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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 31, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." tim: this is "bbc world news america." reported from washington, i am tim willcox. "i have a story to tell and i will talk to investigators," so says michael flynn, but first, the former national security advisor once immunity. the u.s. secretary of state meets allies from nato with reassurance of america's commitment but a demand also that they need to pay more. plus, e-mail, online shopping -- technology has many of us hooked.
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what makes these gadgets so irresistible? tim: hello. welcome to our viewers in america and around the globe. just when you thought there couldn't be another twist in the investigations into russian interference in the u.s. election, think again. michael flynn who lasted less than a month as president trump's national security adviser, now says he has a story to tell, but will only give evidence if offered immunity. this from management tasks and striking such deals meant you probably committed a crime. on twitter, president trump said flynn had been the victim of a witchhunt. jon sopel reports. jon: the allegations of will go jess -- that just won't go away, but that there was collusion between the russian government and the trump team during the election. much of the attention is focused on this man, general michael flynn.
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until a few weeks ago he was , national security adviser and one of those closest to the president. but his fall from grace has been swift. after he was found to have lied to the vice president over his contacts with the russians. michael flynn had conversations with russian ambassador in washington, which among other ed lifting u.s. sanctions against russia, which he denied to he was paid $45,000 to attend a dinner in moscow posted by the tv station russia today and was seated at the same table and vladimir putin. he also lobbied on behalf of another foreign government, turkey, although that wasn't disclosed at the time. today donald trump rallied to his side with this tweet. "mike flint should ask for immunity in that this is a witchhunt, excuse of the election lost by the media and dems of historic proportion." this is what donald trump and michael flynn said during the campaign when it emerged that clinton aides had sought immunity over information over her use of a private e-mail server. mr. trump: if you are not guilty of a crime, what do you need
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immunity for? lt gen flynn: if you are given immunity, you are probably -- you have probably committed a crime. >> he believes that mike flynn should go testify and do what he has to do to get the story out. jon: in the meantime, the russians are dismissing as fake news suggestions they have been up to no good. >> americans they do think that russian hackers are everywhere, iron,ry fridge, and every and so on and so forth but this is not true. jon: but defense secretary james mattis, in london at the moment, expressed concern about russia stretching beyond their involvement in the recent presidential election. secretary mattis: russia's violations of international law are now a matter of record, from what happened with crimea to other aspects of their behavior in mucking around other people's
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elections and that sort of thing. jon: on capitol hill, investigations into russian activity go on, but sources are saying it is unlikely that michael flynn will be given the immunity he seeks. tim: let's get more on this story, i spoke a short time ago to anthony zurcher. he has a story to tell, tantalizing. nobody knows what the story is . anthony: nobody knows the story or why he she needs immunity to tell it. it could be an abundance of caution, whether people looking into his foreign lobbying and whether he had permission for that, or he said something he shouldn't have to the fbi when asking about his contacts with the russian ambassador, or it could be, if you listen to trump critics, some big explosive revelation about collusion between the trump campaign and russian influence. we don't know yet.
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>> or it could be some other private personal connection. how unusual for trump to treat that he supports this? anthony: unusual. unprecedented. we use that word a lot with donald trump but he is talking about someone who was his close advisor during the campaign and served as national security adviser for a short three weeks, to talk to investigators and seek protection from prosecutor -- prosecution. that is unheard of, and it is donald trump, though. he will shoot from the hip and he did today. tim: and given that michael flynn said that someone who six immunity is probably guilty overtime anyway, he could play the fifth. anthony: he could. it does not look good from a public optics standpoint and i don't think the trump administration wants him to do that either because it makes it look like they are trying to hide something. now it is the senate that has
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: said he will not get immunity. he could get it from the fbi or the house intelligence committee investigating it, but he has to have something that is worth granting immunity for. they are not going to hand a get out of jail free card for nothing. tim: where are we on the investigations? anthony: the house one is ground to a halt, the senate one is getting started, and the fbi as is ongoing. we are talking months, if not a year. tim: thank you very much. after a bit of rescheduling to make it happen but today u.s. secretary of state has had his first meeting with nato foreign ministers. during negotiations in brussels, rex tillerson pressed members of the alliance to beef up military spending and announced russia's aggression in ukraine. but on the first front of their mate be a problem. germany's foreign minister suggested the target of two percents of gdp is neither reachable nor desirable for his country. for more on this expert to the former nato secretary-general a little earlier. how reassured were you and should other nato members feel
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about tillerson's comments today? mr. rasmussen: i think they should be reassured, and follows other statements he has made and members of the security team have made. i am reassured and i think nato allies will be reassured. tim: you said a few months ago that in the first hundred days of president trump that if he , did not stand up to vladimir putin, it was the beginning of the end for nato. has your view change, and is it enough to say it is not the beginning of the end for nato? mr. rasmussen: my view is the same, and i look forward to the nato summit on the 25th of may, and i think it is of utmost importance that president trump makes a clear statement at the summit that the american commitment to defense of all allies is unchanged. tim: how much of a factor, though, are these three separate investigations into links
