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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 22, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. > and now, "bbc world news." anchor: reporting from washington, i'm jane. it's unanimous, the u.n. security council slaps new sanctions after its latest missile test. the republican tax bill is new law. president trump puts his signature on it before heading off for the holidays. the photographer who captured the first lady's every move joins us to share her favorite shots.
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anchor: welcome to public television in america and around the globe. the u.n. security council imposed fresh new sanctions on north korea after its latest test. china and russia signed onto the resolution drafted by the united states, which severely restricts pyongyang's access to oil imports. president trump tweeted the results showed the world wants peace, not death. i spoke with our u.n. correspondent. this is the third round of sanctions this year. how much tougher is this latest? reporter: if you remember, president trump specifically called president xi of china last month to encourage him to cut crude supplies to north korea, thinking it would be a pivotal step. in 2016, the united states said
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north korea imported 4.5 million barrels of refined petroleum. this resolution caps that at 500,000 barrels a year, nearly a 90% cut. and diplomats hope that this might not change his calculus, but it would really restrict his ability to carry his missile tests and advance his program. so that's the hope in the security council. and all members really today pointed to the fact that they were united on this, united on the threat that north korea poses. anchor: how significant is china's support in particular? reporter: very significant. china in the past has been reluctant to cut oil supplies. today, the ambassador said that no one has sacrificed more in trying to implement these resolutions than china, but then he urged the parties to finally start getting discussions under
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way, to start negotiations. now the united states has known -- shown no signs that they are willing to do that at this point. but the fact that regardless, they are able every time there is a new missile test or nuclear test to get china to engage constructively on tougher measures. it's main ally on the council does speak volumes about the threat that the international community sees kim jong un posing. anchor: yesterday, the u.n. general assembly condemned the u.s. on jerusalem. >> absolutely. the u.s. and china had reached an agreement on the resolution and in the council today, haley was thanking the members of the security council for working so constructively with the united states. and so a lot of people have made
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the comment that this is the u.n. one day, a big condemnation of the united states, the next day the security council back to work on north korea. all in a day's work of diplomacy. anchor: thank you for joining us. president trump headed to florida for his christmas holiday but not before signing into law a sweeping tax reform bill passed by congress. the $1.5 trillion overhaul is the biggest legislative victory. and president trump made clear what he thought the bill would do. president trump: all of this, everything in here is really tremendous things for businesses, for people, for the middle class, for workers. and i consider this very much a bill for the middle class and a bill for jobs. and jobs are produced through companies and corporations and you see that happening. corporations are literally going
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wild over this, i think even beyond my expectations, so far beyond my expectations. anchor: i spoke with a bureau chief. it's been an incredibly turbulent year. he has delivered tax reform. reporter: the jury is on out what it will mean. every business is going to get a big break in many ways from this piece of legislation, this new law, but it won't stop the republicans from claiming this as a victory that could be felt in the pocketbook of everyone. the democrats will say it's not helping everyone and drives up the deficit and will cut into other breaks that people get. anchor: the question is, will we know the answer to this before the mid terms next year?
