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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 26, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuingti sos for america's neglected needs,in and purefinancial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everytng that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have chsigned our modern approa to baing around you -- yourlans, your goals, your dreams.
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your tomorw is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. united against the kremlin -- the u.s. and european nations expel the largest number of russian diplomats since the col war afformer spy was searching foers inside siberia, investigators try to work out why a shopping mall' exits were blocked during the deadly fire. and they were rich, they were inuential, and they were black. a new book sheds light on the lives of early african-american millionaires.
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ja: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the world. the united states and more than n dozen european nations are taking unified actainst russia. they are expelling more than 100 diplomats over moscow's alleged nerve gas attack on a former spy and his daughter in britain. russia says the expulsions are a mistake and it will respond symmetrically. our diplomatic correspondent james robbinhas more. james: sometimes size really does matter. inthis diplomatic action a russia by western democracies is unprecedented in its scale. on their own, the american expulsionsre remarkable. 60 russians being ordered out by the white house, a new record in the post-cold war world. france, germany, and poland each kicking 4 russians out. n more tlf all eu states are expelling, backing britain with action, not just words.
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nato ally canada is alsong cleaut russians, as is one of president putin's largest victims, ukraine. the list may get longer. the prime minister could hardly ive hoped for more. she told the commowas the largest collective expulsion of russian intelligence officers in history. veprime minister may: i'ound great solidarity from our friends and partners in the eu, north america, nato, and beyond over the past three weeks as we have cfronted the aftermath of the sulfur incident, -- salisbury incident, a together we have sent a message that we will not tolerate russia's continued attempt to flout international law and undermine our values. james: three weeks after the salisbury attack, as t investigation goes on, warnings to those that were in the area at the time remain in place, the diplomatic heat on putin is being turned up again. the president of the european council says that today's eu action could be extended quite quickly.
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>> additional measures, including further expulsions within the common eu framework, are not to be excluded in the coming days and weeks. james: today's action has its roots in years of alleged russian misbreavior. from pdent putin's annexation of crimea, judged illegal by much of the outside world, through armed intervention in eastern ukraine, to accusations of kremlin fingerprints on a catalog of cyber attacks against the we, combined with abuse of social media and plots to undermineel tions and democracy in europe and the united states. russia's immediate reaction? >> what the united states of america are doing today is destroying what little remainsia in terms of ruamerican thlations. i would like to ad the entire responsibility of the ucconsequences of that deson lies on america.
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james: tonight i asked the foreign secretary why so many countries have bn willing to act together. secretary johnson: the reason you have seen this outpouring of revulsion at what russia has done is because so manother countries in the last 10 years have now experienced provocations of one kind or another. they have had disruption of elections, cyber warfare, all kinds of russian aggression and malign behavio james: are you braced for whatever retaliation russia chooses? they might go for cyber warfare. let's be veryson: clear, it is not just we who are braced with every precaution we are taking but it is our friends and partners knowing that they will face some kind of retaliation from russia. that to me is all the more
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impressive that they have chosen to do it nonetheless. james: russia is sticking with denial. russian retaliation is inevitable. the crisis trigged by the attempted murder in salisbury continues to grow at a startling pace. james robbins, bbc news. jane: for more, i spoke a short time ago two michael carpenter. he served in the u.s. defense department working on russia ukraine, and eurasia, and was a former policy advisor to former vice president joe biden. f than coming in. what do these expulsions actually achieve?be there ha some criticism that they won't actually hurt russia. mimael: i think that critic is valid. i don't think they achieve much on their own. it is good, strong messaging to see expulsions on both sides of the atlantic, but in terms of lasting consequences, there are noys, because russia will al undertake a tit-for-tat response whereby it will expel the same number of diplomats from the countries that expelled russian diplomats in tir countries.
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at the e of the day this doesn't do much. jane: where does this end if this continues? michael: i think russia will continue with its aggressive behavior, both military behavior in places like syria and ukrainn georgia, but also subversive measures, including the attempted assassination of thee ex-spy in k. until it feels that the consequences ando the costs are and exceed the benefits. so far that has not been the case. if we are talking ab increased financial sanctions, increased energy defense sector sanctions, possibly the kremlin's calculus could change, but not with diplomatic expulsioel. jane: nones, very strong language from the white house, in a statement saying that this would reduce the threat to national securit what do you make of the language, given that the president himself has been slightly more ambivale? michael: so i think the white house statement is correct in that a lot of the diplomatic facilities were used for espionage in the united states.
