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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 28, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." ♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. >> failing to act now on the most pressing security issue in the world may bring catastrophic consequences. laura: on the eve of donald trump's 100th day in office, we are in ohio asking voters what they make of his presidency so far. john waters tells me about his film and why donald trump's brand of shaking things up may not be his cup of tea. >> i don't think he's funny.
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if you ever want to get someone to listen and change her mind -- change their mind, you've got to make them laugh first. welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. the united states sent a clear message to north korea today, willing to negotiate but willing to use force if you don't give up nuclear ambitions, president trump warning that a major conflict is possible. rex tillerson called on the world to put more pressure on pyongyang. the secretary of state underlined the threat from north korea. >> with each successive detonation and missile test, north korea pushes northeast asia and the world closer to instability and broader conflict. the threat of a north korea nuclear attack on seoul or tokyo
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is real. it is likely only a matter of time before north korea develops the capability to strike the u.s. mainland. laura: a short time ago, i spoke with barbara play to at the united nations. how did other major powers at the u.n. respond to this morning from secretary tillerson on north korea? barbara: china and russia agreed north korea was behaving badly, but they said so was the united states, that carrying out joint military exercises with south korea was threatening, and they wanted that to stop. they both made it clear that they thought any u.s. military response would be disastrous. you know that the trump administration has been piling the pressure on china, saying it is in a unique position to squeeze north korea diplomatically. the americans have said, you've
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got to do more, but the chinese foreign minister pushback on that. he said it is unrealistic to expect one country to solve this. he said what happened is that should be negotiations before north korea take any step toward denuclearizing. laura: is there any chance at all the u.s. would agree to direct talks with north korea? barbara: it yes, there would be a chance of the north koreans agreed that the goal of the .alk's would be to denuclearize that has always been u.s. policy, but the north koreans have made clear they weren't going to accept that, or they have done so in recent years, and they have stepped up their weapons programs. mr. tillerson did not say what the conditions were to start the talks. they had toay completely agree to denuclearize, but they do want to see serious movement, movement of intent from north korea.
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he didn't say what that would be. what experts have said is that the most new -- most realistic thing is for north korea to freeze the program. laura: thank you. against that diplomatic backdrop, we are hearing that north korea has fired a ballistic missile. a south korean news agency says the flight of the missile is still being examined. the governor of ohio john kasich said the leadership in pyongyang should be taken out. he spoke to my colleague katty kay about how this could be done on the bbc's "100 days" program. >> what i suggested, and i suggested it during the campaign, is i think removing that top leadership. katty: who would remove him? >> probably the united states. katty: do we have the intelligence that would allow americans to do that? >> let me say this.
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do you think that over somewhere in the military operations they have been practicing the ability to get in and get out? you know what i would bet? yes. i don't have inside information. i'm just a governor. i think the idea that some would be removed and the situation could be stabilized -- we are seeing some signals out of china . they don't appear to be as closely connected as they were. it's an option that has to be seriously considered. the saber rattling and moving of our motto only gets you so far. this is a reasonable suggestion, and i welcome a debate on it. we can't afford to keep kicking the can down the road. obviously, you have to have good intelligence, and if you don't, don't do it. it won't work. laura: john kasich speaking to the bbc's katty kay. on the eve of his 100th day in office, president trump addressed a friendly cloud --
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crowd in atlanta. speaking to the national rifle association, he said the era of attacks on the second amendment is over. >> the eight-year assault on your second amendment freedoms has come to a crashing end. [applause] you have a true friend and house.n in the white no longer will federal agencies be coming after law-abiding gun owners. house[applause] and theor more on this 100 days of the trump presidency, i spoke with ron christie, a republican political strategist and former advisor to president bush. the fact the president is marking the eve of his 100th day in office surrounded by his most ardent supporters at the nra --
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tomorrow, he's going to be in pennsylvania -- is he still more comfortable campaigning then governing? ron: this 100-day benchmark is important for the president. he wants to show his supporters he has been there for them, and he wants to take a victory lap today and tomorrow. it's not so much that he is campaigning, but it is going to the folks that put him in office, the people who feel very strongly about the second amendment, our right to bear arms, but more importantly, to project himself in a positive light when a lot of the media paints and in a negative light. laura: of course, his approval ratings are negative. those that don't like him don't like him, and those who don't like him have mocked him for this comment he made to reuters -- i thought it would be easier, he said, the presidency. does that show that he could still learn on the job, the fact he is acknowledging that? >> after being in the white house for four years under george w. bush, i think you learn something new every day on the job.
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as far as me, i wouldn't have gone to reuters and express that, but the fact that he said the job was a lot harder than he thought was what struck me. what did you think it was going to be? it's the most amazing job in the united states and one of the toughest in the world, but at least it shows he has the ability to recognize he has a lot more to learn, he has a lot more growth to do, and he has to do a better job for the room -- the american people. laura: he ran as an outsider, but he's come up against the wall that is the united states congress. do you think he is going to learn how to work with them? >> i do. with a the afternoon leading report and member of congress. they said they want to roll up their sleeves and work with this president, but stop making campaign statements. come work with us. find ways of getting legislation on your desk that you can sign into law so that we can say, we can deliver for the american people. laura: the midterm elections are november of next year.