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reporter: no, which is interesting. the power of the republicans in this case lose states and the terrible rating that the president has and with this tax bill impact not going to be known until americans see their taxes in april of 2019, you just won't know. and it may seem like a distant memory by the time you start campaigning for the mid terms will start in real intensity as soon as congress comes back because it is so high stakes. and there are other issues like infrastructure. the president said he wants to reach across the aisle and work with democrats, is that realistic? reporter: it's realistic if it includes spending federal money. and then you will have agreement. infrastructure, people can agree on. it's not a republican or democratic road or bridge. people would like to say they
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delivered for their district or state. so it depends how it's structured. also, the democrats are coming into the beginning of next year with one of the now top agenda items, what to do with what we are calling the dreamers. the young immigrants in the united states illegally through no fault of their own. they are very much open now to being deported. their status is unknown. and the democrats might try to link finally getting some solution to them to another bill such as the infrastructure bill. anchor: what about the start of politics. we have been introduced by alternative facts, tweets. if you look into your crystal ball, is that going to change? reporter: journalists have resisted saying this is a norm ization of a president who ex
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engineer rates, lies or misleads. we aren't talking about policy differences. it is a president who thrives on chaos more than governing and turnovers may come in the new year. anchor: thank you for joining me. if you think u.s. politics is divided at the moment, look at the spanish region of cat loana. the party that won the most votes doesn't support independence in the region. the separatist parties are forming a slim majority. we have more on what comes next. reporter: catalonia's pro-independence voters enjoy their victory. now they want the power back. [speaking foreign language]
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reporter: starting with the return from exile of the deposed regional president. he now claims a mandate to lead catalonia once more. but if he comes back to take office -- he faces arrests on the charge of rebelion for alling october's illegal referendum. from brussels this afternoon, there was a message for spain. let's talk. >> the next step -- so we need . find new ways reporter: but that's of no interest to spain's leader. this afternoon, it was made
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clear, he is a wanted man, not a leader in waiting. >> politicians must submit to the justice system just like anyone else. it does not bend to politics on this issue, i will always be in favor of what the courts say. reporter: this crisis began months ago when a pro- independence administration faced off against the government in madrid and followed months of arguments, protests, debate, emergency measures and then the votes and now they find they are right back to where they were when the crisis began. nobody has really changed sides. so now the local government headquarters here awaits its permanent occupants. the man who won this election
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can't come to take up his old job. the law says that all sides have now until april to decide what to do next. anchor: some of the day's other news. two south american football officials have been convicted of orruption in new york. and the former president of brazil's federation. they have been found guilty of taking bribes. more protests in gaza against america's recognition of jerusalem. health fills say two palestinians have been killed in clashes. reports say hundreds of palestinian protestors and they responded with snake grenades and rubber bullets. a man has been released from a
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hospital. he is accused of driving a car into christmas shoppers. 19 people were injured, three remain in critical condition. a new crisis is unfolding in greece while authorities are struggling to cope with thousands of asylum seekers. the deal reached between the european union annette: kara rezused the number of those making the journey. more than 50,000 have arrived since that deal was signed. our europe correspondent sent this report from the greek island. >> nestled on a greek hillside, europe's dirty secret. it's bursting at its seams. so full, families are forced to sleep outside the wire. this is europe's migration
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policy in action. more than 6,000 squeezed into a camp built for a third that number. this grinds many down. at night, we went in to see for ourselves. what strikes you first is the rubbish everywhere. tents crammed into every corner because thousands are arisk from turkey every month. [baby crying] >> this family from afghanistan came two months ago. >> how many children? >> six children. >> how is the situation in this tent for you? >> very, very difficult. reporter: it's the policy of greece and e.u. to keep the arrivals here on the island. processing their claims is slow. winter is here and the conditions are grim.
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this family were cooking food given to them for lunch to make t easier to eat. speaking foreign language] reporter: and the toilets are filthy. no running water. so people have to use bottled water to flush and many deficient indicate in the fields outside. this camp has received funding from e.u. this is how europe is treating some of those who are coming here seeking protection. no question that it is pretty shocking. and those who can't find space in the camp are even worse off. a piece of plastic and a couple of blankets is all this family has. 17-year-old wife is four months
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pregnant. officially, pregnant women should be a priority, but the system isn't working. >> it's terrible. i'm always cold. prescription. but i have no money to buy them. i don't know what to do or ask for help. reporter: the e.u. continues to argue about it. hat's the cost of europe's limbo dumped here. anchor: you are watching bbc world news america. preserving the memories of the holocaust. survivors are telling their stories now to make sure future generations hear them.
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they are searching for people still missing after a ferry capsized in the phillipines. five were killed after waves and winds sank the vessel. reporter: the ferry is tilting heavily in strong winds and rough waters before tipping over and quickly sinking. local fishermen and coast guard escue boats rescued 200. they are trying to account for those still missing. waves whipped up by a tropical storm forced the vessel to capsize. survivors said it took on water, forcing them into the sea. >> i survived. i held a girlfriend for an hour and a half. and grabbed hold of a rope.
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and i held her. she was almost unconscious. reporter: to many this was a disaster averted. many are thankful for the numbers rescued safely, families are waiting. >> we want to know what happened to my son, whether he is still alive or dead. we'll accept whatever his fate is. i can't do anything else. what's important now is for us to see him. reporter: boating accidents are frequent around the islands. tropical storms and typhoons are commonplace and there is poor regulation and overcrowding. while there is no suggestion that too many were on board, an investigation is under way into the deaths and the government has asked that the proper transport checks are made during this busy holiday period and the country's unpredictable and rolonged typhoon season.
