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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 30, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams.
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your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." w reporting frhington, i'm jane o'brien. summoned to russia's foreign ministry, and another wave of expulsions -- more than 20 countries are told that some of their diplomatsust leave. at least 12 palestinians are killed and hundreds injured after mass protests breakout on -- break out on the border between gaza and israel. and could e quantum computer soon change our lives? company says it is on the verge one of a major breakthrough. welcome to viewers on
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public television in america and globe.the one after another dignitaries , from western countries arrived at the russian foreign to learn -- ministry today to learn how many of their diplomats were being expelled. total, there are 23 western countries facing such forced departures after they movedow against moollowing the nerve agent poisoning of a former russian spy in the u.k. from moscow, sarah rainsford starts our coverage. sarah: it was quite a sight -- a stream of investors summoned to russia's foreign ministry. they came from more than 20 countries to hear their punishment. each one had backed britain and accused russia of a nerve agent attack in salisbury. the german ambassador emerged to say that moscow still has questions to answer over t poisoning, but his countries losing 4 diplomats here for the --ov in total, wel 100 will join a mass exodus from moscow. there have been extraordinary scenes all day as one by one,
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ambassadors have been called in to the foreign ministry. the timing of this, the a oreography, seemed to send a message that rusll hit back at any moves made against it by western governments. and today, moscow decided to escalate. the british ambassador was summoned again, ordered to cut his stf even further. >> it is important to bear in mind why this csis has arisen in the first place -- the use of a chemical weapon on the streets of the united kingdom that threatens the lives of a n of people in my country. sarah: 23 british diplomats have already left the embassy. now the u.k. has to match its total diplomatic presence here to a russian headcount in the u.k. this move is a clear sign that vladimir putin is determined noo ive in under pressure.ul >> eon looks so easy. you don't have to pay a high price on either side for expulsions. it is not the case.
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i'm afraid that if the whole fabric of the relationship gets thinner and threner, we have a problem. sarah: that problem is already he. western countries seem determined to show russia it crossed e line, but the kremlin still called the accusations agnst it outrages --utrageous, and it is warning that further sanctions could follow. sarah rainsford, bbc news, moscow. jane: a brief time ago i discussed this growing diplomatic row with president rbama's senior director european affairs on the national security council. thank you very much for joining me. what is the impact of this latest round of expulsions? >> if you look at the expulsions themselves, it is not such a huge deal.re both sidesoing to lose some eyes and ears on the reound. consular functionsoing to be degraded. it will be harder for russians to get visas.
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it will be harder for americans to get services. but i think the bigger issue here is that we are witnessing a serious terioration in the overall relationship between russia and thearest, where we heading towards days that are as dark as they thve been sincend of the cold war. we don't know if we w some kind of plateau or we will keep heading into the abyss.cl rly the relationship between russia and the united states, between mr. putin and mr. trump, is much worse than it has ever. beou jane: doee anything actually changing in terms of making russia alter its course? >> the one thing tha changing here is that mr. trump seems to finally be ready to stand up to president putin. he has been in office for 15 months. you go back to when he was a candidate,e had this strange, somewhat inexplicable affinity
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forutin. since he has been president, he has been unwilling tpush back. finally earlier this year we got very minor economic sanctions. now we're getting some expulsions. it looks like trump this turning the corner. i think he feels played by mr. putin and is ready to push back. we have two leaders here, both of whom are very thin skinned. once you get into this tit for tat -- my nuclear arsenal is bigger than your nucrsenal -- it seems neither of them will be ready to back down anytime soon. jane: given the danger of this spiraling situation, what more can the u.s., nato, and europe actually do to put extra pressure on russia? >> i think that this pressure is needed in the sense that the kremlin has felt almost no pushback. the last time we really back was in 2014 when we applied sanctions in response to what the russians did in crimea and
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then the invasion of eastern ukraine. since then, when it comes to interfering in western elections, what they have done in syria, now we have the poisoning in the u.k., there is very little effort to mr. putin this won't stand and you are going to pay a price. if we are going to up the ante, the next step is to increase the economic pain. peaps the u.k. taking step against russian oligarchs that have investments in the united kingdom. then once putin realizes he is getting some seriousack from the west, he may be willing to back down. we need to focus on syria and ukraine, since they are the core geopolitical issues separating the west from russia. jane: thank you very much deed. >> my pleasure.: ja least 12 palestinians have been killed and 350 wounded after clashes between the
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israeli defense force broke outs thousands of pnians joined a mass protest called by hamas, which controls gaza,ther palestinian groups. israel said it would act to stop -- israel's military doubled it usual deployment in the area just ahead of the passover holiday, and said it would act to stop any breachf its border fence. this report from jerusalem. reporter: a chaotic rush to the hospital, with hundreds ofnj palestinians iured in gaza. a call for peaceful marches turned to violence, as protesters headed towards the israeli border. israel's military says it used tear gas and opened fire to stoi anyoegally crossing into its territory or attacking soldiers. this was just the start. palestinians are planning a series of protests u mid-may. fthat will be 70 years onm ofe creation of the state israel.
