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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  April 2, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the stock market takes a plunge aftechina retaliates with higher tariffs on u.s. goods, stoking fes of a trade war between the world's two largest economies. then, president trump unces there will be no deal on so-called dreamers, blaming democrats r not protecting young immigrants from deportation. plus, teachers in oklahoma and kentucky go on strike, leaving the classroom for the state capital, tens of thousands of educators protest for better funding and pay. and, one year after the marinesp nudeto scandal revealed ingrained misogyny within the cganization, a look at what the marines are doing nge the status quo.
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>> i belie misogyny is a taught behavior. so i believe that it is also a behavior that we can teach away from. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us.
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>> this program was made porible by the corporation public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: a wild ride on wall street today. it followed china's new tariffs on u.s. pork, wine aer products, and president trump'se s to penalize amazon. the dow jones industrial average lost 459 points to close at 23,644. the nasdaq fell 193 points, and the s&p 500 gave up 59. also tonight, the trump administration is rolling back fuel economy standardshe auto industry. obama-era rules would roughly
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double gas mileage in new vehicles by 2025. but the environmental protection announced today, that's too much. for more, i'm joined by amy harder of axios. amy, welcome back to the sogram. so whyhe trump administration doing this? >> well, the regulatory rollback has been a key part of the trums administrati agenda on the energy and environment front. the president and e.p.a. administrator scott pruitt said repeatedly over the year they wanted to roll back regulations on auto makers and bring back detroit. so this is one of the regulations consumer drivers see the most because they see the sticker on the car >> woodruff: how far back are they rolling these around? >> we didn't get a lot of details today. day is the verbeginning of a long regular process. it might be more than a yeah beforee things are final. there were no actual numbers
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abouwhat they ink the standards should be. so as of now, that's to be determined. they're going to do a rulemaking over the next year that will decide that. >> what is the auto industry saying about this? are they together with the administration in wanting the standards rolled b >> that's a great question. it's a little rky. the associations that represent lawmakers, they say they a redo of the standards, in part because gasoline prices dropped and consumers want to have theio f-150sexample. because california is moving more aggressively on these, there is concern there will be a messy patch work of regulatsns and driv won't be able to comply depending on the state you're driving? >> woodruff: california is going to have stricter standards. will they be affected differently? >>alifornia has had a waiver
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for years. the e.p.a. said they were not taking action on that today, it's going to be something they decide on later, but it's going to be a showdown, a lel and regulatory mess, and automakers are caught many middl they welcome but they don't want to have a patchwork. >> woodruff: we don't know how this is going affect the emission standards. >> right. we don't. these economy standards were one of the largest and earliest pillars of president obama's climate agenda. we don't know yet how much of a rollback the e.p.a. will nt to go. i think that will be a big question and they say they're doing an analysis to show what consumers want to buy. i think there's concern they go far back and reverse the clock. auto industries say they wanto ratchet up the standards, not so much as what obama put on the table. >> woodruff: amy harter,
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axios. thank you very much. >> thanks for having me. >> woodruff: in the day's other news, the death toll rose to 18 in friday's violence along the gaza/israel border, as another palestinian diedelf wounds. isenied using excessive force. it said protesters were throwing fi bombs and stones. amateur video purported to show one man being fatally shot while running away. another was wounded while kneeling in prayer. the israelis disputed the videos. it's been a tense day in indian- controlled kashmir. fighting there on sunday pitted soldiers against rebels and killed 20 people, including four civilians. toda protests continued as separatist leaders called a general strike, and authorities imposed heavy security and a curfew. >> we want to give new delhi the message that we will not succumb. the only way to bring back the peace to the valley, bring back peace to the sub-continent, is to resolve jammu and kashmir dispute through right to self- determination. >> woodruff: the rebels want kashmir made part of pakistan, or made independent.
