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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 17, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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announcer: this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and fox search light. >> i would really like for you to write a fwook for me. >> see my woods smed >> you should call him poeh so
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if he ignores you, you can pretend you are saying pooh. >> why does everyone like winnie the pooh so much. >> after the war there was so much sadness. then after pooh out. they were happy. announcer: and now "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura. u.s.-backed forces drive islamic state out of iraq. a syrian city the group once claimed as it capital. president trump's long running battle to introduce a travel ban has once again been blocked by a judge hours before it was due to take effect. d a grand gathering of the party's elite. china's leadership about to reveal their new five-year plan.
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>> welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. u.s. backed kurdish and irish forces in sir -- in syria safe they have taken control of iraq, a city islamic state once claimed as its capital. it follows months of fighting follow led more -- that that killed more than 3,000 people. lincoln has the latest. ? >> at the heart of raqqa, they are giddy with victory. the syrian democratic forces control the city that the so-called islamic state hailed as its capital. two years ago, i.s. did victory laps here. paradise circle it is called, and here they beheaded people. their hatred crossed copp nent.
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ut now it is in ruins. a new flag flies in raqqa today. it was arab and kurdish fighters, men and women, who did a jig celebrating the islamic state group's retreat. his commander told the b.b.b.c. that i.s. are no longer control anywhere in the city. but we will look out. they had the most basic of weapons, but they had a killer advantage. coalition air power. that helped drive i.s. out, but it also emptied the city of 250,000 people. hundreds of civilians may have died in the bombardment. the battle for the city spared non-as we witnessed. in its final months, the fighting here reached a new intensity. this family survived.
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they only managed to escape i.s. used them and thousands of others as human shields. >> but my brother was shot four times, but allah is stronger than them. >> i tried to leave twice but i couldn't as i.s. militant were shooting at me. they were saying you are going to the infidels. >> but the final victory was delivered not in a gun battle, but in a bus ride. here i.s. fighters are seen leaving one of their last hold-outs, a popt hospital. what is left of raqqa can barely be called a city, and still danger remain. islamic state's foreign fighters here vanished. some may be hiding in these ruins. their leadership have already fled. the islamic state group may have abandoned their capital, but they haven't abandoned their cause. so the fight against i.s. goes
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on. "bbc news," beirut. >> islamic state sized raqqa early in 2014. the city was transformed by the group, which carried out public executions and planned attacks against the west from there. so what does the fall of the city mean for islamist extremism? i put that question to the former u.s. ambassador to iraq. >> ambassador, how significance is the defeat of islamic state in raqqa? >> well, it is very significance symptom bolically. this was the carmelo anthony of the islam -- this was the capital of islamic state. they are losing everywhere. they are losing in iraq they ave some pocks in western iraq near the borders of iraq, syria
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and jordan. we can see the end of isis on the horizon. now the challenge is what to do in syria, and what to do in iraq so that the circumstances that produced al qaeda in iraq a few years ago and then isis in more recent time doesn't repeat itself with yet another group with a different name but not being that different in content. >> president trump is claiming victory and credit for the fact that islamic state is on the back foot because of changes he made to the military, but do you think this is actually a vehicle there for both presidents, president trump and his predecessor, president obama? >> sure, i think president obama deserves credit, but he takes part of the blame because of the withdrawal of forces from iraq that produced the circumstances which produced isis. so i think president trump
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needs to lunch from that as well, which is you need to cus on the conditions that produce extremists and terrorist groups and deal with that also. that means making sure there is an end to the syrian civil war, that there is an agreement in which all syrians can see themselves in the pick. maybe a federal state, maybe power sharing at the center. similarly in iraq. >> so you think the trump administration shouldn't be thinking about with drawing, but should be doubling down on diplomacy in both country? >> absolutely. i think disengaging and leaving the local players to follow sectarian policies, particularly to isolate the sunni arabs and regional rivalries between iran popping
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up or supporting shyatt groups, and saudis and others supporting sunni groups. those are the kind of circumstances that produces isis, produces al qaeda in iraq and what have you. >> it is like three dimensional chess. but in syria and iraq, kurdish groups helped u.s.-backed forces defeat isis. but the iraq group has driven the occurreds out of the city. should it be defending their ally, the kurds? >> i think the u.s. is caught in a dilemma there in iraq. that is on the one hand, it wants to support the prime minister in particular, who has been also a good partner in the fight against isis, and trying to work with us and regional players like saudi arabia to reduce the polarization in
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iraq. and you have an election coming and would like to do well. >> but should the u.s. be doing more to support the kurds rather than saying it is not really our issue. >> now is the time in particular to make sure that abadi doesn't over-reach, doesn't undermine the kurds, who have been great greends and allies, and that he doesn't become something for iranian policy, weakening the kurds. this is a time for the u.s. to perhaps tilt a little more towards the kurds. >> thank so you much for joining us. >> it is great to be with you. >> in other news now from around the world. the son of an investigative journalist killed in a car bomb adalton in malta yesterday said the country is a mafia state.
