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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 21, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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is is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by ure freeman foundation, kovler foundation,ing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in thway to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our moderapproach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial.nd >> a now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. mark zuckerberg admits facebook made mistakes in protecting the data of its users after reports that millions of people have d their informatioused for political ends. the suspect in the austin, texas, bombing blows himself up as the police close in. the question is what motivated 23-year-old mark anthony conditt? and they are using their billions to become space barons. , how an eliambitious group are on a quest to find newfr tiers.
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welcome to our viewersisn public teln in america and around the globe. after increasing pressure, facebook ceo mark zuckerberg has broken his silence o controversy surrounding his company. in a statement tonight, he admitted they made mistakes which allowed the data of tens of milons to be shared with the u.k. political consultancy cambridge analytica. action was taken years ago that would prevent this happening again, said zuckerberg. meanwhile, former facebook employees testified before a british parliamentary committee. he was questioned by british mp'sth how they us information. >> is that a fair analogy how facebook has approached data i , th has approached it like some sort of wild west frontier? approach to data
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-- while blessed -- ane wild west ippropriate analogy. laura: it is those descriptions that have raised greater concerns on capitol hill. congre is eager to hear from mr. zuckerberg and cambridge analytica. earlier today my colleague katty kay spoke to congressman joaquín castro for her program "beyond 100 days." tty: congressman castro, you have had members of the facebook staff coming to speak to people on the intel committee on capitol hillgeoday. are yoing any more answers from them about what is going on in their roles in terms of the data being used in campaigns? rep. castro: of course i cannot sprectly to what they toldco us or thittees, but there is still a lot of unanswered questions we have about, for example, how many different groups may have gotten access to the same data that cambridge analytica got, whether cambridg analytica, to st of
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facebook's knowledge, shared that information with other groups, and what safeguards will be put in place to prevent that happening in the future. katty: do you think facebook realizes the seriousness of the situation? vep. castro: i think they come a long way from where they started right after the election, where the ceo and the executives really denied that facebook as a platform was abused or misused in any way.i ink it has become very clear that if they will continue to be a news source, a major news source, in the united states and around the world, they will havt to safeguair platform a lot better than they have. katty: right, they sat on this information that cambridge analytica had 50 million users' priles for two years. what prompted the change of heart on the part of the company? retro: i think all the revelations that have come out, the wonderful journalism that habeen done, reporting abo how the platform was misused. i think also the investigations
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that have been conducted in in public and classified settings -- or not classified, our investigation was not classified, but in a sensitive ttg -- all of that work has been helpful in getting facebook to come to the table and realize that they have a real role to play in helping to protect american democracy. katty: at one point in the latest report from channel 4on newsof the members -- i think it was alexander nix -- said "we went to speak toon members ofess, but you know what, they did not know what questions to ask us, they were ignorant, they did not understand the technology." is that a fair represen of why it has taken lawmakers not ju on this side of the atlantic, but the u.k. as well, so long address this issue? rep. castro: i think part of the challenge we have had with some witnesses is that they have not been honest and not been candid and they have played hide the i would put alexander nix in that category, and the problemha
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been that when we have asked questions, the majority on the committee, controlled by republicans, have been on -- unwilling to issue any kindof ubpoenas for phone records or computer records or travels reco verify what is being told to us or to contradict anything that has been told to us. katty: congressman, when i watch seese two reports, i came away -- it sounds grand- with the impressiothat western democracy has fundamentally changed, the way votes are cast, the way that elections are won or lost is changed significantly in a w that is worrying, that it kind of degrades the concept of one person, one vote. is that too extreme or the direction we are headed? rep. castro: well, think the big concern that many of us have is that for bad actors, whether it is the russian operatives whl e fake facebook ads or the cambridge analytica, social media has become a perfect platform for their propaganda.
