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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 2, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin tois chel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we haveo design modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >>"nd now, "bbc world news. jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting fr washington, i am jane o'brien. stocks tumble and fears rise as tit-for-tat tensionsetween the u.s. and china increase. trading the classroom for the picket line -- white tens of -- why tens of thousands of teachers in the u.s. are protesting for more education spending. >> we are begging for chae, we are begging for a pay raise, we are begging for the state of oklahoma to makeriducation a pr. jane: and are they still identical? how nearly a year in space change the way some of scott
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kelly's genes function. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. nerves are running raw on wall e u.s. as china and lock horns over trade. the dow dropped more than 450 ndpoints on after beijing said it would impose duties on more than 120 american-made products. that is in response toad the trp nistration's plans for new tariffs on chinese steel and aluminum. gary o'donoghue has the latest. tery: at the white house today, the trumps were enrtaining children in the annual easter egg roll. but all the jollity couldn't e,sk the fact that on tradhe president's hard line means the chickens are coming home to roost. china's retaliation was never in doubt, but on what and how much
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was the question. of u.s.now $3 billi goods will face extra import duties of up to 25%, covering 128 separate items.on e of the sectors hardest hit by the new duties will be american pig farmers. they export more than a billiono dollarh of pork to china. >> about 26% of u.s. pork prodtion is exported, and mo of the growth comes from outside u.s. borders. any restriction on export markets is not a good development for u.s. pork producers. we are focused on maintaining and expanding export opportunities, so this was not good news r us. gary: the u.s. wine industry is facing big barriers to trade with china, an area where america saw 10% growth last year under donald trump. >> he is right in certai of targeting different aspects of the dispute, but the broad , sweeping tariffs we have seen have not achieved the goals we
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would want to see in the long run. gary: doing something about the substantial trade deficit with china was a key part of donald trump selection success, but it -- donald trump's the election success, but it comes with risks oth economic and political. these are just tning skirmishes in what threatens to become a full-blown trade war. the u.s. is already planning restrictions on a further $60 billion worth of chinese imports, and china in return could hit those midwest farming states hard. in a congressional election year, that could pose the president serious polical problems gary o'donoghue, bbc news, at the white house. jane: for more on the trade tensions from i spoke earlier with the author of "cracking the china conundrum." he is also with the carnegie endowment for international peace. thank you for joining me. the tit-for-tat has started. what would it take to avert a full-blown trade war? >> i think we have already gone
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fairly launched into this process. if you think about several weeks ago, president trump said trade wars are good and easy to win. what china is trying to remind ehim is no one wins in tr wars. consumers lose. jobs are lost. growth is stunted. this is noa good thing. ere are no winners in trade wars. the question is what will the u.s. do. the teachers the u.s. -- the key issue is uhe. threatens to launch tariffs0 on llion and this is what china is worried about. jane: given the dangers inherent in the move, what is the chinese long-term goal? siyukon: china wants to gnal that it will retaliate but does not want this to escalate. they are dependent on global trade, as is the united states. both the united states and china have a lot to lose if there is a trade war. china is basically saying that if you proceed, we wil retaliate. there will be no winners in the
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process. please rethink this. jane: it is also being strategic. why put riffs on pork and not soybeans? yukon: china is saying we will not get into the more serious items. soybeans, agricultural coodities -- if we launch them, we will hurt your farm belt, which is important to president trump. they also have a negative effect on chinese consumersth rely on soybeans. consequence -- consumers and employers in both countries are affected, and china wants to say let's be careful on this. jane: who does have the most to lose? the u.s. economy has been chugging along quite well and it was one of donald trump's campgn promises. what could happen if the trade war does take hold? n: people talk about who will win and who will lose. china has a huge trade surplus with america, america has a huge deficit, therefore it must be that china will lose because they have moreo lose in the
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process. but that is not actually true. they are so strategically interconnected. for example, if america proceeds to launch punitive tariffs on the technologically sophisticated manufacturing goods coming w from chint are these products? take apple. all apple goods are produced in china. suppose you levy a tariff on apple's productsu who is that rt? the $800 apple iphone -- eight dollars goes to china. hundreds of dollars go to south korea, japan, taiwan. they are dragged in. but the bulk of the value goes to apple. you end up penalizing yourself. janevery briefly, is this a long-term change to the global economic order? yukon: think there is a strategic issue. the rise of cha -- it is getting very powerful and strong. united states and even to some extent europe is concerned about this. the ques china playing fair, and is it within the ground rules of the
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o? there are legitimate concerns, and do you address those througe puniti actions, or do you get china involved in more negotianions? jane: you for joining me. tens of thousands of teachers walked out of the classroom and onto the streets of oklahoma and ky today, pushing for mo government funding for schools. oklahoma is among the bottom three states in teacher salaries, and until last week aiey have not seen a state in a decade. protesters say it is about more than just pay. james cook has more. >> hi. >> how are you? james: it is 5:00 in the morning, but teresa is already teaching. >> you are going to get a gold star, all right? james: her student is halfway across the world in china. she makes better money teaching him than she does in a classroom here in the richest nation on earth.
