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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 15, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news amica." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and ng is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with rm, sunny days, oling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available
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from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. more details about the alleged florida school shooteras the debate over guns in america starts again. president trump calls for tion , but offers no specifics. presidentrump: it is not enough to simply take actions that make us feel ngke we are ma difference. we must actually make that. difference jane: a changing of the guard in south africa. zril ramaphosa takes over as president as jaca steps wn over corruption allegations.
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and cleaning up compton. how a determined -- determined police force and mayor are tryi to turn around the notorious city. jane: t welcoour viewers on public television in america and around the world. details are emerging about the troubled teenager alleged to have carried out the wor hool shooting since the sandy hook massacre more than five years ago. nikolas cruz appeared court today and faces 17 charges of premeditated murder. meanwhile, the fbi says it received a warning about cruz but wasn't able to act. the bbc's aleem maqbool starts our coverage. aleem: for hours, children in a high school und themselves in a combat zone. >> i have the gunshot victim. aleem: there was mayhem and
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bloodshed as the gunman stopped corealkehe doors. terrified people sheltered in their classroom, fearing for their own lives. >> he ran up and down th hallway. banging and shooting into the classroom. he shot through my door and broke the window. >> all of a sudden we hear one of our student government teachers say "run as fast as you can," and we hear a gunshot. aleem: this 17-year-old originally from coventr moved to florida three years ago and is a student at the school. as barricaded in a stora cabinet for two hours during the shooting. >> we had the door being locked, and we had some one say "police, police," and there were two different people, but we didn't know if it was police. i remember the teacher turning to me and saying, "what do we do?" s thatrrifying.
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she opened the door and the relief when you realize it is these guys in military get up holding pistols and assault rifles. my friend had been killed my h frie been shot. how can this be real? i'm watching video and it is myo friendg up with their hands up. aleem: police did get to every classroom, the fear palpable. survivors were ushered through the corridors with hands on their heads. police marksmen watching closely in case the gunman was still among them. the first identified as having be killed was aaron feis, a football coach at thschool. in the coming days, we will learn the details of the young victims, too this is one of many vigils being held for those who died, and shocking to see the faces of so many young people who yestday were attending attending what they thought was a regular day at school, and todayre morning ning friends who sat
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beside them in their classrooms. the killer escaped with fleeing schoolchildren, but was soon arrested without a struggle.-y he is r-old nikolas cruz, a young man known for having a fascination with guns, and itat now appears thed in a social media post to become what he called a professichool shooter. >> are you nikolaz jacob cruz? >> yes, ma'am. aleem: a leader of a white nationalist militia says cruz had taken part in training with them. >> you are charged with very serious crimes. aleem: kevin found the girl who sat next to him in an english s cls one of those who died. had beenhema g who dent at the very same school he attacked. >> he is someone who used racial slurs, who was just awful to other people. and i'm sure he was bullied himself, but he was the type of person where people were scared to bully him because they knew
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something could happen. it makes me angry, because we h all kn.at we all knew here was potential for something to go wrong. it just suc that we couldn't stop him. aleem: these thoughts are the type with which no children should have to burden themselves, but in a country where there has been more than 200 school shootings in less than five years, more and more are beintouched by such rrors. spoke torief time i aleem from parkland. obviously, ts is the early stage of the investigation, but what more do we know about the alleged shooter? aleem: as you heard, he is aer foupil of the school, apparently expelled for disciplinary reasons in the last year or so. it is really interesting to hear from people like the students in
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z.at report, kevin, who had come across nikolas c they all said there was something very strange about him. he was a bully, he was someone who used racist slurs a lot. what is emerging is that the fbi had him on their radar, because people have complained about posts he made on social media, one in which he said he wanted to be a professional school shooter. ere is potentially more to come about the kind of worries that people had alerted the authorities to even well before the last couple of years. certainly there was a fascination with guns, but we now know that he has confessed the shooting that took place 24 hours ago.: jas, it is -- i'm sure people are still in a state of shock and just trying to procese what hap how are they coping? what are they telling you?