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we are ia full social-media age now where people get more information from the social-media companies than they dosrom the traditional sour in broadcast and even print. age now where people get more and so to the extent that these platforms can be abused and are being abused, that is a big hit to our democracy katty: congressman castro, thank you for joining us. we are in a ll social-media age. thank you. rep. castro: thank you. laura: in part of a statement releasy rk zuckerberg today, he urged users to stay with the company as they work through thesend issues,e will appear on u.s. television tonight. the suspect linked to a series of deadly package bombs in austin, teas died. the man, identified as 23-year-old mark anthony conditt, blew up an explosive as police closed in on him today. officials say other completed devices have been removed from the suspect's home, but there is
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a reasonable level of certainty that no more bombs public domain. two people were killed in the state this month. gary o'donoghue reports. gary: police closed in on the suspected bomber in the early hours, trackin him down to a hotel north of austin. when they waited for extra backup, he drove off and then pulled into a ditch at side of the road. as the police approached his car, he set off another bomb. >> as members of the austin police department swat team approached the vehicle, the suspect detonated a bomb inside the vehicle, knocking one of our swat officers back, and one of our swat officers fired at the suspect as wel the suspect is deceased, andas significant injuries from a blast that occurred from hdetonating a bomb insideis vehicle. gary: cctv in the past couple of days showed the suspect dropping off a package at a fedex office t southwest austin, a key piece
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of evidence that l police to the bomber's identity. he has been named officially, mark anthony conditt, a 23-year-old man who lived in pflugerville just outside the city. a school friend of the suspect i spoke to didn't want to be identified.e id he seemed like a normal boy. >> i would definitely say that i am completely surprised. i wouldn't have been this shock t if it was somebody i didn't know, but seeing t was someone i shared memories with even if that was just a little bit is crazy to me. i just know that regardless of his personal reasoning, it is an act of evil and not excusable. gary: since the beginning of the month, there have been six separate bombs, five of which exploded. two men have died and half s dozen separaious injuries. -- suffered serious injuries. a number are still ihospital. during the day, the police with dogs searched a number of addresses associated with conditt, evacuating some
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buildings and cordoning off areas. they also questioned both his flatmates, though neithetehas been arror charged. police still don't know the motive for the bombing spreeau that terrorizein for the past three weeks. a th also telling the public they don't know where the suspect has been for the past 24 hours, so there could still be devices out there. gary o'donoghue, , c news, austxas. laura: in other news, boko haram militants have returned most of the schoolgirls abducted in northeast nigeria in february. parents say the insurgents drove into the town of dchi and dropped off at least 76 students outside the school. local media are reporting that the girls are exhausted and underfed. it is feared five of the 110 students knapped may have ed. for the first time, israel has destroying a syrian nuclear reactor in 2012 with
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fighter jets. he never fully acknowledge that it was behind the facility.n the syria denied it was a nuclear reactor. the strike in the desert area of noheastern syria is said to have removed an existential threat to israel and the entire region. everyone else may have had a snow day here in washi but not the federal reserve. the fed raised interest rates by a quarter of a percent. the economic outlook has strengthened, said the all-powerful economic body, and inflation is expected e up in the coming months. to explain, our business correspondent kim gittleson joins us now. is this the first of several rate rises we could see this year? many people expect that jerome powell will continue his predecessor janet yellen's policy as the economy gathers steam. the main interting point from this meeting is that the fed is
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slightly divided about how many t should raise interest rates this year. eight members of the committee thought they should raise rates three times this year or four -- others say four times this year. the fed is little divided about how strong the economy is and whether it needs to put the brakes on forcefully. laura:e what did thnew chairman say about tariffs? we heard that the white house may announce new terrorists onow china tomo what impact would it have on this otherwise healthy economy? they wereowell said not retain attention to it at the fed until recently and now they have increased their attention to what it might do. many embers of the committee said they were hearing from business leaders in thei communities, that they were worried about the prospects of t trade war and t could do to their firms. the fed says it is paying attention of the white house but it is not a concern yet. laura: what is the worry of this
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business leaders who are speaking about tariffs? kim: retaliation -- if the u.s. re to levy terrace on chinese electronics, for instance, china will retaliate in kind, and that could hurt industries dependent aon the chinese economy f significant portion of the business. laura:n how did the new chair do at the press conference? kim: it's interesting -- for once we had a federal nk chair who was succinct and to the point. he almost never get that from a fed chair. arned high marks for bei clear but we will see how he does from investors down the road. laura: anything botherg him apart from the tariffs? kim: he seems happy with how the economy is doing, which is a lot of what we are hearing from investors. wages are starting to increase slowly but sely. there is not that much cause for concern, at least not yet. laura:it kimeson, thank you so much for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news