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palestinians see it as their castrophe, when hundreds o thousands of people fled their homes. many herhave never given up their claim to the land. >> we are here to stress our right to return. sooner or later we musgo back. >> we want to tell the wor that -- reporter: but israel says gaza's leaders are cynically exploiting ordinary people to stir up unrest. >> hamas and other palestinian groups are calling their protest the march of return. however, as events unfold, it is the march of chaos. these are aggressive riots. reporter: gazan families are now being urged to sta protest camps along the israeli border, and that will ensure that tensions remain high. jane: two membs of the american-led coalition battling the islamic state in syria have
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been killed by an improvised explosive device. one was an american soldier, the other british. happenet on thursday in the north of the country and came on the same day that president trump made comments that left many wondering about changes in u.s. policy. president trump: by the way, we are knocking the hell out of isis.il webe coming out of syria like very soon. , let the other people take care of it now. very soon, very soon we are coming out. we will have 100% of the caliphate, as they call it -- sometimes referred to as land, taking it back quickly. quickly. we are going to be coming out of their real soon. going to get back to our country, whe we belong, where we want to be. jane: to find more about what those comments might mean, i spoke to a retired general who formerly served as assoftant secretartate for political and military affairs. thanks for coming in. what do you make oe comments? are we witnessing musings or policy in the making?
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>>me first, leay how much we grieve for the british family tonight.re if ts any example of the eaecial relationship with the united states and britain, we saw it today.nt as for the com they are an early indication of what candidate trump was saying in 2016, which is we are getting out of the middle east. however, i think we haong way to go with the middle east in general and syria in particular. there is still work to be done. jane: america only has 2000 troops in syria. what difference would it make if they did leave? >> the americans and their coalition partners are working with local forces in a way we did not the first time we nt into iraq. this time we are enabling. we are not doing the fighting. we are providing artillery support, air support, combat advice, but others are fighting on the ground.o jane: uld have the most to lose with america's departure?
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>> i think primarily it would be the kurdish forces operating inside. have been fighting hard the united states has been very clear that the relationship is temporary. but they are going to be in a very tough position, particularly with the situation going on with the turkh forces inside, if american forces left early. jane: the saudi crown prince also wants ameusca to stay behe wants a buffer against iran. is that a convincing argument? >> it is a necessary argument but not sufficient. the saudis have been very generous with the money tosu ort this. but i'm not sure that putting american boots on the ground is the best way to push back on iranian influence throughout the gion. jane: what should america'se? focus actually isis is on the retreat. assad doesn't look like he is going anywhere anytime soon. what should the policy be at this point? >> first of all, isis is not on the retreat inside syria.
