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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 26, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's glected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. f we see its idem in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. to strip away everything that stands in the wa reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams.
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your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. united against the kremlin -- the u.s. and european nations expel the largest number of russian diplomats since the cold war after a former spy wased poison. searching for answers insidenv siberia,tigators try to work out why a shopping mall'sed exits were blouring the deadly fire. and they were rich, they were nefluential, and they were black. book sheds light on the lives of early african-american miionaires.
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jane:elcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the world. the united states and more than a dozen european nations are taking unified action against russ they are expelling more than 100 diplomats over moscow's alleged nerve gas attack on a former spy and his daughter in britain. s russs the expulsions are a mistake and it will respond symmetrically. c our diplomatrespondent james robbins has more. james: sometimes size really does matter. this diplomatic action against russia by western democracies is unprecedented in its scale. on their own, the american expulsions are remarkable. 60 rsians being ordered out the white house, a new record in the post-cold war world. france, germany, and poland each kicking 4 russians out. more than half all eu states are expelling, backing britain with action, not just words.
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nato ally canada is also clearing out russians, as is onf resident putin's largest victims, ukraine. the list may get longer. the prime minister could hardly have hoped for more. she told the commons it was thei largest coll expulsion of russian intelligence officers in history. prime minister may: i've found great solidarity from ouran friendpartners in the eu, north america, nato, and beyond over the past three weeks as we have confronted the aftermath of the sulfur incident, -- salisbury incident, and together weweave sent a message that will not tolerate russia's continued attempt tolout international law and undermine our values. james: three weeks after the salisbury attack, as the investigation goes o warnings to those that were in the area imat theremain in place, the diplomatic heat on putin is being turned up again.e esident of the european council says that today's eu action could be extended quite quickly. >> additional measures,
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including further expulsions within the common eu framework, eke not to be excluded in the coming days and james: today's action has its roots in years oalleged russian misbehavior. from president putin's annexation of crimea, judged illegal by much of the outside world, through armed intervention in eastern ukraine, to accusations of kremlin ts on a catalog of cyber attacks against the west, combined with abuse of social media ando plotsdermine elections and democracy in europe and the united states. russia's immediate reaction? >> what the united states of america are doing today is destroying what little remains in terms of russian-american relations. i would like to add that the entire responsibility of the consequences of that destruction lies on america.
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jas: tonight i asked the foreign secretary why so many countries have been willing to act together. secretary johnson: the reason you have seen this outpouring of revulsion at what russia has done is because so many other countries in the las10 years have now experienced provocations of one kind or another. they have had disruption ofec ons, cyber warfare, all kinds of russian aggression and malign behavior. james: are you braced for whatever retaliation russia chooses? they might go for cyber warfare. let's be veryson: clear, it is not just we who are braced witevery precaution we are taking but it is our friends and partners knowing that they wi face some kind of retaliation from russia. that t me is all the more
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impressive that they have chosen to do it nonetheless. james: rsia is sticking with denial. russian retaliation is inevitable. the crisis triggered by the attempted murder in salisbury continues torow at a startling pace. james robbins, bbc news. jane: for more, i spoke a short time ago two michael carpenter. he served in thede u.snse department working on russia, ukraine, and eurasia, and was a former policy advisor to former ce president joe biden. thanks for coming in. what do these expulsions actually achieve? there has been some criticism that they won't actually hurt russia. michael: i think that criticism is valid.t i don'ink they achieve much on their own. it is good, strg messaging to see expulsions on both sides of the atlantic, but in terms of e lasting consequences, the none, because russia will always undertake a tit-for-tat response whery it will expel the same number of diplomats from the countries that expelled russian diplomats in their countries. at the end of the day this
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doesn't do much. jane: where does this end if this continues? chl: i think russia will continue with its aggressive behavior, both military behavior in places like syria and ukraine and georgia, but also subversive measures, attempted assassination of the ex-spy in the u.k. until it feels that the consequences and the costs are strong and exceed. the benefi so far that has not been the case. if we are talking about onincreased financial sanc increased energy defense sector sanctions, possibly the kremlin's calculus coult change, but th diplomatic expulsions. jane: nonetheless, very strong language from the white house, in a statement saying that this would rece the threat to national security. what do you make of the language, given that the president himsf has been slightly more ambivalent? michael: si think the white house statement is correct in that a lot of the diplomatic facilities were used for u espionage in tted states. they have alluded to that when
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announcing the closure of the russian consulate in seattle. nevertheless, there is a huge,hu disjuncture between the white house statement, what other officials are saying, and what is coming out of donald trump's mouth. it is astounding that just a week ago, mr. trump spoke with vladimir putin over the phone , didn't make one mention of this incident in the u.k., not onword about the attempted assassination, use of a chemical nerve agent on u.k. territory, and now we see this fairly robust messaging, not with consequences. but the disjuncture is so striking. jane: do you think there is significance that the president is bringing in a new security team, not least john bolton, who is far me hawkish on russia? michael: i think it is significant that he is bringing on john bolton, who has over the course of the last 5, 10, 15 aryes,te enunc very hawkish positions on iran, iraq, north korea, also on russia.