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america." still to come on tonight's program, fleeing violence at home to find prostitution abroad. a special bbc investation into theng trafficf rohingya girls in bangladesh. north koreans have been told by state media that the country's relationship with the united states is changing. it comes amid inform talks and korea have. conclud in finland. laura bicker has more. laura b.: we have been monitoring statement media agencies in north korea seeing if there would be change in tone orth any mention o meeting between the united states and south korea. there's not been much over the last week and a half -- the language has remained the me. and yet in the last 24 hours we have seen a slight change in
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tone. again, he mentioned a dramatic atmosphere of reconciliation with south korea. we have heard that before. ofbut then h on to say that there are signs change with the united states, that there were -- there were no mentions made of any summit of any kind, ofmention of any meetings any kind but it didn't want to say that this had been a peaceloving proposal -- but it did want to say that this had been a peaceloving proposal on behalf of north korea and it was down to proactive measuresy north korea that brought all sides to this stage. they said it was not pressure from sections or the u.s. attacks or elsewhere that brought north korea to the negotiating table, and it won critics certainly that they should exercise prudence when it came to that kind o rubbish talk, as they put it.
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language fromful the statement agency -- state-run agency, and you have -- we are a bit of not sure exactly if it speaks for the state itself how much people are made aware of what is going on a bbc investigation has reveed that girls from myanmar's rohingya muslim minority are being trafficked into prostitution in neighboring bangladesh. the undercover team filmed officers openly offering sex in here hundreds of thousands of rohingya have ended up after fleeing myanmar. mishal husain has the story. mishal: a small city on the bay of bengal, where the main
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business was tourism, is now the hub for aid agencies workin. in refugee cam alongside the shop fronts, beachside bars, and the hotels, there is an open secret. after hearing repeated stories about children trafficked into prostitution, we went in search of the evidence. one 14-year-old rohingya girl whose identity we protected told me what happened to her as she crossed from myanmar into bangladesh.>> omen came and asked me if i would go with them. not long after that in the building, they brought two boys to me. they showed me a knife and punched me in my tummy and beat me, because i wasn't cooperating. th the boys raped me. i wasn't willing to have sex, but they kept going.
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mishal: we heard other accounts from gir of a similar age. a 13-year-old told me she was lured out ofhe camp by a woman from within the rohingya community, offering her work. with the desperate conditions the refugees are living in, her family agreed to let her go. >> she came to my home. we know her. oushe said, ave not been fed properly. come with me. i will give you a job." when we got there, she put me ie a hotel inorning. by the afternoon, a boy was put in my room. he bit me and raped me. i asked the woman why i should do thiif she told me,ou don't do this, i will kill you." mishal: after only 48 hours on the ground, our team had
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identified a number of people offeng children for sex. this was one of them, not only boasting about his own collection of women and children, but a network of traffickers, all of whom had more than 10 girls under theirnt l. we had to be careful not to create a demand, and ask for girls who were immediately available. we were offered these three, and told they were all rohingyas aged between 13 and 17. we went to the police and told them what we had found. they agreed to conioct an operatthat same evening. our undercover investigator posed as a client who wanted to have sex with children, and arranged with the trafficker for the delive the hotel.g girls at but as we waited, the trafficker sent a scout.
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he asked our investigator to go with him, but we needed the haafficker to come to us. he appeared to ce his mind. but when the girls arrived, it was the driver who was with them and collected the money. >> how is it going? 1415, 16, and 2 for you. ask them, if tonight is good, can they get more? mishal: we handed over around 140 pounds. as soon as the deal was done, the police moved in. >> come here, mithe girls were two of those we had seen in the photograph. as they were taken inside and into safety, they told us they were 15 and 21, and that their families depended on the money they made from sex work.wh
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the two girls told me here tonight reveals so much about mw they and others like t get trapped in the sex industry. they have never been to school, and have no idea how they would supporthemselves without this work. with the arrival of so many refugees in the nearby camps, there are even more vuerable young people for the traffickers to prey upon. childcare experts helped us to arrange care for the girl afterwards. the young one we s to the care ial services, but the 21-year-old refused. we handed over all the information we had to the police.e but afficker is still at large, part of an established network that puts children into sex work here, and as our investation found, sends them further afield to india and nepal.
