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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 20, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. robert mugabe's own party moves to impeach him after he refuses to resign as zimbabwe's president. >> we are saying, mugabe, go now, go now, your time is up. laura: president trump declares north korea a state sponsor of terrorism as he tries to increase pressure on pyongyang over its nuclear program. and the longest marriage in british royal history. queen elizabeth and the duke of edinburgh celebrate their 70th wedding anniversary.
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robert mugabe, zimbabwe's leader for 37 years, faces impeachment tonight after ignoring a deadline for him to stand down as president. the ruling zanu-pf party says it will bring a motion before parliament tomorrow. mugabe has been accused of being incapable of governing and letting his wife, grace, usurp constitutional power. the bbc's africa editor fergal keane reports from the capital, harare. fergal: they are still the muscle behind the political maneuvering. and when the generals speak, people and politicians listen. tonight, they hinted in a rare press conference that talks between robert mugabe and his would be successor emmerson
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mnangagwa would happen soon. >> i am encouraged by new developments, which include contact between the president and the former vice president, comrade emmerson mnangagwa. who is expected in the country shortly. thereafter, the nation will be advised when the outcome of talks between the two. fergal: the suggestion of talks and a roadmap have encouraged speculative that robert mugabe is starting to feel the pressure. piece by piece, his power is shredded. to mp's gathered in harare begin the legal process of impeachment removing him from , office by parliamentary vote, and telling us it could happen in days. >> we are expecting the motion to be moved tomorrow, the committee to be set up tomorrow, and hopefully by wednesday we we should be able to put it out.
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fergal: in the audience, a first lady in waiting, the wife of emerson mnangagwa, whom the party wants as president. how are you? will your husband be coming soon? >> i'm not commenting on that. fergal: everybody is waiting to see him. thank you very much. well, you can here the emotions are building here, and this is a parliamentary party set on getting rid of robert mugabe. they share that ambition with the people of zimbabwe and the military. >> listen, when the people have spoken, that is it. the people have spoken in zimbabwe. fergal: but the generals are in a bind. they banked on robert mugabe caving quickly. however, last night's rambling speech to the nation made no mention of resigning. president mugabe: i will preside over -- fergal: he appeared detached from reality, talking about presiding over a party congress.
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the question is whether the generals allowed this to happen. the old days of shooting leaders are gone. a human rights lawyer was once persecuted by robert mugabe. she says the generals and mr. mnangagwa want to be seen as acting constitutionally. >> zimbabwean culture has always been like, you make the law, you justify the elections on the basis of this is the law. this is the zimbabwean way of doing things, give it respectability by making it law. however bad it is. laura: -- fergal: the talks might not end this crisis, but the people are ready for impeachment, and the legal path is about ensuring the legitimacy of those who rule zimbabwe next. fergal keane, bbc news, harare. laura: for more on this, i was joined a short time ago by a former u.s. ambassador to
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zimbabwe. you have met mugabe 25 times. you know how tenacious his hold on power is. is this the end of the road, the impeachment proceeding? >> i believe so, but he will drag it out. impeachment proceedings will start tomorrow, but he will go kicking and screaming. in the 25 meetings i had with him, maybe seeing him more than some members of his cabinet at the time, he would talk to me, lecture around his confinement. he was in solitary confinement for five years under the ian smith regime, and he was proud of that and his tenacity. he is a very smart man, and ruthless. he won't go quietly. laura: but after 37 years, it looks like the end is nigh, as you are saying, and the army is saying that the former vice president will be back in the country soon. you know him, too. >> i know him very well. laura: what can you tell us about him?