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>> you get a star, you get a star! >> i pledge allegiance to the james: only the furniture in this room is provided by the state. everything else is paid for by she says she is angry, disgusted, and embarrassed. she has even resorted to gging for money for supplies on a street corner. >> our education system has failed, at least in the state of oklahoma, and it is failing a lot of placeacross the united states. it is failing our children. we are begging for our voices to be heard as teachers, we are regging for change, we begging for a pay raise. we are begging for the state of oklahoma to put education as priority for the future of our state and this nation. james: a pay raise has been approved, but teachers walkedy out toyway, marching on the state capitol. they say an increase of 15% is a drop in the bucket after a decade of deep and damaging tax cuts. >> i will see you next week -- james: they are feeling those
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cuts here at this school, now open just four days a week to save money on busing, s electricity, aport staff. it isn't enough. >> i think our kids are missing ale art class we used to have. we used to have a cool art program but we don't have the funding for it anymore. we used to have choir, all sorts of music. we used to have band. i would love a school nurse, full-time counselor. james:ises on oil and gas production and fuel and cigarettes are in the pipeline, ibut critics say too little, too late. oil-rich oklahoma is not the first state to implement deep tax cuts.ka neighborinas tried it, too, and also ran into trouble. now even some republicans hereo say it is timemit that this experiment has failed. we traveled out into the heartland to meet one of them. gary jones is running for governor of oklahoma, the only
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candate in favor of raising taxes. >> seems like everything we do in oklahoma lately is a crisis. james: it is rublican created to believe in smaller government and low taxes, but it is your feeling that you go too far with that? >> i think so. it has got to be a balance. while we believe smaller and more efficient, efficient means that you deliver the coreic se government is required to do. james: some republicans here worry that president trump is repeating their mistake with deep national tax cuts. if so, say critics, the u.s. faces not optimism and renewal but decay and despai james cook, bbc news, oklahoma. jane: quick look at the day's of -- other news. egyptian president abdel fattah el-sisi has recorded a landslide election victory, receiving 97% of the vot that is exactly the same as the previous election in 2014, but
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turnout at 41% was six percentage points wer. been had never really doubt about him winning the faced oneas he only unknown challenger. says the first fighters from thntgroup that col the final rebel-held part of eastern ghouta has started to leave. the syrian goverisent says there deal between rebels, local leaders, and russia, but the rebels russia's foreign minister says western countries are playing usildren's games by ag moscow of poisoning a former double agent in england. more than 20 countries have expelled russian diplomats in retaliation for the nerve-agent attack. sergei lavrov accused of the u.k. of putting all decenc aside and blaming moscow, saying there were other explanations. winnie mandela, former wife of nelson mandela and an anti-apartheid figure herself, has died.sh
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was 81 years old. during her husband's years in prison, winnie mandela took on a significant role in the fight against white minority rule inca south afbut she was also caught up in scandal and legal problems. from johannesburg, andrew harding reports. w andrew: the icon, but she ife.lger than at -- heroic,zero flawed, defiant, the mother of the nation. hegeworld was transformed at 23 when she met and soon married nelson mandela, a lawyer active in the underground struggle against racial apartheid, sod to be senten life imprisonment. winnie: my husband has been fighting for t liberation of the african people, for the harmony of all racial groups in this country. andrew: in the lonely decades that followed, winnie and her young family were ruthlessly harassed by the white minority government. t onhe streets of south africa, the fight against apartheidns inied, and winnie became a galvanizing symbol of resistance.