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in syria, the largest rebel faction near damascus began withdrawing today. members of the army of islamab doned eastern ghouta, in a deal with the syrian military. state media showed buses evacuating the rebel fighters and their families. they headed for a town in northern syria, near the turkish border. voters in costa rica have chosen a new president, in a race that became a referendum on same-sex marriage. in sunday's runoff, formerbi t minister carlos alvarado defeated a christian evangelicae who opletting gays marry. alvarado will be sworn in next month. in south africa, winnie madikizela-mandela, thformer wife of nelson mandela, is being mourned tonight. ie died today at a hospit johannesburg, after a life of battling apartheid, and scdal. p.j. tobia has our report. ht>> my husband has been fg for the liberation of the african people, for
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harmoniously of all the racial groups in this country. >> reporter: she was known to many black south africans as the "mother of the nation." winnie madikizelmandela came to the anti-apartheid cause early, and married nelson mandela in 1958. when he was sentenced to life in prison for treason in 1963, shea rried on the struggle. in 1976, she was arrested and held for five months without tria and a year later, was exiled to a white township. >> thank you for letting me come here. >> reporter: she became an international symbol of resistance, campaigning for mandela's release, and the rights of black south africans. she returned to johannesburg in 1985, and endorsed violent tactics, including "necklacing," hanging tires on suspected informers, and setting them on fire. >> we bring up the white man's with our necklaces we shall liberate this country. >> reporter: in febrinry 1990, shely walked hand in hand with her husband as he left prison. but they separed in 1992, and
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divorced in 1996, two years after mr. mandela became ndesident of south africa. in 1991, madikizela was convicted of kidnapping four teens in the 1980's. later, she apologized before the country's truth and reconciltion commission. she also served in gernment, but was convicted of fraud. this evening, thgh, as mourners danced outside of her home, south african president cyril ramaphosa paid tribute. r >> sained throughout her life a tireless advocate for the dispossessed and the marginalized. >> reporter: winnie madikizela- mandela was 81 years old. for the pbs newshour, i'm p.j. tobia. >> woodruff: and anoth passing of note: television writer and producer steven bochco has died in los angeles after battling cancer.
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starting in 1981, he created a series of hits, including "hill street blues," "l.a. law," and "n.y.p.d. blue." along the way, he won 10 prime- time emmys. steven bochco was 74 years old. still to come on the newshour: the president's tweets about immigration, put in context. teachers in kentucky andho ok strike for better pay. a viral video shows how agl national cerate is shaping local news, and much more. w druff: president trump edpped off his two-day barrage of immigration-relweets by declaring today, "daca is dead.a esjardins puts the president's long-shifting stance on immigration policy in context. >> desjardins: let's start with the latest from president trump, today at what is usually a non- political event. >> thank you all for being here
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folks. >> desjardins: ...the annual white house easter egg roll. the president was asked about his twts on immigration. >> it's a shame and now people are rely taking advantage of daca. and that's a shame. >> desjardins: this after a weekend flood of similar trump tweets. why now? it may be a response to fox news segment. >> a caravan of migrants, at least 1,200 strong, marching across mexico toward tted states. >> desjardins: shortly after that aired, mr. trump declared"" border patrol agents are not allowed to properly do their job at the border because of ridiculous liberal (democrat) laws like catch and release. getting more dangerous. "caravans" coming." let's dissect that. first, catch and release is the practice of releasing documented immigrants while they wait for their hearing with an immigration judge. a smaller point here: its not a law.la er point: nearly a year ago, then-homeland security
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secretary john kelly said this. >> we have ended catch and releas t >> desjardins weekend's tweet adds to confusion over whether e program has ended. second, mr. trump mentions" caravans coming." this refers to a group of at least 1200 central american migrants many making their way to the u.s. border-- they reportedly plan to ask for asylum or consider crossing illegally. the group says this has been a regular event for years. another tweet and another question." the big flows of people are all trying to take aantage of daca," trump said. there is a factual problem there. since president obama created the daca program, it has been limited to only those who entered the united states by the year 2007. bottom line, no child brought to the u. illegally now, or in the past few years, can qualify for daca. this brings us to politics." daca is dead," the president tweeted this morning, "becausedi
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democrat't care or act." here, the president is ignoring that 14 republicans,ust democrats, voted against his daca plan in february. >> the yays are 39, the nays are 50. >> desjardins: and of course there is this fact: attorney general jeff sessions and the trump administration shut downda , arguing it is illegal. opinions aside, in the most literal sense, daca is dead because president trump ended it. the is truth to one elemen here: trump is hitting a very real nerve when he blames democrats on daca. >> stop holdg these young people hostage, do the will, thank you, stop holdg them as your political pawns. >> desjardins: democrats vowed to protect daca recipients, but the three-day government shutdown over the issue in january backfired for them. this failure has angered democrats' base and hispanics. where does this leave daca?ar
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thermany tweets. but currently no talks about a orssible daca deal. there haven't beenver a month. that has left 800,000 daca recipients in limbo, looking not to the white house or to congress, but to branch number three-- the courts, which uld rule on the program as soon as this year. and they generally don't tweet. for the pbs newshour, i'm lisa desjardins. >> woodruff: npr correspondent carrie kahn has been keeping track of all of this, including the caravan's progress. kahn covers mexico and central america and joined us a short while ago via skype from the city of monterrey, in northernco me she begins with what is driving this latest migration. ere are people that were already in mexico had already made their decision to lea central mark and had been at tho border -thernmost boarder town of chias. activists and in m newico have
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been trying to organize them in a group. they weren't in caravans and cars, they had already decided to leave their country and headed north. so they're traveling ia very large group, about 1200 migrants. the majority from honduras. and the violence that has tak enover these countries and sent to americaparticularly honduras, there are claim gangs and incredible violence in the countries. are they all planning to get in the united states or is it known? st that's a good question. ear, a caravan similar to this one, i met uplo with of people in mexico city when they were coming through, and this was my of last year, a few months after president trump had ken office, and they decided they didn't want to try to get ento the united states, they were fearful twould be detained at the border and not allowed in, so a lot have oren asking political asylum in mexico.
