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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 8, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available
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from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am rajini vaidyanathan. protests in the west bank and around the arab world as donald trump's recognition of jerusalem as the capital of israel. a brexit breakthrough -- british and eu leaders reach a tentative deal allowing them to move on. prime minister may: getting to this point has required give-and-take from both sides, and i believe the joint report being published is in the best interest of the whole of the u.k. rajini: and how a secret moat led to one family's emotional reunion 20 years after being torn apart by china's one-child
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policy. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the u.s. ambassador to the united nations has accused the u.n. of anti-israel bias and damaging prospects for middle east peace. nikki haley was responding to criticism of president trump's decision to recognize jerusalem as israel's capital. thousands of palestinians have staged a second day of protest in the israeli-occupied west bank and gaza strip. clashes have left one person dead and more than 200 injured. the bbc's middle east editor jeremy bowen reports from jerusalem. jeremy: palestinian protesters confronted israeli security forces on the roads leading into the towns on the west bank.
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plenty of people have warned that u.s. recognition of jerusalem as israel's capital would lead to bloodshed. it has. casualties, dead and many wounded, in gaza and the west bank. that is the land palestinians want for a state with a capital in east jerusalem. >> this is our land. you are wrong. jeremy: most israelis are delighted president trump accepted their reality. he said, "we are steadfast here, eternally here since ancient times. this city was given to jews 3000 years ago. we are the continuation, and the u.s. has recognized that." but the golden dome behind him is part of the third holiest
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place in the world for muslims. a few hundred yards away, several thousand palestinians were going home after the noon prayer. the reality of this city is that many palestinians live here. life can be hard for them. his home has been demolished twice this year by the israeli authorities. they give palestinians very few building permits, while constructing thousands of homes for jews. >> i am born in this land, my father and grandfather, and i will die in this place. not leave it, not for israel, not for jews, and not for the united states. jeremy: palestinian areas of jerusalem were quieter after friday prayers than many expected. whenever a crowd formed, mostly onlookers rather than protesters, police broke it up. mr. trump's declaration is a big challenge for the palestinian national movement. it will turn into a big defeat
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for it as well if the palestinians aren't able to organize a coherent challenge to what has happened, and to build on all the international criticism there has been. israel feels on the up. it has been given american presidential recognition in this city without mention of occupation and without, so far, a single concession in return. jeremy bowen, bbc news, jerusalem. rajini: a brief time ago, i spoke with a senior fellow on the middle east of the council on foreign relations. .ood to have you with us as we saw in jeremy's report their, another day of violent clashes. where does this leave prospects of peace? >> well, very much open to question. friday is a significant day, so not surprising that we would have the kind of protests we have seen happening in jerusalem and elsewhere throughout the
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west bank and gaza. where the developments are , unfortunately, right now a lot of hard-liners in the middle east, those who are opposed to peace and israeli-palestinian reconciliation, have been given an opportunity, because their best because now they -- because now they have something to play with. they can rally support for hostile forces. unfortunately, it means that those who want to advance the cause of peace are on the back foot, because what it looks like is that this is not helpful for peace despite the fact that the trump administration has tried to argue that it is. rajini: you mentioned the trump administration. where does this fit into their wider strategy for peace in the region? >> well, this is kind of curious, because in laying out the strategy for recognizing jerusalem as the capital of israel, the administration couched it in terms of advancing the peace process. i think that was a mistake. this was a legislation that has
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been backed by presidents republican and democrat to move the embassy to jerusalem, and what was lacking was any kind of sense of how this advances the peace process, how this advances or addresses palestinian or muslim sensibilities. something that was on the one hand designed -- explained us -- as something to advance the peace process, but they didn't exactly say how. i think that has been a big problem. and now there is a credibility issue, which is how is the peace process going to be advanced in a light of something that is seen as so pro-israel? but there are opportunities there. rajini: you mentioned the credibility issue. there were clashes not just in the middle east, but across the arab world as a consequence. where does this leave the u.s. relationship with key allies? >> i think there is an opportunity here. the u.s. has a good message to convey. the trump administration tried
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to explain that in recognizing jerusalem as the capital of israel, it is not in any way determining the border. it does not foreclose the possibility for palestine to have its capital in jerusalem as well. it did not in any way prejudge the status of the holy sites that are holy to islam and christianity. and if the administration had been more clear about that from the onset, a lot of this would have been averted. moving forward, it has to redouble its efforts to make it clear that the peace process is open, that the final status of jerusalem, its borders, and the possibility for it to be the capital of palestine as well as israel very much is there if the peace process is pursued. the problem is, if there is violence, it makes it harder for regional allies to get on board, because they have to be attended to their own people who are very upset right now. rajini: thanks for coming in. >> thank you.