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, he wasson mnangagwa justice minister and we worked very closely on the conference conference with the late richard holbrooke. he was my go-to guy if i needed to find president mugabe -- laura: is he going to be much of a change from mugabe? >> more practical, but he is authoritarian and he was certainly very involved in orchestrating the killings in the 1980's, and, you know, emmerson is a tough guy. justice minister, speaker of parliament when i was there, more recently vice president. laura: right, so it doesn't sound that such a huge change for the people of zimbabwe. is it your sense that this could be a tipping point for the country after so many years in which people have endured so much? >> yes, i think he is someone we can do business with, but we
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need to be very clear eyed. i had a very productive working relationship with mnangagwa, and i'm sure harry thomas, our very capable current ambassador there, will do fine with him. but understand who we are dealing with. laura: the former u.s. ambassador to zimbabwe, speaking to me a little earlier. there is a question mark over the future of angela merkel, germany's chancellor, after the collapse of talks to form a new coalition government. mrs. merkel said she would rather have another election than lead a minority administration. free democrats pulled out of talks with mrs. merkel's christian democrats. the hurdle is apparently immigration. katya adler reports from berlin. her report does contain some flash photography. katya: ask a european about strong and stable governments, and here the finger will point. germany. a country proud of its postwar
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political stability and careful consensusbuilding. until today. the day angela merkel won the dubious honor of becoming germany's first leader since world war ii to fail to form a government. but it is not over yet. coalition talks have collapsed, for now, but mrs. merkel is nothing if not a seasoned political fighter. she has been german prime minister for three terms already. would she consider giving up now? chancellor merkel: no. resigning was never an option. i've always said i'm ready to serve germany for a further four years. this coalition failed in its negotiating talks, but that does not mean i will forget the promise i made. katya: earlier today, mrs. merkel met the german president to discuss what's next. a new attempt at government for
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ming or fresh elections -- both carry a real risk the far right could benefit. >> this is an unprecedented situation in modern germany. this goes beyond party interests. concern may well start to grow outside germany, too, if politicians don't live up to their responsibility in this , europe's biggest and economically strongest nation. katya: what does this all mean? well, it depends on who you speak to. in germany tonight, the biggest question is can angela merkel survive the biggest political crisis of her career? political upheaval in the german chancellory has repercussions elsewhere. take the eu, for example, feeling pretty bullish of late and planning a reform of the eurozone, asylum policy, and closer defense cooperation as always germany -- all with germany in the drivers seat. and what about brexit? a source close to angela merkel insisted to me today that
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germany's attitude to brexit will remain unchanged despite coalition woes. but is that realistic? >> they are not in the game at the moment. busy, distracted, trying to form a government, germany adrift -- the impact of brexit is short-term, but nothing moves. they can talk whatever they want in brussels, the negotiators on both sides. they're all waiting for the signal from berlin. katya: angela promised germany a new government for christmas. that now seems more than unlikely. the irony of the political crisis here is it comes at a time this country economically has never had it so good, and when europe, faced with international uncertainties, relies more than ever on stable german leadership. katya adler, bbc news, berlin. laura: political turmoil in germany. here in washington, president trump increased pressure on north korea today, declaring it a state sponsor of terrorism. mr. trump said the designation
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would mean more sanctions against pyongyang tomorrow. he also said north korea should have been added to the list of countries a long time ago. for more on this, i spoke to our north america editor jon sopel a short time ago. what is the practical effect of the u.s. designating north korea a state sponsor of terrorism beyond more sanctions, which we understand will be largely symbolic compared to what is already in place? jon: i think you go back to 2008, and there was a clear belief that progress was being made with north korea, and so they came off the state sponsor of terrorism list. it is a clear sign today that the present incumbent at the white house believes that no progress is being made, and maybe we should see this as part of his policy of exerting maximum pressure on north korea, and maybe we judge it not in terms of america's past stance towards north korea -- after all, it is a country already with a huge amount of sanctions against it -- but the impact it might have on third-party