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the number of refugee asylum petitions have skyroeted in mex coavment last year, there were more than ,000 petitions for refugee and asylum in mexico. they give them information about the difculties and complexities for applying for asylum in the united states at the border so some of them will change their mind and some may ask for asylum at the border and not stria to sneak in without authorization. >> woodruf for those who try to cross at the border, how easy is it for them to do that? president trump said these liberal laws like catch andar release e keeping the border agents from doing their job. so what's the reality of that? >> well, i can just tell you whe apprehension figures along the border. you can get an idea of how many people are getting through byns the appren figures when
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president trump took office, the apprehension figures plummeted along the southwest border, and they have been slowly increasing. february and march are historically the tim of the year when migrants from central mark do attempt to get through w the border, have seen a steady increase in the rise of numbers again, so it looks like more central manners are coming to the border and are getting through. >> is there any doubt, i gueins, eople's minds, in mexico, who follow this issue that ent trump wants emigrati from the south to slow down or stop? >> well, there have been times when mexico has cracked down on migration through its country and has had the political wherewithal and also the resources. it's ve expensive, tens of thousands of central american migrants come through mexico every year and are apprehended and deported by the mexan government. you remember in 2014 when large
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numbers of on accompanied minors were coming through mexico at the border, mexico cracked down and many of the minors were deported from x co-. but to sustain that depormt was expensive for mexico. they haven't able sustain the level of enforcement. they don't have to border guards and at the de tension falities needed, and thy don't have the political will either to do that. >> woodruff: such a complicated story. it just seems to continue. the president's commentdon't slow down at all. carrie kahn reporting for us from monterrey, thank you very much. >> you're welme >> woodruff: thousands of teachers protested today in oklahoma and kentucky.hi they demandeer wages and more resources for students.
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john yang reports on these latest walk outs. >> alcindor: today, thousands of teachers in oklahoma walked off their jobs and marched on the stehouse. they demanded an even bigger raise than what legisls passed last week. at the kentucky state capitol the scene, and the issue, was much the same. >> i pray and i hope that our legislators listen and they fully fund our schools. kentucky is ranked 47th iner pupil funding and in order for our students to be successful they need top dollar. ta yang: so far this year, teachers in fours, each with a republican governor and legislature, have walked out of classrooms to press for more school spending. it began in west virginia, where a nine-d teachers' strike led to 5% raises. arizona could be next. teachers thereallied last week at the state capitol.
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they're considering a strike as they seek a 20% raise. to put this into context, we're joined by liewus, from our partner, "education week," where she is assistant managing editor. liana loewus, welcome. >> thanks for having me. >> yang: in oklahoma, they got a raise from the 14r5eu6r79 but e still protesting. what does that tell us? >> the teachers got $6,100 raise, the legislature passed it last week. they were asking for $10,000 over three yrs plus $300 million more in education eynding. idn't get what they asked for so thiey d we're walking out anyways. >> yang: what's the likelihood ey will get that? >> it's hard to pass a tax hike in oklahoma.u ed three-quarters majority. that hasn't happened since 1990. i think it's pretty slim it will
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happen again. >> yang: in west virginia they got a pay raisein arizona it's money, in kentucky, pensions. some teachers areescribing this as a wildfire. why are all these happening now? >> w wildfire, they were definitely the spark. things started there. a lot of it happened on ci media. the union's really been playing a supporting role in most of these states, so teachers have been mobilizing on social media. organizing seems to have changed because of facebook really. we've seousands and thousands of teachers gather on social media and teachers in west virginia have been really sort of bolstering the efforts in oklahoma as well. so that's a lot of it. >> yg: has there been anything like this before is this. >> there was a state-wide strike in wesndt virginia in 2007ne in 1990. they are quite rare, tugh. you know, we see smaller strikes, local strikes every year, just a few strikes were just so much more common in the
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1960s. >> yang: also the clusteringof hem like this. >> yeah, that is unusual to see teachers feeding off each otherh inr states. again, i think that's because a lot of this is happening online. they're bolstering each others' efforts online. >> yang: you lk about the rank and file organizing this and the union leaders fol in oklahoma today the union leaders actually wanted to do this later in the month. >> the union said they were going to dohis april 23, and there was outrage on social the rank and file teachers said, no way. we want to doap thil second. we know it's closer to test bug don't caro we want this effective. they changed their tack. >> yang: teachers want morer funding hools. a lot of the funding was cut after the rescission in 2008. >> part of this is the funding hasn't rebounded after the recession. teachers in oklahoma will tell