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rajini: a brexit deal has been struck -- well, the first part of it has, but there's a lot of work to be done before the u.k. leaves the european union. eu president jean-claude juncker has said that the progress made today was sufficient in the key areas, including the status of the irish border, the talks could move on to the next stage. laura kuenssberg reports. laura: while most of us slept, when hardly a soul was stirring, the residence of downing street were up. late-night calls, then at seven minutes past 4:00, onto the plane. theresa may traveling, while jean-claude juncker was pacing, waiting in so many ways for the u.k. and then, touchdown. ready? ready if you are. taking their places for the moment after three days of
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cajoling, compromise, and criticism. it was a good morning for theresa may. a deal to pave the way to brexit round 2, the jargon she had longed to hear. >> sufficient progress has not been made on the terms of the divorce. this was a difficult negotiation for the european union as well as the united kingdom. laura: after a breakdown on monday, blocked by her allies at home, huge weight off the government's stressed shoulders. prime minister may: i welcome the prospect of moving ahead to the next phase to talk about trade and security and the positive and ambitious future relationship. >> you going to be celebrating, cracking open the champagne? >> no, still working. laura: no celebrations for either side. >> no champagne.
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>> we have to bring water. laura: just many compromises and more to come. the agreement implies it will cost between 35 billion and 39 billion pounds to settle our accounts as we leave. there is no final figure, and there could be more, but paid over many years. both sides say brits who live elsewhere in the eu and european citizens who live here will have their rights protected, and crucially for tory backbenchers, the role of the european court will be limited. the promise that there will be no hard border in ireland between north and south, a vow their rules and regulations will be aligned if there is no big trade deal, and a time-limited transition period as we leave. >> no, we are not making any comments. laura: but what about the dup? they had so embarrassed the prime minister on monday. this week they squeezed some concessions. but in the early hours, theresa may made the decision to crack on, even though they were not
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quite sure. >> there are still matters that we would like to see clarified. we ran out of time, essentially. re-think we needed -- we think we needed to go back again and talk about those matters. but the prime minister had decided on this text and she has -- she says she has done that in the national interest. laura: and the leader of the opposition speaking at the u.n. today was even less impressed. >> this could have been done some time ago. the referendum took place in 2016, and now right at the end of 2017, this is the first time we have seen any signs to go on to phase 2. laura: but tory relief washed over social media, leaders -- the covenant -- the cabinet falling over themselves to praise the boss. notable by their absence, most tory brexiteers. the real criticism, from this
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man. remember him? >> amazing, isn't it? the british prime minister has to fly through the middle of the night to meet on elected bureaucrats, who cap her on the head and say that you have met all of our demands and we can move on to the next stage. the whole thing is a humiliation. laura: as one of the brokers in brussels was only too keen to point out, reaching the next deal will be harder still. >> let us remember that the most difficult challenge is still ahead. we know that breaking up is hard. but breaking up and building a new relation is much harder. laura: around here, there is no jubilation. it is more like thank goodness, because these negotiations are intertwined with the prime minister's fate. the talks stumbled, so did she. the talks muddle through, so does she. had it not been this deal at dawn, there would have been serious rumblings about theresa may's future. with progress comes breathing
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space, but there's compromise, plenty of it. and with that comes winners and losers, and no real guarantees. getting this far and keeping the peace has strained the street already. the tory divisions have not disappeared. but agreeing on anything has been an achievement. for tonight at least, a little goodwill. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. rajini: the issue of sexual harassment dominated the headlines in the u.s. this week with three resignations on .apitol hill conyers,an john senator al franken, and congressman trent franks was the latest to join the list accused , of approaching 2 female aides about acting as a surrogate. for more on this, i was joined by north america reporter anthony zurcher. tell us the details behind trent franks' resignation. anthony: trent franks says he is