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they have alluded to that when announcing the closure of the russian consulate in seattle. nevertheless, there is a huge, huge disjuncture between the white house statement, what other officials are saying, ando what ing out of donald trump's mouth. it is astounding that just a week ago, mr. trump spoke with vladimir putin over the phone , didn't make one mention of this incident in the u.k., not one word about the attempted assassination, use oemical nerve agent on u.k. territory, d now we see this fairly robu messaging, not with consequences. but the disjuncture is so striking. jane: do y think there is significance that the president is bringing in a new security team, not leasjohn bolton, who is far more hawkish on russia? chl: i think it is significant that he is bringing on john bolton, who has over the course of the last 5, 10, 15 years, enunciated very hawkish positions on iran, irare north
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also on russia. however, i think that in this case, trump's word will be the last word, and he has proven t time and agat he is beholden to the kremlin and unwilling to confront or say bad things about mr. putin personally. i expect that will continue oien with the ament of john bolton and even with the appointment of mike pos secretary of state. jane: michael carpenter, thanks for coming in. michael: thanks for having me. jane: russian investigators are trying to determine why the exits of a shopping mall in siberia were bcked and no alarm was activated when a blaze broke out on sunday. more than 60 people were killed, many of them children. others remain missing. the cause of the fire is not yet known. reporter: it was a children' as play area usy sunday afternoon. and then this. a security camera caught the moment fire tore through, and then smoke. there was no emergency alarm cre.
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on the floors beloonfused crowds made for the exits. d the woman filming descrihow wshe was up in the cinemahen the fire broke out. "there was panic," she says. "children screaming. it's a nightmare." rescuers battled the blaze for hours, but the fire was fierce and fast. and now officials say emergency exits inside were locked, trapping dozens. some fled to the roof. others jumped for their lives through the choking smok there were queues today to nate blood to the injured from locals who just wanted to help. this girl says her friends weren at the maltheir children are still missing. people have been scouring lists of hospitals all day looking for relatives. dimitri can't fiis
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five-year-old daughter or his son. she will be 10 in april, s. >> when my wife called, he said, "help us. we are suffocating." i could hear the children crying. repoer: most of the victims here were children. as the city mourns, it has many angry estions. jane: thefe u.sral trade commission has confirmed it is investigating facebook;s privacy policies. it said it would consider her facebook engaged in unfair acts that caused substantial injury to consumers. the announcement follows revelations that a political consulting company had been personalcess to users' data the white house says president trump strongly denies a sexual encounter with porn star stormya els after she gave details of the alleged affair on television. she claims the one-night stand
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happened in 2006. at issue is a payment made by the president's lawyer prior to the 26 election for the james cook has more. >> you were 27 come he was 60 full to were you physically attracted to him? stormy: no. hi did you want to have sex with but i am not a victim. >> it was entirelyl? consensua stormy: yes. ndjames: the sal with the porn star that won't go away. donald trump's stormy daniels 90,000 pounds to stay silent. she says she only signed the deal because she had been threatened in the past. : i was in a parking lot, going to a fitness class with my infant daughter, the seats -- and a guy walked up on me and said to me, "leave trump alone, forget the story,"ednd then he leround and looked at my daughter and said, "beautiful little girl, would be a shame if something happened to her mom," and he was gone.
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james: stormy daniels and team trump are battling in court here in los angeles. but hang on --merican voters knew he was hardly a saint, and they elected mr. trump anyway. does any of this matter? yes, says thisos lawyer client also alleges an affair with mr. trump just after he married the first lady. >> i my guess matters to melania. ibut it is a biggue than his private sexual consented-to conduct. h and the do wh trut fact that truth matters. james: the law matters, too. critics say the payment to illegalanls was an contribution to the trunk campaign. his lawyer denies wrongdoing a d is sent to miels a cease-and-desist letter. as for the white house -- >> the president strongly, clearly, and is consistently denied the underlying cims for
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some the only person who has been inconsistent is the one making the claims. james: americans are transfixed mfor lion tuned in. the realitycy tv presid continues. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a humanitarian crisis that is only getting worse. how violence and political upheaval are affecting millions in the democratic repuic of congo. -- aid agencies are calling on eu leaders not to ignore violent treatment of migrants by the turkish coast guard. footagehasbtained showing one group being beaten on their way to greece. reporter: a migrant boat you ossing from turkey to greece in january. the footage shows the turkish coast guard a coaching -- approaching and striking at the
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migrants with batons. claim theoard beatings got worse when they ered to stop filming. this woman from syria -- this man from syria recorded the footage on his mobile along with his wife. >> had to go on their boat. men andended up our started beating them. children were crying and screaming. i was terrified for my husband because they surrounded the men and startehitting them. >> i was beaten by a soldier when i got on the boat. they punched me in mybden and when i moved, they kicked me with their boots. when we arrived in turkey at the police station, we were almost dead from beatings stop reporter: they have both since reached greece after making and other illegal crossing in a separate boat. anthey are among 7000 mi being held in lesbos. othe here alleged similar
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rough treatment by the turkish coast guard, esther ghe its side ofu agreement to prevent migrants crossing in exchange for billions of euros in funding. in terms appear numbers, t eu-turkey de is seen as a complete success. and a tight, there were 10,000 migrants a day coming from the turkish coast. watersrolling these and the reports of violeone that are coace. eight agencies are calling on eu leaders not tourn a blind eye. jane: the european union hast warned te humanitarian crisis in the democratic republic of congo is gettingay worse by the d e number of people needing aid this year has doub 13 million. -- 30 million. the country has been marred by civil war and the president's refusal to step down at the end of h term has inflamed tensions.