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in fact, they are back on th offensive because this distraction with turkey has pulled ypg forceaway from fighting with the coalition, now they are fighting against turkey. that has given isis forces the space and time to renew thei operations. in fact, they have taken ground in the last few weeks in a wayav wenot seen in quite some time. b jane: veefly, what can we expect from his new security team? any major changes?t >> i don'ink so. john bolton is an internationalist. he thinks we ought to be doing more in syria. secretary pompeo -- secretary-designate pompeo, anthink given his politica military background, will have a pretty sober assessment. i don't think we will have much of a change. jane: thank you for g me. >> thank you. jane: quick look at some of the day's other news. a jury in the united states has acquitted the widow of a gunman who killed 49 peoplet a
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florida nightclub in 2016. noor salman was charged with obstructing investigators and aiding her husband in attack on the pulse nightclub. omar mateen, who claimed allegiance to the islamic state, died in an exchange of gunfire with police. the ry reached its verdict after 12 hours of deliberation. the famili of 68 people killed in a fire in an overcrowded jail in venezuela are demanding a full explanation. some relatives accused police of a massre in the city of valencia to foil and attempted prison break. the government has promised that those to blameill be held responsible. the united nations security gnuncil has passed its largest ever package of deed penalties on north korea. it blacklisted 21 shipping companies and one individualorhe ing north korea break sanctions. the move came at the request of the united states, which says it will maintain diplomaticre presn pyongyang ahead of a planned summit with presidentis trump later ear.
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stlala yousafzai has returned to pakistan for the fime since the taliban tried to kill her for campaigning on behalf of girls education. the youngest ever winner of the nobepeace prize told the bbc she hopes one day to move back to her homs country. she ought to britain for treatment after the attack and -- in 2012 and has been living there ever since. nhe spoke to our pakis correspondent in the capital, islamabad. reporter: this was the last me malala was in pakistan, fighting for her life after being shot by militants. after nearly six years, she is a now back says she still can't believe it. malala:t is emotional, each and every thing i see. it is valuable to me, even just the warm air. i value it, and i'm enjoying it, and i'm happy to be home and to put my feet on this land again.
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reporter: malala has her critics in pakistan. many on social media accuse her of being aestern agent. how did it feel when you read those kinds of comments? malala: firstly, i just want to understand why do they oppose me and what is the reason behind it. i want a better future for thisn y. that is why i started speaking out for girls education. that is why i do not fear anything -- even when terroristi attacked mdoes not matter. i will continue speaking out. it did happen, and i continue my campaign for girls education. so my focus is only working for the good. it is 200 million people, and i know that 99%, more than 99% aand with me and support believe in education and their daughts. reporter: yesterday, malala spoke at an event attended by the pakistani prime minister. but she says she doesn't have rself.cal ambitions malala: when i was 11 or 12, when there was extremism
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happening, at that time i thought that by becoming prime minister i could solve every problem and eradicate extremists. now i have met many leaders and politicians and prime ministers. it seems it is not that simple. i think my focus right now is continuing my work through the thmalala fund and working s many girls as we can, girls who cannot go to school, to ensure th they can get quality education. i have no intention right now of politics. jane: that was malala yousafzai. you are watchi "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a singer in sierra leone is using his lyrics to call for change. the tune isn't sitting well with everyone, but that is the way he wants it.
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countries in the eu wasteli arod 88 m tons of food every year. one of the itemsroost commonly away is leftover bread. a food shop in vienna is raising awareness of the problem, and beer drinkers may be excited by the results. reporter: stale bread. every year it is estimated that austria throws away enough bread to feed over one million people. but the leftover bread of this shop is't destined for the bin. it is being made into br, part of efforts to prevent food waste. >> in our little shop that we have in vienna, we have each day a couple of buns leftover, which as such is not a problem, but if you look at it throughout the tonth, you realize accumulate what else can you do with the leftover bread?we statied
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getting cr and thought of beer. making beer out of right is an old tradition which dates back to ancienypt. here they make brown rolls into ale and white rolls into lager. this is a niche product. it cannocompete with huge burglaries. but it's producers say it is breweries.ge but it's producers say it is about raising awareness of foo waste. and what does it taste like? it, you can think it is broad-based. reporter: so thu can taste of bread? e. yes. it is a special ta reporter: so every time they crack open a bottle o bread beer, these austrians know they are taking a small step towards fighting food waste.