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between the white house and russia and potential collusion to the doubts that may exist about america's commitment? mr. rasmussen: i would say these investigations and this focus on processes is weakening. the u.s. and the western alliance, i think president putin is laughing. and this is a reason why president trump should as soon as possible formulate a clear policy, his only chance to move this issue from a domestic battle into the foreign policy area where belongs. jim: and yet on the campaign , trail he said -- he spoke admiringly of the vladimir putin and wanted to have a better relationship. was that naive then, do you think he has learned more about the threat? mr. rasmussen: i think he has learned more, and he has learned exactly the same as his three
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predecessors. president clinton tried to reset relations. he discovered the russian negative attitude in the balkans. president bush tried. he discovered the russians' aggression against georgia. and president obama also tried, just to see them attacked -- attack the ukraine. tim: ok. but in the shorter term the problem will be funding . tillerson says he wants to -- 2% of gdp, and the foreign minister of germany said absolutely impossible. how are you going to make that work? mr. rasmussen: well, nato allies already decided. they did it while i was -- they will within the next decade reach the 2%. that also goes for the germans. tim: by 2024 come i think it was. >> yes, it is. tim but mattis has said that the : u.s. in the short term might
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moderate support for nato if that isn't met more quickly. >> yes. and he added that i will not elaborate on what moderate engagement will be because i expect nato allies to live up to their commitments. tim: yeah, but if america says it is unsustainable that we will take the lion's share of the 70% of this budget, and that needs to be addressed will that , be changed by nato members to fit in with what america is looking for? mr. rasmussen: i think it will, but i fully agree with the americans. this is not sustainable. in europe we have a peace , dividend, but now we must realize the security situation has changed after the russian attack on ukraine, and that is why we must pay 2%. tim: thank you very much indeed. mr. rasmussen: you're welcome. tim: you're watching "bbc world news america." -- other story stories, palestinian officials
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have called for international intervention against the project, --the body of the north the body of the north korean's half-brother has arrived back. says a number of north korean citizens have also returned home, at least two of them were initially linked to the death of kim jong nam. venezuela's south american neighbors have condemned the decision by the country's supreme court to take legislative power from the opposition congress. critics consolidating power in the hands of president nicolas maduro. so, as one of the president talking most permanent allies. the indian -- has made the inughter of cows punishable
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prison. the penalty of killing cows carried a penalty of seven years in jail. cows are considered sacred by the hindu majority. it has only been two days since -- and.'s prime minister now the e.u. as asserting its control over the brexit negotiations. it has rejected the british government's plan to begin negotiations of the trade dell at the same time as a price to be paid for departure. >> after all the shadowboxing now coming into focus, the you term's for brexit. the guidelines for now, president of the european council made clear, the u.k. -- sought out it's exit
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arrangements first. have achieved sufficient progress, can we discuss the framework for future relationship. talks -- on the same time -- will not happen. is specifically rejecting theresa may's positions. future ties only outlined during a second phase of negotiations. no special industries like cars or baking, the e.u. excludes a sector by sector -- to its market. >> and our books -- it means you're still a member, or at least you still have access to a
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membership situation. if you have such an access, it is obvious, and goes without saying, that the institutions would have all agreed upon the government of that. and side the e.u. there have been months of preparation and lobbying to draw up these -- u.k. citizens living in the usa -- e.u., and e.u. citizens living in the u.k., -- they are the top priority and the brexit deal. they working out what to do with the irish border without damaging the priests process as well. gibraltar is -- the result of spanish lobbying. that was a shock -- if that was a shock for the foreign
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secretary, he didn't show it. fears, they calm might trade together. >> the u.k.'s commitment to the security of this region of europe is unconditional, and it is not some bargaining chip and any negotiations that may be taking place elsewhere in this capital. >> now that article 50 has been triggered, it is the e.u. side who can determine much about these negotiations. they can determine the sequence and what the u.k. can achieve, too. watching "bbc world news america." being called a game changer and stopping the illegal trade, how china could help the african ivory.
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tim: the price of butter is at an all-time high. but her futures have jumped 40% over the past five months. what is the hind this? man with his dog lorraine by his side is off to meet his coworkers. >> that is stella right there, and that is lucy. 100% grassre are all bed. the dairy is used primarily to make cheese, but also butter. >> since i got into the butter business in 1993, butter has had a huge -- i wouldn't even call ,t a comeuppance, a come back and it is very gratifying to see. , the demand for slaughter has skyrocketed this year. it also means that the price of butter is going to go up, which is great news for dairy farms like this one, but it is not a win for everyone. is making his
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version of a lemon tart. uses 635 kilos of a butter per week. >> we use a lot more better than any restaurant. we will use of so much butter for all the bread, all the dough, although croissants. >> making these rich pastries is getting costly. the price of a butter is 10% higher than a year ago. and that is because america's new taste provider has caught the dairy industry by surprise and these hard workers have yet to catch up with the demand. be a pricey commodity, but the results are just . -- just delicious.