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what is the mood like there nowt aleem: it is sng that i'm evraid we say all too often after these type ots in america, but it is true, the mmunity has come togethe children were saying between them, as kids do, they have argumes, but they have been reaching out to each other. someone said they lost touch with a very good friend over an argument six months ago and they got back in touch. they are really pulling together. but they are in a state of shock. they saw the president talk about their school. they saw that on the news today, and it just seemed surreal to them to watch videos of the very same children they go to school with with their hands on their heads. of course it is going to becomer all the mol when they return to the classrooms and see desks that are now empty. we talked in that report to one student who lost a trl who sat nehim in english class. she had written a poem as part
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of the class, and he said his last words to her were that her poem had been the best in class. he finds out later in the day to that she has been killed. it is something that they are beg given counseling for, but once the cameras are gone, once the surreal nature of this is have an awful l to deal with. jane: aleem maqbool, thank you for joining us. wednesday's attack was the latest in a horrific run of school shootings in the u.s. this year, and predictably there e calls for tighter gun control. but there was no mention of this when president trump addressed the nation from the whuse earlier. north america editor jon sol reports. >> any guns on you today? jon: it is the site ofn out-of-town diy center, but the only things on sale here are weapons. in the u.s., there are as many guns in circulation as there are people.
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they are represented by the national rifle association, the most powerful lobbying organization in the united states. they have successfully resisted every move to tighten gunls contand give $21 million towards the trump campaign.ta he was theat their conference last year, and he is their man. president trump: you have a true friend and champion in the white house. no longer will federal agencies be coming after law-abiding gun owners. jon:rue to his word, donald trump today made no mention of guns or gun control. the problem was mental illness. president trump: no child, no teacher, should ever be in danger in an american school. ing withommitted to wo state and local leaders to help secure our schools and tackle the difficult issue of mental health.n: he nra publicly grades
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lawmakers from a to f. a if y a+, you not only haveot an excellentg record on all critical nra ctical issues, but have made an effort to promote and defendmthe second amt. if you are an f, you are a true enemy of gun owners' rights. after ma shooting incidents, the nra are famously reticent to talk publicly. we went to their headquarters to speak about policy. we didn't get very far. >> i'm security. how joe you doing? yeah, i'm fine. >> i need you to move up property. jon: we can't film here? >> no. thank you,ir. ve a good day. jon: we just want a shot of the building. but the nra is very happy to funnel money to supporters in congress. so marco rubio, the local hsenator, who tweet overr -- his horout the shooting, is an a+, and over the
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years has received $3 million from them. senator rob portman, also offering c has received $3 million. john mccain overhe course of his career, $7 million. >> hillary lies. >> i respect the second amendment. jon: the nra will run attack ads like this against candidates they don't like. >> hillary will lie about anything to get elected. no more lies. defeat hillary. erjon: aft the sandy hook school shooting in connecticut, when 20 children agesix to seven lost their lives, a majority of american people favored tighter gun control. it couldn't get through congss. senator chris murphy from connecticut, an f in the nra rating system, told the bbc why. the nra rnoains powerfulh to block progress. it is an issue of political power. they have been organizing for 20 to 30 years. the modern anti-gun violence movement dates from sandy hook.