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however, i think that in this case, trump's word will be the last word, and he has proven time and again that he is beho unwilling to confront or say bad things about mr. putin personally. i expect that will continue even with the appointment of john bolton and even with the appointment of mike pompeo as secretary of state jane: michael carpenterthanks for coming in. michael: thanks for having me. jane: russian investigators are trying to determine why the exitof a shopping mall in siberia were blocked and no alarm was activated when a blaze broke out on sunday. more than 60 people were killed, many of them children. others remain missing. the cause of t fire is not yet known. reporter: it was a children's play area on a busy sunday afrnoon. and then this. security camera caught the moment fire tore through, and then smoke. there was no emergency alarm here.
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on the floors below, confusedr crowds made e exits. the woman filming described how she was up in the cinema when the fire broke out. "there was panic," she says. "children screaming. i's a nightmare." reuers battled the blaze f hours, but the fire was fierce and fast and now officials say emergency exits inside were locked, trapping dozens. some fled to the roof. others jumped for their lives through the choking smoke. there were queues today to donate blood to the injured from locals who just wanted to help. this girl says her friends were at the mall and their childrenl are stssing. people have been scouring lists of hospitals all day looking for relatives. htmitri can't find his
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five-year-old da or his son. he will be 10 in april, he says. >> when my wife called, he said, "help us. we are suffocating." i could hear the children crying. reporter: most of the victims here were children. as the city mourns, it has many angry questions. jane: the u.s. federal trade commission has confirmed it is investigating facebook;s privacy policies. itaid it would consider whether facebook engaged in unfair acts that caused substantial injury tconsumers. the announcement follows revelations that a political oonsulting company had been given access users' personal data. pthe white house sasident trump strongly denies a sexualth encounter orn star stormy daniels after she gave details of the alleged affair on television. she claims the one-night stand
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happened in 2006. at issue is a payment made by the president's lawyer prior to the 26 election for the james cook has more. >> you were 27 come he was y0 full to we physically attracted to him? stormy: no. >> did you want to have sex with him? stormy: no. but i am not a victim. >> it was entirely consensual? stormy: yes. james: the scandal with the porn star that won't go away. 'donald tr's lawyer paid stormy daniels 90,000 pounds to stay silen she says she only signed the deal because she had been threatened in the past. : i was in a parking a lot, going itness class with my infant daughter, the seats -- and a guy walked up on me and said to me, "leave trump alone, forget the story," and then he leaned around and looked at my daughter and said, "autiful little girl, would be a shame if something happened to her mom," and he was gone.
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james: stormy daniels and team trump are battling in court here in los angeles. but hang on -- american voters knew he was hardly a saint, and they elected mr. trump anyway. does any of this matter? yes, says this lawyer whose client also leges an affair th mr. trump just after he married the first lady. >> my guess is it matters to melania. but it is a bigger issue than his private sexual consented-to conduct. h and the do with trut fact that truth matters. james: the law matters, too. critics say the payment to tllegalaniels was an contrithe trunk campaign. his lawyer denies wrongdoing and is sent to mr. daniels a cease-and-desist letter. as for the white house -- >> the president strongly, clearly, and is consistently denied the underlying claims for
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some the only person who has been inconsistent is the one makings:he claims. ja americans are transfixed for 20 million tuned in. the reality tv presidency continues. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a humanitarian lyisis that is etting worse. how violence and political onheaval are affecting mil in the democratic republic of congo. -- aid agencies are calling on eu leaders not to ignore violent treatment oe migrants by rkish coast guard. footagehas obtained showing one group being beaten on their way to greece. reporter: a migrant boat you legally crossing from turkey to greece in juary. the footage shows the turkish coast guarina coachg -- inapproa and striking at the
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migrants with claimgs therd beatin got worse when they were ordered to stop filming. this woman from syria -- this man fm syria recorded the footage on his mobile along with his wife. >> had to on their boat. men andended up our started beating them. our children were crying and screaming. i was terrified for my husband because they surrounded the men and started hitting them. >> i was beaten by a soldier when i got on the boat. they punched me in my abdomen and when i moved, they kicked me with their boots. when we arrived in turkey at the police station, we were almost dead from beatings stop reporter: they have both since reached greece afthe making and illegal crossing in a separate boat. they are among 7000 migrants being held in lesbos. others here alleged similar
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rough treatment by the turkish coast guard, esther gtx its side of the eu agreement to prevent migrants crossing in exchange for billns of euros in funding. in terms appear numbers, the eu-turkey deal is seen as a complete success. and a tight, there were 10,000 migrants a day coming from the turkish coast. watersatrolling these and the reports of violence that are commonplace. eight agencies a calling on eu leaders not to turn a blind eye. anjane: the euronion has warned that the humanitarian crisis in the democratic republic of congo is getting worse by the day. the number of people needing aid this year has doubled to 13 million. -- 30 trllion. the cohas been marred by civil war and the president's refusal to step down at the end of his term has inflamed tensions.