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♪ tim: it is being heralded as one of the most significant steps ever taken in the fight to save the african elephant. china has shut down its ivory carving shops. access to atime, stockpiled ivory is being ended. from beijing, our correspondent reports. chinese ivory carving dates back hundreds of years, but these craftsmen will be the last. wildlife official is on hand to witness the shutdown. this is a momentous day in china where we see this decision being rolled out. we are here in the marketplace. we have seen a shop that is
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closed. this is a momentous decision, and it is worthy of -- comes not aove moment too soon. the african elephant is teetering on the brink of extinction. and the majority of this slaughter, perhaps as much as 70% is done to feed chinese demand. this business is one of those being forced to close today. the markings and certifications tusks come from authorized stockpiles, ivory that china was allowed to buy under international law in the hope it would suppress demand for smuggling. >> i feel sad. i love this art. and even if you abolish it, it won't stop the illegal trade. it is likely to encourage it. john: but campaigners, including prince william, who has
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personally lobbied china's leaders of the issue, disagree. factories like this one, they argue, send a signal to consumers that ivory is ok to buy, and they provide criminals with an opportunity. certifications for pieces like this one can in fact easily be forged, and the reality is, however inadvertently, china's legal ivory trade has acted as cover for a much larger illegal black-market smuggling operation. that is why the step of being taken here is so important, the complete closure of china's officially sanctioned domestic trade. >> they look like they are ivory products -- john: it is true that the criminals won't be stopped entirely. it is already illegal to sell ivory in china over the internet. and yet it took us just a few clicks to find it. where is it from, we asked. the ivory is from africa, comes
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the reply. nonetheless, it is a bold and important step. china is sacrificing this ancient art in order to save an ancient species. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. tim: it is the weekend here in the u.s. and for many of us it means a shutting down for work, it doesn't mean powering down our laptops, smartphones, and other devices. that's because we are hooked on technology, but why is that? a professor is seeking answers in his new book" irresistible: the rise of addiction to technology." of addiction as drink and drugs, but can we really be addicted to our devices, does it work in the same way and our brains?
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>> it deftly does. our definition has broadened over time. basically the brain responds the same way to any heavily pleasurable experience just as it does to any substance you might be addicted to. these behaviors and experiences are the same as any substance. your book, andg we were talking about the amount of time we spend on our devices, just talk about that. when it all adds up, we are? >> we are. people generally underestimate their use of by about half. we were using ago it for 18 minutes a day, and now it's about three-.5 hours per day. a staggering increase. people thatthe created these technologies don't
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let their children, for example, spend too much time on screen. >> yes. this is interesting to me. i want to see what the experts did, and what is really fascinating is that a lot of tech titans tend not to allow their kids to use the same devices that they create, or they have heavy rules about when they can be used. i think that says something about the way they view -- the way these kids interact with the devices. >> i think you call it, never get high on your own supply. what is the dangerous level for children, for all of us? and it can create tantrums when you say to young folks, get up that phone. >> yes. you can have withdrawal symptoms. if you start to get to the pointed that you feel the experiences are encroaching on other aspects of your life, interacting with love one, friends, exercise, things like
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that, you can just ask yourself that question. that's a good test for determining whether you have a problem. many of us feel that these devices are encroaching on the inner time, time with loved ones and so on. i think for a lot of us it is an issue. >> how much time do you spend on your device? >> too much. i would guess about 1.5 hours. i use my phone if i don't try not to for about 3-3.5 hours per day. not? >>echnology bad or all in moderation. if it is designed to connect you perhaps,le far away, there is a lot of good in that. it's just a question of how you are using it. you want to use it to connect to people as -- rather than a way to just pass time. tim: don't switch them off quite because if you
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want to check out our website, you can link into there, also on twitter or facebook. have a great weekend. i will see you next time. ♪ >> make sense of international -- >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape
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that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at "bbc world news
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, we take a deep dive into questions surrounding the russia investigation as new revelations shake the white house. then, trump supporters take stock-- what trump supporters in michigan are saying about the his first two months in office. >> what he has said is the truth and i don't think that he has reason to lie. what does he have to gain by lying? nothing. >> woodruff: then, in the final look of our series exploring new p.t.s.d. research. how explosions from battle may have a direct link to the causes of p.t.s.d. >> when the explosion goes off, it, it forms wt'


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