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resigning effective immediately. last night he said it would have -- happened after january and votes in congress. he says the reason was his wife was hospitalized. since then, we have seen multiple reports that he offered some of his staffers $5 million to be a surrogate parent to his child, that he may have implied that they were going to be parenting the old-fashioned way. it is an ongoing controversy, and it has generated a lot of attention, as you might imagine. rajini: any response from him? anthony: no response beside the statement that was saying he was doing it because his wife is ill. rajini: this comes after a week of resignations over the issue of sexual harassment, although al franken and john conyers both denied the claims against them. is there a sea change in congress in the way these are being handled? anthony: they are talking about reform, but you have to remember how congress and the congressional offices are run. they are like little kingdoms with each member of corn -- congress being a monarch. the staff serves at the will and pleasure of the member of
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congress. when you have this unchecked, unsupervised power, that is when you have these transgressions. if you go to the hill and talk to staffers, they talk about picking up dry cleaning and asked to walk the congressman's dog. but you also hear darker stories. when you are seeing now is the starker -- these darker stories are coming to light, the journalists stare at them and look into them, but also as women feel more empowered to come forward. rajini: away from the controversy around sexual harassment, there was some work done in congress this week. president trump signed legislation to avert a government shutdown. anthony: for two weeks. december 22 is now the magic date. they could very well on december 22nd push it off into the new year, because they are nowhere close to any sort of a budget agreement on the 2018 budget. but there are some things that they have to get through quickly, and that is reauthorizing children's insurance programs, daca, children of illegal immigrants who have been granted temporary status in the states, whether they want to renew that.
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and donald trump today in a press gaggle said he still wants to get his wall built, and he will be pushing hard for that in these negotiations. it is going to be an interesting next couple of weeks and they have a lot on their plate in congress. rajini: a lot to do before christmas break. thank you very much, anthony. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, what will the new year bring? flights to the moon, world cup in russia, midterms in america. we look at events shaping the world in 2018. if you have ever wanted to own a classical greek statue, now's your chance. a group of the world's leading museums have agreed to scan and share their works of art so people can print their own 3-d versions.
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>> yes, nice to meet you. >> you brought the cameras. >> yes. >> is this legal? >> it is, don't worry. reporter: his name is jonathan back, and he is from a group called scan the world. >> i'm sneaking in to scan this. reporter: it felt a bit like that. he took a few photos from different angles, uploaded them, and within seconds, 3-d printers across town had set to work making a copy of the sculpture. these printers can cost as little as 99 pounds. the live come of the smithsonian -- the louvre, the smithsonian have published a new convention setting up plans to allow anyone to copy and share artworks. scanning and share it -- what is in it for you?
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>> what is really interesting is that the more content we put online, the more people come to our doors. reporter: they want the original, do they? >> i think there's something about the human condition, that they always ultimately, despite seeing on the screen, want to see the artifact for themselves. >> special gift for you. reporter: meanwhile, in the sculpture gallery, jonathan was back. how long did this take? >> that took about six hours to print. cost about 30 p. reporter: 30 p. there is the future. bbc news, victoria and albert museum. rajini: well, 2017 has been quite a whirlwind. the first year of the trump presidency, britain triggering
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divorce proceedings from the eu, the fight against so-called islamic state in raqqa, china's just a few of the big news events. how will the world look in 2018? every year "the economist" magazine predicts global trends, and i got the lowdown when i spoke to the magazine's executive editor, daniel franklin, a short time ago. daniel franklin, 2017 was quite the ride. what has 2018 got in store? daniel: reasonably good news for the economy. all the regions of the world are contributing to momentum, places like russia and brazil after recession, and europe, much more confident than before, and america looking forward to tax cuts. but the real worry is on the geopolitical front, and obviously, the nuclear brinkmanship with north korea is the big shadow that hangs over the years. rajini: how much does president trump feature in this issue?