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but the brutality of the times rubbed off on her. winnie: could have killed them any day we wanted to! necklaces which liberated countries. andrew: she endorsed necklacing, putting a burning tire around those accused of betraying the cause. she and her security guards were mrectly implicated in the abduction of andurder of a 14-year-old boy. in 1990, winnie was there to greet her husband as he walked to freedom and guided south africa on its miracuus path to democracy. but thra years of seon had taken a toll on the marriage, and after a period apart, thece couple divord. in her later years, she would be convicted of fraud, but still bounced back, prominent within
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the governing anc, hailed as a champion of the poor. >> our grandmother played an important role in global society. its a tragic loss. i send condolences to everyone, to all that loved and supported her and the faly. thank you. andrew: she was a deeply .ivisive figure here, so unlike her former husba in that sense, she embod'd south afr's struggle and contradictions, its greatness and bitterness. jane: winnie mandela, who has a dithe age of 85. -- 81. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, from the political rena toenter stage,
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brickwhy -- why british actress glenda jackson has returned to broadway after three decades. there has been a surprise outcome in costa rica's presidenti election. theda candite from the centerleft party has an insurmountable lead. the campaign was dominated by the issue of same-sex marriage. here is will grant. will: it was a decision between two men, with the same surname but the people of costa rica chose continuity over a shift to the right. the former labor minister wil take the top job comofas the messagolerance seem to resonate with voters. certainly he was in stark contrast to his opponent, former evangelical pastor. he took an ultraconservative position on same-sex marriage, the issue which dominated the campaign. before the vote, he was accused of homophobia, a charge which it
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seemed to convince many voters not to trust him with the keys to the presidential palace. >> we voted to dress like this as a protest against ,fundamentali which we think is a protest against women's rights and the rights of nority groups. will: others, particularly in the growing evangelical community, wanted a change in leadership, accusing tec government oomic mismanagement. has to take a turn of leadership, wprh values, with ciples. we cannot continue like this with a government that has reached the largest budget deficit in history. didatethe defeated c conceded. thisbe madn important theory for activists as
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very issue that set the candidates apart in the first place. will grant, bbc news. jane: after 340 days in space, astronaut scottelly came to earth two inches taller and a few poundsighter. now two years after his return , and nasa study that compares him to his twin brother shows that 7% of his genes are functioning differentl are the brothers still identical? scott joined mearer to answer that himself. thanks very much for joining us. the big qn everyone wants to know is are you and your brother still twins? scott: i have a beard now but that is because i was on vacation. yeah, we are sti twins. it is interesting how people interpret data differently based
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on their background, and in this case, with my brother and i, what the data showed is that my gene expression changed, and dna, and howes' tht are expressed changed, that does not mean i am now closer to the monkey that i am with my brother. jane: no, you clearly e still huma but what does that actually mean when they say that your genes have changed? scott: imagine our dna is an orchestra like with bunch of instruments. and when my brother and i were born, our orchestras were exactly the same. they are still very much the same -- like 99.9% of the instruments are exactly the same. some a little different. that changes based on what you ure exposed to throughout life and different factors. but the gene expression changing
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by 7% -- imagine if 7% of my instruments play a little bit differently than they used to. that is how they have changed. jane: do you feel any different? scott: i felt a little different when i got back, which took a while to recover from. i pretty much felt back to normal after about eight months. but i've been back fro for two years. jane: does it make it harder to cover if you have been in space for as long as a year? does the length of time make a difference? scott: my experience, i would say yes. i flew four times in space, seven days, 13 days, 159 days, and then 340. it seems to me that there is a relationship between days in spee and the symptoms you h and the severity of the symptoms coming back after being in microgravity for so long. jane: ultimately, what is the
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study actually for? why is nasa so keen to look at you and your brother? scott: someday we want telgo to mars osewhere in our solar system, maybe even million years from now beyond our solar system potentially. there are things that happen to us physically when we are in ace. having this genetic experiment a way to try to understand on geneti level what this experience does to our bodies and having mark and i is the orst subjects for this ty experiment was kind of a serendipitous thing. it seems like it was an interesting experiment. we have learned some so far and hope to learn more in the fuinre. jane: faing. scott kelly, thank you so much for joining us. scott: my pleasure, thank you. jane: there you have it -- the same but different. it is the show that is taking broadway by storm, and for once we are notalking about "hamilton."