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campaign cycle is practically constant. how long does he have to get obamacare reform and tax reform through before his most patient start questioning him? >> if you look at between now and the end of this year, can he get an obamacare repeal through? can he reform the tax code? can he move on his infrastructure built? if he finds a way to demonstrate to the american people that he can deliver, i think a lot of republicans will feel a lot better heading into reelection knowing that trump will not be a drag on of them. in fact, there might be some headwind behind him. laura: thank you, ron christie. donald trump's surprise victory in november was underpinned by support from voters in the rust belt. northeast has phone behind in recent years. ohio is one of the biggest electoral prizes in the u.s., which donald trump won by eight points.
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sow do is supporters feel -- h d supporters feel now? nick bryant reports. : when we visited last summer, this stretch of water was suffering a slow and act in rising death, but since donald trump became president, locals have seen a dramatic and instant turnaround, a rustbelt arrival -- revival. coal barges are full again, partly because of the relaxation of environment regulations. back then, bob harrison told us america needed a businessman as president. in 25 years, he has never seen such a turnaround. >> a switch was turned on. we are busy. we've got more stuff going on, and our business has picked up. nick: do think that is the trump effect? >> we call it the trump bump. it has been good for us. nick: less summer in the town of
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clinton, pennsylvania, we came across this huge trump sign erected by one-time democrat mike lieber. now it has been put away in the barn, but not through embarrassment. if anything, his admiration for donald trump has grown. >> just speaking with people, they are more upbeat. they feel like the government isn't on their back. they feel like the jackboot of the government's off their neck, so it gives them the chance to thrive. nick: he promised to revive regions like this. do you think he is doing that? >> yet, he is. nick: it was trump's hothead temperament that put off american football coach bill tempo when we spoke to him. >> he's bombastic. he's obscene, and i don't like the guy. nick: now, not only a change of sport but a change of opinion. in these first 100 days, trump has won him over. >> he made campaign promises, and he came through.
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that is what you want. you want to see that the guy is going to do what he says he's going to do. nick: what about twitter? >> he needs to stay off that. that gets him in trouble. nick: a republican who voted for psonary clinton emma thom was a staunch trump critic but applauds his decision to strike serious. >> even a blind squirrel finds a nut sometimes. i believe trump's response to serial was 100% correct, and i hope putting pressure on russians and the assad regime will hope -- help to bring an end to the war. nick: donald trump has been suffering from historically low approval ratings, but in this rundown region, we didn't find much evidence of buyers remorse. president trump has been much like canada trump, and while that has horrified liberals in america's major cities who regard him as a national belt, het, in the rust
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is widely viewed as a potential national savior. teo trumps, two americas. that won him the presidency, it remains a strong hold. bbc news, ohio. laura: we heard earlier from ohio governor john kasich who was the last man standing against donald trump in the race for the republican nomination. he has a new book out called "two paths: america divided reunited?" he spoke to katty kay and christian fraser on the bbc's "100 days" program. gov. kasich: they wanted me to go, and i went in to see him. i went to munich for the security conference with john mccain. i told him people didn't want to hear all of his folks. they wanted to hear from him because there was a question about what america was going to
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be like. we talked about the health care plan, that i also told him in my first 100 days as governor, things were rocky. i didn't have it down, and one day, my wife said to me, john, you are the governor of ohio, which means you are the father of ohio. as an't tell him that message other than it's kind of an interesting story. he listened, shook his head, and we moved on. it takes time to understand these jobs. and i surprised that he would say this job is a lot more complicated than i thought it was going to be? no. he never did politics. remember, he was his own man's band, but now he has a board of directors made up of 535 house and senate members. he is realizing he can't just order something and have it happen. laura: john kasich on donald trump. in other news from around the world, brazil's first general strike has paralyzed public transport and closed schools and banks.
