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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 8, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. president trump arrives in beijing for the latest stop on his asian tour. he campaigned on tough talk against china, but who holds the cards now? a year ago, the voters in wisconsin helped to pave his path to the white house. today they would like to see fewer tweets, but otherwise, there is no sign of remorse. >> he has an iron fist and says what he wants to say. i like what he is doing. jane: and he spent nearly a year in space. tonight, astronaut scott kelly speaks to us about his experience and the endurance he
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needed. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. during the u.s. presidential campaign, donald trump often took aim at china, much to the delight of his supporters. but a year after his election, on his first tour of asia, president trump has been given a lavish welme by president xi jinping at one of the most important historic sites, the forbidden city. china editor carrie gracie reports from beijing, and a warning, her report contains flashing images. ,arey: the forbidden city today's tour guide to the home of an of emperors, the
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president of chi. his tourist with the other most powerful leader in the world. all smiles despite the threat of nuclear crisis. president trump had come from south korea, where he told the national assembly north korea was a hell, and china should not be helping it. president trump: we call on every nation, including china and russia, to fully implement u.n. security council resolutions, downgrade diplomatic relations with the regime, and sever all ties of trade and technology. carrie: but in the 1950's, chinese fought and died alongside north koreans and against the united states. china still commemorates its war dead, and sees north korea as a strategic buffer. yes, it backs u.n. sections, but no, it will not let its communist ally fall. most -- ias done its would not use the term "best," but the most it cano leverage
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pyongyang. because when you push too far, the chinese ultimate concern is regime instability. carrie: china's game plan is to charm the u.s. president and distract from his grievances on north korea and unfair trade. >> the chinese have thousand s of years of experience flattering foreigners, they are very good at it. china cannot bully the united states, the united states cannot bully china. we have to stand up for ourselves and say directly, without twitter, tweets, you cannot go any farther. carrie: trump and xi, 2 strong men with self-belief, but this is where the similarity ends. this is "the art of the deal." it says you cannot be imaginative if you have too much structure. but this is "the art of war," essential reading for chinese statesmen. it says know your enemy, know
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yourself. the supreme victory is to subdue your foe without a fight. in chinese opera, not everyone can be a winner. u.s. superpower, chinese rising power. the reusiness starts now. carrie gracie, bbc news, beijing. jane: for more now, i'm joined from boston by the director of the korea working group at the harvard kennedy school. thanks for joining us. how would you page the retionship at the moment? is it a question of who is going to blink first? lot going there was a on, particularly with the united states and the course that it has laid out. it is a clear message, and the type of approach were you are trying to nuclear -- de nuclearize north korea is part of the strip.
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we will find a way to peacefully coexist and deter north korea, or there will be some kind of conflict. jane: do you think president trump's rhetoric has had any impact on china? >> in terms of the chinese approach to dealing with this issue, it is consistent. the chinese leadership said this is a problem between the united states and north korea and china will support every means possible to help them arrive at a peaceful resolution to the issue. but you from china as being responsible for this, this is a narrow cna -- an area where china has been consistent in saying they will do no more and no less than supporting un security council resolutions. jane: there is a lot riding on this trip. how much more can president trump expect to gain from president xi? >> from the u.s. perspective, a lot more. we're talking about secondary sanctions. these could potentially be applied to large chinese banks
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doing business with north korea. they could put pressure on the chinese leadership to rein in the north koreans. however, you see with the chinese that there is no appetite for doing anything that might trigger the collapse of the north korean regime. there is a certain line the chinese won't cross. jane: john, how much influence does china still have with north korea, especially after it restored relations with the south? john: right now china is the envy of many countries, the seemingly effortless ability to influence and make progress in a number of areas. but from the chinese perspective, north korea is the instability variable that is a headache and big concern for the chinese leadership. there is a tremendous amount of frustration dealing with north korea. to the point of chinese in once of north korea -- chinese influence of north korea, this is an area where in july, with korea hasest, north become a different type of problem, and this is where the chinese influence is tobymac to manage our expectations.