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anchor: the holocaust is one of the darkest periods in modern history. but how to keep the memories alive for future generations. one idea is to capture the stories on film. eva has been been taking part in the project that will allow people to ask her questions about her life and preserve her testimony long into the future. >> three, two, one, go ahead. reporter: meet eva, she is 88 and survived auschwitz. she recounts so people now and into the future can question her about what happened. >> my name is eva, would you like to ask me some questions about my life. survivors are worrying when we
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are not around anymore. who is going to continue telling the story, because this is very important. reporter: now at the museum of jewish heritage in new york, people can directly interview eva of how she survived auschwitz. >> one of the questions, what was one of your most terrible moment in the camp. one day my mother was selected to be gassed and we were separated and i thought, i had lost her. but through a miracle she was saved and three months later, we were reunited. reporter: she answered more than 1,000 questions. a film maker recorded the process. >> i think what is different about this experience is it puts you in an active role. instead of passively watching a
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movie or reading a book, you think of your own question. >> and this is more or less the only picture i have with my mother, father and me. because my father usually took all the pictures. reporter: eva lost her father and brother in the holocaust. she says she has no bitterness in her heart but wants people to listen and to learn. >> this is what we have to teach our young people to get involved with what goes on and if you see things going wrong, to speak up. reporter: technology is helping to prepare for the time when the survivors are no longer alive. it means eva can continue telling her story for many decades to come. anchor: working at the white house often provides a front-row seat to history in the making
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and photographers capture it. and our next guest followed michelle obama around the globe. the public and private moments are compiled in a new book called "chasing light." thanks so much for coming in. michelle obama always looks so natural. is she like that? >> she is definitely like that, she is grounded, and humble and i thought it was surprising. anchor: you captured so intimate molets of her. did you ever feel like you were intruding? >> as a documentary photographer you feel like you are a fly on the wall. by the time i had come in in the white house they had been in office for four years and pretty much used to having a photographer there. even with a quiet shutter, i felt like it was an intimate
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situation, i had to recognize the scene i was in and take a breath and have the courage. because those are the important pictures to take. anchor: one of the photographs in the book is the two of them together. what was that like witnessing that relationship? >> when you look at that picture, if you extract them from the photo and put yourself in it, that's how everyone wants to feel when you are love. pictures are bridges and they are a way people can connect and that picture has gone viral and so many people have shared it and even president obama shared and it was 's day amazing to make that photo. anchor: being around her so much, did you learn from her? >> my first day there until the last day i walked out of the gate and i'm still learning from my experiences. it's been great to make this
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book, because it is a visual diary and walk back into time and remember what we experienced. i think i grew so much as a person and as a photographer. anchor: did you ever feel any pressure knowing you were capturing history? >> i think sometimes being nervous is good. it makes you aware that what you are doing is really important and makes you be prepared. so definitely, it was a role that i took really seriously. you are responsible for documenting history. anchor: it must be quite hard to pick one photograph when you have done so many, but give it a go. >> one photo i love the most, mrs. obama is surprising a team of art students in the map room and they go into the lowest performing schools in the country and integrating the arts can turn the schools around and they were invited to perform for
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mrs. obama and she was in the room next door and the kids were waiting expected to be guided out of the white house and mrs. obama said after the event, where are the students? i want to go surprise them. i heard her and i just knew. i scooted in the room a few moments before her and she came in and said something like, hey, everybody. and they erupted with joy. i liked looking at their faces and reactions and raw emotion on days when i'm feeling not so great, i look at that picture and it lifts me up all the time. anchor: thanks for being here. i don't know which is my favorite. really stunning. and find all the more day's news on our website. the team in washington will be off next week, but you can continue to get all the day's latest news from our colleagues in london.
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until then, thank you very much for watching world news america. and have a very happy holiday. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the war in yemen reaches a devastating milestone. one million cases of cholera is recorded, making it the worst outbreak in history. then, a big year for the small screen. a look at the most groundbreaking shows, and unforgettable tv moments of 2017. >> to me, this was the year of "are you kidding me?" and the great surprise of the pop culture realm was the oscars this year, where-- >> the mistake. >> the mistake!

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