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you we haven't gotten a raise in ten years and it'sr vey important. >> yang: is it significant these are states are rpublican governors and republican' controlled legislators. >> sure, and they're states where education funding has been cut. but as we know, with mobizing happening on social media and in new places, i think this could potentially happen anywhere. >> yang: liana loewus, from education week.u thank much. >> thanks for having me. >> woodruff: stay with us, coming up on the newshour: the political stakes of aia potel trade war with china. ongoing harassment in the rines one year after a scandal involving explicit photos. and how the public can help children with autism. but first, does it matter who
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owns the tv station thlo delivers youl news? while polls shows americans are increasingly worried about so- called "fake news"-- they also show that many trust their local news more than other sources.th largest owner of local stations in the country is sinclair broadcasting. a viral video of sinclair news anchors has again raised concerns about the way in which the company mixes news with partisan political opinion. william brangham updates his story about the broadcast giant that originally ran last year. >> a train derailment in tennessee.om >>routine road maintenance has lead to a squabble. >> we have breaking news to tell you about. this is out of bethesda tonight. >> brangham: night after night,a the country's est owner of local tv stations, the sinclair broadcast group, reaches over a third of homes acrose nation. >> a compromise plan for the n.controversial conseus in >> brangham: most of us think of local news as just that-- local. stations produced and reported by local yople.
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but, if last wee tuned in to, say, wvtv, sinclair's station in milwaukee, you saw this: >> the sky is blue. does the president have to repeat that? >> brangham: that's boris epshteyn, former member of the trump administration, and now chief political analyst for sinclair.e and heres again on wear in pensacola: >> the president stating the fact that the fringes of the left and the right.ng >> bm: and on ksas in wichita... >> are both capable of hate and solence, does not mean he condoning any of it. >> brangham: and again and again on every single one of the 173 sinclair stations across the country. eric lipton is a reporter for the "new york times" who's been covering sinclair. >> they have what they call "must runs" which includboris epshysten who was a surrogate for trump. t on the aking about conservative issues.e while cal news stations largely decide what their local news is going to be, you know, of covering local governmentd crime cal issues, there
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are these "must runs" that go on their networks across the united states which have a decidedly conservating flavor. >> bm: this partisan tilt os many free-speech advocates worried because, ny does sinclair own such a large chunk of the marketplace already, but sinclair it's hoping to t bigger still. if its proposed $4 billion merger with tribune media goes forward, sinclair would now reach three out of four american households. journalism professor lewis friedland. >> it is a real st in a very different direction to begin to say the most trusted news source of most americans is going to be allowed to be turned into an opinion organization, an opinion machine for a very narrow, t narrowly conservative po view night after night in local communities. >> brangham: television remains the main source of news for many americans. in 2016, 46% of adults said they got their news from local tv
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stations. and it's information they trust. 41% of registered voters said they trust local news to tell the trut while just 27% trust national news. nclair disputes having any kind of a political bent. its executives declines to talk with camera for this report.ke this w, the online news site deadspin created this compilation of dozens of sinclair's local newscasters recording an identical promo accusing the national media of spreading "fake news." >> the sharing of biased and false news has become all too common on social media. >> this is extremely dangerousra to our dem. >> this is extremely dangerous to our democracy. >> this is extremely dangerous to our democracy.re >> this is ely dangerous to our democracy. video spreadt quickly on social media, again stirring criticism of the broadcast giant. scott livingston, seni vice
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president of news, red in a memo saying, "the promos served no political agenda, and represented nothing more than an effort to differentiate ourws award-winning rogramming from other, less reliable sources of information." today, president trump defended sinclair, tweeting: air is far superior to cnn and even more fake nbc, which is a total joke." meanwhile, sinclair's bid to buy tribune, and thus expand its reach dramatically in lol news, is awaiting approval from the justice department and the fcc. for the pbs newshour, i'm william brangham in washington, d.c. >> woodruff: we return now to the politics of immigration and the impact of president trump's series of tweets on so-called dreamers and the wall. for that, i'm here with tamara keith of npr and stuartin rothenberg ode elections.