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jane: john park, thank you very much indeed foroining me from boston. tourthe president's asia well underway, we have been turning our sites posted to home. it is one year ago that wisconsin played a key role in paving his way to the white house. it was one of the biggest upsets of the evening. the bbc's laura trevelyan was at victory party, and she returned to take the temperature of his supporters now. laura: welcome to wisconsin, trump country now. hillary clinton never held a rally here, mistakenly believing this was her firewall. donald trump's victory in wisconsin was a stunning one. he turned the conventional wisdom that the upper midwest was in the bag for hillary clinton right on its head. his message of economic populism, strong borders, and national revival resonated with voters here.
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on, -- one year on, how do they feel he is doing? at 4:00 in the morning, he is up milking the cows on his family farm. a one-time obama voter, he has no regrets. >> the stock market has en hitting an all-time high. he has an iron fist, i think. he says what he wants to say and he doesn't care. it might make people mad, but i like what he is doing. laura: for more than 100 years, this farm has been in the family of his wife, who grew up here. this mother of 4 voted for obama but was attracted by donald trump's stance on immigration. >> he is trying to put the wall up. i think he is defeating isis. health care is a touchy subject, but i don't know if anybody can really answer the questions on that one. but i feel good about what he is doing and i'm glad i voted for him. i sometimes wish he would keep his mouth shut on twitter. laura: there is also concern on the farm about rising health care costs. the entire family switched from
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obama to voting for donald motherand now melissa's worries thahe has ended the payments that keep insurance costs down. your insurance has more than doubled. yes. laura: who do you blame for that? >> i don't really know the answer to that, because subsidies were taken away, i guess i have to blame trump, because he was the one who took the subsies and put them on the insurance companies. laura: over in waukesha county, one of the wealthiest parts of wisconsin, i met a wine consultant and leading local republican. she says donald trump and his hyperactive twitter account are getting his views across. >> this is the unfiltered voice of our president. hand, yes, there is times that the 3:00 in the morning thing should probably not happen. but for the most part, again, i think he has a message that is resonating with people across
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the country. and across wisconsin. laura: back on the farm, it is not the twitter feed, but donald trump's record which will determine whether the family votes for him again. given his slim margin of victory here, he cannot afford to lose much support. laura trevelyan, bbc news, wisconsin. jane: last night was a bruising one for republicans, losing governor's races in new jersey and virginia. in the virginia state legislature, 14 seats flipped from red to blue, the biggest democratic pickup in over 100 years. so what happened? is it a sign of things to come? a ief time ago i spoke with our north america reporter anthony zurcher. was this a win for democrats or a loss for trump? anthony: why not both? i think we have to say yes, it was a loss for donald trump. the exit pol show that 57% did not approve of him.
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that matches with what we were seeing in opinion surveys in the past few months. these were actual voters showing up at the polls, and they didn't like donald trump, either. a 34% plurality said they were voting to send a message donald trump, that they didn't like what he was doing. only 17% voted to show support. this was in effect a referendum on donald trump, but even with the wind at your back, democrats have to show up and vote and field candidates. this is going to make a real difference in virginia politics , so yes, it is a win for them as well. jane: what is the reaction of republicans in the cold light of the day? anthony: let's start with donald trump. he tweeted shortly after northam, the virginia democrat, won, "ed gillespie worked hard but did not embrace me and what i stand for." we heard something similar from steve bannon and his breitbart, pro-trump conservative website, called gillespie swamp thing. other republicans are nervous. they are anxious. they saw gillespie running a
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trump-style campaign, even if he didn't embrace trump. they wonder if that is the path forward. they look at 2018 and say, if this happens again in a year, we wi get routed across the board. jane: so where do democrats go from here? do they consolidate on their wins last night to a broader victory? anthony: the first lesson democrats have to take out of this is it is good to have people running for seats, contest seats that you don't think you are going to win. 14 seats that flipped, maybe more once the recounts are done in the virginia legislature, a lot of those were seats that no one thought they had a chance to play in. if you look at the exit poll, democrats did very well in suburbs, did very well among college-educated whites, which was a point of weakness last year running against donald trump. if they can consolidate that and combine that with minority voters and young voters, they have a coalition that could win and help them take back the house of representatives next year.