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jon: at the nra, flags have been lowered as a mark of respect to those who died, but there's nothing half-mast about their defense of the right to bear arms. jane: jon sopel reporting there. let's take a quick look at the other day's news now. u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson has warned that the involvement of hezbollah in regional wars will have a negative impact on lebanon itself. mr. tillerson was speaking in beirut, holding talks with the president, speaker of parliame, and the prime nister. the former oxfam worker accused of paying for prostitutes while working in haiti and chad has veitten an open letter clarifying his invnt. in a four-page document, he described how he handled the situations in liberia, chad, and haiti. he denied paying for sex, and says an event he attended in haiti was not, as alleged, a sex party. the nato military mission in ghanistan has rejected a
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offer from the talibano d throur in the country talks. it was made in an open letter. the agency said that recatt tacks on civilians said that -- showed that the taliban is not ready to negotiate in good faith. nesouth africa'president, cyril ramaphosa, has found to -- vowed corruption a day after his predecessor jacob zuma was forced to resign. mr. zuma faces numerous allegations of improper dealings, which he has long denied. the new president is tasked with rebuilding his country's economy and uniting a fractured political system. our africa editor fergal keane has more. fergal: in the place they call the mother city of the republic, exultation at what they felt was nothing less than liverance. and inside, the words that a newled the arrival o and very different order. >> i declare that cyrilma
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osa, duly elected president of the republic of south africa. fergal: he knew this moment was coming, yet seemed abashed. io his first words as president, the tone was conly humble. president ramaphosa: when one is elected in this type of position, you basically become a servant of the people of south africa, and i will seek to execute that task wi humility, faithfulness, and with dignity as well. fergal: the story of a pol triumph long deferred. cyril ramaphosa was mandela's chosen heir after leading the anc in successful negotiations to end apartheid. but ramaphosa lost out to party politics. l e bleak years of jacob zuma were the eventuaresult. now that he has finally become
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president, a unique insight into cyril ramaphosa from the white negotiator who faced him across the table in the last days of apartheid. >> somebody who reminds many people of mandela in a different way. of course, mandela had the aura, the iconic status, whi cyril and nobody else will ever have. but it is thmoment when you have a leader, a person who can lead the country with aspiration and inspiration. fergal: for now the party enemies are defeated, and the country iseh broadlyd him. but cyril ramaphosa has sternit ics, those who accuse the wealthy businessman of being out of touch wh of the poor. this incident in 2012 when 34 striking miners were shot by police haunts cyril ramaphosa, who was the director of the company that owned the mine. "f," me, i blame mr. ramapho says a miner's widow, "because
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he instead of helping the people." but tonight as he was being sworn in before ministers and family -- >> so help me god. fergal: there was a genuine sense of optimism. there you have it, bringing cyril ramaphosa to the presidency of south africa, and you can hear them begin to sing one of the signs of the liberati struggle. it is cyril ramaphosa's hope tot bring movemeack to the idealism of the founding fathers. after years of corruand misrule, south africans are daring to hope. jane: fergal keane, and a neut chapter for h africa. you are watching "bbc world news amer ca." still toe on tonight's program, it was a city known for gang vlence. now compton is trying to clean up its act. we have a special report.
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we hear a lot about the journey that athletes take to compete at the w olympics, bt about their parents? one was couple decided that instead of compete, they would travel almost all the distance by bicycle. the end of an olympic-sized journey. he and his wife arrived in the olympic village in pyeongchang. they are traveled 12,000 kilometers to be reunited with their son. >> he has always been a crazy one and has done lots of crazy things. i wasn't too rprised to learn about the trip. reporter: they started their bike tour in march of last year in switzerland. the journey took them through 20
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countries, from the balkans to central asia. eir toughest challenge was awa hithat traverses mountains from afghanistan to kyrgyzstan. >> we were totally exhausted. after 2.5 kilometers on gravel road, 4.5 meters altitude it was very cold and we had very average, limited food. reporter: the pair planned to ke the entire journey bu because of these issues ended up -- vias issues ended up flying over china to korea's capital, seoul. from here they braved freezing temperatures on bike. >> the past two nights we spent ur tent. everything was frozen -- the water in the coffee pot and th milk both were frozen. great.re rter: but the journey was worth it. >> i think it is great, just