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welcome to you beth. it is "politics monday." tam, we have been talking about immigratn, the president's tweets. what is driving this? we know the president feels strongly aut this issue, but how do we read this? >> well, there are a lot of different ways to read it. certainly, the news of the caravan is something that has been bubbling up and is outut there,lso this is a core issue for presint trump. dating back to his ride down mpat golden escalator at tru tower when he declared his candidacy and talked about mexico not sending their best people. this is something he believe. works for hi last week i mentioned i was watch ago lot of depositions, well in one of those depositions he talked very openly abut how he felt he was really on to something by talking about immigration so much that it was catching fire and that it was working for him.th and, so is, in some ways, a base play. this is about riling up hibase
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a mid-term year and following this bigmnibus spending bill where the president didn't really get that much wall funding, and there were a lot of democratic priorities in that bill. >> woodruff: so, stu, what effect does it have on vot>>ers? would note immigration is both an economic and cultural issue -- economic because its involves jobs but culturalca e it involves a discussion of who we are as a people and a country and where we o go, and the two parties divide very dramatically aneng these l i think the president has to keep his position because it does play to his base, to older voters, ruravoter evangelicals, older whites, older white men, and while the democratic party is party of african-americans, hispanics, voters of colyor, nger voters, people who think differently. but en you look at the two sides, i just can't believe that
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most voters, and particularly most democrats, will thnk that the president is on their se, and not the democrats. i just think that doesn't pass the smell test. >> woodruff: so you're saying it backfires? >> his base is too small. he needs to expand his support, not contract it. >> woodruff: surely the white house thinks about this, tam. >> surely the white house thinks about this, and they did a background call today with senior adistration officials pushing on this immigration issue. here's the larger that's going on -- there isn't a clear e xt big thing at this moment that the white hos working on. they passed that tax bill, they passsp the biending bill, and now what? so the president gae an infrastructure speech last weaker education week where he barely talked about infrasucture, now he's tweeting about immigration, but there's not really an appetite in congress to take this on nw. >> just one final point, judy, i think we've seen from the
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elections in virginia and the selection in p the crucial voter swing group is suburban voters, particularly women, and th issue won't help the president with them. >> woodruff: speaking o things, whether the next or last thing, tam, the president has been talking a about trade, the administration has gotten out of trade deals, they've imposed tariffs now, they say they've imposed tariffs on china, the chinese are reacting. what's the plitical calculus there? >> this goes back to exactly what we were talking about fore which is it's all about the base, and this is something that he campaignedon. going tough on trade, going tough on china, that was a core part of the president's campaign and part of the way he attracted some of these more conservative white democrs who he was able to draw over because that message on trade resonated with em. now the markets are doing some
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wild and crazy things and there's been a lot of instability in the markets. the white house is saying, you know, we look at long-term trends. >> woodruff: so clearly, stu, this plays well th some but not with everybody. >> exactly. it plays well with the industries he's protecting, the c.e.o.s and theorkers and those industries he's protlting, steel, auminum, washing machines and the like but it huels him everywhere and in more places and among more voters than it helps hi. this is going to i split the republican party because there is a huge free trade party and rural america, tht's the president's base. >> woodruff: that's what we thought. >> and china, it's no a big move, $3 billion right in line with what they think the effect of the steel and aluminum tariffs will be, but it's a targetthings like pork and iowa , and guss where
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president trump did really well? iowa. >> woodruff: so,do stu we just watch as the trade specifics roll out and say --kn >> we don' how it's going to develop, an that's -- you know, the devil isdein thtail here. exactly how does the u.s. respond after the chinese? how about western europe? how about u.s. other allies in terms of trade issues? so we don't know, but it is, i think -- this has been one arear where thsident has been successful, the economy, jocks, stock market. you see how talk of trade has rattled the markets. to>> absolutely. y down 771 points before it settled down. quickly to you both, tam. these teachers strikes, really interesting teachers in state after state whoer are do you their pay is so low soething has to be done about it, funding is low. w does thatlay politically? >> it is a fascinating political t dynamic in thaachers unions, among unions are those that have he up. they are stronger than a lot of other unions are at this