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there have been reports of striking workers blocking roads and police using tear gas to disperse the clouds. trade unions called for the stoppage to protest against pension reform. pope francis has become -- begun a visit to egypt. this comes on the aftermath of bomb attacks on egyptian churches that have killed dozens of churches. the pontiff addressed an wherece at a university he urged everyone to renounce violence in the name of god. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, it started decades ago. is the 100 days milestone part of the presidency itself. laura: islamic clerics in indonesia have issued an unprecedented ruling against
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marriage, urging the government to raise the minimum legal age for marriage for women from 16 to 18. the first gathering of these scholars in indonesia has put a spotlight on the controversial practice of polygamy. more have been exploited by men. ♪ what gives men the right to marry more than once? >> to me, it's an issue. >> if a man has enough money, he can go and marry whoever he wants, no matter how this will
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children. wife or his >> most men find it as an excuse . in islam, men are allowed to rights, but they don't know what are the conditions and what are the reasons according to which you have full rights. mostly, it's been exploited. ♪
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laura: we have been talking fort that 100-day mark, and decades, american presidents have been judged by their performance over their first three months on the job, but is it fair? it's a tradition that has taken on significance for every new commander-in-chief, and katty kay has been looking back at some of the history, as well as the highs and lows. ♪ katty: we have franklin delano roosevelt to thank for the 100-day benchmark by which american presidents are judged. >> this great nation will endure -- katty: his new deal changed america. >> i jonathan fitzgerald kennedy -- katty: and ever since, his successors have attended to make a similar speedy impact. few, if any, have ever come close. >> the constitution of the
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united states. congratulations, mr. president. katty: how did donald j. trump's first 100 days compare? with great flourish, he has signed 30 executive orders. with the stroke of his pen, he has cut business regulations, rolled back environmental protections, and given oil pipelines the green light, but some trump orders have floundered. two travel bans and in order to withdraw funding from sanctuary cities are caught in legal challenges. his biggest victory was probably this man. it's america's newest supreme court justice, confirmed by congress on day 77. haven'tmpaign pledges gotten so far. the promise to repeal and replace obamacare is tied up in congress. there is no money to build that wall along the border with mexico, and wholesale tax reform is on at the chopping block. it won't be easy to get that
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passed either. on foreign policy, mr. trump has kept us guessing. he bombed syria, defying supporters who didn't want another middle east engagement. he wooed the chinese president at mar-a-lago. north korea brandished its hardware, and the white house ratcheted up tension, but then said a military strike is not on the table, at least for the moment. nato is no longer obsolete, and president putin is no longer such a good friend. the days of american carnage and bannon'airst, steve bleak vision of the world, seem to have gone, but don't mistake this for normality. it is still a white house run as a family operation with a revolving door of characters who sometimes make it look like there is still a lot more to be learned. laura: katty kay on donald
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trump's first 100 days. john waters is a boundary-pushing director, best known for his cult movie "hairspray." he was dubbed "the puke," so he might not be the ideal person to give a commencement address, but he did that in 2015, and his advice went viral, leading to a book called "make trouble.." i spoke to him a short time ago about what he meant by that title. >> that is the youth's responsibility, to shake things up. don't get on your parent's nerves. ok. i am supposed to inspire you. how's this? somehow, i have been able to make a living doing what i love best for 50 years without ever having to get a real job. laura: you are saying in your
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own life, your teachers discouraged you from every dream you ever had? how did you end up -- >> with anger. they discourage your dreams, and that turns into anger, that turns to drugs, that turns to lunacy, and that turned into my career. i was lucky because i always knew what i wanted to do. turns to wanted to be in show business since i was 12 years old. i alwayslaura: when you look atn career as this subversive filmmaker, what inspiration do you think today's students could that?rom >> nobody has said you could make those kind movies when i did it. today, you could. college today would let you make a "pink flamingo." with that? me, they didn't. keep asking. do not fear rejection in show business. people are always going to say no. you just need one person to say yes. you say laura: in the book that the only truly devious movie you ever made was "hairspray," that cult classic. can you explain?
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>> it's the only movie that went beyond a cult classic. it means 12 smart people. is playing everywhere in the world. it is still a musical about two andsinging a love song, white girl dating a black guy, stuff that middle america may be used to not be used to. "hairspray" is pretty infectious. it is hard to mess it up. laura: you also have advice on technology. you say, use it for transgression, not lazy social living. that's pretty pointed advice. >> it can be lazy. if you are on facebook all the time, you don't have to get dressed. you need interaction with real people, too. i think sometimes it is lazy social living, in my mind, but at the same time, you've got to know how to use it. it's crazy that people my age say, i'm not on facebook. in,people i'm interested
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irony know what they look like. laura: you have advice for parents, too. you said your own parents made you feel safe. >> my parents were horrified by what i did, what else could i do yet go you got to work with what your kids like. you can't order your kids. if your daughter comes home and tattoos her face, maybe she will open a tattoo shop. at the same time, give your parents a little time. maybe they are going to have a hard time accepting that. give them a week or two. laura: we are recording this in the era of president trump. does he embody the creative chaos you are talking about? >> he certainly is an outsider. i am trying to be an insider these days. i think we have to screw it up from the inside in a good way. i'm certainly not a trump supporter, and i don't think he has said anything much funny. if you ever want to get someone to listen, you've got to get
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them to laugh first. laura: the iconic waters. you can find much more on all of the day days news at our website. plus to see what we are working on at any time, check out our facebook page. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "world news america." have a great weekend. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> failing to act now on the most pressing security issue in the world may bring catastrophic consequences. >> woodruff: secretary of state rex tillerson calls for new sanctions on north korea, after president trump warns of a potential "major, major conflict" with the asian nation. then, during his visit to egypt, pope francis calls for an end to religious violence. it's friday. mark shields and david brooks analyze the week's news, and the president's first 100 days in office. and, jeffrey brown visits a workshop in spain that specializes in reproducing exact replicas of art.

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