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our africa editor fergal keane reports from a vilthge that was scene of a recent ethnic massacre. fergal: the killers arrived at the village as the people prepared their ening meal. the extreme cruelty of what followed lives in the memory of the village. they were attacked by members of an ethnic group. fergal: he witnessed his sister's murder as he fled. when u.n. and local officials arrived the following morning, they found scenes of horror. women and children hacked where they had been cornered.
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a four-year-old was strapped to her moerer's back when both set upon by a man with a machete. fergal: she was found beside her murdered mother. the dead were placed in these mass graves. flowers laid freshly each day. ths,men here were angry with with the u.n., the foreigners who listened to their stories but did t save them. fergal: the u.n. chief for the
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province visited the morning after the massacre, and feels a personal sense of failure.he >> i thinkrganization i work for is letting these people down. the government is letting people down. i think the world is letting these people down. that is why we try as much as we can to make sure this kind of terrific things are not happening under our watches. fergal: but how? with just 15,000 troops congo, a country the size of europe, where 4 million
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people have been uooted by different conflicts, villages razed by fire, schools and hospitals closed. medical staff have bee in previous massacres. yet we met a nurse who decided to stay despite the risk of being killed. he is the only one of 52co eagues who remains at the hospital. h here he iselping a child seriously ill with malaria. ferl: for the parents, hope rests on the skill of one brave nurse. many times i have walked through abdoned villages like this not just in congo, but other african countries as well. it is almost always described as the consequence of ethnic violence, but it is never just that. what happened cannot be separated from the greater
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political crisis in congo, from corruption, from misrule, from a president clinging to power. this is a place without trust, where the state and its agentsfe ared. even before the violence here, the opposition accused the government of spreading chaos in other areas to prevent a ections. in another villagendu elder told me he worried both sides were being manipulated. fergal: but the state's highest-ranking official here rejects any suggesti that ethnic conflict is being manipulated to keep the president in power. fergal: in the countryside, a
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night bringsuddling together for protection. people have crowded in here for hefety, largely because of u.n. base up the road. but the killers are still out there, and a new attack could come at any time. in a country where millions have already died in conflict, the massacre is a rning to the world of what can happen as congo slides ever deeper into crisis. fergal keane, bbc news. ne: to give you an idea of the scale of the crisis, the u.n. says it needs $1.7 billion to tackle it. now, when you think of black millionaires, oprah winfrey or
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cbeyoncé me to mind, but those superstars are hardly thea first to the top 1%. fact, between 1830 and the 1920's, a small group of ous entrepreneurs reache the highest levels of financial success. their experiences are chronicled in a new book looking at a little-known chapter of american history. >> they lived in incredible mansions and traveled the world. they had servants, they ate on fine china and silver. the book is "black fortunes," about the very first black millionaires in the united states. we think about the struggle for equal rights and we don't think about the funding of that struggle. the story begins with a womanna d mary ellen pleasant.we sh to san francisco during the gold rush, and she became a millionaire. she decided to use her money to bring abe end of slavery somehow, and the best way she could think of to do this was to
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give the money to a man named john brown, who was an antislavery activist. by sponsoring a revolution, mary ellen pleasant put herself in tremendous danger. john brown himself was hanged. robert reed church was born a slave in the mississippi delta to a white steamship owner and his black concubine. he escaped slavery during the civil war when hisather's steamship was commandeered by the confederacy. he swam downstream and washed up on the shore in memphis. when he was in memphis, he set out to become a businessman. by the turn-of-the-century, he owned as much property inas memphinybody, white or black.up one of the ghe gave money to was a group that was trying pl get out of tennessee to go to tulsa, to go to e called black wall street, which was built around the turn-of-the-century by a black businessman and became famous as
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one of theost prosperous like -- black neighborhds. black wall street was destroyed by rioters who came in. that was just the type of risk at african-americans who had wealth faced during that period. madam cj walker started her own company, cj walker hair company. she became the most famous black rich person in the country.d she lo shop on fifth avenue in new york. not concealing her wealth was a really powerful aspirational symbol for african-americans. it kind of is a missing part of history where you can go back and really see that there was always the black wealth class that w also the donor class for black activists, and provided the means for people to fight for equality. jane: a fascinating piece of
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american history. i am jane o' thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed toa workround your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines u can trust. download now from selected app. stores >> funding of this presentation ti made possible by the freeman foun, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america' neglected needs, anpurepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we gin to chisel. we strip away everythi that stands in the way to rev l new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- ur plans, your goals, yo dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsor by newshour productio, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff.on he newshour tonight, president trump expels 60 russian diplomats and closes a consulate as part of a worldwide effort to punish moscow for poisoning a former ssian spy. then, the legality of buying and breaking silence as a growing number of women begin speaking up about alleged affairs with mr. trump. and, we go to nebrka to find how farmers would be affected by a new trade agreement with canada and mexico. >> if we go in there putting tariffs and different things on all these products moving back and forth between the borders, who's going to pay for that? the consumer is going to p for that. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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