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t super that he has made i the olympic games. reporter: they will watch him compete on saturday. jane: as florida continues to grapple with the aftermath of yesterday's horrific school shooting, we take a look at a community that has long struggled with crippling levels of violence. the city of compn near los angeles is notorious for gang ill aity, and that is fact of life. but murder and gun crimes have declined in recent years. e bbc's katty kay has this report, which starts with flashing images.t >> iis very, very busy for law enforcement. but it is a very small percentage of people causing problems. katty: a night patrol with the l.a. sheriffs in the city of compton. hetwo suspected members of
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southside compton crips gang are under arrest. >> it would be unsafe for them to be in the rivals area, and if they are, they are going to have to have prottion because it is almost expected for them to be armed. katty: police estimate there are inost 4000 gang membe compton. >> our service area extends for miles. s are miles. for every square mile that we have, we have six active gangs. kattngs compete for control in a city of just 100,000 people. compton's notorious street gangs were formed in the late 1960's. th,r clothes, their tattoos even tir jewelry marked which gang they belonged to. wearing the wrong colored shirt
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would have and still could get you killed. today, compton is on the up. compton's youthful mayor has made it her mission to transform the image and the economy of the city. in 2013, early into her first term, and after 16 killings in isst four months, aja brown decided to hold a meeting. she put a call out to the bloods and crips to try to bring a truce. mayor brown: it was rocky at first. we had a few people said anything -- threatening to leave, and my ground rules were we had to stay until we were tnished. katty: what gave y confidence to do that? mayor brown: this is my community. i'm not afraid of my own people. they were very pragmatic. they talked about the need for employment activities that they
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can ask us, they talked about the barriers to their employment because of criminal records. i told him it is not about what i can do for you. i told him i'm willing to worth ou if you make a commitment as well.y: kaon and fred are from rival gangs. b don is aod. fred is a crip. if you had come across don industry -- in the street 10 or 15 years ago? >> there would have been a problem. you know what i'm saying? there would have been a fight, a stabbing, or shooting. katty: because you are on rival gangs? >> because like i said, i was young and dumb and i did not have an understanding of life or nothing else. all i cared aboutas my gang. i will represent my gang to the fullest. katty: you wouldn't approach him? ls he would have tried. katty: will is aa former gang member. he served 12 years in prison for
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a string of offenses including carjacking and gun possession. d ember 1999, he decided to turn his life around. >> you find a light of the kids -- a lot of the kids are looking for something when they join there ething missing. sgangs. the gangs cater to those things that are missing. this is almost a shared store between two rival gangs. in the process of that, a lot of people lost their lives. a lot of shooting, a lot of drive-bys. now spends most of his nights out on the streets trying to stop conflict from happening are getting out control. >> all getting corner to corner, communicating with those that are always out. katty: and for the mayor, it is also personal. down this quiet street in compton is aja brown's formerly faome. mayor brown: my grandmother was a registered nurse and she worked overnights, and there wau
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a home ion, and someone raped and murdered her. the loss of a life ia moment in time. it is a loss for a lifetime and there are holes that can never be filled. itives me a level of compassion respect, and even insight into what most people are dealing with in my community. katty: the mayor's story isn't uncommon. there is a level of post-traumatic stress in this town that comes from decad extreme violence. but maybe it is that shared experience that could also drive people to end the violence. katty kay, bbc news, compton. jane: and you can catch the full version of katty's report on "our world" on the bbc this weekend. and you will be able to find much more of all the day's news on our website, instuding the
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lan the shooting in florida. 17 people were kild, and the alleged shooter had appeared in court. i'm jane o'ien. thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines u can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentationd ispossible by the freeman foundation, ko aner foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, invi, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. ubyou can find it here in families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, coolg trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, idr judy wf. on the newshour tonight, a community mourns after 17 die at a florida high school ands authoritieinvestigate the shooter's violent past for a motive. then, we examine the all-too- familiar tragic pattern of massi ngs in america, and ask, how do we stop this cycle of violence? plus, discriminati on the block-- why a person's skin color may factor into the process of buying a home >> in 61 metros across the country applicants of color are more likely to be denied a convenonal mortgage. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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