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of course, 2017 was the year of trump, you could argue. daniel: well, he still features very large. he inserts himself into most things. but i think also there are other players in the world that are moving in to the space that he by his "america first" strategy. xi jinping in china in particular, and also emmanuel macron in europe is an increasingly important figure and the face of what you might call macronics is influential. rajini: and events dictate what happens in terms of your predictions. you have significant elections not just in the united states, but around the world. daniel: yes, actually, it is a big year for elections in latin america. once every 12 years you have the 2 giants of the region, mexico and brazil, holding presidential elections the same year. that happens in 2018, and they are very important elections. in the case of brazil, they lost a president recently through
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impeachment, and they had her successor mired in corruption. so that is going to be quite a lively affair. in mexico, there will be a response to the mexico bashing north of the border. they will matter. but also elsewhere, elections in course, thef midterms in america are going to be the big drama running through november. rajini: just before we that you , this is about gazing ahead in the crystal ball. what did you get right and wrong about this year in last year's issue? daniel: i think we got quite a lot right in terms of the economy last year. what we got wrong in particular was we thought theresa may and britain would be too cautious to hold an election and we thought she would carry on through with her majority, but she did hold an election and she probably regrets it, because she lost her outright majority and is struggling on with a government supported by the small party.
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but every year, as you say, you get some things right and some things wrong. it is a world where surprises are bound to happen. rajini: indeed. daniel franklin, it is very good to have you with us. daniel: thank you very much. rajini: when katie was three days old, she was left at a market in china. her parents were forced to abandon her because of the country's one-child policy. katie was adopted by an american family, and when she was 20, she discovered her birth parents left her a note. every year on the same day they waited for her. the bbc's jane o'brien takes up the story. jane: a meeting at the broken bridge, a fitting place to reunite a broken family torn apart by china's one-child policy. jane: the rendezvous was planned by katie's birthparents, who were forced to abandon her just after she was born.
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>> i don't get emotional in these types of situations, but for my birth mom, she was actually really sad in a lot of ways. she just kind of help them meet -- held me and sobbed for like a half-hour. jane: a day later, kati visits her parents at home, and a check -- they chat for the first time with her adopted family in the u.s. >> "thank you very much. we are taking care of katie." >> we are also very grateful to you for giving her life. jane: this is where the story began.
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he really just wanted my forgiveness. it was just really interesting, because i understand for him why he needed forgiveness, but for me, i didn't feel like i needed to forgive them for anything. from my perspective, i understand their situation as much as i can. and like, yeah, they were stuck in a system that was so broken. jane: it is hard to say goodbye, but back in michigan, another new chapter is beginning in kati's life as she prepares for her final year of university. >> no matter how much you know about your adoption or why you were given up, and how much you feel about it and how much it hurts, no matter what the
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circumstance, it is not good to suppress those feelings. it might be hard to deal with. rajini: just lovely. that ends our program. i am rajini vaidyanathan. thanks very much for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a fifth day of fires rage across southern california, prompt more evacuations and leave behind burned homes and tens of thousands of acres of scorched land. then, we are in jerusalem, with reaction to president trump's decision to recognize the contested city as israel's capital. >> despite protests and clashes with the police here in jerusalem, what we're not seeing on the ground is a response to those calls for all-out intifada, or an uprising. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here, to analyze jerusalem, taxes, and republican backing for alabama's roy moore as democrats force out senator al franken.

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