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jane: anthony zurcher there with the latest on last night's election results. britain's international development secretary priti patel has resigned, the second u.k. government minister to do so in the last eight days. she came under huge pressure over unauthorized meetings with israeli leaders while on holiday in israel. demonstrations have been taking place across the spanish region of catalonia over the continued detention of separatist leaders. protesters blocked major roadways and railway stations were also closed. a one-day strike shut down the region's universities. hollywood actor and theater director kevin spacey is facing allegations of sexual misconduct tonight. heather unruht
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has told reporters that her son was sexually assaulted by mr. spacey last year. he has not responded to any of the latest allegations. the actors union equity told the bbc that the problems of sexual harassment were endemic in the industry. our special correspondent lucy manning reports. >> in july 26, actor kevin spacey sexually assaulted my son. lucy: the tears of a mother in boston today revealing what she claims happened to her son. >> the victim, my son, was a starstruck, straight 18-year-old young man who had no idea that the famous actor was an alleged sexual predator, or that he was about to become his next victim. lucy: journalist heather unruh's tweets about kevin spacey last month triggered the allegations against him. today she went public, and the police are investigating. >> to kevin spacey, i want to say this -- shame on you for what you did to my son. lucy: the bbc has interviewed
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more alleged victims. chris nixon didn't have to speak out, but wanted to make clear vin spacey's behavior was part of a pattern. >> it is predatorial. he did because he knew he would get away with it. lucy: he met kevin spacey in 2007, where he alleges the actor groped it. >> he asked if that was my girlfriend and then reached over and grabbed. lucy: he then described sexually explicit actions and words. >> he reached forward and grabbed my waistband and said something to the effect of "if i can make it up to you, let me make it up to you." i was thinking, what the hell just happened? i was at work so i couldn't make a scene about it. i told him in no uncertain terms where he could go. lucy: the bbc spoke to an
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american filmmaker who did not want to be fully identified. in the 1990's, he was a junior crew member on a film kevin spacey directed, and claims that the actor sexually harassed him, something he mentioned to another meant working on the film. >> he said, "y too, huh?" i said, what do you mean? "he was touching you and flirting with you?" "yeah, it was awful." -- he did that to me the first week we were out of the bar. he grabbed my butt, and i turned around and said to him, "kevin, if you ever do that again, i will kick your ass, so leave me alone." lucy: in the u.k., the union says that sexual harassment in the industry is endemic. here's the theater where kevin spacey worked for 11 years. the theater initially said it had no complaints against him, but it has now appointed external advisors to investigate. kevin spacey has not responded to any of the latest allegations.
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previously, he said he needed to examine his own behavior. lucy manning, bbc news. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, the louvre is cong to the middle east. we will take you inside the new treasure in abu dhabi. sheep have a reputation for creatures, but it seems they have been pulling the wool over our eyes. a new study shows they can be trained to recognize human faces from photos and even responded to images of their handlers. tom burridge reports. tom: 2 faces. she pauses and correctly picks the former u.s. president. next contestant, please. spot the british actress. some of the sheep being tested have huntington's disease. scientists wanted to know if those with the genetic mutation that causes the disease still
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have a properly functioning brain. >> what i'm interested in is developing a way of measuring the cognitive function and ability, and face recognition is a complex human task, so we thought we would get to see whether or not they are capable of doing it. tom: identifying the correct face equals food. it turns out sheep are not as stupid as we all thought. so, my friends, which is 007? anybody? any takers? what about, who is this lady? did someone say mmm? when you next get that stare, remember, she might remember your face. tom burridge, bbc news, with some mildly intelligent sheep. jane: just in case you were
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inclined to tweet about those sheep, there is good news for those of you who cannot fit it into 140 characters. e said it will double the limit. the 280-character limit will not be applied to those who tweet in chinese, japanese, and korean. apparently those languages can express more information in single characters. millions visit the louvre in paris every year, but now the famed art gallery has a home in the middle east. the louvre upper darby was formally opened today, 10 years dhabie louvre abreu was formally openetoday, 10 years after the agreement. it allows the desert sun to filter through.