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and they tend to be very democratic. teachers unions are allied with democrats. >> woodruff: not all of these teachers out striking are union members. is that right? >> no. esok, this is another one of those caswhere you have to kind of look as which swing voters are affecd, and teachers tend to be disproposh natalie feme, they talk about kids and families and education and just the sorts of issues that resonate with which voters? suburban voters and suburban moms, in particular, are swing voters. this is another -- i know we -- i feel like a broken record here. >> woodruff: it's okay. we like broken records. >> but once again, it's hard t see how republicans benefit from this. the biggest t may bon state legislators and governors, buthe toxtent it impacts the overall effort, energy,ia enth, fairness, our kids, that's got to help the democrats. >> woodruff: and when the teachers talk about what they
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have been spending out of their own pact to take care of these kids' needs in school. >> and you have oklahoma where eny schools aren't en in session five days a week, they're in session four days a week, it's a etty stark situation, and, very quickly, the teachers sart talkg about tax policies in states run by republicans. >> woodruff: yep, well, we are watching thaone, too. tamera keith, stu rothenberg, "politics monday,"hank you both. >> thanks, judy. you're welcome. i >> woodrufwas one year ago that the so-called "marines united" scandal oke: hundreds of current and former marines were posting explicit photos of women, including female marines, on a private facebook group. senior leaders in the corps vowed to punish those involved, and to rt out a culture of misogyny further revealed by
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this scandal. william brangham is back with this report about what happened, and how marine leaders are trying to stop it. and a warning: this report contains some graphic imag. >> brangham: it was called" marines united"-- a private facebook group of roughly 30,000 current and formethmarines. ere and at other social media sites like it, countless photos of women were uploaded-- including explicit, personal photos like these, which were often followed by a torrent of degrading sexual comments and threats. thomas brennan, who spent ten years in the marinesting in iraq and afghanistan, is now a journali, and he's the one who first broke the story on his investigative news site "the war horse" >> they were crowdsourcing. if you'd slept with this woman before and had photos, they wanted you to upload that without that pern's permission. >> brangham: so these weresu consly explicit photos that two people might have shared with each other in the course of their relationship. >> exactly. >> bra bngham: nng put into this very public forum.
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>> exactly. >> brangham: the discovery of the contents of the marines united facebook page, a many other sites like it, set off a wide-ranging investigation by thmarine corps. but questions remain on whether the marines can police themselves and whether they've actuallyut a stop to this behavior. >> they ranged anywhere from calling us sluts and bitches to talking about wanting to sexually assault us and doing all number of sexual things to us, with or without our consent. >> brangham: marine major janine garner flies kc-130s, those mid- f r refueling planes. she and a number oher officers took a group picture at lunch, and garner posted it online. a couple months later, ited appen another one of these private group sites, peppered by >> i mean, how can i look to thh marine to the and to the left of me and sit there and wonder, "were you one of the ones who said you wanted to rape me? re you one of the ones w said i was bitch?" it erodes everything that wed
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str and it goes completely against our core values. how can the american public trust us? >> if you're in my unit, and i'm going to post things about you on social media because of your gender, your ethnicity, your e, no. prefere that's not acceptable. so you own that space. >> brangham: generalobert neller is the commandant of the marine corps, its most senior officer. neller visited marine bases nationwide to address the w scandach he says isn't just about online behavior, it's about basic r for women in the corps. >> and the way we treat them is not acceptable. and if you think that's, if youh k that's bull ( bleep ), go ask them! i don't believe we have in the aggregate valued or respected the contribution or participation of women in our corps. >> brangham: when you first heard about marines united, were you surprised? >> i wasn't rprised. and i think that's what's really sad.