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now the presence of a large refugee population, ing many unaccompanied children, is providing easy pickings for the traffickers and another danger for the rohingya people. mishal husain, bbc news, bangladesh. laura: 50 years ago, the space race captivated millions around the globe, but after americans put a man on the moon, the next decade did not fulfill the drms of the early years. that could be changing, with a new class of billionaires like elon musk, jeff bezos, and richard branson, who are using their wealth to try to reach new frontiers. teristian davenport has wr barons in aspace new book, and he joined me a short time ago. why are billionaires so drawn to the spacn:race? christs you mentioned, we have not gotten far since the apollo era. we went to theoon in 1969, 200 ,000 miles away. since then, we have gone to the
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international space station, an amazing orbiting laborory, but only 250 miles away. sa and the united states government does not have the ability to fly an astronaut from u.s. soil. the companies are used to rapid innovation and thought we should do something about that. laura: they are. elon musk of spacex says in your book that if you get to the moon and make that your home, you could get to mars more easily. is that the ultima vision? i think so. elon ultimately wants to get to e rs, and the moon seems like a good stepping str that, because there is water on the moon, and hydrogen and oxygen, that is rocket fuel. we went there d planted a flag in the 1960's, but then we left. i think the idea n under the trump administration is to go there and this time stay there. laura: your book is so interesting, the way it goes into egos, ambition,witter wars -- very topical -- especially between elon musk and jeff bezos.
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why is that relationship so confrontational? christian: it is importhnt, and sinc they have turned it -- tone it down a bit. i think they know they need each other. t mpetition is good. competition is wt us to the moon in the apollo era, the race against the soviet thesionaires are competing against each other on many different fronts to do that. elon told me when i sat down with him that if he had a button, despite the twitter wars you were talking about, and he could press it and make jeff bezos' company go away, he would not press the button. laura: are there concerns -- and you do reference them -- about safety and accountability? we are basically outsourcing the space race to these billionaires. and then there was that virgin galactic crash. christian: that's right, in 20. that is a huge concern. for all the progresshese guys have made flying to space -- particularly spacex, we've seen the dramaticaunches -- the fact of the matter is that
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spacex has not flown a human being yet, and that will be age hallenge for them. flying cargo and satellites is one thing. when you put a human being on board, that is a whole different laura: pre trump recently spoke of creating a space force and going to mars. can nasa compete with the space barons? christian: i think what they want to do is partner with these guys. they are attracting and ares l -- and enormous amount of talent to their companies. nasa has had a flat budget for many, manyears. different administrations come in and say we are going to the moon, another administration, we are going to mars. the want to partner with th companies to finally do that. laura: very briefly, is there something incredibly american about the story? christian: i think so. itic is am entrepreneurs doing something no one thought was possible. you so much, christian davenport, an actually
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ryabsolutely fascinating s about the space barons, and we appreciate you coming in to share it with us. thank you much. i am laura trevelyan. hithank you so much for wa "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app vour verticalideos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the e ws of the day and stay up-to-date with latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuinr solutions erica's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it srts with a vision. we see its ideal form in oure mind, and thengin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint fincial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goaur dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world newsbywas presentecet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. f is away. on the newshour tonight, the suspect in a series of bombings in austin blows himself up after being cornered by police-- we'll have the latest on the investigations then, facebook's c.e.o. mark zuckerberg breaks his silence on a scandal with a data firm that exploited data of millions of users, outlining steps to secure the platform. then, the trump appridch: the present ignores advice not to congratulate russian president n,putin after his re-electnd avoids tough talks on a recent poisoning. plus, thinking big in 3-d-- the iltest technological advances promise new possibies in manufacturing, one layer at ati me. >> rockets are the lightest weight, most expsive, largest, difficult-to-make thing that really 3-d printing is t


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