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our arts editor went to see it. reporter: the hit and miss architecture of abu dhabi's recently built high-rise skyline, which sits alongside the grand mosque. perhaps the emirates' most famous landmark. it was, but now there is this, abi,brand-new louvre abu dh designed with 55 individual buildings it stands by a prize-winning french architectura. >> i want you to understand that it is a spiritual building. a symbol of spirituality. a kind of sky onto the sky. . perforated the dome i saw that we could play, and a 8 layers, and with
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the movement of the sun, one spot disappears. appears.me time, 2 reporter: the project is a collaboration between abu dhabi in the louvre in paris, which is being paid about one billion euros to let its name and flexion to the new museum. workspieces sit alongside from other french stitutions. monet. sculpture from for site -- versailles. did you need to do the deal with the louvre? couldn't you just borrow works from around the world? saying, stand with other civilizations, instead of going to the learning curves of thousands of years. the partnership is about getting their experience and learning
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from them but also working together to create something that is new for abu dhabi, but also new for the world. reporter: emirates said it's louvre will be joined by a national museum and a guggenheim in abu dhabi, creating a new cultural hub. jane: most of us have had that moment where we just wanted to escape from it all, but imagine spending a year in space. that is what scott kelly did in the name of science. he spent 340 days aboard the international space station to measure the impact on the human body, and with his twin brother still here on earth, it was the ideal comparison. now kelly is back and he has written about his experiences. him about why he did it. t: i'm an astronaut. we go to space.
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i think if we are going to go to mars some day, we have to learn how to live and work in longer periods of time. a space station is a perfect place to do that. we do a lot of work. we wake up at 6:00 in the morning. the workdays are broken up into three general activities. either you do a scientific experiment or you are repairing hardware that broke or you are generally maintaining the space station. stuff we need to do on a regular basis to keep it operating. also, you do a lot of exercise in space. so i am not a scientist. i was a scientific subject. i was the operator of a lot of the exriments. i would like to think that when the -- when we, years from now, look at the whole suite of experiments we did, whether it was research with mischa and i being in space for a year, or the comparative study with my brother, i hope we learn things that allow us to venture to mars someday.
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our planet is incredibly beautiful, brilliant blue in most places. you get the sense that we are lucky to have this incredible place we call home. but at the same time, certain parts of the earth are almost always covered in pollution. the atmosphere looks extremely fragile. i think having this privileg position to look at our planet is -- it changes you. well, i think i learned that i can deal with a lot of hardship and still be able to function, but i also think at the same time that i was changed by just having this privileged view of the planet. astronauts call it the overview effect, or this orbital perspective when you look at earth. very peaceful-looking, very beautiful, but often not. i think it makes you more empathetic to the human condition and the condition of our planet, perhaps.
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jane: astronaut scott kelly there. i am jane o'brien. thank you for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: democrats win big in virginia and new jersey, picking up over a dozen state legislative seats, and giving the party its first boost since the presidential election. then, president trump lands in china to talk trade and the threat of north korea, in one of the most anticipated stops of his tour of asia. and, cuba's environmental economy. how the uniquely preserved island is bringing in tourism, and keeping its wildlife safe. >> there's a great deal of fear about the impacts of tourism, but our message is that tourism has to be part of the solution, and the question is, how do you do that sustainably? >> woodruff: all that and more,

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