it now. >> going to pay some bills and maybe buy a new tennis racket. >> tennis racket for a squirrel? >> he has got a killer backhand. >> when it is time to get organized for retirement it is , time to get voya. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening, i'm john yang. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight... >> this executive order, just as the first executive order, is a lawful and proper exercise of presidential authority. >> yang: the trump administration unveils a revised travel ban after the first was blocked by the courts. then, making sense of president trump's wiretapping claim-- what's behind the charge that president obama was listening in on trump tower. and, jeffrey brown sits down with "get out" diretor jordan peele to talk why the hit horror film about race is striking a chord with audiences. >> for me the social thriller is the thriller in which the s,

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