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it is the stage of 81-year-old acting legend and former british politician glenda jackson. the two-time oscar winner abandone serve in parliament.to now she is back with a new play and she sat down with tom brook to talk about it all. tom: a bigvent on broadway -- glenda jackson returning to the new yoy stage. >> teat me like this? tom: starring in playwright edward albee's "three tall women." rehearsing for her role as an elderly woman looking back on her life, jackson is part of an all-female cast of three. glenda: the opportunity to work with two other actresses is really quite rare. women are still not regarded in the main by contemporary dramatists as thdriving dramatic engine. 's part, youne woman have got it and you don't have any other actresses to work with. so it is such a treat to have the three of us on the stage. tom: glenda jackson is widelyrd as one of britain's greatest actresses.
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she won oscars for her work in a two movies, "women in love" in 1971 and "a touch of class." she has been working professional on stage since 1957. do you find the process of acting is easier as you are older? glenda: are you kidding me? probably my easiest performance was the first i ever gave because i was blessed with total ignorance. every performance now is a life-and-death situation, and it doesn't get any easier. it is like standing on t very high diving board and you don't know if there is water in the pool, and you do that every night. tom: glenda jackson abandoned acting to run for parliament in 1992, winning a labor seat. left-wing in her views, she had long been driven by fierce animus towards margaret thatcher and her conservative policies. glenda: we were told that everything i had beeht to
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regard as a vice, and i still gard them as vices, unde thatcherism was a virtue -- greed, selfishness, no care for the weaker. tom: new york theatergoers are not that interested in jackson's political views. they just want to see her on stage. thd have not been disappoin with her performance. smitten. been >> she was amazing. she really was, wasn't she? >> she was astonishing.er likeresence and every thing was so powerful. glenda: you are hurting me.in you are hume! tom: will you ever retire? glenda: well, i don't know. if nobody asks me to do anything, i will be retired. one of the ironies i found wn i ceased t be an mp -- oh, how wonderful to be irresponsible. i will have no responsibilities.
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the minute you start work, your responsibility increases in spades because who is going to get you out of bed if you don't? so much do i know. tom: it is working out very well. glenda: i have been very, very fortunate, yes. tom: superb, monumental, electrifying are some of t words being used by theater critics to describe glenda jackson's performance. her return to broadway could not have gone better. tom brook, bbc news, new york. s jane: whatr. as we heard in the report at the top of the program, thwhite house played host to the 140th is egg roll. president trump, first lady melania, and of course, the easter bunny welcomed thousands of children and parents on the south lawn for an afternoon of fun and games. in his remarks, mr. trump touched on non-ocate-related topics like the military and the economy. the tradition began in the
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administration of rutherford. hayes and is still a highlight on the white house calendar. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching orld news america." >> with the bbc news app, ourar vertical videoe designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your waytho the news oday and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can ust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financl. >> how do we shape our tomorrowt tarts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal newe possibilits. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the stock market takes a plunge aftechina retaliates with higher tariffs on u.s. goods, stoking fes of a trade war between the world's two largest economies. then, president trump unces there will be no deal on so-called dreamers, blaming democrats r not protecting young immigrants from deportation. plus, teachers in oklahoma and kentucky go on strike, leaving the classroom for the state capital, tens of thousands of educators protest for better funding and pay. and, one year after the marinesp nudeto scandal revealed ingrained misogyny within the cganization, a look at what the marines are doing nge the status quo.

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