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daphne caruana galizia was a critic of the government. she worked on the panama papers investigation into fraud and money laundering. her son accused the maltese government i encouraging a situation where things flourish. gunman have killed 41 people after a police training center was attack the. 110 people were injured and 4 people killed. a group is being blamed in an asult in a neighboring province in which 30 people were killed. a judge has block the the latest version of president trump's travel ban hours before it was due to go in if he could. it targeted people from six uslim cubs north korea and venezuela. the judge said it broke
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immigration law and didn't show that people from muslim countries posed a threat to the united states. i spoke to john on this. >> the courts thwarting the president. what is the white house saying tonight? >> as you might imagine, not happy. today's dangerously flawed escort order undercut the president's effort to keep the country safe. the statement goes on and on. we are therefore confident the judiciary will uphold the president's lafell and necessary action. when you look at previous teams when the highest court in the land has had a chance to look at this, they have tended to fight with the position. so i expect this order will get through. but there have been so many occasions where the president has said i am doing it, and it doesn't happen. there are three co-equal branches of the government that
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take a different view than the president. to his consternation. >> this judge in hawaii has now done it more than once. on the topic of the president's agenda, leader senators announced there was a bipartisan fix on obama care, restoring subsidies for the poorest. where is the white house on this fix? >> i talked about the three co-equal branches of government. the other bit you have is the legislature. health care reform, and donald trump said it would be so easy and simple to bring about the reform obama care. they have had three goes and three failures. they seemed to want to take unilateral action to undercut it. now there seems to be this fudge of a compromise, which would mean many still going in, federal subsidies going in to help the poorest. it would cover people who have preexisting cons.
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what the white house has said what the things will be for a year or two years, and donald trump said that this afternoon in the rose garden. i wonder whether this combro mize, if it looks like it is working, whether repeal and eplace will be forgotten about. and this current state may last longer. >> there is a question whether that model compromise could even get through the republican-controlled gronk. they are all focused on tax cuts. that would be a big win. how is that looking? are are the president has some of the same problems that he has had throughout. if you do too much in one derek, you lose one side of the represent party. if you do too much in other direction, you could lose the other. around the idea of cooperstown tax reform, which is one of the things which has driven the stock market to record high levels, i think think there is
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a lot of support across party that that is something that should be done to make america more competitive. you look at the corporate tax ratesd in other parts of the world, they would say america is too high and more must be done. but donald trump's legislature agenda, whether on health care, whether on tax reform or infrastructure, he has found it far more difficult going than he previously imagine the it would be, and there is no reason to think that this is going to be a walk through the words. >> thank you so much for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's practice. why capitalism is a broken injury and the world should change course. mohammed has a radical vision. >> british artist, still wiltjer is known for his
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drawings of urban skylines. what sets him apart is his sketches were done entirely from memory. he was diagnosed with autism at 3. but he has established an international reputation. he has now drawn the new york skyline after a helicopter ride all-around the city. rachel has more. >> an entire city captured on canvass, created by british artist, steven wiltjer, it took five days to complete. after a 45-minute helicopter ride around manhattan, he created this drawing of the empire state building and the new york skyline entire l from his photo photographic memory. diagnosed with autism at 3 years old. he found it hard to deal with the world. his extraordinary artistic ability has captured the attention of many people across the globe. >> i am very proud to see him
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become so advanced in what he is doing as his sister. what better to do a job that is not only a job, but it is a bonus that you like doing. he is able to travel the world and do it. >> his talent has taken him to the top of the art world and received an m.b.e. from the queen. known for sketching different cities in the past such as 0 london and others. he can add this one to the collection. >> glad to be in new york to do my favorite, the empire state basketball. i went on a helicopter ride and dog a drawing of the pan rouhani. he completed his pace by signing the breathtaking seeny. "bbc news." -- scenery.
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>> chirne's top officials will gather in beijing tomorrow for the start of the communist party congress. it is a piece of political theater, but key proceedings are shrouded in secrecy. the president is expected to consolidate his power for a second term in office. the communist party has 90 million mention. as our china editor reports, it is growing in confidence. >> they swear to protect the party's secrets and to sacrifice everything for the party. >> they call it red tourism, and in this china, it is an attempt to restore discipline after decades of party bosses getting rich on the public purse. yenam is the cradle of the revolution, and some visitors
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even get into 1930's dress. communists call this a holy place, which inspires them to live by a higher code. >> being a good party member means discipline, behaving better than ordinary people. five years ago the public felt officials were getting rich. gu now they have more faith sin the crack down. >> the party claims that only it can make china a great power. communist leader ping has put his country on an ideological war footing. he has purged generals who were selling promotions. his message to party and troops, don't join up to make yourself rich, but to make china rich and strong. the message to the public is just as firm.