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f ke sure you get up outur seats and give him a huge warm welcome. >> brangham: captain justine in the marine reserves and she works as an audience coordinator at comedy central's "the daily show with trevor noah." seven years ago, she was active duty, a lieutenant deployed in afghanistan. she says marines urpted wasn't a se because she knew of many examples of sexual harassment and assaun not being tariously. and oner first assignment overseas, she says a male marine, one who was junior to her in rank, sexually groped her at a social event, as if it was totally normal. >> i remember that feeling of like oh my gosh this shouldn't be happening but not d anything and just moving away and pretending like nothing happened. and in my head thinking like," no, this is this is something that i have to just be able to deal with because i decided to join this boy's club." b ngham: military investigators concluded that 55 members of the marines corps broke the rules. seven marines were court martialed, six others were kicked out. another 42 received minor
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punishments. none of them were in a command position. >> you have to have that image that your presence online. c >> brangham: tps has now changed its social media policy, and now instructs all marines op apate online behavior. >> you got the brief, you got the training. the corps believes its plan to add more women to leadership roles will also help, and they've started additional training during boot cand beyondso they've al setup a task force to issue recommendations. >> i admit i was ignorant of all the stuff that was going on. i'm not anymore. >> brangham: do you think enough r ople have been held responsible for thtions? >> where the evidence was there, those people were helde. accounta >> this is about a cultural rot that exists not just in the a marines, i mig, but in all the military services. sexual assault in our military, and military academies. >> brangham: congresswoman jackie speier, democrat from california, has been trying to get the marines to deal with these problems for years. >> makes a mockery of the ated
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policy. >> brangham: so bae marine corps in 2013, says, "we're going to address this." and yet here i am talking to you years later. t at does that tell you? >> it tells me w have happening in the military all the time, which is, "we'll say exactly what they want to hear, and then do nothing." >> brangham: last april, congresswoman speier held a hearing with marines who's photos aeared on marines united. marine veteran erika butner said degrading attitudes about women were taught from the very beginning of her service. >> as a woman marine, we were told we get three stereotypes to pick from: a bitch, you're a whor or you're a lesbian. >> who tells you that? >> our drill instructors. >> brangham: we heard the same from another marine veteran, alexancer mccoy, who said male recruits got the same message. >> it was always in the context of them as sexual objects that we needed to stay away from. that they're gross, and that they're so disgusting that you
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shouldn't go near them. b ngham: this is marine drill instructors telling you about other >>rine recruits? hat's right. >> brangham: who just happen to be women. >> right. the conversation is always about if you bring women in they'll mve sex. it's like a medievdset. >> brangham: at that sam hearing, lance corporal marisa woytek spoke of how she was rivictimized initially by s united, but then was abused again when she spoke up. >> within the past 24 hours alone, i have had former marines harass me online and say and state that they are actively looking for explicit pictures of me. one of the former marines who has been harassing me has gone as far as saying he would even throw an active duty femaleo marine ibarrel of acid. >> brangham: what do you say to those women who think that if they stick their neck out and say, "this happened toe," that they're only inviting even more abuse? >> you've got to trust the institution to do the right thg. otherwise, we're not going to
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change. the things won't change. so sometimes change requires people to take a stand, and are there consequences to tt? sure. >> brangham: in response to this scandal, marine reservist justine elena started her own facebook group called "female marines united"-- it's goal is to raise money for menalth support for service members who've been victimized. >> they need to know they're not alone. we already know that some of them are afraid to speakwep but eed to let them know that there's more people behind them than there are against them.is >> i believeyny is a taught behavior. so i believe that it is also a behavior that we can teach away from, that we can undo. >> brangham: to that end, the marines say they're trying to n tegrate the sexes more iboot t leadershipive that perpetuates any form of misogyny. >> if people hold those ews, then we don't want them to be drill instructors. does that mean everyoning to comply? no, it doesn't. that's why there's accountability.ha that's why the uniform code of military justice, that's why we have commanders. >> if this hasmaxisted in the
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ne corp for years, and we haven't policed ourselves enough to get rid of it, then how is this time going to be different, and i guess i'll have to wait to see how it turns out different. >> brangham: the marines say they've now set up a permanent fice to focus on culture and gender issues. the defense department recently issued new guidelines for all the services on reporting and investigating sexual harassment and bullying. but despite all that, it seems this troubling behavior continues. justoday it was easy to find numerous other sites onlineop where are uploading explicit photos of female marines, and posting violent, degrading things about them. for the pbs newshour, i'm william brangham in washington, d.c. >> woodruff: according to ther centers sease control, one in 68 children have autism spectrum disorder.