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jane: it has been touted as the technology that could revolutionize computing and help solve some' of human's biggest challenges. for years, tech companies have been competing to build a fully operational quantum computer, one that information much faster than today's most powerfu supercomputers. scientists and microsoft to say they are on the vergea of a majr hrough. ryorrespondent cellan-jones has the story. rory: it is pretty cold outside, but inside the university lab, the is a place that is eve colder. >> if you look at this stage, you can see that the refrigerator is 300 degrees above absolute zero. 100 timesolder than deep
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space. this may be the coldest place in the universe. rory: this is why. embedded is a building block for the future, which will only work der these extreme conditions. microsoft is working with scientists here and around the world to build a quantum computer. they're confident they are about to make a major breakthrough. if they succeed, it will be a huge price. an>> quantum represents a leap forward from today's technology. we can begin to solve problems that would take us more than a lifetime of the universe to solve in seconds, hours, or days. rory: how does the quantum computer work? drill down into a conventional comllter and you ind the bit, the basic unit of information, either a zero or a one. at the heart of a quantum computer is the cubit. it can be one or zero at the same time.
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the switch can be on and off. this supercharges any computer program, making it possible -- making it possible -- making impossible problems easy to we can find answers to climate change, make rapid progress in artificial intelligence, and break encryption where secure redes would be simple to crack. first, though, there huge challenges in creating cubits stable enough cor the quantum uter. microsoft has a unique way of doing that. >> by making a better cubit to begin with, you need fewer of them to build the full quantum process. rory: but there is stiff competition. google, ibm, and scientists in london are makg breakthroughs, and so far they have made faster progress. >> microsoft is further behind. toey are still tryin demonstrate a single qubit. but their approach is unique. its cubits may be better protected against errors. if they get there one cubit to
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rk, they could leapfrog the other approaches quite quickly. onrory: they are cdent they are on the verge of a breakthrough which could lead tl a commeruantum computer within five years. if that is true, big if, the world will change in all sorts of ways. jane: when you are a musician, you get used to certain amounts of fame, but for one singer in sierra leone, that includes personal insults from the president d anonymous death threats anytime he releases a newingle. he has been a thorn in the side of multiple governments, and is has the country goes to the polls on saturday, he says that is not about to change. reporter: greedy politicians, starving citizens.ra the sieone popstar's music aims to hold the powerful to account. abouton: the course talksru
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-- ctalks about bits and pieces, calling attention to the water supply in the city. they should understand that. rerter: better known as simply emmerson, for the past 15 ars he has been raising awareness about sierra leone's social issues. outgoing president ernest bai koroma comparehim to a fly on the shoulder, and nickname emmerson proudly wears. emrson: all i want is for my message to reach the people. 7% of the people are illiterate. sometimes they are uninformed. they really do not know what is happening in the country. reporter: the afrobeat singer it one few successful artists in the country to criticize the government. despite pushback from leaders,ar the pop emains confident in his message, and according tr his manager, en's very key to success lies in v his truth. >> even the politicians have his music in their cars. ey listen to it.
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they make reference to his message. i guess it is because you cannot deny it. reporter: in the run-up to march 7 presidential elections, which produced no clear winner, emmerson refused to play political rallies or back any political party. emmerson: it doesn't make sense for me to be like to a polical -- belong to a political party. it makes no sense to me. eee political parties do have their own way ofg things, you know? and i stand with the people, i stand for the country. reporter: whoever the winner may be, the delayed presidentialdu onnoff is sched for the 31st of march -- emmers expects to find fresh inspiration for even more incisive lyrics for future hits. ♪ greatngllowing the tradition of u music to
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protest. you can find much more on our website. do check that out. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." have a great weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are derogned to workund your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the and staythe da up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust.do wnload now from selected app stores.di >> funng of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in thway to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have
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designed our modern approach to banking around y -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. s
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captioninsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: turmoil in russia: the latest on the diplomatic retaliation against the west and the fallout from the deadly shopping mall fire. then, on the front lines ofe: cyber warf inside the u.s. military's newest combatant command center. >> it's not like fighting a war in another domain where you deploy troops, you fight and go home. the conflict in the cyber domain is constant. >> woodruff: and it's friday. mark shields and david brooks discuss the top of the trump administration and adding ati nship question to the census.w plus, ad this: the latest entry in the newshour bookshelf, a conversation with author

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