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to mark the communist party congress, beijing is awash with ideological slogans. but china now has more internet users than the u.s. and europe combined, most of them on a mobile phone. and for this generation, the itch is slicker. it portrays party come raid as dedicated public servants. and for every positive message about chinese communism, there is a negative one about western democracy. their slogans are loud, their lies are beautiful says this film released on social media. it says many countries are now the victim victims of western lies about freedom. a red flag limousine, symbol of national pride since the days of chairman mao. long deflected for foreign models, but red brands are on
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the move again. under communist rule, china has become economic superpower. but the growth is slowing, and its citizens are only middle income in world ranking. every other country that has made it to the rich club has gone democratic first, believing that a sophisticated economy needs freedom of expression. but here the one-party state intends to make history it's own way, and that means keeping tight political control. critics say china can't have it both ways. the information controlled to protect one-party rule and an advanced economy. but in the southern city, innovators are connecting know-how and money. these two are from farming families, building a driverless crop sprayer. oops, not quite there elliott. the dream of a tech empire
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demands sacrifices. >> i'm spending my own savings, money that i saved up to get married. >> young entrepreneurs are betting that china's strength, it's giant market and manufacturing base will outway its weaknesses. what about the government's control of information, the internet? how much do those controls act as a break and hamper innovation? >> i think people come to china or innovate in china is because of the market and the supply here. it is less about information freedom. >> the weaknesses of this one-party state are hidden by discipline. a strong man now controls a daunte mix of hard and soft power. the party's message to the public, leave politics to us,
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and we will deliver you a superpower. carey grease, "bbc news," beijing. >> china's trade off there. now mohammed of bangladesh has devoted himself to helping the poorest achieve wealth and success. the pioneer of micro credit argues that capitalism is the problem. creating equality and environmental destruction and we need a new way of making money. in his new back, dr. unions argues we can move toward a world of zero unemployment, zero carbon emissions >> you argue that the capitalist engine is broken and we need a new radical economic system. what is the single most important element of this new system? >> first of all, it comes from the broken system.
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the broken system is sucking up all the wealth from all people, pushing it to the top. so fewer and fewer people at the top are getting more and more wealth. today, eight people in the ole world even more wealth than the bottom 50% of the entire world. that is ridiculous. the story is it is getting worse every day. >> but in this book, you want to blow that up and change everything. what is the basis of your new system? >> going to a world capitalist systems. i said the basic thing that is going wrong is the interpretation of the human being. who are we building the system about? this human being in the system is motivated, driven and purse is self-interestses or selfish
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ness. he people we have are more selfless and selfish people. >> you said we should be treated like that. what drives your belief that all of us run our other businesss? >> i am convinced because of my work. i do microloans to poor women. they come in village bank in bangladesh, they have over nine empty pro's. 90% of them are women. they start their life with a $20 or $30 lone to start a business. if nine million poor women in villages can turn themselves into entrepreneurs with no xception, how can you see that entrepreneurship ♪ built into everything? >> you are arguing it can be done, and envisioning a world of three zeroes. zero poverty, zero
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unemployment, and zero not car one ee miguels. you were critics would say it sounds like a youtube ya. >> it sounds on where you are. where you are looks like utopia, where i am look like. that is the number one goal of m.d.z., to reduce poverty by half by 2015. we did it by the middle of 2013. so it is an achieve goal. >> you dedicate your book to the next gen race. ration. why do you do that? >> they still have the unpolluted mind, untainted mind and can see things with their own eyes. as you grow older, you cannot see because you are screened by all the things in your head, the mindsets you have built. but young people can see the reality of it. then suddenly it is a doable can't. i can do my part. we can create sear poverty,
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zero unemployment or zero net carbon emissions if ref i one of us make it happen. >> thank you for joining us. >> fascinating vision. i am laura. thanks for watching. >> the "bbc news" app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines that you can trust. download teed. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and fox searchlight. >> mom says you are writing a book to stop people going to war. i would really like for you to write a fwook for me. >> have you come to see my woods? >> i am going to call him.
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>> you should call him pooh, so if he ignores you, you can pretend you were just saying pooh. >> why does everyone like him so much? >> after the war there was so much sadness. then winnie the pooh came along. and they were happy. >> now playing in select theaters. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> it is a short term solution, so we don't have this dangerous little period. >> woodruff: new hope for a health care law? two senators push a bipartisan deal to fund obamacare subsidies for two years. then, the pentagon launches an investigation into the deaths of four u.s. soldiers in niger, after president trump deflected questions about his response by knocking president obama. and, the rise of the right in europe. neo-nazi groups gain ground in sweden's politics, as the country grapples with an influx of migrants. >> experience shows that when

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