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it's a disorder that can effect a persons social, communication and motor skills. ites diagnosed four times m often in boys than girls. whitney ellenby has a son with haautism and tonight she ss her humble opinion on just who should be helping him. >> imagine a scene. a five-year-old boy holding his mom's hand headsnto a packed auditorium to see an elmo show. suheenly and without warning breaks into a full-body tantrum, hetarts shrieking at high pitch, pounds his head with both fists, and rams his skull into the floor. everyone is watching, horrified and afraid, this kid obviously does not want to go into that show. and just as they expect them to leave, his mother leaps on top of him full force, pins him to the ound and drags him inch inch towards the show, obviously against his will. this child-- my child-- has autism and an intense fear of
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unfamiliar places. but he can make it into that show, and when he does, he will have made a small step to e.anging the course of his l but it will require what i cal"" burden-shifting." the burden begins with me, the parent of the autistic child, to di his disability. my child has autism, i'm workin with himercome his fears. and notice that i am not apologizing for his autism, simply identifying it. many parents of autistic children will resist this idea"" why should i have to explain anything, my life is already hard enough!" because a tantrum is an opportunity to educate. i believe we advocate best for our children when we put their autistic behaviors in context rather than let others assume the worst. we advocate best if our rds are not angry or defensive, just factual, "my child has autis
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i'm doing the best i can." but now the burden shifts to you, general public. all you bystanders who don't know what to do when you witness the unthinkable. the answer is tolerance: you have a duty not to comment cruelly, not to insist we leave. a duty to mporarily tolerate the screaming even if it makes you uncomfortable. because if you're uncomfortable for 20 minutes, imagine how it feels for the parent who lives with it. given our numbers, public ningrums should be hap daily, hourly. but parents feel so ashamed of tantrums we keep our childrenck up at home. in my humble opinion, this has to stop. n because there substitute for real world exposure. a child with autism cannot engage with the world if he's ke at home. and if he can't engage, he can't overcome his fears and
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participate. and if we want people with autism to become productive and contributing members of society, it must start here. if we really want inclusion that benefits us all, we must all accept our burden. >> woodruff: tonight is the men's national championship game in the n.c.a.a. but this weekend alreadynt provided pof thrills in the women's title game, as notre dame won the championship with buzzer beaters in back-to back victories. yamiche alcindor has the story. >> alcindor: notre dame trailed mississipi state for much of the game last nit, and in fact, were down by 15 points earlier. notre dame rallied. and the teams were tied with three seconds to go. here's what happened.r
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ogunbowale, e win! (cheers and applause) arike ogunbowale wins the national championship for notre dame! (cheering) >> reporte >> alcindor: it was the second buzzer beater for arike ogunbowale in as many games. she sank the powerhouse of women's basketball, uconn, on friday night. ava wallace of the washington post was in columbus, ohio for the game and she joins me now. the game ava, how big of a moment was this for notre dame? >> it was huge. it was the coach's seventeenth national title on e day, the anniversary of her first one.
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it shows you the longevity of the one and she mcgraw is one of six coaches who have national titles to their name. they're pretty much a strapping team but to get twoational titles almost two decades apart from each other is a pretty big decades. >> rorter: you say this wa a huge game. notre dame wasn't favored even though top seed. why? >> uconn, all four nmber one seeds were there in columbus this weekend but uconn was the number one overall seeds, they were the best of al tl ofhe number ones. notre dame took them down. they hadn't beaten them in seven tries before that game friday day they upset them on fri night in columbus and had to take down mississippi state which, again, it was anoer mber one seed, but they were just a little bit of a better number oned see than notre dame. so the fighting irish weren't expected to win this one and they had to do it in the last three seconds.
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>> reporter: uconn has been a powerhouse forears, thy've dominated. what does it say that uconn for at least the secondear has not been able to get all the way to the title. >> we asked uconn's coach about this a lot over the weekend and after he lost andor just b he lost with the presence of the teams there and he would say there is definitely a closing gap in women's basketball. you're seating more programs getting to the final four louisville hasn't been in a while. it was their third final four. mississippi stbae, of course, in the final four for the second time, so it kind of speaks a lot to the sport inne l, just that they got knocked out in the national semifinals. there are teams that are hungry, of course. you always want to deet uconn but the tems now have the talent to do it. >> reporter: great. thank you so much for joining me, ava. >> thank you. >> woodruff: congratulations to te notre dame women.ou and on the newonline, were there classic books that you missed out on as a student that you later found en aralling as lt?
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we asked newshour staff members to share their favorites. that's on our web site, pbs.org/newshour. and at's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us online and again hereni tomorrow e. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newsho has been provided by: >> my dad ce said to me, tragedy has a way of definingpe le. >> what the hell happened, teddy? >>ahey're treating this lik crime scene. >> we tell the truth-- or at least, our version of it. >> sator, when can we expect peme answers? >> we're in this dthan i thought. >> these theatrics are not going to hold up in a court . >> what have i done? >> chappaquiddick, rated pg-13. april 6. >> babbel. a language app that teaches nial-life conversations in a new language, like s, french, german, italian, and more. babbel's 10-15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online.
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more information on babbel.com. >> and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic perfmance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at macfound.org >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. s
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elyse: we're the histd y detectives we're going to investigate some untold stories from america's past. tukufu: this week, are these documents evidence of efforts by black americans to build a promised land in africa? wes: if this toy mouse is named micky, walt disney may have some explaining to do. gwen: s and did violent nazi rule this texas farmland during world war ii? elvis costello: ♪ watchin' the detectives ♪ i get so angr s when the teardrort ♪ ♪ but he can't be wounded 'cause he's got no heart ♪ ♪ watchin' the detectives

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