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our africa editor fergal keane reports from a village that was the scene of a recent ethnic ssacre. fergal: the killers arrived at the village as theeople prepared their evening meal. the extreme cruelty of what followed lives in the memory of the village. they were atcked by members of an ethnic group. fergal: he witnessed his sister's murder as he fled. ciwhen u.n. and local offis arrived the following morning, they found scenes of horror. women and children hacked where they had been cornered.
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a four-year-old was strapped to her mother's back when both were set upon by a man with a machete. fergal: she was found beside her murdered mother. the dead were placed ie mass graves. flowers laid freshly each day. the men here were angry with us, with the u.n., the foreigners who listened to their stories but did not save them. fergal: the u.n. chief for thed
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province vishe morning after the massacre, and feels a personal sense of failure. >> i think the organization i worke for is letting thople down. the government is letting people down. i think the world is lettiow these people that is why we try as much as we can toake sure this kind of terrific things are not happening under our watches. fergal: but how? with just 15,000 troops in congo, a country t size of europe, where 4 million
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people have been uprooted by different conflicts, villad s raze fire, schools and hospitals closed. medical staff have been murdered in previous massacres. yet we met a nurse who decided to stay despite the risk ofki beined. he is the only one of 52 colleagues who remains at the hospital. here he is helping a child seriously ill with malaria. fergal: for the parents, hope rees on the skill of one br nurse. many tim i have walked through abandoned villages like this, not just in congo, but other african countrs as well. it is almost always described as the consequence ofthnic r justce, but it is ne that. what happened cannot be
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separated from the greater political crisis in congo, fromn corrupfrom misrule, from a president clinging to power. this is a place without trust, where the state and its agents are feared. even before the violence here,on the oppositiccused the government of spreading chaos in other areas to prevent elections. in another village, a lendu otder told me he worried b sides were being manipulated. fergal: but the state's highest-ranking offici here rejects any suggestion that ethnic conflict is being manipulated to keep the president in power. fergal: in the countryside,
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night brings a huddling together for protection. people have crowded in here for safety, largely because of the u.n. base up the road. but the killers are still out there, and a n attack could come at any time. in a country where millions have already died in nflict, the massacre is a warning to the world of what can happen as congo slides ever deeper into crisis. fergal keane, bbc news. jane: to give you an idea of thf scalhe crisis, the u.n. says it needs $1.7 billion to tackle it. now, when you think of black millionaires, oprah winfrey or
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beyoncé may come to mind, but those superstars are hardly the first to reach the top 1%. act, between 1830 and th 1920's, a small group of tenacious entrepreneurs reached the highest levels of financ l their experiences ae chronicled ew book looking at a little-known chapter of american history. >> they lived in incredible mansions and traveled the world. they had servants, they ate on fine china and silver. the book is "black fortunes," about the very first bck millionaires in the united states. we think about the struggle r equal rights and we don't thinkb out the funding of that struggle. the story begins with a woman named mary ellen pleasant. she went to san francisco during the gold rush, and she became a millionaire. she decided to use her money to esing about the end of slavery somehow, and theway she could think of to do this was to
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give the money to a man named john brown, who was an antislery activist. by sponsoring a revolution, mary ellen pleasant put herself in tremenus danger. john brown himself was hanged. robert rd church was born a slave in the mississippi delta to a white steamship owner and his black concubine. he escaped slavery during the civil war when his father's steamship was commandeered by the confederacy. he swam downstream and wasd up on the shore in memphis. when he was in memphis, he set out to become a busine by the turn-of-the-century, heh owned as moperty in memphis as anybody, white or black. one of the groups he gave money to was a group that was trying to get out of tennessee to go to tulsa, to go to a place called black wall street, which was built around the turn-of-the-century by a black businessman and became famous as
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one of the most prosperous like -- black neighborhoods. royed wall street was de by rioters who came in. that was just the type of risk that african-americans who had wealth faced during that period. madam cj walker started her ownk company, cj waer hair company. ce became the most famous black rich person in tntry. .he loved to shop on fifth avenue in new yo not concealing her wealth was a really powerful aspirational symbol for african-americans. it kind of is a missing part of history where you can go back and really see that there was always thelack wealth class that was also the donor class for black activists, and provided the means for people to fight for equality. jane:as anating piece of
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american history. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the e ws of the day and stay up-to-date with test headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, koer foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with aision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is purepoint fil. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, president trump expels 60 russian diplomats and closes a consulate as part of a worldwide effort to punish moscow for poisoning a former russian sp then, the legality of buying and breaking silence as a growing number of women begin speaking up about alleged affairs with mr. trump. and, we go to nebraska to find how farmers would be affected by a new trade agreement with canada and mexico. >> if we go in there putting tariffs and different things on all these products moving back and forth betwn the borders, who's going to pay for that? the consumer is going to pay for that. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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