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countries, countries that trade with america and countries that might also trade with north korea. them more wary? and i think the assessment in the state department and the white house is that it is beginning to have an effect. after donald trump's recent asia trip, many more countries were talking about how they would no longer do business with north korea. i think it is all part of keeping turning the screw on north korea. laura: does the administration believe that the top sanctions -- that that tough sanctions regime against north korea is beginning to have an impact within the country itself? jon: well, slowly but surely. if you listen to rex tillerson, he was saying there seems to be fuel shortages in north korea, as a result of sanctions that have been imposed. he said revenue streams were being affected as well. donald trump kind of gave the impression that the sanctions announced tomorrow by the
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treasury department would be huge. rex tillerson was saying more symbolic. but i think the interesting thing is that since donald trump talked about fire and fury and weapons being locked and loaded, and calling him little rocket man, there has not been a ballistic missile test for two months from north korea. that may be pure coincidence. or it may be that the pressure is beginning to work. laura: jon sopel at the white house, thank you. in other news, china has called for a cease-fire in myanmar's rakhine state to allow for the return of hundreds of thousands of rohingya muslims that have led the area. some 600,000 rohingyas have fled for bangladesh after operations by the burmese army. the mass killer charles manson, who orchestrated a series of murders in the 1960's, has died in prison at age 83. his cult, known as the
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manson family, killed seven people, including hollywood actress sharon tate. the drama surrounding the resignation of lebanese prime minister saad hariri is only intensifying. he says he will return to beirut to clarify his shock decision. he denied he was ever held in saudi arabia against his will. after flying to paris to meet with president macron, tomorrow he heads to egypt to meet with president al-sisi. for more, i spoke a brief time ago to lyse doucet, who is in the saudi capital, riyadh. saad hariri said he will make his position known after he meets the lebanese president this week. is it possible that he could rescind the decision to resign made where you are in saudi arabia? lyse: this is one of the big middle east mysteries right now, why did saad hariri suddenly leave beirut, why did he resign, why is he making this journey
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from riyadh to france to cairo and then to lebanon on wednesday, national independence day in lebanon? he has said he will make everything clear about his situation once he arrives home, and he has hinted that he will withdraw the resignation he made on november 4, saying that he feared for his life and accusing hezbollah and its ally iran up fostering instability across the region. there is the strange consequence of this that saad hariri has become more popular since this happened, so maybe he feels that, actually, i would like to stick around and compete in those elections in my country. big question marks and not many answers yet. laura: and is the mysterious hariri affair is another example of the saudi crown prince exerting his influence? lyse: yes, definitely, there is
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-- although the saudi's say this was saad hariri's resignation, there is definitely a connection to the saudis' concern that he had it not been able to manage the difficult relationship in lebanon's unity government and they felt that hezbollah was gaining more power rather than less, both in the parliament and in its powerful militia. the final straw was when saad al hariri had a meeting with the political advisor to iran's supreme leader in beirut, whose came out and said, what a great relationship we have, the unity government is going so well. i think they found that politically explosive in riyadh. was brought back here. he is a saudi ally, after all, and a saudi citizen. it did not help that on november 4, a long-range missile also came into saudi territory from neighboring yemen, almost hit the international airport. the saudis said it was an act of war carried out by lebanon and
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-- carried out by iran and hezbollah. it is connected, but we are not sure where it is leading. laura: the bbc's chief international correspondent lyse doucet speaking to me earlier tonight. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, why giving birth is getting more dangerous for some in the united states, but becoming safer almost everywhere else. gaming sounds like something you should do in your spare time, but how about making a career of it? market is e-sports forecast to hit $4.5 billion in the next five years. singapore is training new gamers on how to become professional. just take a look at this.
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>> i see a lot of professional games and how they work out as a team. they trained together. quite interesting, they get to fly around, compete. , and is a competitive realized that i was a competitive gamer, and i realized my reflections was harder than other players, so
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why not use what i have to educate more gamers? there are a lot more auxiliary roles out there. commentators, they make a match exciting. they are coaches, trainers, all of these essential roles. laura: it is now much safer to give birth, and globally the number of women dying of pregnancy or childbirth is has nearly halved in 25 years. but there is a glaring exception , right here in the united states. north america correspondent aleem maqbool reports from texas, where the maternal
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mortality rate is rising. aleem: dominique was a fashion designer and businesswoman. last year after giving birth to her son in a maternity ward in texas, she bled to death. >> my daughter was perfectly healthy, perfectly fine. mentally and physically, she was perfectly fine. and she died in the hospital. aleem: doctors came in to tell the family they did what they could, but dominique suffered massive blood loss and could not be saved. >> and i am looking, like, but all you people, and my daughter died. i couldn't understand it. i couldn't understand it. aleem: dominique's son is one of the staggering number of american children who will never get to know their mothers. as the rate of women dying of pregnancy or childbirth-related causes has decreased over the developed world the last 20
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years, it has gone up dramatically in the united states. but how does this happen in a place like texas, where campaigners see a direct link between the fact that the state has the worst record of maternal mortality and has the highest proportion of people without health insurance. for them, it is about access to medical care. government officials disagree. >> i don't really believe that is true. i think that the underlying trend for increasing chronic disease in this country, really throughout the entire country, is really the fundamental underlying cause for the increase in maternal morbidity and mortality across the nation. aleem: well, that may be a factor, general worsening in the nation's health. but those who work with pregnant mothers, like darlene, think access to health care is definitely a big part of the problem, and there is massive racial disparity, too.
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>> when we are looking at the fact that african-american women are dying at three times the rate, we have to look at what is it about this group specifically? is there a racial component? people want to talk about we are post-racial, we had a black president. but our numbers are not bearing that out. aleem: that can only partly explained by access to health care. officials say they need more time to explain the rest. but things are only getting worse, and the fear is that without a sense of urgency, many more women will die. aleem macbool, bbc news, texas. laura: african-american women are three times more likely to die in childbirth, shocking statistics from texas here in the united states. now, britain's queen elizabeth and her husband, the duke of
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edinburgh, were married 70 years ago today. the same bells of westminster abbey which chimed on their for threey rang hours. otherwise, it has been a low-key affair, with the royals making private plans to mark the occasion. reporter: ringing out from westminster abbey, bells to mark the 70th wedding anniversary. >> for any girl, a wedding day is the day of her life. reporter: it was this day in 1947 that then- princess elizabeth left for her wedding to philip mountbatten. ♪ thee, philip, for my wedded husband. reporter: it was the start of a marriage which has endured for 70 years, and which from the
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moment elizabeth came to the throne in 1952, has underpinned the success and stability of her reign as clean. queen. those who know them have no doubt that the bride and groom who signed the marriage register at the abbey were deeply committed to each other. >> obviously, they were very much in love. it is early love, as far as i can understand it. it is a love match, essentially. it is a great love story. >> deeply loyal sense of duty, which is bolstered and encouraged and uplifted by their faith. reporter: the early years of the queen's reign were not without difficulty for the duke. he felt he had no clear purpose. but he adapted to the role of consort to the monarch, for decade after decade, they toured the world and fulfilled official duties together. a couple, so much of whose lives have been public, sustained by the private bond to train them, -- between them, which remains
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strong and deep as the latest photographs issued to mark their platinum wedding anniversary makes clear. tonight, their 70 years of married life together has been celebrated at a private party at windsor castle. laura: thanks so much for watching. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the u.s. justice department moves to block at&t's $85 billion attempt to merge with time warner. also ahead, as republicans push their tax reform bill in the senate, a look at how the overhaul will affect the middle class and businesses. and, it's politics monday-- we talk new sexual assault allegations against senator al franken and the fallout of accusations against senate candidate roy moore. and, a look at the artwork of guantanamo bay prisoners, and what it can teach us about the importance of expression. >> what hit me at first was how normal they seem. shouldn't their drawings be so

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